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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Dec 2002
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Small Group Processes in Paired Think-Aloud Problem Solving
Jeon, Kyung-Moon ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 411~421
This study investigated small group processes in paired think-aloud problem solving. Two high school chemistry classes were assigned to St-SL group (using Strategy-Solve Listener) and SL group (Solver Listener), and their small-group behaviors were audio/video taped. Verbal behaviors of solver and listener in respect to 4 problem-solving stages and performance levels at each stage were analyzed. At the understanding stage, listeners in the St-SL group exhibited more behaviors of agreement to solver's understanding processes about given and goal of problem. As regards recalling a related law at the planning stage, solvers in the St-SL group exhibited more behaviors of modification based on listener's questions or pointing out. These verbal interactions seemed to have a positive effect on students' deriving the physical quantity with the proper laws. Few in both SL and St-SL groups exhibited the behaviors regarding setting up subgoals. No verbal behavior was observed in the SL group at the reviewing stage, and solvers in the St-SL group tended to ask for listener's agreement. However, only few performed the strategy explaining the meaning of answer at the molecular level correctly through the interactions. The St-SL group perceived that the understanding stage was the most helpful and that the planning or reviewing stages were difficult to apply.
Effects of the Intervention of Thinking Science Program on Cognitive Development of the 7th Grade Student
Choi, Byung-Soon ; Choi, Mee-Hwa ; Nam, Jeong-Hee ; Lee, Sang-Kwon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 422~431
Because of the gap between the cognitive levels of the students and the curricular materials for the students to understand, the secondary school students feel science difficult and they get to avoid science as they go up to the higher grade. So it is absolutely needed to take the active measures to improve the cognitive development of the students through some special programs stimulating their cognitive process. This study investigated the effects of thinking science activity program devised for cognitive acceleration of the students. After implementing thinking science program to 181 7th grade students, the effectiveness of this program was examined through the analysis of covariance of both experimental and control groups. The result of the study showed that the cognitive level of the students in experiment group dealt with thinking science program was more accelerated than that of the students in control group who were just taught regular science curriculum. Especially, the effect was clear to the students in stages 1 and 2B. It was also found that the percentage of the students who promoted from concrete operational stage to formal operational stage was higher in experimental group than in control group. The results of the study implied that cognitive acceleration of the students might be possible through the specially designed materials such as thinking science program.
Analysis of Level of Science Learning Concepts Presented in Life and Matter Fields of the 7th Grade Science Textbooks
Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Park, Jong-Seok ; Kim, Hyun-Sup ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ; Park, Young-Chul ; Ryu, Hai-Il ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 432~443
This study is to investigate the level of science learning concepts presented in life and matter fields of the 7th science textbooks. 6 units were analysed; 'the structure of living things', 'digestion and circulation' and 'respiration and excretion' of life field, and 'three states of matter', 'molecular motion', 'a change of state and the energy' of matter field. The gross number of concepts was 305 in life field, and 73 in matter field of the 7th science textbooks. Among publishing companies, the number of concepts was a little difference. Much more concepts in life field were presented than those in matter field. Percentages of the number of concrete and formal concepts were 58% and 42% in life, and 14% and 86% in matter field. The ratio of the number of concrete versus formal concepts was different between life and matter field. Thus, it is implied that science learning concepts are presented considering cognitive level of learner, and unit and content are constructed on the basis of properties of science fields in developing science curriculum and textbooks.
Analysis of Types on Osmotic Pressure and Semipermeable Membrane Concept in Chemistry and Biology Textbooks
Ko, Young-Hwan ; Kang, Dae-Hun ; Ryu, Oh-Hyun ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 444~454
In this study, we analyzed the explanation of the concepts related to osmotic pressure and semipermeable membrane that were represented in chemistry and biology textbooks of high school and general course of college. There were 4 types of explanation in osmotic pressure and 3 types of semipermeable membrane concept. Students can understand the concepts with different meaning because there are different viewpoints on the explanations of the concepts. We must consider the various types of explanation when we design science textbooks because these confusions disturb students' understanding of the concepts.
Investigation on the Seventh Grade Student's Preconceptions about Measurement Theory
Suh, Jung-Ah ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 455~465
This study investigates students' preconceptions about measurement theory; repeating measurements. how to handle repeat measurements, measurement errors, and uncertainty. Thirty students in seventh grade participated in this study. Students' conceptions were elicited using observation and interview notes. Half of the students measured only two times. and none of them more than five times. After repeating measurements, seventy seven percent of them selected result according to their feelings, while only thirteen percent of them calculated the mean. Sixty percent of them regarded the main cause of measurement errors as their mistakes, not as the problems of environment or measuring instrument. Most students thought the main reason of various results by different persons or time period as human. Forty percent of them denied the uncertainty of measurement, while thirty three agreed, and most students thought the reason of uncertainty was due to human imperfection. This study showed more than half of the students did not know how to handle repeat measurements, and they regarded the cause of measurement errors as their mistakes. In addition, they thought the main reason of various measuring results and uncertainty as human.
Improvement in University Freshmen's Questioning by Explicit Practice of Experts' Physics Problem Solving Strategies
Kim, Eun-Sook ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 466~477
It was proposed that proper problem solving practice should improve students' questioning in physics. In the previous researches, improvement in students' questioning was observed after practice of making questions given the examples of desirable questions. In this study, the problem solving strategies used by experts were introduced to students in the form of step-by-step guide to follow in problem solving practice. The directions in the guide were concrete and operational for students to understand the expected behaviors explicitly. It was assumed that students could pinpoint the difficulty specifically through this guide, which would result in positive effects on students' recognition and expression of their own questions. The subjects in this study were college freshmen enrolled in the introductory physics for science or engineering major. The physics problems from the textbook were solved and practiced in the traditional way for controlled group. Worksheets designed to follow experts' problem solving strategies were used for the experimental group. Two groups were taught in the same way during lecture part of the class. Students were asked to describe the difficulties they had during homeworks or tests. Questions in this study means these descriptions written by students although they were not necessarily in the form of interrogative sentences. The questions were analyzed both in quantity and quality. Quantitatively, more students spontaneously turned in their questions in the experimental group than in the controlled group. Regarding the quality, there were more students in the experimental group than in the controlled group who described their difficulties in detail or recognized the need for the procedural knowledge.
Analysis of Concepts Related to Heat and Temperature in Elementary and Secondary School Science Textbooks
Paik, Seoung-Hey ; Park, Young-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 478~489
In this study, we identified the conceptions of heat and temperature on a basis of the science history, and analyzed the explanation types in elementary, and secondary school science textbooks. From these data, we tried to discover the cause of students' misconceptions. The results revealed that the explanation types of the textbooks don't include modem sight. Different conceptions developed in different era mixed in the textbooks. We can infer that students who learn heat and temperature concept by the textbooks could have misconceptions because of the above problems.
The Effects of 'MEETING WITH SCIENTISTS' Program on the Fifth Graders' Physical Images of Scientists
Kim, Sung-Kwan ; Jang, Myoung-Duk ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 490~498
This study investigated the effects of the 'Meeting With Scientists' program on children's stereotypical images of scientist. To do those, 36 children of a fifth grade class participated in the program for one month. The program consisted of two main activities:(l) participating in scientists' lectures and exchanging e-mail with them; and (2) visiting web sites about scientist and science, and exchanging e-mail with scientists at the sites. The results of the study can be summarized as follows: First, after participating in the program, children showed the significant decrease of several stereotypical items, such as facial growth of hair(bald hair beard), symbols of research, and age of the scientist. Second, the most popular source of the images was the visual media at the pretest but the source was changed to the visiting and participating scientist's lecture, and internet at the posttest. The latter items appeared a significant difference between the pretest and the posttest, The results indicate that the program is effective to decrease of children's stereotypical physical image of scientist.
Students' Perceptions on Small Group Activities in Science Classes and the Relationship with Personality
Han, Jae-Young ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 499~507
In this study, students' perceptions on small group activities in science classes were investigated. The relationships among students' values of and attitudes toward small group activities, gender, prior achievement level, and personality were also studied, Subjects were 226 students from four middle schools in which group activities were frequently used in science classes. In their classes, groups were mainly formed by teacher on the basis of grade and student number, or by drawing lots. Many students were dissatisfied with the grouping methods, preferred to make a group based on their friendship, and hoped that there would be different levels of knowledge among the members. Regardless of their gender or prior achievement level, students perceived positively on small group activities. Students with higher agreeableness and extraversion had higher values of and positive attitudes toward small group activities. Among five personality variables studied, agreeableness was the only one that significantly explained both values of and attitudes toward small group activities.
The Influences of Group Composition in Cooperative CAI
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Cha, Jeong-Ho ; Park, Hye-Young ; Kim, Kyoung-Eun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 508~516
This study investigated the influences of group composition in cooperative computer-assisted instruction (CAI) upon students' conceptual understandings, application abilities, learning motivations, and the perceptions of involvement. Seventh graders (N=97) were selected from a co-ed middle school in Seoul, and taught about 'motion of molecules' for 5 class hours. In the two treatment groups with cooperative CAI strategy, homogeneous and heterogeneous small groups were organized by the previous science achievement. Traditional instructions were administered to the comparison group. Two-way ANCOVA results revealed that the scores of the conception test for the treatment groups were significantly higher than those for the comparison group. However, there was no difference between the homogeneous and the heterogeneous groups. The scores of the three groups did not differ significantly in the application test and the learning motivation test. However, the perceptions of involvement for the treatment groups were more positive than those for the comparison group.
Analysis of Secondary Science Teachers' Needs for Education
Cha, Jeong-Ho ; Kim, Kyoung-Eun ; Kang, Suk-Jin ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 517~524
The secondary science teachers' professional needs and their preference for training method between off-line and on-line education were investigated. A nation-wide survey was administered to 145 science teachers from 106 secondary schools. The respondents showed high demands on all items. The prominent need was to motivate students learning science. To the contrary. their need for learning more about history and philosophy of science was the lowest. Veteran teachers and high school teachers had higher demands on designing evaluation items, but nonveteran teachers on evaluating the effectiveness of their instruction and updating their scientific knowledge. Teachers preferred the online education as a training method for most items except laboratory activities.
Science Achievement of 11th grade Students
Lee, Mee-Kyeong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 525~539
The purpose of the study was to assess science achievement of 11th grade students. Science achievement was assessed in knowledge and inquiry domains. The knowledge domain included three sub-areas including memory, understanding and application. The inquiry domain was divided into four sub-areas involving identifying problems, designing inquiry, data analysis and drawing conclusions. The results indicated that overall science achievement of the 11th grade students who participated in the study was at the proficient level. Regarding the knowledge domain, the achievement in the understanding and application areas was at the proficient level, and the achievement in the memory area was at the basic level. In the inquiry domain, the achievement in all the sub-areas except the identifying problems area which was at the basic level was at the proficient level. There were no gender differences in overall science achievement. However, gender differences were found in all the sub-areas except the application area and varied across the sub-areas. Also, there were significant differences in science achievement among regions.
A Study on the Weight of Assessment Domains in Science Education Focused on the Teacher's View Points
Kim, Kyoung-Mi ; Kim, Sung-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 540~549
The 7th national curriculum is focused on breeding an independent and creative Korean who will lead the age of globalism and information in the 21st century. It is necessary to improve the existing assessment methods in order to develop higher thinking abilities such as creativity and problem-solving skill. Although teachers have been aware of this necessity, they have realized that it is difficult to improve the current assessment methods. In this study, we selected some assessment domains on science learning with literature reviews and case analysis. In addition, we calculated the degree of its importance by the use of Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP). We suggest a direction for improving the present assessment domains on science learning on the basis of the research. Inquiry, cognitive, creative, and affective domain among assessment domains seemed to be listed in order of importance. Moreover, problem-identifying, hypothesizing, and inquiry-planning appeared to be the highest in the degree of importance among sub categories. Considering the results of this study, the current school assessment system which is focused on cognitive domain should be improved.
Analysis of Inquiry Activities Presented in the 7th Grade Life Science Textbooks based on the 7th Curriculum
Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Kim, Hyun-Sup ; Park, Young-Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 550~559
This study is to investigate the type, process and context of inquiry activities in life science textbooks based on the seventh curriculum. Six kinds of science textbooks were analysed. Three units of life science were analysed; 'the structure of living things', 'digestion and circulation' and 'respiration and excretion', As result of analysis, types, processes and skills, and context of inquiry were not balanced, it is suggested that learners be educated with complementary of this aspects. To develope the science textbook on the basis of aims and objectives of curriculum, it is proposed that the inquiry activities presented in science textbooks be examined, and the framework to evaluate inquiry activities be reflected on the standard of science textbook authorization
Analysis of Secondary School Science Teacher's Concept on Atmospheric Pressure
Lee, Jee-Hee ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ; Woo, Jong-Ok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 560~570
This study was focused on whether secondary science teachers have consistent, integrative scheme on the definition of atmospheric pressure and phenomena caused by air pressure. We had made questionnaire and let 94 science teachers answer. We sorted the responses according to their major, school and compared them with the description in textbooks. The result can be summarized into three findings. First of all, teachers whose major is chemistry have strong tendency to understand that atmospheric pressure is caused by molecular motion though it, in textbooks, is defined as the pressure by weight of air mass. The half of respondents believed that decreasing of atmospheric pressure in high altitude is due to molecular motions, while most textbook says decrease in the weight of air mass. Secondly, many science textbooks show that air mass expands, rises, becomes less dense and the pressure of atmosphere becomes low when it receives heat. So, most of respondents explained low pressure is formed by lower density. Thirdly, they answered that they just teach the phenomena of air pressure by using the textbooks which mainly deal with the present state rather than a principle. In conclusion, the science textbooks should present the exact description and consolidated structures of those concepts to prevent students from having misconceptions on air pressure. In addition, training program for science teachers would be necessary to reconsider and explore the natural phenomena in various viewpoints.
Effects of the Variable Activities in the 'Thinking Science' Program on the Ability of Variable-Controlling of Elementary School Students
Han, Hyo-Soon ; Choi, Byung-Soon ; Kang, Soon-Min ; Park, Jong-Yoon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 571~585
This is one of the basic research for inspecting the possibility of the development of logical thinking capability to make possible formal thinking. The 5th grade students (n=306) in the elementary school were participated in this study. Performing the 6 variable-controlling activities in the 'Thinking Science' program for one semester, the SRT II test and the Variable-Controlling test were operated to examine the effects on the development of the variable-controlling ability by treatments, gender, and cognitive levels. Performing of the variable-controlling activities was highly successive on the development of students' variable-controlling ability. Although learning effect on the ability of identifying causal variable was moderate, the abilities of controlling experimental condition, measurement of variable, and identifying result variable were significantly developed. There was statistically significant difference by gender. Girls showed better performance all the time in both groups. Boys in the experimental group were getting better gradually, so the difference by gender was somewhat decreased. Examining the variable-controlling ability by cognitive levels, students in the experimental group show significant increase in all levels, especially the students in early, mid, and mature concrete level show substantial learning effects. The results of this study implied that the variable-controlling activities in the 'Thinking Science' could be effective for learning of variable-controlling and eventually for the development of logical thinking capability to make possible formal thinking.
The Role of Anomalous Data in Concept Learning
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Jeong, Eun-Hee ; Kang, Suk-Jin ; Han, Jae-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 586~594
In this study, the relationships among cognitive conflict, situational interest, and conceptual change in studying boiling point were investigated. The differences in the relationships by gender were also investigate. Students of 7th grade(N=370) participated in this study. First, a preconception test was administered to choose students who possessed the misconception studied. After presenting anomalous data, test of response to anomalous data and state interest test were administered. After the instruction with a CAI program, a conception test was administered immediately. The conception test was administered again as a retention test four weeks later. The scores of both cognitive conflicts and state interest test were found to be significantly correlated with the scores of the conception test and the retention test. The results of multiple regression analysis indicated that state interest was significantly more important than cognitive conflict in prediction the degrees of conceptual change and retention of conception. For male students, state interest was the only significant predictor of conceptual change and retention of conception. In contrast, cognitive conflict was the only significant predictor for female students.
Effects of Presentation Type and Authority Level of Anomalous Data on Cognitive Conflict and Conceptual Change in Learning Density
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Kim, Soon-Joo ; Kang, Suk-Jin ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 595~603
The influences of the characteristics of anomalous data on cognitive conflict and conceptual change in learning density were investigated. The subjects were 416 seventh graders. First, the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking and a preconception test were administered. A questionnaire on the responses to anomalous data was then administered. In the questionnaire, four types of anomalous data varying presentation type (movie/text) and authority level (high/low) were randomly presented. After a computer-assisted instruction on density, a conception test was administered. The results indicated that anomalous data presented in movie type significantly induced more cognitive conflict than that in text type. Students presented with anomalous data of high authority scored higher in the conception test than those of low authority. There were no significant interactions between the characteristics of anomalous data and students' logical thinking ability in the scores of both the cognitive conflict and the conception test.
The Development of the Compensational Thinking Through the Compensation activities of 'Thinking Science' Program
Kim, sun-Ja ; Lee, Sang-Kwon ; Park, Jong-Yoon ; Kang, Seong-Joo ; Choi, Byung-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 604~616
The purpose of this study was to analyze the development of the compensational thinking by the compensation activities of 'Thinking Science' program. The 138 students were sampled in elementary schools and were divided into two groups, the experimental group of 74 students and the control group of 64 students. Both the compensation activities of the 'Thinking Science' program and a regular science curriculum were implemented to the experimental group, while only a regular science curriculum to the control group. Both experimental and control group were pre-tested with Science Reasoning Task II and compensational thinking test I and were post-tested with compensational thinking test II. This study revealed that the types of strategies used in compensation problem solving were categorized as illogical explanation, rule automation, proportionality, explanation in qualitative terms, additive quantification, inverse proportionality and were related to the context of the items. It was found that compensation activities of the 'Thinking Science' program were effective on the development of the compensational thinking.
Perceptions about Science and Scientific Activity of Students in Kindergarten and Primary School
Kim, Jung-Wha ; Cho, Boo-Kyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 617~631
This study has examined 5-year students in the kindergarten and students in the 2nd, 4th, and 6th grade in the primary school to analyze their perceptions about scientists. science, and how they apply science in their daily lives. First, students have 4 stereotypic images on scientists, specifically in 'indoor', 'male', 'lab coat'. and 'scientific instrument'. There were significant differences in stereotypic images on scientists depending on genders and ages. Girls and primary students showed higher scores than boys and kindergarten students did. respectively, in stereotypic images on scientists. No differences were observed for the stereotypic images on scientists among primary students, regardless of their grades. Second, most of students were interested in science. Depending on grades, there were significant differences in their preference for science. Students in higher grades showed lower scores than those in lower grades did. In addition, only a few of them hoped to be a scientist in the future. Boys showed higher scores in their hope to be a scientist in the future than girls did. The students in lower grades showed higher scores than those in higher grades. Third, most of children thought themselves doing activity-oriented science in school. Outside school, however, they did not use the knowledge and skills they had learned for science in school. Students in the primary school showed more concept-oriented perception for science than those in kindergarten did. This perception was gradually increased as the grades of the students go up.
One Year Long In-Service Education to Help Become a Constructivist Science Teacher
Cho, Jung-Il ; Yoon, Su-Mi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 632~648
The purpose of this study was to investigate a process of change which was made by a science teacher for one-year long in-service education program in terms of constructivist teaching behaviors and beliefs. The in-service program was featured by the use of learning cycle model and Science-Technology-Society approach. One of science teachers, who attended an one-year long in-service program was selected for this study. She developed three teaching materials for the duration. The three teaching materials were analyzed to find components of Science-Technology-Society and the integration of science content and real life context. Also, an interview was performed to assess changes in her perspectives on science, science teaching and science learning through the program. The first material was constructed in the form of learning cycle with little emphasis on STS. The second material was embedded with personal matters such as a refrigerator. The final one was shown to be organized with science content in a personal context and with focus on the role play. The interview also showed that her perspectives on science and science teaching have changed toward the constructivist's during the participation in the in-service program. It is suggested that a long-term in-service program should be developed and implemented so that the science teachers may become constructivist teachers.
An Analysis of Korean Middle School Students' Achievement of Earth Science in TIMSS-R
Myeong, Jeon-Ok ; Hong, Mi-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 649~659
The purpose of this study was to analyse students' achievement of 'Earth Science' in the Third International Mathematics and Science Study-Repeat(TIMSS-R), which was performed in 1999 with 38 nations participating. Korean 8th grade students' achievement of 'Earth Science' was compared with those of other countries and other content areas in science. Average percent correct of items in each subcategory was also analysed. Most of the 'Earth Science' topics were included in the intended curricula of Korea; they were taught to most of the students in science classes. Korean students ' average scale score of 'Earth Science' was significantly higher than the international average, but in comparison with other science content areas, achievement of 'Earth Science' was relatively low. The teachers' confidence in teaching earth science was lower than their confidence in teaching other science areas. The paper presents the results of item analysis and their implications for science education.
Analysis of Student-Student Interaction in Interactive Science Inquiry Experiment
Lee, Hyun-Young ; Chang, Sang-Shil ; Seong, Suk-Kyoung ; Lee, Sang-Kwon ; Kang, Seong-Joo ; Choi, Byung-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 660~670
The purposes of this study were to categorize the type of student-student interaction and analyze the pattern of group interaction by cognitive level in interactive science inquiry experiments. For this study, two homogeneous and two heterogeneous groups by cognitive level were selected. Social interactions during group discussions were audio/video taped. The types of student's interaction were classified as intellectual and emotional aspects. Intellectual aspects were consisted of asking question, response, making suggestion, receiving opinion and then further coded by interaction level. Emotional aspects were consisted of relevance to behavioral participation, relevance to students' feeling, reaction to opinion. Interaction frequency in the intellectual and emotional aspect between homogeneous and heterogeneous group were compared to analyze interaction pattern. The results of this study showed that in intellectual aspect the frequency and quality of interaction in homogeneous group was higher than that in heterogeneous group. In emotional aspect. homogeneous group more showed such negative attitude as lack of confidence and dissatisfaction than heterogeneous group, on the other hand showed acceptable mood to be able to accept or object to peer's opinion. Some educational implications were drawn.
A Meta-Analysis of Parental Involvement and Gifted Development
Kim, Sung-Won ; Choi, Sung-Youn ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 671~681
The idea that parental involvement has a positive influence on gifted children is so intuitively appearing that society in general. and educators in particular, have considered parental involvement as the remedy for many problems in education. However the vast proportion of the literatures in this area give results qualitatively. Among the empirical studies that have investigated this issue quantitatively, there appear to be considerable inconsistencies. A meta-analysis was conducted to synthesize the quantitative literatures about the relationship between parental involvement and gifted development. The findings reveal a moderate relationship between parental involvement and gifted development. We focused on the effect between parental involvement and gifted development, and conducted meta-analysis involving correlation coefficients between the two constructs. Using correlation coefficients, We can get the effect size, and explain the influence. We initially identified 539 articles over twelve-year period. Based on abstracts of these 539 articles, 463 studies were used for analyzing the current stream of the study. Finally, 15 studies met our inclusion criteria, and were subsequently used in this meta-analysis. From the 15 studies, 37 variables influenced on gifted development were collected. Using meta-analysis, it is revealed that internal effects for gifted development have stronger relationship than parents' socioeconomic status. In addition, the differences between female and male student have been reducing.