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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
A Survey of Primary and Secondary School Students' Views in Relation to a Career in Science
Yoon, Jin ; Pak, Sung-Jae ; Myeong, Jeon-Ok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 6, 2006, Pages 675~690
This study investigated students' views in relation to a career in science as a first step towards developing science career education programs and materials. The instrument was developed through preliminary surveys. The questionnaire was sent to, administered and returned by 3608 students including 1036 primary, 1137 middle, and 1435 high school students, who were selected through stratified cluster sampling from all over the country. The results were analyzed using statistical package program. The students' image view of science, preference for science and science learning, perception of science achievement, career hope for oneself, degree of hope in getting science-related job, perception about science-related career, important factors of science career choice, and their hope for science/non-science career and the reason for their choice in the past and present were investigated. The results show that "science as an experimentation activity" was the most frequent image view of science. The preference for science and science learning was more positive than the perception of science achievement. The percentage of total students who want to have science career was 21%, and this percentage of middle school students was especially low. The most frequent answers for advantages of science career were 'useful for national development', 'possible to get new knowledge', and those for disadvantages were 'dangerous', and 'too much to study'. The most frequent reason for students' choice of a science career was 'interest in science and science learning'. Judging from these results, the basic direction for science career education should be in raising the students' preference for and interest in science learning. The positive awareness for a career in science and vision for a science job in the future should be given through a science career education and science career education proper to the students' developmental stage and characteristics is more important.
Beginning Science Teachers' Teaching Practice in Relation to Arranging Science Content and Sense-Making Strategy
Ahn, Yu-Min ; Kim, Chan-Jong ; Choe, Seung-Um ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 6, 2006, Pages 691~702
The purposes of the study are to portray Korean beginning secondary science teachers' ways of arranging science content, sense-making strategy, and factors contributing to the tensions between teachers' intentions and actual practice. Six beginning secondary science teachers participated in this study. Science classes taught by the participating teachers were observed and videotaped. Semi-structured interviews were conducted for science teachers participated in this study after science classes were observed. Instructional materials were also collected for each science class. Video- and audio-taped data were transcribed and analyzed using conceptual framework developed by the Michigan State University. The findings of this study produce the following conclusions: (1) beginning teachers' science classes are arranged in ways compatible to traditional school science, (2) frequently used sense-making strategies are procedural display and narrative reasoning, (3) tensions between beginning teachers' intentions and practice arise from two factors such as assessment and differences in educational views with peer teachers, and (4) learning experiences, lack of perceptions and preparations on reform science teaching, and the absence of systematic program for professional development programs for beginning science teachers are major obstacles to reform science teaching for beginning teachers.
Exploring the Implications of Peirce's Abduction in Science Education by Theoretical Investigation
Joung, Yong-Jae ; Song, Jin-Woong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 6, 2006, Pages 703~722
The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of abduction suggested by C. S. Peirce, and to discuss its implications in science education. Peirce's abduction is the logic of generating hypothesis. Abduction is a kind of logical inference, which colligates general rule and the observed result, and then it makes us judge the observed result as a case of the general rule on the basis of their resemblance. The process of abduction is also the logic of inquiry. In a Peirce's view, inquiry is a struggle for escaping from the condition of 'doubt' and to 'belief the nature of which is the establishment of habits. Because what habit an object has is its whole meaning, in his views, the fixation of belief is the way of attaining the truth related to it. The beliefs of individuals, however, are always fallible. So, to attain a truth, we need the terminal opinion of community of inquiry that could conduct infinite inquiry. These characteristics of Peirce's abduction give suggestions in science education as follows; firstly, hypothesis generating which transforms the condition of 'doubt' into the 'belief by considering practical effects should be highlighted, secondly, logical inference which makes us judge the observed result as a case of the general rule on the basis of resemblance should be highlighted, and thirdly, communities of inquiry which stand on the view of modest realism should be intended toward. These results could be expected in playing a role in critical discussion on science education relating to abduction.
Emotional Responses and Perceived Teaching-Learning Strategies for Effective Conceptual Change by the Types of Cognitive Responses to a Discrepant Event
Kang, Hun-Sik ; Kim, Min-Kyoung ; Cha, Jeong-Ho ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 6, 2006, Pages 723~731
In this study, twenty-eight 7th graders were interviewed to explore their emotional responses and perceived teaching-learning strategies for effective conceptual change by the types of cognitive responses to a discrepant event. The results revealed that cognitive conflict was more induced by a discrepant event when its reliability and validity were emphasized. The students' cognitive responses to a discrepant event, the existence of alternative hypotheses, and their clearness influenced the patterns of emotional responses such as interest and anxiety. Many students perceived that emotional responses would have positive influences on concept learning processes. In the cases of the students exhibiting cognitive responses such as belief decrease, peripheral belief change, and belief change, opinions about teaching-learning strategies for effective conceptual change were different depending on whether they had alternative hypotheses or not. Educational implications are discussed.
Gender Differences in Content Analysis of TIMSS 2003 Released Items
Shin, Dong-Hee ; Kwon, Oh-Nam ; Kim, Hee-Baek ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 6, 2006, Pages 732~742
This study expects to understand Korean girls' weaknesses in science achievement and to make suggestions for improvement. The analyses of 95 released items in TIMSS 2003 show that Korean girls had few difficulties in 'inference and analysis', 'very hard or very easy' items, 'previously-learned' items, and items presented in context of 'school science'. They achieved lower in items of understanding science concept or factual knowledge. Inference and analysis items, which were favorable to girls, worked unfavorably to them as case science knowledge intervened. Girls outperformed boys in items with 80% or more and with 20% or less percent correct. Also, the boys showed much higher achievement in previously learned and contextualized items, which proves girls' lack of interest in science in everyday life. On the base of item analysis, several suggestions were made for the girl-inclusive science education in Korea: First, girls should have more opportunities for science experience not only in school context but also in everyday life. Second, more teaching and learning programs should be developed to care girls' weaknesses in science learning. Lastly, gender issues in science education should be actively included in curriculum development process and teacher training programs.
Scientifically Gifted Students' Views on the Nature of Science
Kim, Kyoung-Dae ; Kang, Soon-Min ; Lim, Jai-Hang ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 6, 2006, Pages 743~752
The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of scientifically gifted students' views on the nature of science. A multiple-choice format questionnaire was administered to 237 Korean 10th, 11th and 12th graders at the Korea Science Academy. The differences and similarities by gender and experience of R&E program on the students' views of the nature of science were investigated. The questionnaire developed by Lim(2004) was implemented for this investigation. We found that the majority of scientifically gifted students had highly possessed the tentativeness of scientific knowledge. The students who experienced R&E program have relatively high apprehension of scientists' motivation for researches and activities in social context compared to the students who did not experience an R&E program. Scientifically gifted students had relatively high apprehension that government should not control researches of scientists and relatively low apprehension of social responsibilities of scientists comparing to general high school students. The experience on R&E program was identified as a factor to effect changes in the students' views on the nature of science. The study has implications for the development of gifted program and curriculum such as running and assessing R&E program, and also the pre-service preparation of science teacher, teacher education reformat in both the practical and the policy levels.
An Analysis of Students' Conceptions on Blood Circulation as Components: A Cross-sectional Study
Kim, Mi-Young ; Kim, Heui-Baik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 6, 2006, Pages 753~764
The concept of blood circulation is so complex, dynamic and abstract that students have difficulty in understanding it and students' preconceptions hardly change into scientific concepts even after the lessons. The purpose of this study is to examine middle school, high school, and undergraduate students' understanding of blood circulation and to find the reason why the lack of deep understanding is displayed in students' explanations for the blood circulation. The study consists of three parts. First, the test was designed to investigate students' ideas for blood circulation as components of the structure, the function, the behavior and the mechanism. Second, the test was applied to 7th, 10th and 13th graders to investigate the students' understanding of blood circulation and categorize the types of students' blood circulation model according to their academic level. Finally, the concepts the students had little understanding of were analyzed to decide which ontological category they fell into and further to inquire the characteristics of each concept. The results showed that many students comprehend the structure and the function of blood circulation components well, and there was no significant difference in students' understanding according to the academic level. In contrast, understanding the behavior and the mechanism of circulatory components has remarkably improved in high school students and undergraduates majoring in science and engineering. Also, students' blood circulation models were classified into seven different types. High school students and undergraduates majoring in science and engineering demonstrated a significantly higher percentage on the type of double-loop-branch compared to other academic levels. In addition, it was found that the lack of deep understanding was caused by students' misconceiving the 'equilibrium' category as 'event' category.
An Analysis of High School Students' Activity on Problem-finding in III-structured Scientific Problem Situation
Ryu, Si-Kyung ; Park, Jong-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 6, 2006, Pages 765~774
The purpose of this study was to suggest an instructional direction for improving scientific problem-finding ability. For this purpose, the present study made an in-depth analysis about activity on problem finding tasks of high school students in an ill-structured scientific problem situation. Subjects were divided into two groups (cooperative and individual) and two kinds of problem finding tasks were administered to two groups. Results indicated that a cooperative activity on problem finding happened to a series of steps exploring problem situation, expressing knowledge and experience, discussing provisional problems, creating various problems and selecting the best problem. Besides, a cooperative activity on problem finding depended heavily on prior knowledge and experience, and in the meantime, various scientific concepts turned out to naturally be expressed. As for the problems found out during a cooperative activity, their scores in creativity factors, including the degree of agreement in original problem selection came out to be on the whole, as excellent. In addition, the types of the problems found out in open problem situation showed that they were more various than those found out in closed problem situation. Subjects perceived that activity on problem finding had positive influence on scientific concept and science process skills. Findings of this study have the following educational implications: First, it is needed to prepare for educational environment that enables students to explore various knowledge and information. Second, the offering of various opportunities is needed to enlarge the scope of scientific knowledge and experience. Third, it is needed to prepare for a study atmosphere that lets students express their knowledge and experiences freely.