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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Dec 1994
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Aug 1994
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Apr 1994
Selecting the target year
The Development of an Instrument for the Measurement of Science Process Skills of the Korean Elementary and Middle School Students
Kwon, Jae-Sool ; Kim, Beom-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 251~264
There are a considerable number of instruments in testing science process skills in Korea as well as America and Europe. However, it has been difficult to find the instruments encompass the wide range of scientific process skills. Most instruments developed and used in Korea were focused on a school level or a few components of scientific process skills. In this study, the researchers examined the whole body of scientific process and identified 10 component skills. Three items for each component process skills were developed and revised by two pilot tests. The final instruments showed moderate difficulty, discrimination index, reliability, and validity. The instrument was also tested the usability by finding differences of students' ability on science process skills by grade levels, sexes, and city size. The results showed that the instrument was proved to be useful to discriminates the differences.
The Development of an Instrument for Measuring Scientific Attitudes of Elementary School children
Chung, Wan-Ho ; Hur, Myung ; Yeun, Beong-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 265~271
The purpose of this survey was to develop the scale for measuring scientific attitudes. This instrument was contain 37 items of five-point Likert format. This survey is designed to measure scientific attitudes of elementary school 3-6 grade. The main results of this survey are as follows: (1) The internal consistency(reliability) was estimated using Cronbach
coefficient was 0.91. (2) Male students exhibited more positive attitudes than females according to 2-Way ANOVA. (3) The interaction effect of sex and grade is not significant in level
. (4) The constructed scale was administered to 343 childrens in grade 3 to 6 of 8 elementary schools in Seoul and Kyeung-gi province.
Effectiveness of SPACE Instructional Strategies for the Conceptual Change of the Elementary School children on Evaporation and Condensation
Choi, Byung-Soon ; Kim, Hyo-Nam ; Kang, Soon-Hee ; Kim, Young-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 272~284
The aim of this research was to compare and analyze the children's ideas on evaporation and condensation between pre- and post-intervention. Forty-eight children from six elementary schools in Seoul and Kyung Ki provinces were sampled by stratified random sampling. A set of structured activities was then provided which allow children to explore evaporation and condensation phenomena. All of these activities had a preliminary phase which required the child to predict or speculate on evaporation and condensation using their existing knowledge. These structured activities on evaporation and condensation were reviewed by three professors and eigth primary school teachers. Their comments were used to revise the original contents of the structured activities. The data analysed were gathered by the questionaire and the interview. Pre- and post-intervention data related to evaporation and condensation were collected by the same teacher, and analysed into the same category scheme. Data coding was carried out several times by the researcher to ensure reliablity. Data collected were then classified and analyzed according to the types of children's ideas. The findings of this study were as follows: Results of this study showed that the the vocabulary used to describe the evaporation phenomena varied according to the context, and the scientific term "evaporated" was more frequently used by the older children after post-intervention. But everyday terms such as"dried up","disappered", "gone up" were also used by children as much as the level of pre-intervention. Scientific conception on the location of evaporated water, the factor of evaporation, the ideas about getting the water back and assumption about the physical state of the missing water has been increased for the most of the children after intervention. It was found that the intervention using was effective SPACE strategies regardless of the grade level of the children.
The effectiveness of the concept mapping to change students' misconception about human circulatory/excretional system
Choi, Joo-Young ; Hur, Myung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 285~292
The purpose of this study is to investigate the misconception about circulatory / excretional system and to determine the effectiveness of two teaching strategies. The subject was 214 middle school students. The control group was instructed with the traditional teaching method.On the other hand, the experimental group was taught with the concept mapping teaching method. Then the effectiveness of the two teaching strategies were compared in terms with the changes of their conceptions about circulatory/excertional system. The major findings of this study are as follows. 1. The major misconception types were identified. 1) The function of blood is only transportation. 2) The artery is equal to arterial blood. 3) The colon and the anus are also excretional organs. 4) Urine is formed from the bladder. 5) Urine and feces are also excrement. 2. Different conceptional change was observed between control group and experimental group at 0.05 significance level. The concept mapping strategy was more effective than traditional teaching method. 3. No significent difference was found between male and female students in the effectiveness of concept mapping strategy.
A Study on The Effect of Molecular Movement Model Based Instruction on High School Students' Conceptions of diffusion and Osmosis
Cho, Jung-Il ; Lee, Hyung-Uk ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 293~303
The purpose of this study was to find the effect of molecular movement model based instruction on high school students' conceptions of diffusion and osmosis. The study was composed of two groups, the traditional instruction group in which the so-called traditional instruction was performed, and the other group in which interventions by researchers were made. The subjects of the traditional instruction group consisted of a total of 242 high school students from Seoul, Gwangju and Mokpo. The subjects of the model based instruction group consisted of 177 first-year high school students in Mokpo. The study was focused on the use of the term of 'molecular movement' in their explanation of diffusion and osmosis in the correct contexts. In general, students who got the molecular movement model based instruction showed more frequent use of the terms of 'molecular movement' in the correct contexts than the control group students did. It was found that misconceptions including teleological explanations changed into scientific explanations by the intervention. It seemed that the molecular movement model led students to make scientific explanations on natural phenomena. A further research is recommended to assess the improvement of teleological explanation and scientific attitude by the molecular movement model.
Differences in priorities of high school students' knowledge activated in laboratory and earth environmental contexts
Lee, Myoeng-Jee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 304~311
Four science concepts were selected from high school science textbook to investigate the differences in priorities of students knowledge activated during solving earth science problems in laboratory and earth science environmental contexts. Two items, one for laboratory context and the other for earth environmental context, were developed for earth selected concept The subjects were constituted of 192 students in 11th grade and 196 in 12th grade in one senior high school. Students' responses were categorized using graph models and analyzed in terms of 'Common Activated Knowledge'(CAK). and 'Specific Activated Knowledge'(SAK) across students' cognitive frames, grades, and sex. As contextual differences of the problems increased, context effects in priorities of CAK were reported in favor of laboratory context, on the contrary those of SAK in favor of earth environmental context. Context effects were reported across cognitive frames, especially students with laboratory cognitive frames showed more significant context effects than others. Lower graders and girls showed relatively large context effects. The results of this study showed that science concepts learned in a laboratory context are not easily transferred to earth environmental context. Therefore, special instructional strategies should be developed to overcome the context effect s according to activated knowledges with high priorities in laboratory and earth environmental context.
A Comparative Study of the Logical Thinking Skills and Integrated Process Skills of Junior High School Students in Korea and Japan
Soh, Won-Joo ; Woo, Jong-Ok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 312~320
The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship of logical thinking skills and integrated process skills, and to investigate the differences in general tendency of subskills by grade level and gender between Korean middle school students and Japanese one. The performance level of skills was measured using GALT and TIPS II. The results are compared with those of Japan (Mattheis et al., 1992). Summary of the results are as follow. 1. Percentages of formal and transitional stage of males are more than females in developmental level. It has been found out that the males attained significantly higher scores of logical thinking skills than the females in middle school stage. The significant differences in scores by gender show a good correlation with those for Japanese middle school students. Developmental level of Korean middle school students shows a remarkable improvement as they move up from 8th grade to 9 one. The significant differences in developmental level by grade also show a good correlation with those for Japanese middle school students. Total scores of GALT for Japanese middle school students are higher than Korean one, but it has been found nearly same scores for 9th grade in both countries. Scores of subskills of logical thinking skills, except correlational reasoning, for Korean students show lower than those for Japanese students. It could be noted that the combinatorial reasoning is considered to be easiest and the correlational reasoning to be most difficult in both countries. 2. It also has been found out similar pattern for integrated process skills in both countries because the males and females did not examplify significant differences, although males gain somewhat higher scores than females in Korea. Scores of subskills of integrated process skills for Japanese middle school students show higher them Korean one. It could be noted that the identifying variables is considered to be easiest and stating hypothesis to be most difficult in both countries. 3. There was a significant relationship (r= .65) between logical thinking skills and integrated process skills, and there were statistically significant differences of the integrated process skills for developmental level. In integrated process skills, the students who belong to the higher grade levels acquired better score than who belong to the lower grade level. It has been also found remarkable improvement between 8th and 9th grade, and there are significant differences for grade level in both countries.
An Analysis on Completeness of Educational Objectives in Elementary Science Curriculum
Seo, Dong-Wook ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 321~329
The purpose of this study was to investigate the completeness of educational objectives according to grades, objective domains and content areas, and to inquire the completeness of educational objectives by instructional quality profile and to restate educational objectives on the elementary school science curriculum. The taxonomy as a classification tool was developed in order to classify the science educational objectives. Teacher's guide-books of elementary school science were used to analyze the completeness. The educational objectives were checked using the objective classification tool by 11 experienced specialists in science education. The following are the results of this study. 1. Completeness of unit was shown approximately the 62 percentage in chapters, the 72 percentage in sections and the 87 percentage in periods. 2. Only the related chemistry parts showed that each objective domains were stated evenly. 3. On the whole, the number of understanding(38%) of stated educational objectives was much more than the other domains, such as manual skill(7%), attitudes.interests.appreciations(4%). 4. The elementary school science objectives were restated using the instructional quality profile in order to increase the completeness.
The High School Science Teacher's Perception on the common Science and Science-Technology-Society. -On the High School Science Teachers in Kwangju city and Chonnam Province-
Kim, Young-Sung ; Lee, Moon-Nam ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 330~343
The purpose of this study was to investigate into common science and Science-Technology-Society education movement which are concerned in newly reformed 6th curriculum. These data were obtained by the survey of 291 high school science teachers who have no experience for the workshop of the common science in Kwangju city and 120 high school science teachers who have experience for the workshop of the common science in Kwangju city and Chollanamdo. The results were as follows: 1) They responded that the physics is more closely subject for the common science and thereby it could be charged for the common science by teacher of physics. 2) The 96.90 percent of the respondents (B-group) have confidence with teaching common science subject. 3) They favored that a device for the application of STS Thoughts is added last part of each chapter, last chapter or adequately introduce to each teaching. 4) They are not concerned about overlap with the contents of common science and each science contents (A-group:74.58 percent, B-group:78.35 percent). 5) They wondered about the various items of teaching and the lack of scientific surrounding Knowledge for solving problems. 6) They responded that if the common science are implicated into the current high school, the sciences will become a interesting. 7) Before the common science have become established, they was demanded a improvement of currently University Entrance Examination systems.
The Current and the Public View of the Science News in Korean Newspapers
Kim, Sung-Won ; Kim, Hee-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 344~355
In this paper, science news in daily newspapers were reviewed to promote the reader's interest and the public science. The desirable direction in editing science columns was also suggested. For this, following studies were achieved. At first, terminologies used frequently in science columns of the Dong-A Daily News during six months (January 1993 - June), were collected and classified. Thr questionnaire were distributed to university students and general public, to analyze the public concern about the science news. Through the telephone interview with the editing staff of daily newspapers, current status and problems of science columns were investigated. As a result, the several conditions and recommendations are suggested, to promote science columns.
A Study on the Employment Test for the Secondary School Science Teachers
Kang, Soon-Hee ; Park, Jong-Yoon ; Hur, Myung ; Park, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 356~365
A survey has been conducted on the employment test for the secondary school science teachers. The questionnaires were answered by 118 applicants who took the employment test of 1992. The adequacy of the employment test was analyzed in such categories as the evaluation weight of subjects, the length of time for the test, the number of questions, the contents and level of questions, the materials used for preparing for the test, etc. Based upon the results, several problems were pointed out and suggestions were made for the improvement of the test.
A Survey on the Teaching Environments for Secondary School Science Teachers
Park, Jong-Yoon ; Kang, Soon-Hee ; Hur, Myung ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 366~378
The titled study has been conducted by collecting questionnaires from 146 secondary school science teachers. The results analysed are as follows. 1. More than half of the science teachers think that they have too much loads on teaching and other works. They hope to teach 15 hours a week or less and also to be waived from extra works not related with teaching. 2. Most of the science teachers think that they are not paid enough salary. And more than half of them feel their economic and social status are below average. 3. Science teachers think that they have good relations with their colleagues but many of them are not much satisfied with the attitudes of students and their parents. 4. Science teachers want better facilities for teaching and for their office. 5. Science teachers feel difficult in teaching laboratory class. They pointed out that it is time-consuming to prepare for experiments and clean up the laboratory and that evaluation of experimental work is not easy. 6. Science teachers appeal that they have difficulties in teaching inquiry skills due to the crowded class and also lack of teaching materials for this purpose.
Comenius' Pansophism as a Historical Origin of Science Education
Chung, Byung-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 379~392
One of the historical origins of the modern science education was investigated in this paper. From the view point of the pansophistic educational philosophy which emphasized "man should teach completely all things to all mankind(Omnes, Omnia, omnino)", J.A.Comenius proposed in his book "Didactica magna"(1658) that 'physica' should be learned as one of the most important school subjects. He suggested the completion of human being as a wholeness of the universe could be achieved through the physics teaching. His ideas of science education was, however, directed not to the 'rational konwledge' about the natural world, but to the 'divine wisdom'. His main thoughts and influences on science education can be summarized as follows: 1) The human being as a God's image should know the divinely created nature, because the invisible God's existence can be sensorially recognized in the nature. 2) Physics or science should be regarded as more important objects than verbal learning in general school education. 3) The cognitive union between the words('representative' or 'das Dargestellte') and things('presentative' or 'das Dargebotene') can be achieved through the objects lesson ('Anschauungsunterricht') 4) The realistic and sensor-cognitive learning theory of the object lesson is yet very important especially in the science education of elementary school, even though the inquiry learning process has became more important in the last years. 5) The religious aspect of his idea could not satisfy the social needs of industrialization and the development of professonal technics in the 18 to 19th century.
사회교육을 통한 과학의 대중화 방안
Min, Yeong-Gi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 14, issue 3, 1994, Pages 393~398