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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
A Longitudinal Trend Analysis of Science Process Skills
Woo, Jong-Ok ; Kim, Beom-Ki ; Hur, Myung ; Kim, Chan-Jong ; Yang, Il-Ho ; Choi, Kwan-Soon ; Kim, Tae-Seon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 173~184
The longitudinal trend of elementary and secondary students' science process skills were investigated to monitor the progress of science learning. Science process skill test, developedin an earlier study on developing a national science process skills assessment system,was revised and administered for the study on March, 1999. Subjects were sampled nation wide according to sex and region. The results of this assessments were compared to those administered on February, 1997. The results showed little difference on science process skills among elementary school students. However, secondary students showed marked increase in science process skills. More systematic and long-term research for assessing science process skills should be planned and performed periodically to provide empirical and foundational data for educational policy making.
A Longitudinal Trend Analysis in Scientific Knowledge Achievement Progress
Kwon, Jae-Sool ; Choi, Byung-Soon ; Kwon, Chi-Soon ; Yang, Il-Ho ; Lee, Gyoung-Ho ; Kim, Ji-Na ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 185~193
The long term trend of studensts' science achievement is a very important factor to check the effectiveness of science educational policy. However, up to date no such effort to understand the trend of Korean students' science achievement has been put into action. Recently, the Science Education Center in Korea National University of Education has been attempted to collect nation wide data for students' science achievement. The first part of the effort was to develop item pools. This study was the second part to collect nation wide data and to check any change during the two year time interval. In this study, the item pools developed by Kwon et. al.(1998) were used with some modification. The data were collected two times; February 1997 and March 1999. The subjects collected nationally were 8,766 students in 1997 and were 4,398 in 1999. The subjects were collected randomly but stratified by region and sex. As the results, the trends of achievement change during the two years were different from elementary to high school. The achievement scores were decreased in elementary schools and increased in high school. In case of middle schools, the change was not significant. However, even in elementary schools the knowledge on theory was increased significantly while knowledge on facts and principles were decreased. In contrast, the knowledge on fact showed the most increase in high schools. In this study, the data were analysed in light of region, sex, behavioral objective levels(ability) and context of test items. The science achievement monitoring system developed by the Science Education Center in Korea National University of Education can be an effective tool for monitoring students' achievement on the national level.
A Longitudinal Trend Analysis of Affective Characteristics related to Science
Kim, Hyo-Nam ; Chung, Wan-Ho ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ; Yang, Il-Ho ; Kim, Young-Shin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 194~203
The purpose of this study was to longitudinally analyze Korean students' trend on science-related affective characteristics and provide descriptive data for improving the quality of Korean science education. In this longitudinal study. 3603 students and 4737 students were sampled in elementary and secondary schools. respectively in January 1997 and March 1998. The result showed that students' affective characteristics were decreased with statistical significance(p<0.05) during elementary and junior high school periods. but students' affective characteristics were increased during high school period. Affective characteristics of male were significantly higher than those of females' (p<0.05). Difference on affective characteristics between female and male students was being decreased by increasing grades. Students' affective characteristics in metropolitan areas were significantly higher than those in regional areas and difference between them was increased in 1999 comparing to 1997. The students' affective characteristics in 1999 were lower than those in 1997 totally.
Content Organization of Middle School Integrated Science Focusing on the Integrated Theme
Choi, M.H. ; Choi, B.S. ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 204~216
A value can be placed on the integrated science curriculum in terms of producing an insight into solving the routine problem. From such a point of view, the comprehensive concepts which explain the extensive natural phenomena were defined as the integrated themes in this study, and the contents of the integrated science curriculum were developed, as the understanding of the contents focused on the integrated theme enables us to be productive and have an insight. Through analyzing teaching materials, programs and curriculums in relation to the integrated science, five concepts of system, interaction, harmony and balance, structure and function, and circulation were established as the integrated themes, and the nature of each integrated theme was examined. Next, in accordance with the integrated theme, the content of the integrated science curriculum,which are deeper in aspect of the integration level than that of the current science of middle school, were developed. The content of the integrated science curriculum which was proposed in this study is of great significance. in that they provide new perspectives related to our current science curriculum.
The Effects of the Constructivist Instructional Model on the Acquisition of Atmospheric Pressure Conceptions and Learning Motivation
Park, Soo-Kyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 217~228
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the constructivist instructional model on the acquisition of atmospheric pressure conceptions and learning motivation. The step of constructivist instruction was prediction and explanation-experiment and observation-discussion-application. The control group consisted of two classes of students who participated in the teacher-centered instruction. The experimental group consisted of two classes of students who participated in the constructivist instruction. To examine students' preconceptions before the instructions, a preconceptions test was administered. After the instructions, students' acquisition of atmospheric pressure conceptions and learning motivation were measured with a researcher-made post-conceptions test and The Course Interest Survey. The results from this study were as follows: First, the constructivist instruction is more effective method in acquisition of atmospheric pressure conceptions and learning motivation than the teacher-centered instruction. Therefore, in order to increase the acquisition of science conceptions and to decrease the science misconceptions, we need to use the constructivist instructional model which make learners self check their own preconceptions of science. Second, the constructivist instruction is more effective than teacher-centered instruction in three elements of learning motivation. So, we need to develop the effective ARCS(attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction) strategies in order to use the constructivist instructional model and to verify it's effectiveness. Third, to improve teaching and learning methods, educational researchers should carry out studies using many points of view than studies biased constructivism or objectivism. In this respect, we need to contrive how to integrate constructive view points and objective view points.
The Instructional Influences of Vee Diagram and Regulative Metacognitive Learning Strategies in Elementary School Science Course
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Jang, Shin-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 229~238
This study investigated the influences of Vee diagram and regulative metacognitive learning strategies upon 6th-graders' achievement, difficulty toward science lesson, self-efficacy, and learning approach. The Vee diagram and regulative metacognitive learning strategies were modified in a pilot study. Before instruction, an achievement test was administered, and its score was used as a blocking variable. A previous science grade was used as a covariate for post-achievement. Tests of difficulty toward science lesson, self-efficacy, and learning approach were also administered, and the test scores were used as covariates. After instruction, a researcher-made achievement test and post-tests of the above variables were administrated. Two-way ANCOVA results revealed that although there were no significant differences in the achievement test scores, the application subtest scores of the two treatment groups were significantly higher than those of the control group. There were no significant differences in the difficulty toward science lesson and learning approach, but self-efficacy scores for the students with Vee diagram and regulative metacognitive learning strategies were significantly higher than those of the other groups. The perceptions of the students using Vee diagram were also analyzed.
The Analysis of Biology in the 6th Middle School Science Textbooks based on Criteria for Selecting Curriculum Objectives
Hong, Jung-Lim ; Kang, Kyoung-Mi ; Yeou, Sung-Hee ; Chang, Nam-Kee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 239~247
This study is to make suggestion for developing textbook systematically by analyzing biological contents and organization in science textbooks which are important instructional media to accomplish objectives of the 6th middle school science curriculum. The inclusiveness degree of the 6th science educational objectives reflected in the textbooks was analyzed by Klopfer's and the Korean Educational Department's objectives taxonomy. And the biological contents and the organization of the science textbook were analyzed by learner, subject matter, and society dimensions which are selecting criteria for curriculum objectives suggested in Tyler's curriculum model. The analyzed results are as follows: 1. The inclusiveness degree of the educational objectives was very low. 2. Regarding the dimension of learner, the concepts of formal operational cognitive level were much increased as grade becomes higher. And the degree of learner's interests reflected on the learning topics and domains was very low. 3. Regarding the dimension of subject matter, the concept-centered learning was increased, in relation to inquiry learning as grade becomes higher. The analyzed results of inquiry subskills showed that observation, classification, and recording skills in 1st grade, observation and operation skills in 2nd grade, and interpreting data skills in 3rd grade were centered. As the problems and processes were presented, so most of inquiry activities had low openness scale. The learning contexts were organized into discipline-centered in relation to real life. 4. Regarding society dimension, the learning topics of environments and health were much presented. but those of biotechnology and career were presented scarcely. And most learning topics related society dimension were organized in textbooks of the 2nd and 3rd grade. These suggested that to accomplish curriculum objectives effectively. the inclusiveness degree of educational objectives is to increase and, the contents and organization of textbook were constructed harmoniously in aspects of learner, subject matter and society dimensions.
The Effect of Jurisprudental Inquiry Model-Oriented STS Program on the High School Underachievers
Kang, Soon-Ja ; Kwon, Joo-Hee ; Yeau, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 248~255
In this study, the effect of the STS program that was oriented from jurisprudental inquiry model on high school underachievers was investigated. The subjects were 76 high school students. They were divided into two groups, the STS program applied class(treatment group) and the traditional lecture-centered class(control group). The STS program was consisted of three subunits. 'nutrient and health', 'stimulation and reaction' and 'reproduction',of 'life' unit of high school general science. And these 3 subunits consisting of eight contents were lectured over 8 hours. The treatment group showed much better achievement in learning significantly (p<.05) than the control group showing that the STS program affected. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the STS program compatible with achievement level of students, and teaching-learning approaches and learning programs for underachievers.
Analysis of the Relationship between Cognitive Levels and Achievement of Science Process Skills by Practical Assessment
Min, Hye-Young ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ; Kang, Dae-Hun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 256~265
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between cognitive levels and achievement of science process skills. A science laboratory process skills test based on optional instrument of the SISS was administered to a sample of 162 students in the 8th grade. Practical assessment tasks consisted of the contents about acid, base, density, and a property of cobalt chloride. The format of this practical test was the station type that students had to conduct a short activity. Science process skills included three sub-skills which were categorized as designing, performing, and reasoning. As cognitive levels develop from concrete operational stage to transition stage and formal operational stage. total scores of science process skills and mean scores of sub-skills were significantly increased. Regardless of cognitive levels. all students were more successful on performing than designing or reasoning. In case of being controlled cognitive levels, gender differences and area differences were not detected in achievement of science process skills. According to these results. there was a strong relationship between cognitive levels and achievement of science process skills by practical assessment. This study implies that considering student's cognitive levels is very important for improving science process skills.
The Effect of Cooperative Computer-Assisted Instruction on Middle School Students' Learning in Science
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Kim, Chang-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 266~274
This study investigated the effects of cooperative and individual computer-assisted instructions upon middle school students' science conceptions, achievement, perception of learning environment, and motivation. The cooperative, individual, and traditional learning groups were selected from a middle school, and taught about the motion of molecule for 5 class hours. Data analyses indicated that the students with cooperative computer-assisted instruction scored significantly higher than those with traditional instruction in the tests of conceptual understanding, perception of learning environment and motivation. Better understanding of the cooperative learning group was also found in a retention test of conceptions. In addition, there were significant interactions between the instruction and the level of prior achievement in the tests of retention of conceptions and motivation. Educational implications are discussed.
Influence of the Salience of the Formal Science Education on the Attitude toward Science Communication through the Mass Media
Pak, Sung-Jae ; Yoo, June-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 275~292
This study aimed to explore the saliences of formal school science and their influences on the attitude toward science communication through mass media. Saliences of school science are salient memories of school science which a perciever attends to selectively among various aspects of formal school science. Among saliences. external saliences refer to the sensory aspects of formal school science. and internal saliences refer to the observers' cognition. Attitude toward science communication through mass media constitute six scales; exposure. cognition. focus. belief. self perception of understanding. application. The questionnaire were developed and sample was selected by multi-stage stratified clustering. The sample size was 1,825. The data was analysed by correlation and multiple stepwise regression. Positive saliences were lab work and science teacher and negative saliences were lecture and exam/grade. According to the correlation and multiple stepwise regression analysis. saliences of the formal school science could account only a small part of the attitude toward science communication through mass media. Internal salieces could account the attitude toward science communication than external salience. Further studies on new models including attitude towards science are needed.
Science Teachers' Perceptions to the Utilization of Calculator Based Laboratory System with Experimental Kit in Science Experiments
Seo, Hae-Ae ; Yoon, Ki-Soon ; Sohn, Jong-Kyung ; Chung, Hwa-Sook ; Song, Bang-Ho ; Yang, Hong-Jun ; Park, Sung-Ho ; Kwon, Duck-Kee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 293~304
A Calculator-Based Laboratory (CBL) system was introduced to science teachers and their perceptions to its classroom application was assessed. A CBL survey instrument was responded by 54 middle and high school science teachers who undertook a three-hour workshop of science experiments with CBL system. There were significant differences in teachers perceptions to CBL system among gender, school level, school location, teacher's degree, and years of teaching in terms of learning CBL system, applicability of CBL system for science classrooms, and effects on science achievement. Male teachers showed significantly (p<.05) higher agreement to learning of CBL system and applicability for science classrooms than female teachers. Compared to middle school teachers, high school teachers showed significantly (p<.05) high interests in CBL applicability for science classrooms and perceptions that there will be an increase of science achievement. Teachers with 4-8 years of teaching experience also showed significantly (p<.05) higher interest toward learning CBL system and its applicability. It was concluded that science teachers perceived CBL system as a promising science teaching method in Korean middle and high schools. However, a science teacher inservice training program for CBL system should be developed in consideration of gender, school level, school location, and years of teaching.
Effects of Concept Change Teaching MSeoung-HeyPaikodel Considering Students' Learning Motivations
Paik, Seoung-Hey ; Kim, Hye-Kyong ; Che, Woo-Ki ; Kwon, Kyoon ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 305~314
The effects of three teaching models were compared in this research. One of those is concept change model, another is concept change model based on students learning motivations, the other is traditional teaching method based on science textbooks. The subjects of this research were the 8th grade students of Korean middle school. They were divided into three groups, and tested learning motivations. All of the three groups improved their learning motivations and concept understanding by the classes. Especially, the group of concept change model based on students learning motivations represented most effective improvement of learning motivations. The concept change teaching model and concept change teaching model based on students learning motivations are more effective in concept understanding than traditional teaching method based on textbooks. The students who have high learning motivations improved their concept understanding by the classes of concept change model based on students learning motivations. The students who have low learning motivations improved their learning motivations by the classes of concept change model based on students learning motivations also.
The Effects of the Psychological Learning Environment by Science Teachers on Students' Science Achievement
Lee, Jae-Chon ; Kim, Beom-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 315~328
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of psychological learning environment generated by science teachers upon students' affective perceptions and cognitive learning. The subjects of the study were consist of 2.693 students from secondary school. The students' perception were examined by the tools of PLEIS(Psychological Learning Environment Instrument by Science teacher). SAMS(Science Anxiety Measurement Scale). HARS(High schools' s Attitude Related Science). and ALWSS(Attitude toward Laboratory Work Scale in Secondary school). and cognitive learning outcomes assessed to TIPS II (Test of Integrated Process Skills II ) and science test score. The results of this study suggest that positive psychological learning environment by science teacher should be offered to students for the improvement of science achievement. and learning environment will be used as an instrument of self assessment for improving science teaching strategy. Understanding of relationship among psychological learning environment, affective perception and cognitive learning will be helpful to the design of science teaching and learning process.
Criteria for the Program Development for Science Gifted Children Extracted from a Science Camp Activity
Park, Jong-Seok ; Oh, Won-Kun ; Park, Jong-Wook ; Chung, Byung-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 329~339
The 34 gifted children at 4th grade to 5th grade had attended the science camp for 3days. After the camp. they were asked to write which activities were most or least interesting, and most or least fruitful for themselves. By analyzing these answers, we could conclude that the activities which have novelty. give curiosity. or give opportunities to participate were thought to be interesting to them.They considered that a profitable activity should have something worth-learning. From these result. the effective activities in science gifted education gave the opportunity for self-doing and stimulate the curiosity with new phenomenon.
Development of an Alternative In-Service Program for Professional Development for Teachers of Science through STS/Constructivist Approach
Cho, Jung-Il ; Park, Heon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 19, issue 2, 1999, Pages 340~352
Constructivist theory and teaching science in the social context are a main stream in science education. This study was purposed to introduce the STS in-service program implementing in Chonnam National University. and to analyze the results of the program in terms of changes of teachers' and students' perceptions and attitudes. The major features of the STS in-service program were as follows: teacher-centered. teaching in the social context. emphasis on constructivist approach. development of STS module and implementations. A total of 20 secondary science teachers participated in the in-service program. and filled out two questionnaires. Science Education Reform Inventory and Constructivist Teachings Survey. Three of the 20 teachers were selected to gain information from their implementations of a STS module into their respective classrooms. The students completed two instruments. Constructivist Learning Environment Survey. and Scientific Attitude Survey. The responses from teachers and students are as follows: 1. The participating teachers were very aware of the necessity of reform in science education. and the degree of the perception of the necessity increased after the STS in-service program. 2. The STS program significantly improved constructivist teaching techniques. 3. The perceptions of the students about constructivist learning environments improved significantly after the STS in-service program. 4. Students' scientific attitudes improved significantly through STS approach. The STS in-service program with the above mentioned features was found to be effective in our current school system. and could be implemented successfully if teachers were willing to learn and participate in the reforms of science education.