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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
What Changed and Unchanged After Science Class: Analyzing High School Student's Conceptual Change on Circular Motion Based on Mental Model Theory
Park, Ji-Yeon ; Lee, Gyoung-Ho ; Shin, Jong-Ho ; Song, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 4, 2006, Pages 475~491
In physics education, the research on students' conceptions has developed in the discussion on the nature and the difficulty of conceptual change. Recently, mental models have been a theoretical background in concrete arguments on "how students' conceptions are constructed or created." Mental models that integrate information in the presented problem and individual knowledge in their long-term memory have important information about not only expressed ideas but also in the thinking process behind the expressed ideas. The purpose of this study is to investigate the forming process and the characteristics of high school student's mental models about circular motion, and how they were changed by instruction. We used the think-aloud method based on the instrument for identifying student's mental models about circular motion, pretest of physics concept, mind map and interview for investigating student's characteristics. The results of the study showed that instructions based on the mental model theory facilitated scientific expressed model, but several factors that affected forming mental models like epistemological belief didn't change scientifically after 3 lessons.
Gender Differences in TIMSS 2003 Science Achievement
Jeong, Eun-Young ; Lee, Mee-Kyeong ; Hong, Mi-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 4, 2006, Pages 492~501
Gender differences in TIMSS 2003 science achievement by item type, benchmark, and content area were examined by producing a Gender Differences Index (GDI) in this study. International trends identified that male students performed better than female students in TIMSS 2003 science achievement in all types of items. The overall achievement of Korean male students was better than Korean female students, especially in multiple-choice type items. Male students outperformed females in three benchmarks, including advanced, high, and intermediate international benchmark, but they did not outperform females in the low international benchmark when gender differences of the international average as well as the Korean average were taken into account. The results of the analysis of the international average and the Korean average by content area showed that gender differences were the greatest in earth science and smallest in chemistry. In life science, female students excelled when considering the international average while male students excelled when considering the average of Korean students' performance. In addition, the number of items in which male students outperformed females was larger in both factual knowledge and the conceptual understanding domain. Implications for reducing gender differences in science achievement in Korea based on the results were provided.
Analysis of Physics Problem Solving Processes According to Cognitive Style
Park, Yune-Bae ; Cho, Yoon-Kyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 4, 2006, Pages 502~509
The purpose of this study was to analyze physics problem solving processes according to students' cognitive style in the area of 'Force and Motion' at high school level. Students who have already learned t e area of 'Force and Motion' during the first semester of the 10th grade have taken physics test and cognitive style test to choose students who have basic knowledge of physics and reflective or impulsive style. Four students who got over 19 points in the cognitive style test were selected as reflective students, and another four students who got below 12 points were selected as impulsive students. After explaining the purpose and procedure of this study, think-aloud method was introduced to the students, and the students practiced it. After that, the students solved three quantitative and qualitative problems each. Then, the questionnaire on the belief system on physics and physics problem solving and prerequisite knowledge test were also administered. By recording the students' problem solving processes, protocol was made and analyzed. After solving the problems, the students expressed their confidence, intimacy, and preference on each problem by the five point Likert scale. Impulsive students tended to succeed in solving more problems, less intimate, and more spontaneous and positive in seeking alternative solution when confronted with unacquainted problems. On the other hand, reflective students used more time in executing the problems even without planning, and used more time in solving problems and verification. Whether making effective plan or not was important rather than how much time they used in the planning step. In addition, repeating steps were more likely shown to impulsive students; they tended to be attached to their first idea.
The Influences of Situational Interest, Attention, and Cognitive Effort on Drawing as a Method to Assist Students to Connect and Integrate Multiple External Representations
Kang, Hun-Sik ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 4, 2006, Pages 510~517
This study investigated the influences of situational interest, attention, and cognitive effort on drawing as a method to assist students to connect and integrate multiple external representations provided in learning chemical concepts. Seventh graders (N=178) at two coed middle schools were taught about the "Boyle's Law" and the "Charles's Law" for two class hours through drawing. They observed macroscopic phenomena through demonstrations. After these observations, they drew their mental model from the external verbal representation, and then compared their drawings with external visual representation. The tests assessing situational interest, attention, cognitive effort, and conceptual understanding were administered as post-tests. Correlation and path analyses supported a causal model which situational interest had a positive direct effect on attention to the drawing. Attention led to conceptual understanding directly as well as through cognitive effort. These results suggest that situational interest may be induced by drawing first of all, and attention and cognitive effort may be direct causes of conceptual understanding in drawing. Educational implications are discussed.
Development and Application of Science Career Education Materials Using TV Programs in Junior High School
Yoon, Hye-Gyoung ; Kim, Hyoung-Seok ; Jung, Hyung-Si ; Kim, Joung-Youn ; Kim, Myoung-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 4, 2006, Pages 518~526
Science career education is for every student as well as for students who want to become scientists. In this study, we developed and applied science career education materials using TV programs which showed successful application of science in industry and business. The effects of the programs were surveyed mainly by questionnaire on 'Science Career Orientation', which have four categories.Video materials using TV programs were effective in changing science career orientation (p<0.05) of junior high school students, but only when the teacher added some cognitive explanation on the scientific concept involved. Providing only video materials were not enough to make meaningful change on science career orientation. The results implied science career education should be linked with science teaching and learning. It also showed the possibility and the way of using informal education like TV program in science career education.
Definition of Pedagogical Content Knowledge and Ways of Raising Teaching Professionalism as Examined by Secondary School Science Teachers
Kwak, Young-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 4, 2006, Pages 527~536
This study investigated the components of science teacher professionalism, the meaning of PCK (Pedagogical Content Knowledge), examples of science PCK, and complementary measures that should be taken to improve teacher professionalism. Six science teachers recommended by their colleagues explained that the science teacher's professionalism (or professional knowledge) consists of science content knowledge, knowledge about teaching, knowledge about learners, and improvement efforts. Science teachers' definition of PCK, which is the professional knowledge that members of the wider society expect teachers to possess, is the teacher's materialized knowledge that aims at students' understanding and PCK is the accumulated know-how of teachers as they strive to make their teaching comprehensible by students. Science teachers also contended that teachers as professionals need to complement an accountability system, acknowledgement of continuous self-developmental efforts, collegiality, and securing validity in the teacher employment test. The teachers argued that the societal recognition of teaching professionalism is essential for a high quality teaching. Suggestions for how to improve science teaching professionalism are also discussed.
A Research of Students' Perception on the Effects of SWH Application of Problem-Solving Type Inquiry Modules
Lee, Eun-Kyeong ; Kang, Seong-Joo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 4, 2006, Pages 537~545
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of the SWH application to problem-solving type inquiry modules. The modules were applied to 23 3rd grade students in middle school located in Chungbuk and the SWH strategy was applied to 3 experimental groups. The blue and green cards were presented at the problem emerging situation to the students to give enough thinking time. Using blue cards students propose solution to the problem in advance individually, then they discuss with group members using green cards and conduct experiments to solve the problem. SWH students exhibited better problem recognition and attitude.
Rule-Inferring Strategies for Abductive Reasoning in the Process of Solving an Earth-Environmental Problem
Oh, Phil-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 4, 2006, Pages 546~558
The purpose of this study was to identify heuristically how abduction was used in a context of solving an earth-environmental problem. Thirty two groups of participants with different institutional backgrounds, i,e., inservice earth science teachers, preservice science teachers, and high school students, solved an open-ended earth-environmental problem and produced group texts in which their ways of solving the problem were written, The inferential processes in the texts were rearranged according to the syllogistic form of abduction and then analyzed iteratively so as to find thinking strategies used in the abductive reasoning. The result showed that abduction was employed in the process of solving the earth-environmental problem and that several thinking strategies were used for inferring rules from which abductive conclusions were drawn. The strategies found included data reconstruction, chained abduction, adapting novel information, model construction and manipulation, causal combination, elimination, case-based analogy, and existential strategy. It was suggested that abductive problems could be used to enhance students' thinking abilities and their understanding of the nature of earth science and earth-environmental problems.
Comparison of Perception on Students' Scientific Talent and Interest Among Students Themselves, Their Parents, and Their Teachers
Jo, Hyun-Joo ; Kim, Yung-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 4, 2006, Pages 559~567
The purposes of this study were to investigate and compare the perception of students, their parents, and their teachers about students' scientific talent and interest, and to analyze if there is a difference among the perceptions of the three groups by students' gender. For the research, 592 Korean elementary and middle school students, their parents (N=592), and their teachers were sampled and investigated their perceptions, with the questionnaire for students, parents, and teachers developed by the authors and validated by science education experts group. The research results are; (1) in total, the perception scores of parents and teachers are higher than that of students' perception, and the average score of each group decreases by grade in every group; (2) among the students and parents groups, average perception score of male students' talents and interest was higher than that of female students, while teachers perceive averagely that there is no difference in students talents and interest by gender.
Brain Activities by the Generating-Process-Types of Scientific Emotion in the Pre-Service Teachers' Hypothesis Generation About Biological Phenomena: An fMRI Study
Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 4, 2006, Pages 568~580
The purpose of this study was to investigate the brain activities by 4-types of Generating Process of Scientific Emotion (GPSE) in the hypothesis-generating biological phenomena by using fMRI. Four-types of GPSE were involved in the Basic Generating Process (BGP), Retrospective Generating Process (RGP), Cognitive Generating Process (CGP) and Attributive Generating Process (AGP). For this study, we made an experimental design capable of validating the 4-types of generating process (e.g. BGP, RGP, CGP and AGP), and then measured BOLD signals of 10 pre-service teachers' brain activities by 3.0T fMRI system. Subjects were 10 healthy females majoring in biology education. As a result, there were clear differences among 4-types of GPSE. Brain areas activated by BGP were at right occipital lobe (BA 17), at left thalamus and left parahippocampal gyrus, while in the case of RGP, at left superior parietal lobe (BA 8, 9), at left pulvinar and left globus pallidus were activated. Brain areas activated by CGP were the right posterior cingulate and left medial frontal gyrus (BA 6). In the case of AGP, the most distinctively activated brain areas were the right medial frontal gyrus (BA 8) and left inferior parietal lobule (BA 40). These results would mean that each of the 4-types of GPSE has a specific neural networks in the brain, respectively. Furthermore, it would provide the basis of brain-based learning in science education.