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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Dec 2001
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Characteristics of the Extended Science Investigations Tasks on Middle School Students' Motivation for Investigation
Yoon, Hye-Gyoung ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~12
The extended science investigations, comprehensive investigations contrasted with exercises of process skill components and cookbook style experiments, should be pursued for giving opportunity of more authentic science activity. The characteristics of the extended investigation tasks were emerged from critical argument on school practical work. And one of important educational objectives in students' investigations is to achieve motivation for investigation. The purpose of this study is to explore how the characteristics of the extended investigation tasks, that is practical context, openness and continuity, affect middle school students' motivation for investigation. On the basis of questionnaire results and students' school science achievement, ten students were interviewed to see the change of motivation for investigation and its causes while they perform two textbook investigations and four extended investigation tasks. Among the interviewees, the students who showed positive motivation for the extended investigations were critical about textbook experiments as they are just confirmations of theories and perceived practical context and openness as the main causes of their positive motivation. The students who showed negative motivation for extended investigations preferred textbook experiments as there was enough guidance from teacher and textbook-centered learning. They recognized the openness of the tasks as a main reason of their negative motivation for investigation. Some students showed negative responses about continuity of the extended investigation tasks but continuity was not recognized as a main cause for their motivation for investigation.
Effects of Project Activities Based on Multiple Intelligences to Elementary School Children's Science Achievement
Lim, Chae-Seong ; Wang, Kyung-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 13~21
This study examined the influences of project activities based on multiple intelligences to science achievement of elementary school children. The proportions of variance of science achievement explained by General Intelligence(GI) and Multiple Intelligences(MI) were analyzed, then the influences of project activities, which used various aspects of MI were investigated. Two classes of grade 5 at Pusan in Korea were selected for the study. On the basis of science achievement of prior term, the subjects were classified into upper-, average-, and lower-achievement groups. GI and MI were measured for each child, and the relationships of these measures with prior science achievement were analyzed using multiple regression analyses. In order to investigate the effects of the project activities on science achievement, the classes were divided into the control and experimental groups, which the former group learned science topics using the traditional teaching and learning method and the latter group performed the projects about the same topics using their own multiple intelligences. Then, their achievements were analyzed by ANOVA. Results showed that the proportion of variance explained by MI was higher about two times than that of explained by GI. Project activities contributed to the improvement of science achievement of average and upper achievers, however, in the case of under achievers, this effect was not statistically significant.
The Effects of Lessons adopting Portfolio Assessment regarding Feedback on Elemantary School Student's Scientific Knowledge, Inquiry Ability, and their Perception
Park, Hee-Muk ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 22~29
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of lessons adopting portfolio assessment regarding feedback on elementary school student's scientific knowledges, inquiry abilities and their perceptions of it. For this study, two classes of 5th grade elementary school in suburb were selected. As an experimental group, one class was selected to apply the lessons adopting portfolio assessment regarding feedback, and the other class as a control group was selected to apply the lessons adopting portfolio assessment without feedback. The investigator taught and assessed both group students. The results showed a significant difference in scientific knowledge between the experimental group and the control group (p<.05). More detailed analysis of scientific knowledge found that the feedback effect was statistically positive in the memory and the understanding domain, but there was no effect in the application domain. No statistical difference was identified in inquiry abilities. The results of the questionnaire on the perceptions of portfolio assessment showed that students of the experimental group had higher positive responses on the 'perception about the effects of lesson' and on the 'perception in scientific attitudes' than the control group. However, the control group students had higher positive responses on the 'perception about self-evaluate of their own portfolio' and the 'perception about need of feedback' than the experimental group.
Analysis of Elementary School Students' Psychological Science Domains by Classifying Science Vocabularies.
Lee, Sung-Ho ; Lim, Cheong-Hwan ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 30~37
The importance of integrated approach have increased gradually in science education. But most of researches on integrated science have been based on the structure of science and epistemology. The investigations of students' psychological science domains are needed for effectiveness of integrated science in science curriculum and classrooms. In this study, for exploration of elementary school students' psychological science domains and their properties, students(N=96) were asked to classify scientific words presented on textbooks in several categories. Many psychological science domains were revealed. Among them, the domains that were over 20% are 'Electricity', 'The human body', 'The earth', 'Energy', 'Plant', 'Animal', 'Environment', 'Living things', 'Weather', 'Flower'. According to the results from analysis on the words that students presented in each domains, the participants hold strongly the relationships caused by everyday experiences. For example, 'light' and 'heat' showed high frequency in 'Electricity' domain and 'The human body' domain included 'force' and 'motion' in high frequency. The most inclusive domain was 'The earth'. Not only the words on earth science but also biological and chemical words were classified in this domain. So The integration that centered with 'The earth' domain looks correspond to the elementary school students' psychological aspect.
T. H. Huxley as a Pioneer of British School Science Education - focused on his life and activities
Song, Jin-Woong ; Cho, Sook-Kyoung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 38~58
This study aims to illustrate T. H. Huxley's life and activities as a pioneer of British school science education which have been relatively little known than other aspects of him (e.g. Darwin's Bulldog). Undoubtedly, Huxley was one of the great scientists of the Victorian era, but he was also an active reformer of scientific enterprises and school science education through his strong engagement in various governmental and non-governmental positions and through his talents of delivering speeches and of writing books. He joined as a member to various royal commissions (esp. Devonshire Commission), became a president of several important scientific societies (e.g. Royal Society, BAAS) and published many well known books (e.g. Science and Culture, Selected Essays). As a science educator, Huxley himself taught biology and physiology for thirty years and known as an excellent teacher, participated in several historical education reform activities (e.g. a member of Devonshire Commission and of London School Board), worked as a science teacher trainer and as a DSA science examiner for the improvement of the quality of science teaching, and wrote a number of textbooks (esp. Physiography, The Crayfish) for various levels of schooling including elementary and secondary, imprinted his new idea on science teaching. His great role as a pioneer of school science education followed by a more professional successor, Prof. H. E. Armstrong who was better equipped with a more theoretical framework on the activities of learning science.
High School Students' Views about Learning and Knowing of Science
Park, Hyun-Ju ; Choi, Byung-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 59~75
While previous studies have recognized and have researched the resistance of students' scientific conception to change and the difficulty of the change of a conception's status, few have investigated the idea of conceptual ecology as a context of conceptual change learning, including the role that affective and motivational aspects might play when students are exposed to conceptual change learning, The present study was conducted to describe in detail high school students' views about learning and knowing science by summarizing of students' conceptual ecologies. The study was interpretive, using multiple data sources to achieve a triangulation of data. Three students from a public high school for boys serve as cases representative of students' views about learning and knowing science. Students' enthusiasm to pursue science was closely connected to their views about learning and knowing science. Students' views about learning and knowing science are influenced by their views regarding science and science class including the nature of knowledge, learning, and their epistemological commitments, They influence students' self-efficacy and motivation on learning science.
Exploring the Accuracy and Methods of Estimation on Base Physical Quantities
Song, Jin-Woong ; Kim, Hae-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 76~88
This study explored people's accuracy and methods of estimating some base physical quantities, i.e. length, mass, time and temperature. A total of 40 members, ranging from freshmen to professors, of a physics education department of a local university were asked to make two different kinds of estimations, intuitive and operational, on two sets of objects. For intuitive estimation, they were asked to make estimations on four given objects (length - wood chopsticks, mass - rubber eraser, time electric fan, temperature - water in a cup) as soon as they faced with the objects, usually within a few seconds of seeing. For operational estimation, they were allowed to make estimations on a different set of objects (length - plastic rod, mass - lock, time - simple pendulum, temperature - water in a cup) with enough time and they could apply various available methods (e.g. using pencil to estimate the object's length, counting their own pulse rate to estimate time) for the estimation. The findings of this study can be summarized as follows: (1) for length, mass and temperature the intuitive estimations were better performed while for the time estimation the result was the reverse; (2) there was no positive relationship between the amount of physics experience and the accuracy of the estimation; (3) in general, people's accuracy of the length estimation was best performed while their mass estimation was worst performed; (4) people used their own various methods for estimation, esp. using nearby objects around them and applying mental units which have convenient values (e.g. 30cm, 50cm, 1kg, 1 Keun, 1 second).
Development of Elementary School Science Instructional Program for Nurturing Creativity - 2. Development and Implementation -
Kang, Ho-Kam ; Noh, Suk-Goo ; Lee, Heui-Soon ; Hong, Seok-In ; Choi, Sun-Young ; Won, Yong-Joon ; Ha, Jung-Won ; Kim, Ji-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 89~101
The purpose of this study was to develop the elementary school science instructional material for nurturing students' creativity and to analyze the effects of this material on the changes of students' creativity. This material was composed of student's worksheet and a teacher's guidebook, in which are relevant to the elements of creativity and creative activities that can be applied to elementary science curriculum of 5th and 6th grades. Student's worksheets include various creative activities: imagination, guided imagery, experimental activity, mind mapping as wrap-up, and 'let's think' as an extended activity, game, puzzle, making a cartoon, to be, role playing, and so on. These materials were applied to 5th grade science class, 156 students. They were divided into two groups: the treatment group to which developed material was applied and the control group which was a traditional lecture-centered class. After this material had been applied for 3 months, students of both groups took a test of creativity. Interviews and observation were also carried out with three level groups (higher, medium and lower level) which were divided within the treatment group based on their creativity score. The results of this study were as follows: The treatment group showed higher score on creativity than that of control group(p<0.01). In the result of interviews and observation, the students of the higher and the medium level accomplished their tasks by themselves better than those on lower level.All of them took an interest in visual activity. In a wrapping-up step, the higher level students made mind map more systematically and the medium students improved as time goes on, but low level students feel constrained. In totally, they used various expression methods and were interested in making drawings and cartoons creatively.
Comparison with the 6th and 7th Science Curricular for Inquiry Skill Elements in the Elementary and Secondary School
Ha, So-Hyun ; Kwack, Dae-Oh ; Sung, Min-Wung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 102~113
In order to compare with the 6th and 7th science curricular for the inquiry skill elements in the elementary and secondary school, we divided skill domains into five classes which were process skill, step skill for inquiry instruction, inquiry activity skill, manipulative skill and breeding-farming skill. And then we investigated the kinds and frequencies for the inquiry skill elements of the 6th and 7th curricular in the elementary and secondary school. The results were as follows: 1. The total kinds of inquiry skill element showed 17 kinds in the 6th curriculum and 23 kinds in the 7th. Therefore, the 7th curriculum was higher 1.4 times than the 6th curriculum in the kinds of skill elements. 2. The total frequencies for the inquiry skill elements of the 6th curriculum were 408 and those of the 7th were 729. Therefore, the 7th curriculum was about 1.8 times as many as the 6th. 3. In the kinds of inquiry skill elements according to the school levels, the course of the elementary school showed 14 kinds in the 6th curriculum and 18 kinds in the 7th. The course of middle school showed 7 kinds in 6th and 16 kinds in 7th. The integrated science course of high school was 10 kinds in the 6th and 10 kinds in the 7th. The skill elements in four science curricular of the high school course showed total 11 kinds in the 6th and 21 kinds in the 7th. And then the kinds of inquiry skill elements of the 7th curriculum in the middle and high school course showed about 2 times as many as the 6th curriculum. In the school level, the increase of skill elements showed the highest in the middle school course, and then in the high school course. 4. The total skill elements from the elementary school to the high school in the 6th science curriculum showed 17 kinds and in the order from the highest to the lowest rates, such as experimenting 20%, observing 15%, interpreting and analyzing data 13%, investigating 9%, measuring 7%, drawing a conclusion and assessment 7%, discussion 6%, communicating 5%, classifying 4%, recognizing problems and formulating hypothesis 4%, predicting 3%, designing and carrying out an experiment 3%, collecting and treating data 2%, manipulating skill 1%, modeling 0.5%, breeding and farming 0.3% and inferring 0.2%. 5. The total skill elements from the elementary school to the high school in the 7th curriculum appeared 23 kinds and in the order from the highest to the lowest rates, such as drawing a conclusion and assessment 31%, investigating 14%, collecting and treating data 8%, observing 7%, experimenting 7%, recognizing problems and formulating hypothesis 6%, interpreting and analyzing data 4%, measuring 3%, discussion 3%, manipulating skill 3%, modeling 3%, classifying 2%, project 2%, educational visits 1%, controlling variables 1%, predicting 1%, inferring 1%, operational definition 1%, communicating 1%, designing and carrying out an experiment 0.3%, breeding and farming 0.3%, applicating a number 0.2% and relating with time and space 0.2%. In the conclusion, the 7th curriculum was added 6 kinds of skill elements to the 6th curriculum, such as operational definition, applicating a number, relating with time and space, controlling variables, educational visits and project.
Effect of Presenting Modes of Multiple Analogies on Middle School Students' Understanding of Science
Kwon, Hyeok-Soon ; Kim, Chang-Min ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 114~121
This study investigated the effect of presenting modes of multiple analogies on middle school students' understanding of science concepts. A total of 122 7th-graders was randomly assigned to one of 4 groups. After reading one of 4 analogy-learning materials in different analogy presenting modes (the number of analogs, the number of mappings between analog and target, and the comparison of similarity between analogs). the students took a conception test. The results indicated that using analogs and mappings twice were not significant factors in recalling and applying science concepts. However, the comparison of similarity between analogs was found to be a significant factor in applying science concepts. Educational implications are discussed.