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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Dec 1994
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Aug 1994
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Apr 1994
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of the Momentum Effect by the Representation Patterns of Science Concepts
Kim, Jun-Tae ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 111~122
This study tried to find the effect to the representation patterns of science concepts upon the momentum effect. The previous studies showed that the momentum effect is influenced by students' cognitive levels and the abstractness of test items. The representation patterns of science concepts are divided into 4 different types: quantitative and qualitative, verbal and image. The research method used in this study is time series design. The period is 50 days. The period is divided into "pre-lest", "intervention-test", "post-test". Pre-test period is 5 days and in this period class instruction does not exist. Intervention-lest period is 30 days and in this period class instruction exist. Post-test period is 15 days and in this period class instruction does not exist. The results showed longer momentum effect on the image-qualitative representation pattern than the other representation patterns. Qualitative concepts is formed better than quantitative. Momentum effects is not artifact but the essential characteristics of science study.
The Students' Causal Inference Modes on Experimental Evidence Evaluation for Optical Phenomena
Pak, Sung-Jae ; Jang, Byung-Ghi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 123~132
The experimental evidence evaluation of the 11th grade students(N:91) was investigated. Specially, the influence of students' ideas about optical phenomena and presented evidence types on their evidence evaluation, and the influence of students' ideas on their causal inference modes were investigated. After eliciting the students' ideas about shadow phenomena and conformity of their idea, the experimental results with a binary outcome were presented as the evidence. Then the students were asked to evaluate the evidence. Again students' ideas were elicited. Most of students had causal ideas such that the shape of object(96%) and the inclination of screen(75%) were causes of shadow shape, not the shape(70%) and color(92%) of light source. In the case of the shape of object and the color of light source, most students(70%) believed strongly their ideas. Most responses(80%) in the evidence were evidence-based, and 12% of them were theory-based. There was no significant difference of reponses types between students with causal ideas(81%) and students with non-causal ideas(78%), between covariable and non-covariable evidence. But in the case of non-causal ideas, covariable evidence was more likely to yield evidence-based reponses than non-covariable evidence. If students had preconcepts inconsistent(84%) with the evidence, they were more likely to make evidence-based responses than the students with consistent ideas (75%) with the evidence. Especially in the case perceptually biased evidence, this tendency was marked. In the case of covariable evidence, many students made inclusion inferences(40%) rather than uncertainty inferences(32%). In the case of uncertainty inferences(94%), students more likely to make evidence-based reponses than inclusion inferences(83%) and exclusion infernces(88%). In the case of inclusion inferences and exclusion infernces, students tended to make idea-based responses and distort the evidences. In conclusion, when the students evaluate the experimental evidences, their ideas influence the causal inference modes. Especially, according to the conformity of the preconcepts and logical relation of evidences, the inference modes are more strongly depended upon the preconcepts rather than evidences.
An Analysis of Middle school Student's Responses to the Deductive Reasoning Task for Change of Concept about Force and Motion
Park, Jong-Won ; Seo, Jeong-Ah ; Chung, Byung-Hoon ; Park, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 133~142
Many students have misconceptions that upward direction force act on the object which is moving upward after being thrown vertically upward, and no force act on the object at the top of its flight because the object stop or don't' move at the top. To change these misconceptions, in this study, deductive reasoning tasks were used, and student's responses to the tasks were analyzed. In the first part of this study, student's prior conceptions about force and motion and student's deductive reasoning abilities were investigated. And the second part, student's explanations were classified to either the premise-based or idea-based explanation. In the case of the object which is moving upward, 62% of students who had misconception changed their misconceptions to physically correct concept, but, only 24% of students changed their misconceptions for the object at the top. For the first task, more students changed their misconceptions when they made responses based on premises than based on their own idea(p<.05), so, the first task can be helpful for conceptual change. 40% students changed their own misconception by reasoning deductively based on premises provided in the first task, but only 17% students changed by the second task. Student's reasoning abilities investigated in the first part of this study did not affect the conceptual change. Four students for the first task and one student for the second task did not change their misconception even though they made premise-based explanation and had high reasoning abilities.
Analysis of Characteristics of Problem Solving Process in Gas Phase Problems of College Students
Hong, Mi-Young ; Park, Yune-Bae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 143~158
This study aims to identify the characteristics of gas phase problem solving of college freshmen. Four students were participated in this study and solved the problem by using think-aloud method. The thinking processes were recorded and transferred into protocols. Problem solving stage, the ratio spended in each solving stage, solving strategy, misconceptions, and errors were identified and discussed. The relationships between students' belief system about chemistry problem solving and problem solving characteristics were also investigated. The results were as follows: 1. Students felt that chemical equation problem was easier than word problem or pictorial problem. 2. When students had declarative knowledge and procedural knowledge required by given problem, their confidence level and formula selection were not changed by redundunt information in the problem. 3. When the problem seemed to be difficult, students tended to use the Means-End or Random strategy. 4. In complicated problems, students spent longer time for problem apprehension and planning. In familiar problems, students spent rather short time for planning. 5. Students spent more time for overall problem solving process in case of using Means-End or Random strategy than using Knowledge-Development strategy.
A Study of the Goals on Science Pedagogy
Woo, Jong-Ok ; Lee, Kyung-Hoon ; Lee, Hang-Ro ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 159~169
The purpose of this study was to establish the goals of Science Pedagogy as a subject curriculum. This study is served as the criterion for syllabus of teacher's university which instruct the preservice science teachers. To perform this study, by a premise of Science Pedagogy, the domains and the categories of science eduactional goals ware pursued by review of literature. In this study, the sources to establish science educational goals are national educational ideology, nature of science, interests and cognitive levels of children, and social demands. According to these sources, the domains of science educational goals are as follows; 1.cognitive domain 2.inquiry process domain 3.manual skills domain 4.creativiry domain 5.science attitude domain 6.S-T-S domain These six domains are essential to school science educational achievement. Therefore, these domains are surely reflected in the course of science preservice teacher's training. On the base of these domains of science educational goals, 1 general goal and 10 specific objectives of Science Pedagogy are proposed.
High School Students's Misconceptions on Genetics and Evolution
Chung, Wan-Ho ; Cha, Hee-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 170~183
In this study, in order to find our high school students' misconceptions on genetics and evolution, a free-answer form of questionnaire, specially designed through analysis of high school biology curriculum, was developed and sent to one hundred and eight high school students in Seoul area. Their responses were collected and qualitatively analyzed. Main results of the study can be summarized as follows: 1. Some students misunderstood that aquired chracters are inherited. 2. Several students weren't instructed clearly about gene. For example, they responsed that genes are not material, composed of proteins, exist only in reproductive cells and are not in plant cells at all. 3. Some students confused chromosome with chlorophyll, dorminant (in dorminant character) with excellent. They are caused by similar spells in Korean letter 4. Half students misconceptualized that organisms evolve just when their environment changes for the worse. 5. Many students believed orthogenesis.
An analysis of Current Science Instruction Adequacy by Micro Instructional Design Theory
Paik, Seoung-Hey ; Hong, Sung-Il ; Yang, Il-Ho ; Lee, Jae-Chun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 184~191
In this study, a part of high school science instructional materials is evaluated by Instructional Quality Profile(IQP) based on the Merrill's Component Display Theory(CDT). The CDT is based on the Gagne assumption of different conditions of learning for different outcomes. The IQP enables the user to check both the consistency and adequacy of existing cognitive instruction. The IQP can be used to predict student performance, and also to design and develop new insturctional materials. The instructional components are classified according to 5 task levels; An Use-Generalities on Newly Encountered Examples(UGeg), A Remember-Paraphrased -Generalities (RpG), A Remember-Verbatim-Generalities (RvG), A Remember-Paraphrased -Examples (Rpeg), A Remember-Verbatim-Examples(Rveg). And the instructional presentations are classified according to 4 levels: Explain Generalities(EG), Explain examples(Eeg), Inquiry Generalities(IG), Inquiry examples(Ieg). The instructional presentations are determined by instructional components of a related test item, and indexes of the presentation adequacy are calculated by the instructional presentations. The indexes of this study(0.17 - 0.44) were very low and it indicates that the instructional presentations were not adequate to the instructional components of the related text item.
Science Teachers' Perceptions of Science Education and STS Themes
Choi, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 192~198
The Purpose of this study was to investigate secondary science teachers' perceptions on the goals of science education, science teaching strategies, science curriculum, and STS themes to ascertain the extent to which the current science programs incorporate with STS themes. The results of this study indicated that the perceptions of science teachers did not support the view that the STS themes have become established in contemporary secondary science education. However, they showed willingness to incorporate STS themes into their science teaching. Based on these results, the implementation of STS themes in science teaching were esstimated to be valuable for Korean science education.
A Status Survey on the Preservice Education of Secondary Science Teachers
Kim, Heui-Baik ; Kim, Young-Soo ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 199~213
The quality of science teachers is one of the most important factors to improve the science education in secondary schools. In this study the current status of preservice education of secondary science teachers was surveyed and the directions for the improvement were suggested as follows: 1. The purposes of departments of science education have to be partially revised to include other education programs related to science education than preservice training courses of science teachers. 2. Training courses of integrated science teacher should be organized differently from those of physics, chemistry, biology or earth science teachers because their requirements are different. 3. Strict standards of curricula for training science teacher have to be established and applied practically. 4. The curricula of departments of science education have to reflect the contents and the changes of secondary science education. 5. More credits to subjects on the science education, the nature of science, and the laboratory experiments should be taken in the preservice courses of science teachers. 6. Professors at the department of science education have to use various methods to teach inquiry lab and evaluation techniques so that students can experience them at the training courses. 7. The number of professors majoring in science education at the department of sciece education should be increased. 8. Enough research funds have to be supported to activate the researches in science education.
An Analysis of The Science Inquiry Items in Scholastic Ability Test for College
Kim, Sang-Cheol ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 214~224
The Ministry of Education established the plan to adopt a new college enterance examination system, so called Scholastic Ability Test for college, from 1994. The National Board of Educational Evaluation had carried out 7 experimental trials for the new examination system. Eventhough, the governmental officials advertised the purpose and characteristics of the new examination system, many students and parents did not understand the essential point very well. In this study the researcher tried to analyze the 7 trial examination items and the first Scholastic Ability Test for college carried out 1993. In this study, the researcher tried to find out all the items appeared in the 7 trials. In the analysis, all the individual items from the 1st trial to the 7th trial were used. The research results showed that the items were evenly distributed in all the four areas(Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Earth Science) of science content; however, they were heavily concentrated on data or information analysis categoris in the inquiry domain. In the domain of context, laboratory context was the major item context. The scores were also analyzed. The results showed that no significant difference between male and female students. However, science track students showed higher achievement scores than the non-science track student. The examination result showed high correlation with the tests routinely have carried out in schools. The over all analysis showed the new examination system showed very different characteristics to the conventional tests. Therefore, for the student to get successful result in the Scholastic Ability Test, they should change the way of study. They should try to understand scientific concepts rather than to memorize them. They should invest their time to carry out real experiments rather than to focus on the princples and laws of science. One of the most important thing would be for the student to apply what they learned to real life situations.
A study on elementary school students' and middle school students' attitudes toward environmental problems
Woo, Hyun-Kyung ; Chung, Young-Lan ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 225~235
Concidering environmental education as an ultimate resolution for environmental problems, we conducted a study focusing on affective matters. An instrument was developed to evaluate attitudes of elementary and middle school students toward environmental problems. To develop a reliable Likert-type evaluation instrument scale with which emotional intensity could be judged, mean, standard deviation, response frequency distribution, discrimination index, reliability were calculated. As a result, 21 statements for recognition level and 14 statements for behavioral level were made(The Cronbach alpha coefficient of the instrument was .786). This instrument was used to evaluate 5th and 6th grade elementary school students and 1st and 2nd grade middle school students(total number of subjects was 980). The result of this survey can be summarized as follows. 1. Students recognized the seriousness of environmental problems but they did not behave in such a manner as to prevent it. 2. As a result of t-test, behavioral level score of elemenatary school students was significantly higher than that of middle school students(p<.001). 3. This study showed that there was a significant correlation between the recognition level score and the behavioral level score(r=.386, p<.001). 4. Two-Way ANOVA was used to analyze that there was any significant difference according to grade and sex. The results were as follows. (1) No significant difference was found in total score. (2) On recognition level, female students' score was signigicantly higher than that of male students(p<.01). (3) On behavioral level, higher-grade students' score was lower than that of lower-grade-students (p<.001).
Computer Program for Mineral Identification (CPMI)
Chae, Dong-Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 236~240
Recently computers are transforming our classroom by means of initiating and expanding teaching and learning. Lloyd (1989) indicates that computers show great promise in a way augmenting the classroom instructional process under the guidance of the teacher. In this paper computer program for mineral identification (called CPMI) is introduced. This program is is to provide a short list of 26 minerals. These mineras are classified using some properties for mineral identification that is color, streak, hardness, specific gravity, luster, and crystal form. Mineral properties can be divided into two groups for operating this program: (1) properties with numeric values, that is hardness and specific gravity; (2) properties whith a single word, that is color, streak, luster, and crystal form.
내용요소제시 이론에 대한 소개
Yang, Il-Ho ; Baek, Seong-Hye ; Hong, Seong-Il ; Lee, Jae-Cheon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 241~250