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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Dec 2001
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of Junior High School Students' Open Investigation into Electricity and Magnetism in Two Kinds of Tasks: Qualitative and Quantitative
Hwang, Sung-Won ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 255~263
The purpose of this study is to analyse the eighth grade students' performance of open investigations for two kinds of tasks: the qualitative one which involves the descriptive approach through observation, and the quantitative one which involves the quantitative data processing through control of variables. Researcher's observation, interview data as well as students' investigation reports, self-evaluations were analysed. The difficulties of qualitative open investigation lie in detecting and dealing with unexpected observations, of which the acceptance and interpretation were influenced by preconceptions. On the other hand, managing several variables, making reliable and valid measures, and quantitative data processing constituted main difficulties of quantitative open investigation. Some students could recognize the deficiencies of their methods and findings in qualitative one, but few in quantitative one. These results suggest the teaching point for each task of open investigations.
The Development of Web Based Instruction Program on Oceanography Unit and the Analysis of Its Effects in Earth Science Class
Park, Soo-Kyong ; Kang, Min-Ju ; Kim, Sang-Dal ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 264~278
The purpose of this study was to develop the web based instruction(WBI) program, to examine its effects on the science achievement, the attitude toward science, and students' perceptions on the WBI learning. The WBI program on the content of oceanography unit in Earth Science for high schools was developed using Namo 4.0, JAVA-script, Flash 4, Video Capture of SnagIt, Animation Shop graphic tools. The treatment group consisted of students who participated in the WBI program developed in this study, and the control group consisted of students who participated in the module instruction using self-learning materials. The results from this study were as follows: First, the scores of science achievement of WBI group were significantly higher than those of module group. There was not interaction effect of treatment and students' learning ability. Second, there were no significant difference in the scores of the attitude towards science learning between WBI group and module group, and there was not interaction effect of treatment and students' learning ability. Third, in the perception questionnaire of WBI learning, many students showed the WBI learning were good in terms of causing interaction between learners and web based learning materials including various images and animations. However there are several students who showed learning difficulties. For example they wonder which part is more important and what order is proper to study in hypertext environment.
Comparison of Verbal Interaction Patterns in Small-Group Discussion by Learning Strategies
Kang, Suk-Jin ; Han, Su-Jin ; Jeong, Yeong-Seon ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 279~288
In this study, interaction patterns in peer small-group discussions with cognitive conflict strategy (CCS) and those with social consensus strategy (SCS) were compared. Verbal interactions of four small groups (16 students) in learning science concepts were analyzed at the levels of turns, interaction units, and episodes. The frequencies of total turns and knowledge construction turns per discussion for the SCS group were higher than those for the CCS group. Comparing and evaluating hypotheses and discussion worksheets provided were especially effective in increasing metacognitive utterances of the SCS group students. The frequencies of 'most students participating mode', 'elaborative interaction mode', and 'exploratory episode' for the SCS group were higher than those for the CCS group. These suggested that more students in the SCS group participated in small-group discussions and their discussions were more interactive and elaborative. The interactions and episodes of the SCS group were also superior in quality to those of the CCS group.
The Effects of Problem Solving Strategy and Paired Think-Aloud Problem Solving on High School Students' Chemistry Problem Solving
Jeon, Kyung-Moon ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 289~298
The effect of the instructional approach that asked students to check their problem-solving processes through a paired think-aloud problem solving after presenting molecular-level pictures and a four stage-problem solving strategy was investigated. Four high school classes (N = 191) were randomly assigned to St group (using Strategy individually), SL group (Solver Listener), St-SL group (using Strategy-Solver Listener), and control group. Although the test scores of the St-SL group on strategy performing ability were significantly higher than those of the control group, there was not significant difference for the scores in the multiple-choice algorithmic problems. Regarding the subcategories of strategy performing ability test, students' ability of understanding given of problems and deriving the proper physical quantity was improved, but their ability of setting up subgoals and reviewing their solving process was very low. The preference to the strategy of the St-SL group was more positive than that of the St group.
The Effects of Discussion Learning Using 'Concept Cartoons' on Middle School Students' Learning Attitude and Achievement
Kim, Sung-Won ; Kim, Eun-Mi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 299~315
In this modern society, the students should be able to recognize problems for themselves, and search the information which is valuable for them, and apply and utilize it. For these, we analyzed the effect of the discussion learning using the concept cartoons on the students' learning attitude and achievement. Even though there was no meaningful difference in the achievement between the experimental group and the control group, it was found that the discussion learning using the concept cartoons could be one of the ways that improve the students' problem solving ability. The fact that there was the significant affirmative effect on the students' positiveness when they were solving the problems was also found.
An Appraisal of Drama 'KAIST' As an Informal Science Learning
Hwang, Sung-Won ; Choi, Jae-Hyeok ; Yoon, Hye-Gyoung ; Yoo, June-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 316~327
KAIST' is the TV drama which has portrayed modem science & technology and the life of scientists & engineers for about one and half year. The purpose of this study is to appraise the drama 'KAIST' as an informal science learning. Using the interesting materials such as soccer robots, computer systems and satellites, the drama arouse students' interest and frequent watching. In general, the drama 'KAIST', as a source for informal science learning, played a positive role: it showed the image of scientists who have humane and sociable character being different from the students' image of real scientists, and changed positively the students' science-technology related attitudes, especially the attitudes towards scientists/engineers, science/technology, and the social nature of science/technology. Teachers commented that the drama 'KAIST' might arose students' interest in science, but the made-up contents and the genius-like characters could cause negative educational effects.
An Analysis of Science Achievement of The Third International Mathematics and Science Study-Repeat(TIMSS-R)
Hong, Mi-Young ; Park, Chung ; Kim, Sung-Sook ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 328~341
The purpose of this study was to analyze the achievements in science results of the TIMSS-R test, which was performed in 1999 with 38 nations participating. In this study, general trends in international science achievement considering the differences beween nation, content areas, and gender were analyzed through descriptive statics. The average scale score of Korean 8th grades students was 549, which was significantly higher than international average of 488. However it showed a relative decline from 4th grade in TIMSS to 8th grade in TIMSS-R. Chinese Taipei and Singapore students had the highest average performance, followed by Hungary, Japan, and Korea. The average gender differences of Korean students showed a decrease from TIMSS in 1995 to TlMSS-R in 1999, but it was still significantly higher than the international average. The average differences of overall science and each content area were not statistically significant both internationally and domestically.
Three Strategies for Integrated Science Teaching of "Energy" Applying Knowledge, Social Problem, and Individual Interest Centered Approaches
Lee, Mi-Hye ; Son, Yeon-A ; Pottenger III, Francis M. ; Choi, Don-Hyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 342~356
Integrated science for high school is required in the present Korean National Sixth Curriculum and the Seventh Curriculum which will be effective in 2002. Currently, most science teachers in secondary school have concerns about teaching integrated science subjects and this continues to raise a significant problem for practical implementation of integrated science education in schools. In this paper, we discuss two reasons for these concerns that our analysis revealed: 1) Science teachers do not understand how to implement integrated science education and 2) there are insufficient teaching-learning materials supporting integrated science. Three different approaches to integration that have been suggested to overcome the problem of implementation are outlined here. They are the knowledge centered, social problem centered, and individual interest centered approaches. Reported here are the first two steps we undertook in preparation for testing the relative effectiveness of these approaches. First, we analyzed the content of the Korean Sixth and Seventh National Science Curricula, seven Korean integrated science text books, the American National Science Education Standards, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science Benchmarks looking for common themes. We identified in the analyzed materials the common themes: energy conservation, energy transformation, energy transport, energy degradation. We then used their energy related content to organize sets of concept structures, one set for each of the three approaches. These concept structures will provide the foundations for the development of integrated teaching-learning energy plans to be used in our research into the effectiveness of the approaches.
Three Teaching-Learning Plans for Integrated Science Teaching of 'Energy' Applying Knowledge-, Social Problem-, and Individual Interest-Centered Approaches
Lee, Mi-Hye ; Son, Yeon-A ; Young, Donald B. ; Choi, Don-Hyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 357~384
In this paper, we described practical teaching-learning plans based on three different theoretical approaches to Integrated Science Education (ISE): a knowledge centered ISE, a social problem centered ISE, and an individual interest centered ISE. We believe that science teachers can understand integrated science education through this paper and they are able to apply simultaneously our integrated science teaching materials to their real instruction in classroom. For this we developed integrated science teaching-learning plans for the topic of energy which has a integrated feature strongly among integrated science subject contents. These modules were based upon the teaching strategies of 'Energy' following each integrated directions organized in the previous paper (Three Strategies for Integrated Science Teaching of "Energy" Applying Knowledge, Social Problem, and Individual Interest Centered Approaches) and we applied instruction models fitting each features of integrated directions to the teaching strategies of 'Energy'. There is a concrete describing on the above three integrated science teaching-learning plans as follows. 1. For the knowledge centered integration, we selected the topic, 'Journey of Energy' and we tried to integrate the knowledge of physics, chemistry, biology, and earth science applying the instruction model of 'Free Discovery Learning' which is emphasized on concepts and inquiry. 2. For the social problem centered integration, we selected the topic, 'Future of Energy' to resolve the science-related social problems and we applied the instruction model of 'Project Learning' which is emphasized on learner's cognitive process to the topic. 3. For the individual interest centered integration, we selected the topic, 'Transformation of Energy' for the integration of science and individual interest and we applied the instruction model of 'Project Learning' centering learner's interest and concern. Based upon the above direction, we developed the integrated science teaching-learning plans as following steps. First, we organized 'Integrated Teaching-Learning Contents' according to the topics. Second, based upon the above organization, we designed 'Instructional procedures' to integrate within the topics. Third, in accordance with the above 'Instructional Procedures', we created 'Instructional Coaching Plan' that can be applied in the practical world of real classrooms. These plans can be used as models for the further development of integrated science instruction for teacher preparation, textbook development, and classroom learning.
British movement of 'Science and Citizenship' during the 1930-50s and L. Hogben's Science for the Citizen
Song, Jin-Woong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 385~399
In this study, the contexts and values of the movement called 'Science and Citizenship' during the 1930-50s are discussed in relation to the historical development of school science education in Britain and to the current STS movement in school science. A special attention is given to the activities and ideas of a then eminent biologist, Lancelot Hogben(1895-1975) who published a textbook-like science book, called "Science for the Citizen"(1938). From the beginning of the 20th century, there was a growing realization that British education system needed to be changed in order to provide school science teaching to a wider audience with more emphasis on the relevance, industrial and humanistic aspects of science. This was echoed by a lecture series called 'Science and Citizenship' which was reported in the School Science Review, then the only nationwide professional journal for science educators and by a group of professional scientists who had socialist ideas toward society. Hogben was one of the key member of the group and delivered the second lecture of 'Science and Citizenship', titled "Biological Instruction and education for Citizenship". Hogben's main idea, illustrated in this lecture as well as in "Science for the Citizen", was that science education should be a way of teaching citizen for promoting democratic society and to achieve that science need to be taught in more integrated, utilitarian and humanistic manners, for example by showing the usefulness, relevance, historical and democratic aspects of science. In addition, a summary of his own life and activities, the social background and socialist scientists of the time, and comparisons between 'Science and Citizenship' movement and the General Science movement in the UK as well as the progressive science education in the USA, and the STS education movement in 1980s are discussed.