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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Dec 2001
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Characteristics of Middle School Students' Conceptual Ecologies on the Need of Existence of Living Things
Song, Hyoun-Mee ; Chung, Wan-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 4, 2001, Pages 648~657
Using the concepts on the need of existence of living things, we investigate students' concepts on interdependence concepts between living things. The purposes of this study are to identify components of conceptual ecologies influencing on students' concepts and to describe the relations between those components and their concepts. The subjects of this study are 4 boys, 2 girls in the 3rd grade of middle school. The sources of data used in this study include a questionnaire, interviews and observation of the discussion class. Then, all data collected through each methods are compared and summarized in the relation to the questions of research. As a conclusion, it reveals that students' concepts are connected with several cognitive or affective components. Especially, the major components influencing on students' concepts are their metaphysical beliefs, conceptions includes other fields. These components function as constraints. Given these results, a teacher who want to teach a new concept to students should consider their characteristics and the components of conceptual ecology.
The Relationships among Students' Cognitive/Affective Variables, Cognitive Conflict Induced by Anomalous Data, and Conceptual Change
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Lim, Hee-Yeon ; Kang, Suk-Jin ; Kim, Soon-Joo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 4, 2001, Pages 658~667
In this study, the relationships among students' cognitive/affective variables, cognitive conflict induced by anomalous data, and conceptual change were investigated. Tests regarding background knowledge, field dependence-independence, learning strategy, logical thinking ability, goal orientation, self-efficacy on prior concept and ability, and control belief were administered. Tests of prior conceptions, responses to anomalous data, conception, and retention of conception were also administered. There were no significant correlations of cognitive conflict induced by anomalous data with students' cognitive and affective variables. However, prior knowledge on molecular motion, field dependence-independence, and learning strategy were significantly correlated with students' conception and retention of conception. Logical thinking ability was also correlated with their conception. Multiple regression analysis indicated that learning strategy significantly predicted students' conception and retention of conception. For the affective variables, self-efficacy on ability was significantly correlated with students' conception and retention of conception, and goal orientation was correlated with their conception. Self-efficacy on ability was a significant predictor on students' conception and retention of conception, and goal orientation on their conception.
Verbal Interactions in Heterogeneous Small-group Cooperative Learning
Lim, Hee-Jun ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 4, 2001, Pages 668~676
In order to comprehend the internal processes of heterogeneous small-group cooperative learning in science class, this study investigated verbal interaction patterns by the achievement level. Frequency of verbal behaviors was compared in respect of the achievement level, and participation patterns and characteristics were investigated. Verbal interaction patterns by the achievement level were also analyzed based on students' perceptions of interactions. It was found that there were no significant frequency differences between high- and medium-achieving students' verbal behaviors. The verbal interaction patterns showed co-construction processes between high- and medium-achieving students, which was consistent with the students' perceptions of interactions. These suggested that medium-achieving students actively participated in small-group interactions in science class.
A Study on the Relationship Between Logical Thinking Level and the Achievement in Enrichment Physics of School Science High Achievers
Kim, Young-Min ; Lee, Sung-Yi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 4, 2001, Pages 677~688
The purposes of this study are to investigate the school science high achievers' achievements in enrichment physics, logical thinking level, and to analyze the relationship between logical thinking level and the achievement in enrichment physics of high achievers in science. The subjects were 357th and 8th graders who achieved highly in school science. To assess their achievements in enrichment physics, we developed a new test consisting of descriptive problems which were based on middle school curriculum. Those problems require one or two steps of thinking process, not simple knowledge of science. To assess logical thinking level, we used the instrument called GALT(Group Assessment of Logical Thinking) developed by Roadranka et al. The results showed that the school science high achievers' average achievement in enrichment physics was low, 56.3 out of 150, which indicated that they had not done much of enrichment learning beyond middle school science curriculum. Just only 54% of the school science high achievers are in formal logical thinking level. From the analysis of relationship between their logical thinking level and the achievement in enrichment physics, the value of the correlation coefficient was 0.174, which means that they are not almost correlated. Therefore, it is not desirable to judge science gifted children just from achievement in school science or enrichment physics, so both(logical thinking and the achievement in enrichment physics) tests should be taken for selecting gifted student.
The Effect of Students' Confidence of Misconception upon the Conceptual Change in a Conflict Arousing Instruction
Han, In-Su ; Kwon, Nan-Joo ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 4, 2001, Pages 689~696
Students who have correct conception didn't show big changes in a test of cognitive conflict, while students who have misconception made significant changes Most students who had misconception were considerably curious about demonstration of an actual phenomenon. On the other hand, according to their own confidence of preconception, the higher confidence of misconception is, the bigger conflicts are and when they meet some different phenomenon unlike their ideas, their psychological shock was big. After a cognitive conflict lesson, students' conception was significantly changed regardless of students' confidence of preconception and the persistence effect new conceptions showed similar result as preceeding research regardless of confidence of preconception. That is, the change decreased from immediate after demonstration of an conflict situation to a week after. After conceptual change, students' confidence of correct conception was generally increased, so it turned out that cognitive conflict lesson had a positive effect on students who had a misconception.
The Change of High School Students' Mechanics Conceptions by the Types of Cognitive Conflict Situations
Lee, Chae-Eun ; Lee, Gyoung-Ho ; Kim, Ji-Na ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 4, 2001, Pages 697~709
Researchers on conceptual change have been proposed that confronting a cognitive conflict situation would be important for a student to change his/her preexisting conception. There have been reported that there are three different methods of producing a cognitive conflict situation; the first is logical argument(LC), the second is demonstration of an actual phenomenon(DC), and the third is kinesthetic conflict which is a kind of physical experience(EC). In this study, the researcher tried to find out the differences in the conceptual changes by the three different conflict situations. Seventy two high school students were chosen in a high school in Kyungkido, Korea. The students were tested four times; pretest, posttest, one week delayed posttest, and one month delayed posttest. Six different test situations on mechanics were developed for this study. Test item for each situation was developed. Each item consisted of a multiple choice question and explanation of the choice. The result showed a clear differences among the three conflict groups. In general, kinesthetic conflict which is a kind of physical experience(EC) was proved to be the most efficient strategy for the conceptual change; however, logical argument(LC) seemed to be the least efficient. However, the effectiveness was not uniform from situation to situation. Results of some items showed that even the LC was quite good for the conceptual change. Therefore, it seems to be important to develope appropriate method for the target concept.
An Regression Analysis for Variables on Effect of Development of Scientific Thinking
Kim, Young-Shin ; Chung, Wan-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 4, 2001, Pages 710~724
The purpose of this study was to regression analysis for variables on effect of development of scientific thinking. The subjects sampled in this study was 117 5th grade students, 131 8th grade students, and 127 11th grade students. The students were administered test of 10 questionnaires. The GALT(group assessment of logical thinking), FIT(figured intersection test), and GEFT(group embedded figural intersection test) were used which developed previous researchers. And other questionnaires were modified. The result of this study showed that cognitive variables, psychological variables, home variables and learning environment variables made effects on scientific thinking. Cognitive variables, psychological variables, home variables, and learning environment variables explained 60%, 10%, 5% and 10% to scientific thinking. All of those variables explained around 86%. Overall, 5th, 8th and 11th grade models were similar but with some differences in the effects of contextual variables with in the models.
Exploring Application Ways of Virtual Reality Technology in Science Education
Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Park, Jong-Seok ; Kim, Hyun-Sup ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ; Park, Young-Chul ; Ryu, Hai-Il ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 4, 2001, Pages 725~737
Virtual reality technology is very useful for the 21C science education, and is able to contribute to the development of new teaching and learning methods in science education. One of these computer-based technologies, virtual reality, is possible to use in many directions. It is a new communication medium that is receiving a lot of attention, and is usually identified by a collection of technological hardware. Virtual reality is defined as a highly interactive, computer-based, multimedia environment in which the user becomes the participant, with the computer in a virtual real world. A key feature of virtual reality is real-time interactivity, in that the computer is able to detect user inputs and instantaneously modify the virtual world. It is being used in a wide variety of fields including physics, chemistry, human biology, biomedical sciences, military, architecture, industry and the entertainment. In classroom, using science educational program developed by virtual reality technology can increase the interests of students, promote understanding of basic science concepts, help laboratory skills, and encourage creative learning for them.
The Instructional Effects of Problem-Solving Strategy Emphasizing Planning and Checking Stages and Think-Aloud Paired Problem Solving
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Jeong, Yeong-Seon ; Kim, Chang-Min ; Kang, Suk-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 4, 2001, Pages 738~744
This study investigated the influences of an instructional method related to problem solving. The new instruction consists of a four-stage problem-solving strategy emphasizing 'planning' and 'checking' stages, and a think-aloud paired problem solving in order to check students' performances in solving problems. Two high school classes (n=91) were randomly assigned to the treatment and the control groups. Prior to the instructions. students' perception of involvement and self-efficacy were examined, and their scores were used as covariates in the analysis. Students' problem-solving ability, perception of involvement. and self-efficacy were examined after the instructions. The test scores of the treatment group were significantly higher than those of the control group in the problem-solving ability and the perception of involvement. However, there was no significant difference between the scores of the two groups in the self-efficacy.
A Case Study on Interactional Characteristics of Conceptual Ecology in the Context of Conceptual Change
Kang, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Sun-Kyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 21, issue 4, 2001, Pages 745~756
This paper is about interactional characteristics of a middle school student's conceptual ecology in the context of conceptual change. A case study in this paper shows that: (1) there is interacted with three characteristics(conceptions, past experience, and explanatory coherence) within conceptual ecology; (2) the interactional characteristics of conceptual ecology have significant affects on the difficulties of conceptual change. Implications of this case study are that: (1) teaching for conceptual change should start at the certain site related to subject-matter task within students' conceptual ecology; (2) Students' inconsistent explanations could be used as the clue of conceptual change; (3) Past experience is the important area of conceptual ecology research for understanding learners.