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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
The Effects of the Visual-Analogical Learning on Student Creativity and Science Achievement in Elementary School Science
Choi, Sun-Young ; Lee, Eun-Jung ; Kang, Ho-Kam ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 2, 2006, Pages 167~176
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a visual-analogical learning model based on theoretical research on visual thinking and analogical learning. To examine the effect of visual-analogical learning, both an experimental group and a control group were selected from 6th graders at H elementary school in Yeonsugu, Incheon and tested on creativity and science achievement Results of this study showed as that visual-analogical learning produced statistically significant differences for changes in student creativity, For the individual components of creativity; openness, fluency, and originality, results showed greater increases for the experimental group, whereas flexibility showed only statistically significant differences. In regards to science achievement, the experimental group showed a bigger increase than the control group, but these findings were statistically nonsignificant For changes to creativity in the group divided according to creativity score, this instructional method was more effective in the middle and lower group than the higher group, An investigation of attitude, revealed a positive student reaction students felt these science classes to be more interesting than previous science classes. Moreover, students wanted to create new innovative product themselves.
Aims of Laboratory Activities in School Science: A Delphi Study of Expert Community
Yang, Il-Ho ; Cho, Hyun-Jun ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ; Hur, Myung ; Kim, Young-Shin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 2, 2006, Pages 177~190
Numerous aims of laboratory activities have been suggested by a number of researchers in science education; however the lists of aims very according to researcher. As such, there is still no agreement educational goals on the in science laboratory activities by experts in science education. The purpose of this study was to obtain a consensus using the Delphi technique on the aims of laboratory activities from expert community. This expert community consisted of four scientists, four science educators, six elementary school teachers, and seven secondary school teachers. The list of aims obtained from the expert community were tested with the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test to determine whether IQR between 2nd and 3rd was convergent. Results of this study produced, lists of aims of laboratory activities according to school science level. There were seven aims for elementary school science, nine aims for secondary school science, and thirteen aims for university science.
The Influence of Time to Draw Students' Mental Models and Students' Field Dependence-Independence in Drawing in Relation to Learning with Multiple Representations
Kang, Hun-Sik ; Kwack, Jin-Ha ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 2, 2006, Pages 191~199
This study investigated the influence of time to draw students' mental models and students' field dependence-independence on learning the particulate nature of matter with multiple representations. Seventh graders (N=295) at two middle schools were assigned to control, after-drawing, and before-drawing groups. The students learned "Boyle's Law" and "Charles's Law" for two class periods. Results revealed that the scores of a test on conceptual understanding for the two drawing groups were significantly higher than those for the control group. However, there was no significant interaction between the instruction and students' field dependence-independence in the scores of the test on conceptual understanding. In 'novelty' on a situational interest test, field independent students in the two drawing groups scored significantly higher than those in the control group. The scores for field independent students in each group were similar, while field dependent students in the before-drawing group scored lower than those in the control and after-drawing groups in 'attention demand' on the situational interest test. It was found that most students positively perceived after-drawing or before-drawing, but field independent students in the before-drawing group were more apprehensive about the activities than those in the after-drawing group.
An Analysis of Korean Middle School Student Achievement in Environmental Science in TIMSS 2003
Jeong, Eun-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 2, 2006, Pages 200~211
The purpose of this study was to analyze Korean middle school student achievement in environmental science based on the TIMSS 2003 (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study), a student comparison of 46 participating nations. Korea ranked the fourth with a mean score of 554 in environmental science. However, all 3 environment science topics assessed in TIMSS are not included in the Korean science curriculum through 8th grade, even though they are included in most other participating nations' curricula. The average percent correct of items was analyzed according to the main topic, the item type and the cognitive domain. Items that showed differences between the average percent correct of Korea and the international average as well as differences between the average percent correct of boys and girls were further analyzed. Results revealed that Korean students performed better than the international average, especially in 'use and conservation of natural resources', multiple-choice items, and items requiring 'factual knowledge'. Also, male students demonstrated significantly higher achievement than female students. On the other hand, Korean students showed relatively lower achievement in constructed-response items, items that contained content they had not learned in science lessons and items requiring descriptions of the uses and effect of science and technology. Moreover, Korean student lacked understanding about acid rain, global warming, and ozone layer destruction. Korean female students showed relatively lower environmental conceptions and lower performance on items requiring data analysis than Korean male students. On the basis of these results, this study suggested that topics of environmental science be included in the science curriculum and taught in the science classroom to help middle school students more fully comprehend environmental issues.
Characteristics of Teacher Help and Student Response in Small Group Thinking Science Activities
Ha, Eun-Jung ; Choi, Byung-Soon ; Shin, Ae-Kyung ; Kang, Seong-Joo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 2, 2006, Pages 212~221
The purposes of this study were to examine the characteristics of teacher help in small group Thinking Science(TS) activities and analyze the way students respond to teacher help. For this study, twenty-four 5th grade and twenty-four 7th grade students were selected, to undertake TS activities. Out of the 8 activities students participated in, the verbal interactions in activity 4 and 6, by students in four small groups, which incorporated relatively active argumentation was analyzed. Students' cognitive level was identified through a science reasoning task and the students were grouped heterogeneously according to their cognitive level. This study showed that teachers predominately used simple confirmation questions in preference to metacognitive question. Also, teacher help varied according to one's personal traits, work experience and degree of activity recognition. It was discovered that when the teacher provided student appropriate metacognitive questions and sufficient feedback, students actively engaged in argumentation. On the other hand, when the teacher asked simple confirmation questions and interfered in the activity, students did not participate in argumentation actively.
A Causal Analysis on Internal Engagement in Science Fair
Shim, Shim Jae-Gyu ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 2, 2006, Pages 222~231
The purposes of this study were to survey internal engagement in science fair and explore the causal relationship between internal engagement and motivation for participation. A written questionnaire on queries into motivation for participation and internal engagement were developed and tested. The subjects were 1066 students from 4th to 9th grade who had participated in the Youth Science Contest under the auspices of the Korea Science Foundation. Interest and commitment were selected as constructing factors of internal engagement. Through exploratory factor analysis, preference, reward, and social motivation were determined to be the factors affecting the motivation to participate. Boys showed higher internal engagement than girls, and interest and commitment were found to be higher in elementary school students(p<0.01). There was no difference in interest among elementary school students; however, fourth grade students showed lower commitment than other students(p<0.01). Ninth grade students showed the lowest interest and commitment among junior high school students(p<0.01). To explore the causal relationship between internal engagement and factors influence internal engagement, path analysis was used. The selected model illustrated how reward motivation affected commitment directly, and how preference motivation affected interest directly but only commitment indirectly through interest. Reward motivation affected commitment with a standardized direct effect coefficient of 0.17. Preference motivation affected interest with a standardized direct effect coefficient of 0.75 and commitment with a standardized total effect coefficient of 0.63(direct effect; 0.27 and indirect effect; 0.36). In addition, interest affected commitment with a standardized direct effect coefficient of 0.49. Social motivation did not affect interest and commitment and reward motivation did not affect interest.
Influences of Motivational Climate, Achievement Goals, and Learning Strategies on Science Achievement
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Kim, Kyung-Sun ; Park, Hyun-Ju ; Jeon, Kyung-Moon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 2, 2006, Pages 232~238
This study examined how motivational climate, achievement goals, and learning strategies jointly contributed to science achievement through path analysis of 260 middle school students. The results showed that only deep learning strategy had a significant direct effect on science achievement. The promotion of learning by science teachers and the pursuit of progress by peers had the mediational pathways linking task goal and deep learning strategy on science achievement. The pursuit of progress and the promotion of the comparison by peers influenced science achievement via deep learning strategy. The promotion of the comparison by peers also influenced deep learning strategy via performance-goal, which in turn influenced science achievement. These results indicated that the learning strategies had a direct effect and motivational climate or achievement goals had an indirect effect on science achievement. Our findings lead us to expect that the effective instructional method to improve students' science achievement is the one that impact both cognitive and motivational functioning.
Development and Application of a Teaching Strategy with Reinforced Teacher-Student Interactions Through Questions and Feedbacks in the Middle School Science Class
Park, Jong-Yoon ; Joung, In-Wha ; Nam, Jeong-Hee ; Choi, Kyung-Hee ; Choi, Byung-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 2, 2006, Pages 239~245
The purposes of this study were to develop and implement a teaching strategy that reinforced teacher-student interaction for middle school first grade science and investigate the impact of the teaching strategy on student comprehension of scientific concepts, logical thinking ability, and science-related attitudes. 200 students attending a co-ed middle school located in Gyeonggi province were selected for the study and divided into an experiment and control group each consisting of 100 pupils. The teaching strategy reinforcing teacher-student interaction was applied to the experiment group, while conventional teaching, teacher-led lecturing, was carried out on the control group. To accomplish reinforced teacher-student interaction teacher asked students diversified questions and gave delayed feedbacks that deliberately focused on thought provocation. Results showed that the developed teaching strategy was effective in improving the students' logical thinking ability(p<.01). However, no significant differences were found in student comprehension of scientific concepts and science-related attitudes between the experimental and control group(p<.05). It was determined that more sound research is needed to develop and apply a lesson plan based on the teaching strategy used in this study.
Analysis of Korean Middle School Student Science Achievement at International Benchmarks in TIMSS 2003
Hong, Mi-Young ; Jeong, Eun-Young ; Lee, Mee-Kyeong ; Kwak, Young-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 2, 2006, Pages 246~257
TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) aims to produce reliable and internationally comparable indicators of student achievement. The TIMSS science achievement scale summarizes student performance on test items designed to measure a wide range of student knowledge and proficiency. This study analyzed Korean middle school students' science achievement at the advanced and high international benchmarks of the four benchmark levels of the benchmarks classified in TIMSS 2003 in light of science content areas (physics, chemistry, biology, earth science, and environmental science) and item characteristics. The average percent correct on items at the advanced benchmark by Korean students was highest in physics followed by earth science, biology, chemistry, and environmental science, whereas internationally the order was earth science, chemistry, biology, physics and lastly environmental science. Korean students performed relatively better in physics yet somewhat worse in chemistry than other top-performing countries. According to item analysis, Korean students reaching the advanced international benchmark understood some fundamentals of scientific investigation, but demonstrated weakness in written explanations of scientific principles, abstract science concept comprehension, and application of scientific concepts to solve quantitative problems. In addition, Korean students reaching the high international benchmark demonstrated relative weak conceptual understanding of ecology compared with other countries.
The practical use of process skill and the perception about hypothesis by secondary school science teachers
Kim, Ji-Young ; Kang, Soon-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 2, 2006, Pages 258~267
The purpose of this study was to investigate the practical use of process skill under the seventh curriculum at secondary school and teachers' perceptions about hypothesis. Two hundred and twenty-two secondary science teachers responded to a survey. Among all process skills, data interpretation was found to be used most frequently by science teachers. The second most-commonly utilized skill was conclusion, and the least employed skill was hypothesis formation followed closely by data transformation. In addition to these results, the most difficult process skill practised by science teachers was hypothesis formation, followed by data transformation, and controling variables. A majority of science teachers (63.1%) properly defined hypothesis, but only a significant number (5.0%) chose the correct example about hypothesis in real-world contexts. More than ninety percent of science teachers believed the skill of hypothesis formation could be put to use in junior high to senior high school, but practical use of the skill, was too difficult for the science class