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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
The Types of Secondary School Students' Preconceptions on the Motion of the Earth and the Moon
Woo, Jong-Ok ; Lee, Hang-Ro ; Min, Jun-Gyu ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 379~393
In spite of school science learning, the students' conceptions have not been changed easily. Therefore, to make students overcome their non scientific conceptions has been an important issue in science education. The purpose of this study was to identify the conceptions of students and teachers on the motion of the earth and the moon. The instrument was developed for estimating students' understandings of the concepts related to the motion of the earth and the moon. The validity of the instrument was examined by the specialists in Science Educator and Astronomer. At the same time, the two field trials had been executed, and the items were modified. Also, it consists of 12 items including 9 two-tier multiple choice items and 3 multiple choice items. The population of this study consists of 250 eighth-, 299 tenth-, 292 eleventh-grade students, 134 science teachers in secondary school. SPSS/PC+ was adopted for the statistical analysis. The type of misconceptions possessed students were as follows: 1) At 12:00 noon, the sun is directly overhead. 2) First quarter moon is a half of overall surface of the moon. 3) Air don't rotate with the earth surface because it keeps apart from the earth surface. 4) Summer is warmer than winter, because the earth is nearer from the sun in summer. 5) Whenever season is changed, the direction of rotation axis of the earth is changed. 6) The moon is the brightest at the position of new moon, because the distance between the moon and the sun is the shortest and the moon is received strongest sunlight. 7) The moon is not seen at the position of real full moon, because it is covered with shadow of the earth. 8) When the moon is not seen in the earth, sunlight is not reached at the moon. The major findings were as follows : 1) The middle school students had more misconceptions than those of high school students. And female students had more misconceptions than those of male ones. 2) The rate of correct answer and the type of conception in the tenth grade students were very similar with eleventh grade students. 3) The higher cognitive level, the better development of scientific conception and the less misconception. Also, the correlation coefficient between scientific conception score and GALT score was 0.57. 4) The students in scientific part had higher the rate of correct answer than those of students in human part and the former had less misconception than the latter. 5) The rate of correct answer about model and figure items was lower than descriptive ones, because they did not understand about figures itselves. These types of misconceptions will be used for science instruction and studies of other conceptions need.
A Study on Factor Analysis of Science Teaching Methods
Hong, Sung-Il ; Woo, Jong-Ok ; Jung, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 394~403
The purpose of this study was to find out and analyze the science teacher's teaching methods. A total of 35 teaching methods were abstracted from the previous studies and the relating literatures. An instrument to measure the frequencies of using methods was developed and then tested to middle school science teachers. The Results of two factor analysis methods were compared. The results are as follows: The instruments's reliablity coefficient(Cronbach
) was 0.7707. The teaching methods which middle school science teachers have used frequently were represented as the proposing of the learning objectives, the deductive teaching, the experimental activities by teacher's guide, the summarization after explanation, the reading text etc. Also, it was revealed that they have not use the diagnostic evaluation, the formative evaluation, the experimental activities by student's design, the instructional medium. By confirmatory factor analysis, the 1st factor included 13 teaching methods and 2nd and 3rd factor included 9 and 7 methods respectedly. The meaning of 1st factor was interpreted to stimulate student's learning motives. And the other's were about the development of instruction. In exploratory factor analysis factors were overlapped or more fined. These were due to the structure of factors.
A Study on the Cognitive Levels and the Science Process Skills Based on the Cognitive Styles
Kang, Shim-Won ; Woo, Jong-Ok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 404~416
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of the cognitive levels and the science process skills based on the cognitive styles. The subjects of the study were 5-6th grade 790 students sampled by random cluster sampling method in three schools from large cities, small cities, and rural areas respectively. The results are as follows. 1) The field independent students showed significantly higher(p< 0.001) cognitive level than the field dependent ones. 2) The field independent group showed higher formation rate of subskills of the logical thinking skills than the field dependent groups. 3) It was found out that the field independent group attained significantly higher scores of science process skills than the field dependent group in 5th and 6th grade students. 4) The more cognitive levels became higher, the more science process skills were significantly higher(p< 0.001). 5) There were significant(p<0.001) differences among the science process skills for grade levels and three regions. And that there were not significant differences in the science process skills between males and females, 6) The science process skills of the field independent and the formal operational group could be acquired better scores in the science process skills than those who belong to another combinations.
Science Teachers' Concerns and Needs regarding Scientific Thinking Inquiry Testing: One year before First Administration of College Scholastic Abilities Test
Myeong, Jeon-Ok ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 417~428
This study investigated Korean science teachers' concerns and needs regarding inquiry testing to cope with the innovation called College Scholastic Abilities Test(CSAT), which was officially first administered as the nation-wide college entrance exam in 1994. This study adopted Concerns Based Adoption Model(CBAM) as the theoretical framework developed by Hall et al. 60 high science teachers (30 physics, 20 earth science, 10 others) were involved for the main study in August, 1992. In general. science teachers demonstrated a concern profile similar to that of 'nonusers'. They showed high level of concerns on the 'information' and 'personal' stage, while low level of concerns on 'management' and 'consequence' stage. Science teachers expressed their strong needs for knowledge and support to facilitate inquiry teaching and testing, text books written in inquiry mode. It is recommended that in-service trainings be provided based on the concerns and needs of teachers for a better teacher training and successful implementation of the innovation.
Some Characters of Students' Understandings about Tide Concept
Kook, Dong-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 429~436
The purpose of this study is to identify students' alternative frameworks about tide concept, to investigate some characters of them and students' understanding types with increasing grade in secondary school earth science course. The objective questionnaire method was used, and the subjects of this study are 528 students selected randomly in secondary school. The results are as follow. 1) Thirteen alternative frameworks about tide concept, related to the phase change of the moon and the motion of the earth are identified. 2) The alternative frameworks needed mechanical and causal reasoning have the trend reinforced or sophisticated with increasing the grade. And alternative frameworks needed phenomenal and mechanical, phenomenal and causal reasoning are changed little but ones needed phenomenal, variative and basic reasoning change scientifically. The rates of the alternative frameworks needed definitional, empirical, phenomenal reasoning decrease at the learning grade of that concept but increase after that grade. 3) Middle school students have the definitional, phenomenal, empirical and qualitative understanding types but high school students have the causal, analytic, quantitative and mechanical ones on tide concept.
A Comparison of Middle and High School Students' Conceptual Understanding in Stoichiometry and Gas State
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Lim, Hee-Jun ; Woo, Kyu-Whan ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 437~451
Middle and high school students' conceptual understanding about stoichiometry, gas laws, and diffusion was compared with essay type test and multiple choice test. Whereas achievement of high school students was higher in stoichiometry, that of middle school students who were expected to go to high schools was higher in gas laws and diffusion. When students' achievement was compared to that of American college students, Korean students' achievement was higher in stoichiometry and was similar in gas laws. These results indicate that algorithmic problem solving is more emphasized than conceptual understanding in high schools and that quantitative aspects focused in chemistry education are not helpful in concept understanding. Nevertheless relatively smaller difference between concept understanding and algorithmic problem solving for high school students in this study seems to be from concept learning in middle schools.
Content Analysis of the 5th grade Science Textbooks in Japan and Korea
Kim, Hyo-Nam ; Lee, Young-Mi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 452~458
Science textbooks are very important materials in order to know elementary science learning in Japan and Korea. In this research the 5th grade science textbooks in Japan and Korea are analyzed by an analyzing category. The analyzing category is consisted of knowledge and scientific inquiry. Knowledge is divided by fact, concept, and rule. Scientific inquiry is divided by problem cognition, variable control, experiment planning, observing, measuring, categorizing, inferring, data transformation, predicting, correlation, cause and effect, result, communication, which are 13 subcategories. Analyzing methods are counting the frequency of each subcategory and tabulating the data. The results of this study are: 1. The frequency of scientific inquiry appeared in Korean 5th grade science textbooks is three times more than that in Japanese textbooks. 2. In scientific inquiry category, Japanese science textbooks emphasized observing, predicting, measuring and problem cognition; Korean science textbooks emphasized experiment planning, observing and problem cognition. 3. In knowledge category, fact subcategory is mostly emphasized in both countries.
A Study on the Meaning Analysis of the Science Education
Youn, Sun-Jin ; Woo, Jong-Ok ; Kim, Beom-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 459~471
The purpose of this study is to find out the answer to the Question as "What is the meaning of the Science Education?". Semantic analyses were done according to each situations and contexts in science, education and science education. The following result was drawn: It is concluded that science education is the practtical behavior for the human as the purpose, through the science and education as the means and methods.
The Influence of the Types of Scientific Concepts and the Patterns of Cognitive Conflict on the Change of Students Conceptions
Kim, Beom-Ki ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 472~486
The purpose of this study was to classify the types of scientific concepts by theoretical concepts and empirical concepts in physics, and to create cognitive conflict in students with logical statements and demonstrations, and to investigate conceptual changes. It seems that mechanics has much to do with the empirical concepts, and electromagnetics has much to do with the theoretical concepts. The condition of the instrument is intellegible, plausible, fruitful, and able to state and demonstrate. The instrument appropriate for these conditions was developed, which consisted of 6 items in mechanics and 6 items in electromagnetics, and conceptual changes were investigated. Structured interviews were conducted with 32 high school students to create cognitive conflict. We have elicited their ideas three times : pretest, posttest and delayed posttest. As the results of this study, demonstration method was more effective for conceptual change than logical argument method. In case of content areas, the misconceptions on mechanics concepts were changed more easily than those on electromagnetics concepts. In addition, the results of the study showed that the more cognitive conflict, the more the conceptual change was occurred.
Exploring Korean Adults' Long-Term Memory of School Science Education
Song, Jin-Woong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 487~494
Meaning of STS for Science Teachers
Yager, Robert E. ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 15, issue 4, 1995, Pages 495~500