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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Biology Educational Material Based on Virtual Reality Technology on the Knowledge Achievement -The Structure and Function of Eye-
Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Ryu, Su-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Sup ; Kim, Hee-Soo ; Park, Young-Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~8
The purpose of present study was to develop teaching-learning materials based virtual reality technology(VRT), and to examine the effect of it on the knowledge achievement of biology. Authoring tool of virtual reality(VR) was 3D Webmaster made in Superscape Ltd., United Kingdom. Educational materials was developed for the structure and function of eye of life field in the 10th science. It was learner-directed and interactive educational material using the Web-based and desktop VR. The result showed a meaningful improvement on the achievement. Using 3D VR shows the potential of available education media in the next generation as science teaching-aided materials, which especially was efficient in the understanding and perception of abstract or difficult to direct experience learning contents.
Elementary School Students' Views about Nature
Won, Jeong-Ae ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2003, Pages 9~20
In this study, elementary school students' views about nature were searched. The participants were 18 students of fifth grade and sixth grade. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews involving a set of elicitation devices used to encourage students to talk about their views about nature, The results showed as follows; (1) Elementary school students had diverse views and common views about nature, (2) Their views about nature were affected by various factors, such as religion, aesthetical aspect, science, society, and so on. So when science educators construct science curriculum, they must consider these factors. (3) It is necessary to be concerned about the relations between science curriculum and others.
How Do Scientifically Gifted Students Think
Han, Ki-Soon ; Bae, Mi-Ran ; Park, In-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2003, Pages 21~34
This study aims to show how scientifically gifted students think in terms of Thinking Style Inventory based on Sternberg's theory of mental self-government and to examine the relationships between their thinking styles, intelligence and creativity. Two hundred and sixty-six middle school students (169 boys, 97 girls) who enrolled in a gifted education program participated in this study. Results indicated that scientifically gifted students prefer legislative, liberal, judical thinking styles, in comparison to general students, known to be related to creative and critical thinking rather than executive and conventional styles. There was no significant correlation between any of thinking style sub measures and Raven' Matrices and Scientific Aptitude Test, but some correlations were found among the sub measures of thinking style and TTCT. Whereas liberal students gained high originality scores, conventional students gained low fluency scores. Also, judical thinking style showed significant correlations with originality and flexibility TTCT sub scores. In sum, this study showed the characteristics of thinking styles of scientifically gifted students and provided implications for gifted education based on the findings presented.
The Effects of Cooperative Learning to Study the Unit 'Metabolism' in High School: Application of STAD Model
Chung, Young-Lan ; Lee, Hye-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2003, Pages 35~46
Problem solving ability, having been thought as one of the most important goals of science education is also a primary task for the current education. Indeed, the students' problem solving ability has shown almost no actual progress, despite our long accumulated science education. Under this circumstances, cooperative learning, a way to grow students' positive inter-dependence and problem solving ability in the basis of their active participation and discussion, was proposed as an effective teaching method. But, results have not consistently shown the advantage of cooperative learning over traditional learning for promoting academic achievement in science. Studies have consistently shown greater effectiveness on affective aspects. But, relatively few have focused on biology in Korea. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of cooperative learning on the achievement and attitude of high school biology students. The pretest-posttest control group design was applied. The sample consisted of 50 11th-grade female students in experimental group(cooperative learning Student Team Achievement Division model) and 50 students in control group(traditional learning). Students in both groups recieved identical content instruction on the unit 'II. Methabolism'. These groups were treated for 13 hours during 5 weeks. Achievement data were collected using a 24-item multiple-choice test(content validity= .85). Science attitude was measured by an instrument which adapted by Kim In Hee(1994). The instrument(Cronbach
=.89) included 40 items in four subscales: attitude toward science, social meaning of science, attitude toward science class, and scientific attitude. An analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used as the data analysis procedure. For the achievement data, no significant difference exists between the cooperative and traditional groups (p> .05). But, cooperative learning was effective in low-ability students(p < .05). For the science learning attitude data, cooperative learning was more effective than the traditional one(p< .05). Students in the cooperative group acheived better than those in traditional one especially in the subscale of attitude toward science class. There was no meaningful difference of the two methods in both high and average ability students, while cooperative learning was more effective than the traditional one in low ability students(p<.05).
An Analysis of Inquiry Context Elements in the High School Science Textbooks
Kim, Young-Ae ; Sung, Min-Wung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2003, Pages 47~56
The present study was carried out to analyse the frequency(%) for five kinds of inquiry context elements for six kinds of the high school science textbooks in the 7th curriculum. All the elements was classified into three process achievement level such as the basic, supplementary and further level introduced firstly in the 7th curriculum. Five elements of the inquiry context categories appeared as pure scientific context(61.8%), everyday context(22.2%), natural environmental context(7.7%), techno-industrial context(5.9%), and social context(2.4%) in the basic, supplementary and further level. Social context wasn't appeared in the supplementary level. In five elements of inquiry context, total elements appeared 7,139(85.5%) kfrequencies in the basic level and 691(8.1%) frequencies in the further level. However total elements appeared 529(6.4%) frequencies in the supplementary level. The kinds and frequencies of the elements for the inquiry context suggested in the basic level were more than those in the supplementary and in the further level. The social context was not appeared in the supplementary level. However five inquiry context elements were all appeared in the basic and further level.
The Effect of Grouping by Extraversion and Introversion in Paired Think-Aloud Problem Solving Using Problem-Solving Strategy
Jeon, Kyung-Moon ; Kang, Hun-Sik ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2003, Pages 57~65
In this study, the effects of grouping by extraversion and introversion in paired think-aloud problem solving using a four-stage problem-solving strategy emphasizing planning and checking stages were investigated. Prior to the instructions, the students' extraversion/introversion in three high school classes (N=87) were examined, and those classes were randomly assigned to the homogeneous, the heterogeneous, and the control groups. The test scores of the two treatment groups were significantly higher than those of the control group in the problem-solving ability. However, there were no significant differences in learning difficulty and self-efficacy. Although there were no significant differences between the scores of two treatment groups in the subcategories of the perception of treatment, the test scores of extroverts were significantly higher than those of introverts in the perception of performing listener's role, the preference to problem solving strategy, and the preference to paired think-aloud problem solving.
The Effects of a Performance Assessment Based on the Experimental Practice on Student's Science Achievement and Affective Domain in the Middle School Science
Lee, Ji-Hyun ; Nam, Jeong-Hee ; Moon, Sung-Bae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2003, Pages 66~74
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an application of the experimental practice which is one of the performance assessments on student's science achievement and affective domain in the middle school science For this study, two classes were chosen from a co-ed middle school in Gimhae, and assigned to the experimental and the control groups. Prior to the instructions, a science achievement test and a affective domain test were administered. After the instructions, post-tests which were similar to the pretests were also administered. The results showed that the performance assessment based on an experimental practice was more effective of enhancing students' science achievement. However, there was no significant difference in an affective domain test between the two groups. For the control group, there was a significant difference between the pretest and post test in affective domain. It means that there was a negative change in affective domain of the control group.
Developing of a Criterion for Selecting and Producing of Performance
Kim, Eun-Jin ; Park, Hyun-Ju ; Kang, Ho-Kam ; Noh, Suk-Gu ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2003, Pages 75~85
We have developed of a criterion that would help to select and develop performance assessments in science education. There are six categories of a criterion: Fidelity, satisfaction, content validity, fairness & suitability, reliability & objectivity, and usability. There are the total of 25 sub-categories under the six categories. Five science educators evaluated the validity of the criterion. For reliability of the criterion, Kendall's tau-b was used. Eight science educators and elementary teachers evaluated three performance assessment tasks for the correspondence of the criterion. This study also discuss the implications of this criterion as well.
International Comparison of Curricula about Electricity and Magnetism in Primary and Secondary School
Choe, Young-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2003, Pages 86~99
The electric technology of modem stage is able to be convenient our everyday life and offers the chance to become a strong economic country. Therefore the education about the electricity and magnetism comes to be more and more important to enhance the electric technological power of each nation. In this paper, it is compared that how much the electricity and magnetism are treated in science education of primary and secondary school level in several nations such as USA, England, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and Korea. We selected the teaching topics about the electricity and magnetism described in the curriculum of each nations and classified the topics by similarity to be easy in comparing. In results, Korea treats poorly most of the subjects in the middle school and early high schoollevel, but teach abrupt.ly much in the selection course of high school.
A Study on the Objectivity of Scientific Knowledge: Focused on Michael Polanyi's Epistemology
Kim, Man-Hee ; Kim, Beom-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2003, Pages 100~116
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the objectivity of scientific knowledge, focusing on Michael Polanyi's epistemology. The objectivity of scientific knowledge could be examined in epistemological and ontological view. The former relates to the rationality, but the latter to the reality. Since the middle of 20th century science philosophers have debated about the objectivity of scientific knowledge. Their opinions are divided three parts by the criteria of objectivity in relation to the rationality. Exactly Objectivism approves the rationality of scientific knowledge, and Falsificationism accepts the panial rationality, but Relativism denies any rationality. In this paper, we will study the objectivity of knowledge in relation to the subjectivity, especially throughout the theory of Kant, Kierkegaard and Wang Yang-ming. Experienced good scientist Polanyi(1946; 1958) have ever suggested the new epistemology as the name of 'personal knowledge'. He argues that scientific knowledge is personal by faith, trust, passions, tacit understanding, method rules embodied in practice. Some implications were discussed for science education from the view of Polanyi. The first holds that science class needs human voice throughout the personal commitment. The second holds that intellectual passions should he recovered. The third holds that the teacher should act like real scientist. Finally, the theory of science education should be established for ourselves.