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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 7 - Dec 2005
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Oct 2005
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Sep 2005
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Science Gifted Learning Program: Research & Education Model
Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Kim, Yeo-Sang ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 6, 2005, Pages 635~641
This paper suggests a research & education (R&E) model for the gifted in science education. The model has been developed under three assumptions. The first is that using the sequences of a gifted educational program designed to facilitate the process will assist in gifted students' construction of scientific knowledge and comprehension of laboratory practice through concrete experimental experience. The second is that gifted students will be able to apply this learning to further study using and extending scientific knowledge and experience. The third is that challenging tasks and feedback at the requisite stage of development will improve instructional effectiveness. The R&E Model has five phases: engaging, exploring, planning, performing and elaborating; furthermore, it suggests roles for the mentee and mentor. The R&E model has two functions for gifted education. The first is providing guidance for gifted curriculum developers as they design a mentor program, and the second is helping a mentor improve instructional effectiveness through use of strategies. This model has potentials to educate the gifted students in the Science Education Institute for the Gifted.
Science-Gifted Students' Scientific Inquiry Change in Online Argumentative Discussion
Lee, Bong-Woo ; Son, Jeong-Woo ; Lee, Sung-Muk ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 6, 2005, Pages 642~649
Argumentative discussion is one of the important components of an educational program, which allows students not only to learn the process of social negotiation through discussions, but also to improve students' overall research abilities. The purpose of this study was to examine a) the changes between inquiry of before-argumentative discussion and inquiry of after-argumentative discussion, and b) the connections between the inquiry changes and online argumentative discussion. This study analysed 726 messages in an online argumentative discussion, as well as in first research reports and second research reports. The results of the study indicate that science-gifted students' research abilities were improved through on-line argumentative discussion that provided them with feedback based on interactive discussions, and encouraged them to re-examine hypotheses and experiment processes. The science-gifted students showed knowledge and abilities for identifying simple errors in research processes and arguing problems in the flow of the whole logic of research.
Need and Significance of STS Education at the University Level
Choi, Kyung-Hee ; Chong, Hyun-Ju ; Lee, Ki-Soon ; Chang, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 6, 2005, Pages 650~657
The study purported to develop STS education course material at the university level in order to enhance science literacy and understanding of the relationships among science, technology and society. A developed STS course was provided to 265 freshmen and sophomore students, majoring in the Humanities and the Social Sciences, the Natural Sciences and Engineering, and Fine Arts. Students participated in the survey examining changes in students' attitudes toward and perspectives on STS before and after the implementation. Ten questionnaires were selected from VOSTS for the survey. One additional questionnaire asked the students to elaborate their opinions on the need for a STS education course. The responses to the survey were analyzed according to types of questions and students' majors. As result, the developed STS course significantly increased students' science literacy. Among the participants, 97.7% responded that there is a need for STS education and provided reasons for such need. These results imply that there is a definite need for a STS class at the university level. According to the analyses of responses, there were different responses depending on the students' major. These differences imply that the major, academic background, level of interest in science, and knowledge of science of the students affect their perceptions on identifying the need for a STS education course.
Multiple Paths to a Successful After-School Science Program for Middle School Girls
Lee, Soo-Young ; Falk, Joni ; Drayton, Brian ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 6, 2005, Pages 658~670
Eyes to the Future (ETF) is a year-long, multi-age mentoring program that supports middle-school girls as they make the transition to high school and make informed choices about the opportunities available to them in high school and beyond, particularly in the field of science and technology. In this study, we explore the tension between fidelity and adaptiveness of an educational innovation by examining how teachers in several different schools used a common set of materials and technology to create "native" implementations of an innovative after-school program, adapted to their local setting. First, we found that the implementation of the program varied across the nine clubs. For example, some clubs put a heavy emphasis on science while others emphasized technology. Then, we identified four different profiles of the variations in implementation based on how close the implementation was to the original program and how much clubs were able to customize the implementation to meet their needs and interests. The results showed that some clubs could be regarded as successful because they were faithful to the original program and others were successful because they could adapt the program for their own context. This implies that the measure for success can be and should be multi dimensional.
Interpretation Abilities of American and Korean Students in Kinematics Graphs
Kim, Tae-Sun ; Kim, Ji-Na ; Kim, Beom-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 6, 2005, Pages 671~677
Line graphs are powerful tools in conveying complicated relationships and ideas because line graphs show the relationship that exists between two continuous variables. Also, line graphs can show readers the variations in variables and correlate two variables in a two dimensional space. For these reasons, line graphs have a significant role in physics, especially kinematics. To what extent are Korean college and secondary students able to understand kinematics graphs? Is there a difference between American students and Korean students in interpreting kinematics graphs? The TUG-K instrument (Test of Understanding Graphs in Kinematics) was administered to students in both countries. The results show the difference between American students and Korean students by TUG-K objective. Also, the results are discussed in terms of a graph comprehension theory.
Korean University Students' Philosophical Stances of Understanding Atomic Structure in terms of the Lakatosian View
Seung, Eul-Sun ; Bryan, Lynn A. ; Nam, Jeong-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 6, 2005, Pages 678~688
The main objective of this study was to investigate Korean university students' understanding of the structure of the atom based on a Lakatosian view. In this study, we examined twenty-three Korean university students' understandings of atomic structure using an open-ended questionnaire. The participants were all junior students majoring in chemistry education in Korea. The characteristics of students' understanding were categorized into three philosophical stances based on the classification criteria. Assertions were constructed concerning students' written descriptions of the development of scientific knowledge with respect to atomic structure: (a) characteristics of positivist response; (b) characteristics of transitional response; (c) characteristics of Lakatosian response; and (d) tendencies in students' responses.
A Study of the Role of the Science Teacher in light of Michael Polanyi's Epistemology
Kim, Man-Hee ; Kim, Beom-Ki ; Lee, Jae-Chon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 6, 2005, Pages 689~697
Science education has been in a state of crisis for some time. To understand the science teacher's role, it is helpful to reconsider an aspect as fundamental as the nature of science. Since teaching cannot be separated from learning and knowledge, their very close dynamic processes need to prescribe the role of the teacher and student simultaneously. However, traditional views are limited because they tend to emphasize some particular selected aspect of learning and teaching. This paper investigates the epistemology of Michael Polanyi (1891 1976), which is often considered to transcend the confrontation between objectivity and subjectivity of knowledge. Polanyi reconceptualized science knowledge as 'personal knowledge' based on his own experience as a scientist and a thinker. In this study, I discuss 1) the nature of science in light of Polanyi's epistemology, 2) what this says about the meaning of science learning and teaching, 3) the potential of these ideas for the role of the science teacher.
An Integrated Theoretical Structure of Mental Models: Toward Understanding How Students Form Their Ideas about Science
Lee, Gyoung-Ho ; Shin, Jong-Ho ; Park, Ji-Yeon ; Song, Sang-Ho ; Kim, Yeoun-Soo ; Bao, Lei ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 25, issue 6, 2005, Pages 698~709
When modeling students' conceptual understanding, there are several different frameworks, among which are the alternative conception framework and the mental model framework, which converge to suggest a form of knowledge representation. However, little research has explained how they are different from each other and from memory. The purpose of this study was to develop a new mental model theory that integrates the different terminologies and their background theories, which refer to students' ideas not only in science education, but also in other research areas. For this purpose, at first, we compared different terminologies including alternative conception, p-prim, and mental models, and the underlying theories used for representing students' ideas in learning science. Through such comparison, we tried to find the relationship among them. We reviewed related literature and synthesized the results from both cognitive science (related research areas) and science education approaches, especially, Vosniadou's mental model theory. Based on reviewing previous studies, we have developed a preliminary mental model theory 'an integrated theoretical structure of mental models'. We applied the new mental model theory to interpret data on students' ideas about circular motion from our previous research. We expect our new mental model theory will help us understand how students form their own ideas in science from an integrated perspective.