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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Comparative Analysis of Middle School Science Curriculum between Korea and Israel
Jang, Jin-Ju ; Seo, Hae-Ae ; Song, Bang-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 443~457
The research aimed to compare science curriculum between Korea and Israel and find out characteristics of science curriculum in Israel at middle school level. The middle school 'science' of the 7th revised national curriculum in Korea and middle school 'science and technology' in Israel were compared. Among characteristics of the Israel curriculum of 'science and technology,' distinct ones are as follows: First, 'science and technology' was most highly emphasized with the largest number of time allotment among all subjects at middle school level in Israel. Second, the contents of 'science and technology' were classified into seven areas of 'energy and interaction', 'materials', 'organism', 'earth and the universe', 'technological systems and products' . 'information and communication',and 'ecosystems' rather than four areas of energy, materials, life and earth in Korea. Third, 'organism' was allocated with the highest number of hours among seven areas. Fourth, objectives of each content of 'science and technology' were divided into three categories: scientific aspect, technological aspect, and social value and objectives of each category were related to one another. This characteristic seems to stress STS, multidisciplinary, and interdisciplinary approaches in 'science and technology' in Israel. Such characteristics of the 'science and technology' education in Israel are likely to make significant contributions to establish human resources of highly developing science and technology including IT, BT, NT, ST in the future society. Reflecting upon the characteristics of 'science and technology' education in Israel, Korea might seek for ways to improve its national power based on science and technology through strengthening science and emphasizing science and technology contents among school curriculum.
A Grounded Theory on the Process of Generating Hypothesis-Knowledge about Scientific Episodes
Kwon, Yong-Ju ; Jeong, Jin-Su ; Kang, Min-Jeong ; Kim, Young-Shin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 458~469
Hypothesis is defined as a proposition intended as a possible explanation for an observed phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to generate a grounded theory on the process of undergraduate students' generating hypothesis-knowledge about scientific episodes. Three hypothesis-generating tasks were administered to four college students majored in science education. The present study showed that college students represented five types of intermediate knowledge in the process of hypothesis generation, such as question situation, hypothetical explicans, experienced situation, causal explicans, and final hypothetical knowledge. Furthermore, students used six types of thinking methods, such as searching knowledges, comparing a question situation and an experienced situation, borrowing explicans, combining explicans, selecting an explican, and confirming explicans. In addition, hypothesis-generating process involves inductive and deductive reasoning as well as abductive reasoning. This study also discusses the implications of these findings for teaching and evaluating in science education.
Analysis of Evolutionary Content in High School Biology Textbook
Kim, Hak-Hyun ; Chang, Nam-Kee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 470~483
This study analyzed the evolutionary content in 13 textbooks developed from the first to the 6th high school biology curriculum, The content analysis of textbooks, which were delineated nine component, was performed on the 80 evolutionary categories, According to the result, the proportion of the total evolutionary content in textbook increased from the textbooks developed by the Ist curriculum to the textbooks developed by the 6th curriculum, but the proportion of 'main narrative' in total evolutionary content was gradually decreased. It also showed that biology curriculum and points of view of textbook writers influenced on the proportion of evolutionary contents. On the whole, the topics of analysed textbooks exhibit insufficient diversity, Any categories- 'group selection', 'gene selection', 'gaps in fossil record', 'co-evolution', 'punctuated equilibrium', 'mosaic evolution', 'place of labor in human evolution', 'human race differentiation', 'criticism of "ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny", and 'human activities affecting evolution' - were not treated and others - 'theory of neutralism', 'theories of major episodes(excepting extinctions) found in the geologic time scale', 'sympatric speciation', 'clinal and area-effect speciation', 'polyploidy and evolution', 'gradualism' and 'evolution and origin of mammals' - were treated very lightly, the most emphasized topic was 'phylogeny in general' and 'formation of precells', 'miscellaneous' in the order of emphasis. 'Theory of natural selection' was lightly treated as just one of evolutionary theory though it should be emphasized as major theme of evolution. Also, the law of recapitulation, of which biologists doubt the validity, was discussed as an evidence of evolution in some textbooks. And the agents of genetic equilibrium disruption like genetic drift and migration were treated as of little importance. On the basis of above result, it was suggested that the textbook writers introduced the more meaningful evolutionary topics focused the theory of natural selection in explanation of evolution and evolution theory.
Case Study on Science Classroom Analysis
Kwak, Young-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 484~493
This case study exemplifies science classroom observation and analysis. Data from two-day classroom observation, pre- and post-instruction interviews with the teacher and instructional materials were used to analyse the features of a science classroom. A teacher's classroom practices were examined in terms of the following six categories: (1)curriculum and science content, (2)teaching and learning methods, (3) teacher' s knowledge about learners, (4)classroom environment, (5)assessment, and (6)teacher's efforts for professional development. The teacher in this case study not only improved his own classroom practices, but also took an active role in teachers' in-service education to share his practical knowledge with others. Implications that valid evaluation(or observation) frameworks of classroom practices have on teacher education and teachers' inservice education are also discussed. These evaluation frameworks should provide teachers with a vision of highly accomplished practices.
Analyses of Scientific Inquiry in Science VII
You, Mo-Kyung ; Cho, Hee-Hyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 494~504
The primary purpose of the study was to determine the appropriateness of the inquiry processes described in Science VII's written based on the 7th National Science Curriculum. It was found that the basic processes were well reflected on the textbooks analyzed for the research. However, only a few integrated processes and the inquiry activities could be seen on the same textbooks. Furthermore, a larger majority of the inquiry processes and activities were not agreed with what the tasks and titles say. Especially, the none of as many as 71 experiments were not coincided with their titles' intentions. Also suggested in the paper were the implications of the results for the science education in the Korean middle schools.
The Effects of Activity-Centered Instruction on Understanding of Natural Selection Concept
Park, Jong-Boon ; Lee, Mi-Sook ; Lee, Kil-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 505~516
The concept of evolution is one of the most important concepts in the learning biology. However lots of students have difficulties in understanding its mechanism because their preexisted alternative concepts interrupt in gaining the correct idea of evolution. Students usually have the Larmarkian or teleological ideas of evolution. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of an activity-centered instruction on the learner's conceptual change from misconception into the scientific concept, Darwinian one, and achievement. For the study, 162 students were sampled from a high school: 81 students for the activity-centered instruction and 81 students for traditional instruction. The result is as follows; 1) The activity-centered instruction is more effective than the traditional one in understanding the concept of Darwinian natural selection(p<.05) and in changing the students' various misconceptions of evolution into Darwinian one. 2) The activity-centered instruction concerning natural selection is more effective in their achievement(p<.01). 3) However, after both of the instructions, some students still kept the Lamarkian thoughts.
A Structural Equation Modeling of the Process of Science Related Career Choice
Yoon, Jin ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 517~530
The purpose of this study is to find out a model to explain the process of students' science-related career choice by identifying the causal relationships between science career choice and related factors. Important factors of science-related career choice were identified through factor analysis. 'Perception about career related to science', 'preference for science learning' and 'participation in science related activity' were three main factors of science-related career choice. A questionnaire was developed to know the factors of students' science-related career choice, and so as to make it possible to be analysed by structural equation modeling. The subject were 947 grade 6, 9, and 11 students in Seoul. Numbers of boys and girls in each grade was almost same. According to the structural equation modeling, 4 corrected models were obtained. In all 4 corrected models, 'perception about career related to science' had direct influence, and 'preference for science learning' and 'participation in science related activity' had indirect influence on science-related career choice. In the most fitting model. 'perception about career related to science' had an effect on science-related career choice with standardized total effect coefficient 1.03(direct effect 0.82, indirect effect 0.21). 'Preference for science learning', which influence 'participation in science related activity', had an effect on science-related career choice with standardized indirect effect coefficient 0.65. 'Participation in science related activity', which influence 'perception about career related to science'. had an effect on science-related career choice with standardized indirect effect coefficient 0.79. The implication to school science education is that it is most effective to raise the 'perception about career related to science' in order to make more students choose science related career. It is also effective to have more students participate in science related activity and enhance the preference for science learning. To explain the process of science related career choice more fully, it is necessary to build a more comprehensive model containing more factors influencing science-related career choice. It is necessary to test and complement the structural equation model by enlarging the subject to science high school students and science related college students.
Scientifically Gifted Students' Science Related Attitudes and Its Relationships with Intelligence and Science Process Skills
Yang, Tae-Youn ; Bae, Mi-Ran ; Han, Ki-Soon ; Park, In-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 531~543
This study aims to investigate that scientifically gifted students have distinctive science related attitudes in comparison with general students. In addition, this study examines the relationship among science related attitudes, intelligence, and science process skills. Two hundred sixty-six middle school students (169 boys, 97 girls) who enrolled at the Incheon Science Elite Program and 220(133 boys, 87 girls) students in a regular middle school participated in the present study. Research findings support that gifted students have more positive science related attitudes than general students as well as higher intelligence and science process skills. At last, low and non-significant correlation coefficients with attitudes and cognitive factors were found in gifted groups, whereas some significant correlations were found in general students.
The Characteristics of the Exhibits in Science Centers and Students' Perceptions About the Exhibits -In the Case of 3 Science Centers in Seoul-
Kim, So-Hee ; Song, Jin-Woong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 544~560
The purposes of this study were (1) to investigate the characteristics of the exhibits at three representative science centers or museums in Seoul, and (2) to analyse students' perceptions about the most and the least favorite exhibits selected by students as visitors. Three science centers investigated were Seoul National Science Museum, Seoul Education & Science Research Institute, LG Science Hall. The subjects for students' perception survey were 290 middle school students who visited the three science centers. The investigation of the exhibits showed that the goals, the contents, the visitors' viewing and manipulating activity types, and the explanation types of the exhibits depended on the purposes and the target visitors of each science center. Students' responses indicated that they most favored hands-on exhibit. And students preferred the exhibits that had new and comprehensible contents and the were related to what they had learned in school. Students said that they felt that science was exciting and that they came to experience what they did not do in school. Students said that reading or hearing given explanations was helpful to understand the exhibits, but about 20% of the students responded that they did not read explanation on panels at all. Students also said that guide's oral explanations were more understandable than written explanations on panels. Some of the students commented that having to wait for access because of crowds or because of the resetting time required for hands-on activities was inconvenience.
An analysis of Science Class According to Inquiry Score by Pre-Service Science Teacher
Kim, Young-Shin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 561~573
The teacher plays important role at students' achievement. This study analyses science class by pre-service science teacher. An survey tool for analysis of science class was composed of the lesson, student behavior, teacher behavior and questioning techniques. Pre-service science teacher analyzed the science class of 100 science teacher. The results of this study showed that pre-service science teacher analysis that current science class did not focused on inquiry-oriented. The score of science class did not statistically significantly difference by science teacher's characteristics as gender and age. Also, they analyses that science teacher use concept-oriented and teacher-oriented method.
The Necessary Condition and the Sufficient Condition of Cognitive Conflict for Conceptual Change
Kwon, Jae-Sool ; Lee, Gyoung-Ho ; Kim, Yeoun-Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 574~591
According to conceptual change theory, cognitive conflict is known as an important factor in conceptual change even though there are still questions about its positive and negative effects on science learning. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of cognitive conflict in the conceptual change process in detail. Specific research questions are as follows, 1) Is presenting of an anomalous situation necessary or sufficient condition for cognitive conflict? 2) Is cognitive conflict necessary or sufficient condition for conceptual change? To answer these questions, we analyzed the theories and research results in the related literature. At the end, we discussed the complex role of cognitive conflict in the conceptual change and future research.
An Analysis of 10th Grade Science Textbook as an Origin of Misconception on Greenhouse Effect Concept
Kook, Dong-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 23, issue 5, 2003, Pages 592~598
The purpose of this study is to analyze the tenth grade science textbooks as an origin of misconception on greenhouse effect concept and find incorrect descriptions on that concept and then suggest some improved schemes. Some incorrect descriptions, pictures. tables and experiments related to misconceptions on greenhouse effect were found in textbooks. They are considered to contribute to form and reinforce misconceptions on that concept : the most important gas of greenhouse effect, the role of
on the change of greenhouse effect. global warming. energy sources, greenhouse experiments and the physical processes of greenhouse effect. So some improved schemes were suggested