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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 7 - Dec 2005
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Oct 2005
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Sep 2005
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Middle School Students' Science Process Skills by Learning Styles
Lee, Hyun-Rae ; Kim, Beom-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 5, 2005, Pages 541~546
In order to suggest instructional strategy and learning guidance in science education, the purpose of this study was to classify middle school students by learning style and then examine student's science process skills via those learning styles. The Student Learning Style Questionnaire (SLSQ) and the Test of Science Process Skills (TSPS) were given to 340 ninth graders. Their learning styles were classified into three categories, that were divided into two opposing types: independent/ dependent, collaborative/ competitive, and participant/ avoidant. The results showed the following : 1) Students of the dependent, collaborative, and participant type out numbered ones of the independent, competitive, and avoidant type. 2) Gender differences showed that male students of the competitive, participant, dominant type totalled more than the female students of the collaborative, avoidant type. Furthermore, 3) For students of the independent, competitive, participant type, science process skills were higher than those of the dependent, collaborative, avoidant type.
The Effect of Web-Aided Laboratory on Molecular Dynamics of High School Physics Course
Roh, Hack-Kie ; Kong, Youn-Sig ; Park, Chang-Young ; Chung, Ki-Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 5, 2005, Pages 547~554
A developed Web-aided laboratory program visualized invisible gas. In the Web-aided laboratory temperature and pressure were controlled and the resultant findings were presented as types of graphs, disclosed in the form of an analyzed report. A Web-aided laboratory experiment and traditional experiment group(2 classes) were assembled from a farming village co-educational high school and taught the motion of molecule lesson for 2 class hours. Before actual class instruction, to survey learner motivation characteristics, the short-version GALT, the test of attitudes toward science instruction, was administered. After instruction, student learning achievement, TOSRA, and IMMS, were administered to the two groups. To analyze data ANCOVA was administrated. Result found that attitudes towards science instruction did not significantly differ, but learning motivation and achievement were significantly altered.
The Effect of Cooperative Learning Environments in Conceptual Change Instruction on Students' Cognitive and Affective Outcomes
Han, Jae-Young ; Jeong, Eun-Hee ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 5, 2005, Pages 555~562
This study investigated the effects of cooperative learning environments in conceptual change instruction upon students' conception, achievement, learning motivation, attitude toward science instruction, and perception of involvement. Two classes of 8th graders at a co-ed middle school were assigned to the treatment and the comparison groups. They were taught about density, boiling point, freezing point, and solubility for 11 class hours. The treatment group's learning environment involved cooperative conceptual change instructions while the comparison group's environment incorporated individual conceptual change instructions. Mann-Whitney test results revealed that the scores of the conception and achievement test for the treatment group were significantly higher than those for the comparison group. The perceptions of involvement for the treatment group were more positive than those for the comparison group. The scores of the learning motivation test for the treatment group were found to be significantly higher than those for the comparison group based on a two-way ANCOVA analysis. However, attitudes toward science instruction were not found to be significantly different between the two groups.
The Relationships Among Middle School Students' Understanding About the Nature of Scientific Knowledge, Conceptual Understanding, and Learning Strategies
Cha, Jeong-Ho ; Yun, Jeong-Hyun ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 5, 2005, Pages 563~570
This study investigated the relationships among middle school students' understanding about the nature of scientific knowledge, conceptual understanding, and learning strategies. Grade 7 students (N=162) in Incheon completed the nature of scientific knowledge scales (NSKS) and a learning strategy questionnaire. After learning density by way of a CAl program, a conception test was administered. Results indicated that students' conceptual understanding and both deep and surface learning strategies were significantly correlated to their understanding about the nature of scientific knowledge. A cluster analysis was used to classify students on the basis of their deep and surface learning strategies. Three clusters of students with distinctive learning strategy patterns were found; high deep-low surface strategy (cluster 1), low deep-high surface strategy (cluster 2), and high deep-high surface strategy (cluster 3). One-way ANOVA results revealed that the scores of cluster 3 were significantly higher than those of the others in the NSKS and the conception test. Additionally, cluster 1 also performed better than cluster 2 in the conception test. Lastly, educational implications were discussed.
Characteristics of Cognitive Conflict in Vocational Students Confronted with an Anomalous Situation of Action and Reaction Task
Shin, Sang-Woo ; Kim, Yeoun-Soo ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 5, 2005, Pages 571~582
In spite of the importance of cognitive conflict in conceptual change, there has been little research on the characteristics of cognitive conflict in students enrolled at vocational high schools. The purpose of this study was to expose these students' cognitive conflict types and investigate characteristics of cognitive conflict according to the type of cognitive conflict. This paper examined how vocational students' motivational beliefs and epistemological beliefs affect the process of cognitive conflict when students are confronted with an anomalous situation related to the action and reaction concept. Results indicated that many vocational students experienced low levels of cognitive conflict and remained passive during the explanation of anomalous phenomenon or easily desisted any attempt to resolve the conflict situation because of their epistemological belief to depend on the external absolute knowledge of teachers, an extrinsic motivation to choose easier tasks, or reliance on the teachers' reputations. Therefore, Instructors need to recognize these characteristics in order to facilitate vocational students' conceptual change when presenting cognitive conflict tasks.
Influence of Cognitive Conflict Strategy Through Swing Experience on the Students' Conception of Force on a Simple Pendulum
Kwon, Mi-Rang ; Kim, Ji-Na ; Choi, Hyuk-Joon ; Kim, Jung-Bog ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 5, 2005, Pages 583~594
This study examined 8th-graders' conceptions of force on a simple pendulum and investigated cognitive conflict and conceptual change through kinesthetic experience in swing. Participants of this study were guided to anticipate the direction of total force acting on a pendulum at three critical positions and observed it through swing experience. Having completed this, students read an article explaining the results they observed. Most of them considered gravity, tension, and motion-force to be the real forces acting on a pendulum in pre-test. Though they were interested in the activity and conceded their expectations to be different from observed results, the degrees of their cognitive conflict were not significantly high. In summation, 'interest' was the highest and 'anxiety' was the lowest. Most of the students memorized the direction of forces on a swing, but few could explain the reason behind the occurrence in an immediate post-test and delayed post-test.
Application of the Triple Abduction Model for Improving the Skills of Scientific Hypothesis Generation
Jeong, Jin-Su ; Won, Hee-Jung ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 5, 2005, Pages 595~602
The purpose of this study was to test effects of the Triple Abduction Model (TAM) for improving the skills of scientific hypothesis generation in science learning. Twenty-six students were selected for the TAM group and 27 others were selected for a traditional group from one high school. Researchers developed and administered 10 TAM and traditional-style activities. The degree of hypothesis explanation was evaluated during the experimental treatment. Each Subjects' ability in scientific hypothesis generation was assessed by the Science Knowledge Generation Test A and B. Test A was used as a protest and B for a posttest. The results of this study revealed that the degree of hypothesis explanation of TAM was significantly higher than the degree of the traditional group, and the mean of the TAM group was equal to the mean of traditional group on the pretest. Additionally, the mean of the TAM group was significantly higher than the mean of the control group on the posttest. Therefore, instruction with TAM was more effective than the instruction using traditionals method for increasing students' hypothesis generation skills.
The Actual Status of Physics Teachers' Perception on the Concept of Radiation
Park, Sang-Tae ; Choi, Hyuk-Joon ; Kim, Jun-Tae ; Jung, Ki-Ju ; Lee, Hee-Bok ; Yuk, Keun-Cheol ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 5, 2005, Pages 603~609
Students obtain most concepts through textbooks, and teaching-learning activities between teachers and students. Accordingly, if science teachers already have misconceptions they will inevitably affect students' scientific concept. This study found many problems in teachers' cognition on the concepts of nuclear radiation. Because 12th grade physics II is classified as an optional subject in the 7th curriculum, teachers have few chances to teach it and, more importantly, have difficulty in teaching it because of the need to prepare students for the university entrance examination. The concept of radiation must be taught correctly because of its emergence in the 'environment' unit of 10th grade Science. Finally, results from this study can help science teachers teach these difficult concepts more correctly. In addition, results can also be useful in in-service retraining programs.
A Theoretical Study on Abduction as an Inquiry Method in Earth Science
Oh, Phil-Seok ; Kim, Chan-Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 5, 2005, Pages 610~623
This was a theoretical study of which the goal was to provide a foundation for developing and implementing earth science inquiry activities based on abduction as a scientific inquiry method. Through a review of relevant literature, the study examined the nature of earth science in terms of the goals of earth science inquiry and the characteristics of what is investigated in earth science. It also explored the forms and meanings of abduction, thinking strategies used in the abductive inference, and the abductive inquiry model. Abduction is the process of inferring certain rules (e.g., scientific facts, principles, laws) and providing explanatory statements or hypotheses in order to explain some phenomena. This method was found to be well-suited to the earth science inquiry which studies the causes and processes of natural phenomena in the earth and space environment. Abduction has the nature of ampliative, selective, evaluative, and creative inference, and several thinking strategies, including reconstruction of data, heuristic generalization, analogy, existential, conceptual combination, and elimination strategies, are employed for inferring rules and suggesting hypotheses. This study found the abductive inquiry model to be adaptable to earth science classrooms, and it is therefore suggested that earth science instructions should be based on the abductive method and that research work concerning the abductive inquiry in the classroom should follow.
Relationships of Graphing Ability to Science-Process Skills and Academic Achievement of High School Students
Kim, Tae-Sun ; Ko, Su-Kyung ; Kim, Beom-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 5, 2005, Pages 624~633
Line graphs are frequently used to communicate data and basic concepts in classroom activities, Science teachers often assume that students are able to interpret the symbolic meaning of the graphs, but such an assumption is not based on sufficient evidence, The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of graphing ability to science-process skills and academic achievement of high school students: With regard to science-process skills, graphing ability was found to have a slight correlation with science-process skills (.41). Among the sub-skills of the science-process, graphing ability was seen to have a relatively high correlation with basic science-process skills such as 'measuring', 'inferring', 'predicting', while having relatively low correlation with integrated science-process skills such as 'formulating hypothesis' and 'generalization', With regard to academic achievement, graphing ability appeared to have no correlation with academic achievement (.06). Hence, a correlation between graphing ability and science-process skills was proved. It can also be concluded that improving graphing ability will greatly support students with their science study and, therefore, organized efforts and efficient educational methods should be developed in order to overcome the insufficient graphing ability among high school students.