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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Verbal Interaction Between Teachers and Students in Middle School Science Classroom
Choi, Kyung-Hee ; Park, Jong-Yoon ; Choi, Byung-Soon ; Nam, Jeong-Hee ; Choi, Kyung-Soon ; Lee, Ki-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1039~1048
The purpose of this study is to analyze verbal interaction between teachers and students in order to collect qualitative data on the characteristics of the interaction to enhance teaching efficacy. Total of 12 classes of eight science teachers were observed and were interviewed. The classes were video taped and all the verbal interactions were transcribed. The transcribed content and interviews were further analyzed to draw any conclusions on the verbal interaction between teachers and students. Analysis criteria for the data on the class and interview were developed based on the literature review and applied to analyze the collected content. The analyzed data showed that verbal interactions composed of confirmation questions for memorization, students' short responses and teacher's immediate feedbacks. The results of the study also suggested that there needs to be further studies on the interactional techniques for teacher in utilizing the class materials and activities. The teachers should acknowledge the importance of the questions and feedbacks of teachers for students to stimulate their sound learning through literatures.
Analysis of Secondary Pre-service Science Teachers' Conceptions about Motion of Objects Based on the Viewpoints of Science History
Joo, Jee-Young ; Kim, So-Yean ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1049~1062
In this study, various scientific viewpoints of 'motion of objects' were analyzed from the Aristoteles age to the Newton age. From the analysis, a questionnaire was developed which was including causes of motion, forms of motion, and preservation quantity of movement. The conceptions of pre-service science teachers were researched by the questionnaire developed in this study based on the science historical viewpoints. The subjects were twenty sophomore students of physic education major and thirty four of other science education major who majored common science education also in a college. Most of the pre-service teachers of physical education major had inertia and Newton's force conception related to the question situations of 'causes of motion' and 'forms of motion'. But a lot of the pre-service teachers of physic education major and other science education major had viewpoints of Descartes or Huygens related to the question situation of 'preservation quantity of movement'. Only few pre-service teachers regardless of major had Newton's viewpoint which represented in current Korean science curriculum for secondary school.
The Effects of Grouping Method in Solving Chemistry Problems Using Think-Aloud Paired Problem Solving
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Seong, Eul-Sun ; Kang, Hun-Sik ; Jeong, Yeong-Seon ; Kang, Suk-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1063~1069
This study investigated the effects of grouping method in solving chemistry problems using Think-Aloud Paired Problem Solving (TAPPS). Three classes (125 students) of a co-ed high school in Seoul were randomly assigned to the control, the homogeneous TAPPS, and the heterogeneous TAPPS groups. Prior to the instructions, a test of awareness of metacognition was administered. In the treatment groups, students were grouped into either homogeneous or heterogeneous group on the basis of their pre-achievement levels, and worked in pairs on chemistry problems about chemical equation and stoichiometry. Students' analytical skill, problem solving ability, and awareness of metacognition were examined after the instructions. One-way ANCOVA results indicated that the scores of the homogeneous TAPPS group in the analytical skill test were significantly higher than those of the heterogeneous TAPPS group. However, there were no significant differences among the three groups in the problem solving ability and the awareness of metacognition.
Study about the Case that the High School Science Club Experience Affected on Students' Career Decision
Choi, Won-Ho ; Woo, Kyu-Whan ; Park, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1070~1081
This study is the analysis of interview with science major student about the effect of science club experience on career decision. The special interview was planned and arranged to meet students as well as their teacher. Both of the student whose background had experience in the science club activity, field science education during their high school days are majoring in physics and biology. In Summary: 1) science teacher's guidance deeply impressed the student that they respect the teacher as a occupational role model. 2) they really enjoyed the hands-on activities joyful. 3) their experience lasted so long time to keep them to stay in science field. 4) they had an experience of speaking before peer science club students who had similar interest and talent. We found the above four factors were really influential to encourage the subject to major in science career.
An International Comparative Study of Science Curriculum
Lee, Mee-Kyeong ; Kim, Joo-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1082~1093
The purpose of the study was to compare science curriculum documents of the several countries including Korea, the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, and Singapore. The comparison focused on goals and contents in science education of each country. The goals for science education in each country were very similar. They included understanding knowledge, acquiring inquiry skills, developing positive attitudes towards science, and appreciating S-T-S in most countries. But each country's goal setting level was different; some countries set the same goals for several grades and other countries set different goals for each grade. Goals provided for each grade were more specific and elaborated. Science contents were categorized differently in each country. In Korea, science contents were categorized in energy, matter, living things, and earth. On the other hand, science contents were composed of 8 categories including unifying concepts and processes in science, science as inquiry, physical science, life science, earth and space science, science and technology, science in personal and social perspectives, and history and nature of science in the United States. In the United Kingdom, science enquiry, life processes and living things, materials and their properties, and physical process were categories for science contents. In Singapore, science contents were organized by themes relevant to students' everyday experience. Implications for goals and contents in science education to prepare students to live and work in a future society were suggested based on the results of the study.
The Effects of Learning Using Information Communication Technology(ICT) in Earth History and Crust Movement Units of Science Textbook for Eighth Graders
Jeong, Jin-Woo ; Moon, Byoung-Chan ; Jung, Jae-Gu ; Lee, Mi-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1094~1105
The effects of learning using Information Communication Technology(ICT) on the students' scientific inquiry ability and science-related affective characteristics were analyzed in Earth History and Crust Movement units of science textbook for eighth graders. For this study, two classes of middle school second students in Chung-nam were selected and taught for six week under different teaching methods. One class is the test class taught with ICT applied teaching materials and the other class is the control class instructed by a conventional method. One week before the experiment, both classes were given tests on scientific inquiry ability and science-related affective characteristics, and they were tested again after the experiment. The results of scientific inquiry test showed statistically meaningful differences in the experimental class and the control class. The experimental class showed statistically meaningful difference in scientific inquiry test. Science-related affective characteristics test showed no statistically meaningful difference in the experimental class. Among three scientific science-related affective characteristics, especially the one fields of interests showed statistically meaningful differences which suggest that learning using ICT has a positive effect on the expanding of students' science-related affective characteristics.
Relationships between Types of Emotional Words and Abilities of Science-Knowledge Generation in Students' Scientific Observation and Rule-Discovery
Kwon, Yong-Ju ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Han, Hye-Young ; Park, Yun-Bok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1106~1117
The purposes of this study were to analyze types of scientific emotion word and to investigate the relationship between the ISE(Index of Scientific Emotion) and the ability of science-knowledge generation in subjects' scientific observation and rule-discovery. The subjects were asked to perform four scientific tasks. The tasks were developed that are suitable for scientific observation and rule-discovery. In performing tasks, the subjects were asked to describe their generated science-knowledge and scientific emotion through self-report questionnaire, performing each task. The strength of their scientific emotion was also measured using adjective emoticon check lists. In subjects' scientific observing, they showed 33.3% of interest emotion which was the biggest, 15.0% of acceptance emotion, and 11.3% of love emotion, respectively. In scientific rule-discovering, types of emotion were shown as 23.8% of interest, 21.5% of disgust, and 10.8% of acceptance, respectively. In addition, ability of science-knowledge generation was significantly correlated to ISE.
The Sixth-Grade Students' Conceptions of a Scientist's Time Use
Jang, Myoung-Duk ; Lee, Myeong-Je ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1118~1130
This article aims to (a) investigate children's images of a scientist's life style by comparing children's drawings about a scientist's schedule with those about a company employee's schedule in a weekday and on Sunday; and (b) examine the usefulness of 'Drawing A Scientist's Schedule (DASS)' test as a new instrument of learners' conceptions of a scientist and his/her work. To do those, thirty sixth- grade children participated in this study. The children, 15 boys and 15 girls, were selected from a classroom of an elementary school located in Gongju city. The children's drawings were analyzed in conjunction with individual interviews. The interviews facilitated the clarification of any ambiguous attributes of the drawings by questioning after their completion. Several significant conclusions can be drawn from this work: First, the children conceived that a scientist has more mandatory time, and less necessary and leisure time than does a company employee. Interestingly, many children thought that a scientist has similar life style on Sunday to that in a weekday, unlike a company employee. Second, in case of necessary time use in a weekday and on Sunday, the difference between a scientist and a company employee results from their sleeping time. Also, the children showed more various conceptions of a scientist's sleeping time than those of a company employee's sleeping time. Third, in case of mandatory time use, the children conceived that a scientist spends more time for his/her occupational work and less time for his/her housework activities than does a company employee. Fourth, the children's drawings showed that there is difference between a scientist's and a company employee's leisure time use and activities. Finally, the DASS test indicated its possibility and usefulness as an instrument for investigating learners' images on a scientist and his/her work. The instrument exhibited several distinctive children's conceptions that is difficult in identifying by using the DAST, a popular instrument.
An Analysis on the Factors Affecting on the Procedures of Becoming a Scientist
Jang, Kyoung-Ae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1131~1142
This study investigated the factors affecting the procedures of becoming a scientist. Interview was used as a research method for deep understanding of individual career choice procedures. Interviews for individual scientists were conducted for about 60 minutes in their offices and all the interviews were tape-recorded. A total of 34 scientists who received some representative science awards in Korea during 1990 - 2001 were sampled. They were all men. But the interview was conducted with 30 scientists. The investigation was based on the framework that was composed of the following four categories: personal ability, home environment, school environment, and sociocultural environment. And each category had several factors as follows: personal ability consisted of the meta-ability to figure out the aptitude and the self-ability and the achievement; home environment consisted of parents, brothers and sisters, relatives, and hobby; school environment consisted of teachers, friends, club activity; sociocultural environment consisted of event, mass media, social recognition and social prospect. From the analysis of the career choice procedure of the scientists it was appeared that the meta-ability for personal ability, the parental influence particularly by father for home environment, science teacher and professor for school environment, and social prospect for sociocultural environment were important. In conclusion, most of the scientists made an important decision for their future career when they were the 12th grade and 1st year in university, and they considered intrinsic factor such as self-interest and aptitude and extrinsic factor such as social prospect. However intrinsic factor related to science teacher and professor and extrinsic factor related to fathers' advice.
The Development of an Instrument to Assess High School Students' Views on Science-Technology-Society
Lim, Jai-Hang ; Kang, Soon-Min ; Kong, Young-Tae ; Choi, Byung-Soon ; Nam, Jeong-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1143~1157
The purpose of this study was to develop HS-VOSTS(High School Students' Views On Science-Technology-Society), which is an instrument that monitors high school students' views on STS. For this study, 23 multiple-choice items were developed on four categories. First, a categorial scheme was constructed. The categorial scheme was based on many instruments that evaluate students' understanding on STS, literature review, and STS learning goal that many researchers had asserted. Second, the multiple-choice items were developed. The development of the items was carried out through four steps. In the first step, some pairs of statement on each subordinate category were formed. Next, the student statement questionaries which were based on the pairs of statement were responded by 772 students. In the second step, the response written by the students were analyzed to common viewpoints and the first multiple-choice items were constructed. In the third step, the semistructured interview with 28 high school students was implemented and the second multiple-choice items were constructed. In the fourth step, the final version of the instrument was developed through the analysis of the students' response on the second multiple-choice items. HS-VOSTS is an useful instrument for monitoring students' beliefs and viewpoints on STS topics. The results of the students' responses to HS-VOSTS items reflect the students' own thoughts directly. These results will give some implications for the curriculum developers, the authors of text books and the educational policy makers as well as the teachers.
Secondary School Students' Epistemological View and Ontological View about Nature
Won, Jeong-Ae ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1158~1172
This study searched secondary school students' epistemological views and ontological views about nature and the root causes of such their views. The subjects were 156 secondary school students and data were gathered by the questionnaire developed based on preceding researches. As a result, many secondary school students had epistemological views of unknowable nature. There were various root causes of their epistemological views such as regularity and harmony of nature, predictable and circular natural phenomenon, causation, the relation between human and nature. On the other hand, a lot of secondary school students had ontological view of supernatural nature. Their religious beliefs were very powerful influence their supernatural ontological views. The nature is the object of science and the physical world. Because those views supply science educators basic backgrounds how leaners understand science class, secondary school students' epistemological views and ontological views are precious information. From now on, it is necessary to study relations between students' epistemological views and ontological views and their science class processes.
The Effectiveness of Cognitive Monitoring Skills of Elementary Students on Science
Ko, Kawng-Byung ; Ko, Se-Hwan ; Kim, Beom-Ki ; Choi, Kwan-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1173~1180
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive monitoring skills of elementary students on science by the grade and sex. The subject of this study was 1001 elementary students of
grade from 5 schools. The instrument of study, TSCM I (Test of Science Cognitive Monitoring I ) for
grade and TSCM II for
grade were developed. The results of this study showed that the effectiveness of cognitive monitoring skills was 63.4% for
grade and 57.4% for
grade. The effectiveness of cognitive monitoring skills of 3 and 4 graders was significantly higher than 2, while 5 and 6 was higher than 4 graders. Girls were higher than boys for 2 and 3 grade, but 4
6 graders were not significantly different by the sex.
An Analysis of Illustrations from Secondary Science Textbooks Developed under the 7th National Curriculum in Aspect of Gender-Role Stereotyping
Cha, Jeong-Ho ; Kim, So-Yeon ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1181~1188
In this study, 25 science textbooks developed under the 7th National Curriculum were analyzed for gender-role stereotyping. A total of 3549 (17.9%) illustrations including persons were selected from 19810 illustrations from the textbooks. The frequencies of men and women appearing in them were counted, and the types of activities and the characters of people in them were analyzed. Male pupils and adults appearing in the textbooks were more frequently than female, and the difference between male and female adults was very great. However, the characters of pupils and adults were found to be active regardless of their age and gender. The jobs of male adults were depicted to be more diversified than those of female. Scientists appearing in the textbook illustrations also were mostly male.
An Analysis of the Types of Teacher and Student's Concept on Ray-Tracing and Spectrum in the Middle School
Lee, Jae-Bong ; Nam, Kyung-Woon ; Son, Jeong-Woo ; Lee, Sung-Muk ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1189~1205
The purpose of this study is to understand the types of teacher and student's concept on ray-tracing and spectrum in middle school. This study suggest key-concepts that is most important to "Light" unit in the seven grades: the ray-tracing and the spectrum. We examined the types of teacher and student's concept. We selected 10 teacher and 328 students who had learned by 10 teachers in Seoul and Gyeonggi. The problems were composed with the question item regarding all ray-tracing or the spectrum. From the analysis, it was found that the types of teacher and student's concept on ray-tracing and spectrum is different. The most of teacher and student didn't understand the basic principle of image formation. In case of context about formation of image by reflection and refraction, because they don't know ray-tracing, they do not try to find the position of the image by drawing two rays. Most of them used one ray comes from the one position of the object and indicated the position of image by memorized position. Also almost there was not a case which uses a ray tracing accurately. In the case of understanding color, they didn't understand the concept of color(or spectrum) and teachers represented to students the color phenomena without explanation of principles. In the result teachers and students would learn color science by rote.
Characteristics of Online Discussion System for Physics Investigation Through the Students' Perceptions
Lee, Bong-Woo ; Kim, Hee-Kyong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1206~1215
In this study, we explored the students' perceptions on the online discussion system for physics investigation as the physics education program. With these, we explored the characteristics of online discussion system. For these, the questions and interviews were executed in order to get informations about user-friendly characteristics of on-line discussion learning system of physics investigation, asynchronicity of on-line investigation discussion, on-line investigation discussion related to writing, visual cues and physical presence of on-line investigation discussion and preference of on-line investigation discussion. The students represented that there were two advantages in the online investigation discussion. One is that they could participate in the on-line investigation discussion without the restriction of time and space, and the other is that they could enter into a dispute with sufficient consideration because of the asynchronicity characteristic of online investigation discussion. Although the online educational activity is mainly achieved by independent work on the part of students, the role of teacher and parents is more important than the technical part of online educational system for the active participation.
The Exploration of Open Scientific Inquiry Model Emphasizing Students' Argumentation
Kim, Hee-Kyong ; Song, Jin-Woong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1216~1234
School science practical work is often criticized as lacking key elements of authentic science, such as peer argumentation or debate through which social consensus is obtained. The purpose of this paper is to review the recent studies about the argumentation and to explore the conditions and the model of argumentative scientific inquiry, which is specially designed open inquiry in order to facilitate students' peer argumentation. For this purpose, a theoretical discussion for the argumentative scientific inquiry as the way of authentic inquiry in schools was developed. The conditions for argumentative scientific inquiry were found to be the following: multiple arguments, students' own claims, opportunities for oral and written argumentation, equal status of debaters, and community of cooperative competition. For these conditions, the argumentative scientific inquiry was organized into experiment activities and argumentation activities. During argumentation activity, students should be guided to advance written argumentation through writing a group report for peer review and oral argumentation through a critical discussion. Through the argumentation between groups and in group, the students' arguments would be elaborated repeatedly. The feedback from argumentation links experiment activities to argumentation activities. Hence, the whole process of this inquiry model is circular.
Gender Differences in TIMSS-R Science Achievement
Lee, Mee-Kyeong ; Hong, Mi-Young ; Jeong, Eun-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1235~1244
The purpose of the study was to produce resources to help develop instructional methods and programs for school science to reduce gender differences in science achievement by analyzing TIMSS-R results according to item type, benchmark, and content category. Korean male students performed higher than Korean female students and gender differences of Korean students were higher than international means in all item types including multiple-choice, short answer, and extended response type. GDI(Gender Difference Index) of Korean students was lower than international mean in top 10% benchmark but higher than international means in other benchmarks. Korean male students also exhibited higher performance than Korean female students in all content categories except scientific inquiry and the nature of science category. Regarding items that GDIs were higher than 10, the number of items belonged to life science and earth science category was relatively larger and a high percentage of them was not included in school science curriculum. In addition, the items were equally distributed in each performance category. In sum, the study showed various gender differences according to item type, benchmark, and content category. The results could be used to find appropriate instructional methods to reduce gender differences in science achievement.
Development of a Test of Science Inquiry Skills for Elementary School Fifth and Sixth Graders
Song, Kyoung-Hye ; Lee, Hang-Ro ; Lim, Cheong-Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1245~1255
The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable evaluating instrument for elementary school fifth and sixth graders. The instrument is developed through R&D procedure, which includes two checks of science specialist and two field trials of the instrument. Evaluating items are content-free for each science inquiry skill. Each science inquiry element is based on SAPA and the 7th curriculum. This study has selected 10 science inquiry skills(observing, classifying, measuring, predicting, inferring, recognizing of a problem, controlling variables, interpreting data, drawing a conclusion, designing an experiment), formulated a clear definition of the elements of science inquiry skills, and established the objectives of evaluation. The content areas are divided into three categories, material and energy, life and environment, and the earth and circulation. Each category contains 10 items. So the instrument consists of 30 items. The content validity of items, objectivity of the scoring keys, and clarity of the items has been checked twice by specialists in science education. At the same time, two field trials were performed to produce the reliability of the instruments, discrimination index, and item difficulty index. The instrument has the content validity is 91.6%, reliability 0.79, objectivity 93.3%, discrimination index 0.30, and item difficulty index 66.1%.
A Cause Analysis of Learning Environment Variables of Change in Science Attitudes on Elementary and Secondary School Students
Kwon, Chi-Soon ; Hur, Myung ; Yang, Il-Ho ; Kim, Young-Shin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1256~1271
The importance of science attitudes is more increasing in science education. Science attitudes may influence students' attainment, consistency and quality of classwork as well as their later views of science education and scientific occupations. According to the international comparative researches and longitudinal studies on Korean students' science attitudes, it has shown that the more grade, the less science attitude. This research was survey the science attitudes and learning environment variables, and then make a inquiry that causes of decline of science attitudes. To study this purpose, the participating students in this study will be selected from 3th to 11th grade. 6,925 participants were administered 3 times in questionnaires of science attitudes and learning environment variables during a year. The result of this study showed that science attitude got low after June. Science attitude was changed from 4th grade to 8th grade students. Science attitude much more decrease second semester than first semester, high school students' science attitude fell much. It was experience about science that cause the biggest effect in science attitude and other learning environment variables influence in science attitude change. Learning environment variables made different influence from students of increased and declined science attitude. As category that influence in science attitude, in elementary school were gender, area and grade, in middle school were grade and area, and in high school was area.
The Effect of Science Journal Writing on the Science-Related Affective Domain of Scientifically Gifted Students at Middle School Level
Nam, Kyung-Woon ; Lee, Bong-Woo ; Lee, Sung-Muk ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 24, issue 6, 2004, Pages 1272~1282
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of science journal writing on science-related affects of scientifically gifted students at middle school level. Twenty one gifted students attending a university science gifted program wrote science journals for two months in a web-supported environment. The data sources include student journals, questionnaire and exit interviews. The results indicate that science journal writing has influenced the students positively in the affective domain, and in particular, cognitions of science, interests in science and scientific attitudes.