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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Analysis of the Content Relevance of the 7th National Science Curriculum in Secondary Schools
Lee, Yang-Rak ; Park, Jae-Keun ; Lee, Bong-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 7, 2006, Pages 775~789
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relevance of the school science contents that have been implemented for the 7-10th grade students in Korea since 2001. To fulfill the purpose of the study, we 1) analyzed the 7th national science curriculum of Korea, California science standards, the national science curriculum of England, Japanese national science curriculum, and current Korean and Japanese science textbooks, 2) conducted a nationwide survey in order to gather opinions from students, teachers, and science specialists. The main findings of this research were as follows: First, the number of topics presented at each grade level should be reduced and similar topics and themes should be integrated for students' deeper understanding. Second, science contents were excessive compared to the allotted teaching time and to foreign countries. Thus, the excessive overlapping and repetition of science contents should be avoided among the primary, middle and high school level, and the number of science concepts and activities should be reduced to an appropriate level considering time allotment for science classes, teachers' workload, laboratory conditions, etc. Third, to cope with the decreasing students' understanding and interests in science as school level and school year goes up, the science curriculum and textbooks should be developed to allow for student to learn science concepts by solving problems confronted in their daily lives. Fourth, a differentiated curriculum such as in-depth and supplementary course should be described not in science contents, but in teaching and learning strategy.
A Comparative Study of the Effects of Level-differentiated, In-depth Level Only, and Supplementary Level Only Laboratory Activities in Middle School Science Classes
Park, Jong-Yoon ; Choi, Jung-Im ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 7, 2006, Pages 790~797
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the level-differentiated laboratory activities suggested by the 7th national curricula compared to the in-depth level activities only and supplementary level activities only. Two hundred 7th grade students attending a coed middle school were selected for this study and divided into three groups; level-differentiated, in-depth, and supplementary group. In each group, the students were subdivided into the in-depth level and the supplementary level by the formative test after completing the basic learning course. The in-depth and the supplementary laboratory activities were developed and engaged to the respective students in the level-differentiated group for one semester, while only the in-depth activities were engaged to the in-depth group and only the supplementary activities were engaged to the supplementary group. To examine the effects of treatments, the science knowledge test and the inquiry process skill test were administered before and after treatments and the students' opinions about the level-differentiated instruction were surveyed. The results showed that there were significant differences in the science knowledge achievements between the groups while no significant difference was found in the inquiry process skills. Post hoc analysis showed these differences were found between the level-differentiated group and the supplementary group. After the activities, most students in the level-differentiated group responded positively on doing level-differentiated activities except a few students in the supplementary level, These results justify the effectiveness of the level-differentiated laboratory activities compared to the supplementary only laboratory activities in middle school science classes.
A Comparison of Scientists' and Students' Responses to Discrepant Event and Alternative Hypothesis in the Conceptual Change Processes from the Phlogiston Theory to the Oxygen Theory
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Yun, Jeong-Hyun ; Kang, Hun-Sik ; Kang, Suk-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 7, 2006, Pages 798~804
In this study, we investigated students' responses to a discrepant event and an alternative hypothesis which had been presented in the conceptual change processes from the phlogiston theory to the oxygen theory, and compared them with scientists' responses. The data concerning scientists' responses to the discrepant event and the alternative hypothesis were gathered from the relevant literature on the history of science. Subjects were 148 eighth graders who possessed the target misconception about combustion through a preconception test. After having been presented with the discrepant event and the alternative hypothesis, students were asked to respond to the test of response to discrepant event. Although similar types of responses were obtained from both scientists and students, there was also a clear difference. Scientists tended to focus on explaining the problems of the discrepant event, whereas students tended to ignore and/or exclude the discrepant event in order to maintain their previous beliefs. Only a few students were also found to change their beliefs after having been presented with the alternative hypothesis.
Conception Analysis of Students, Pre-service Teachers and Chemistry Teachers on Boiling Point Elevation
Yoon, Hee-Sook ; Jeong, Dae-Hong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 7, 2006, Pages 805~812
In this study the description patterns of chemistry textbooks on the boiling point elevation phenomenon and the understanding patterns of high school students, pre-service teachers and chemistry teachers were investigated. High school chemistry II textbooks developed in the 6th and 7th national curricula were analyzed and the conception patterns of subjects on this phenomenon were categorized using a questionnaire developed for this study. The description patterns of science textbooks were classified into three: 'decreasing of surface solvent molecules', 'attraction force between solvent and solute molecules' and 'decreasing of surface solvent molecules and attraction force between solvent and solute molecules'. In the result of the conception analysis, the ratio of 'attraction force between solvent and solute molecules' was high among students, pre-service teachers, and chemistry teachers. There was a propensity that they would like to explain the boiling point elevation in terms of enthalpy rather than entropy, and in order to analyze this propensity, follow-up interviews were carried out.
A Cross-Sectional Study of Students' Conceptions on Evolution and Characteristics of Concept Formation about It in Terms of the Subjects: Human, Animals and Plants
Ha, Min-Su ; Lee, Jun-Ki ; Cha, Hee-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 7, 2006, Pages 813~825
The purpose of this study was to identify students' conceptions and their conceptualization traits in terms of the explanation of subjects: human, animals, and plants. A questionnaire was specially developed to make sure students' conceptions of evolution, students' explanation patterns with the five evolutionary explanations: creationism, internal will explanation, theological explanations, use and disuse explanation and natural selection after mutation and perceived ideas of evolution in terms of the genetic characters of human, animals and plants. 1,540 elementary, middle and high school students participated in responding to the questions. The data was collected and analyzed cross-sectionally by age. Results showed that students' evolutionary explanations were different among each subject: human, animals and plants. Students had concentrated with more 'theological explanations' than 'internal will explanation' and 'use and disuse explanation' about plant evolution. 'Natural selection after mutation explanation' was less represented in explaining human characters. This result showed that the anthropocentric thoughts had influenced students' evolution conceptions. Accordingly, as student's age, 'theological explanation' and 'internal will explanation' became least used in explaining the theory of creation. 'Use and disuse explanation' attained more representation in their explanation. In addition, the diversity of students' evolutionary explanations was getting less attention as age increases. Among youngers, 'theological explanation', 'internal will explanation' and 'use and disuse explanation' showed an even number of responses. The elders responded with more 'use and disuse explanation'. This result let us infer that 'use and disuse explanation' was strongly adhered to by student cognitive structures. Many students recognized that evolution was a kind of scientific hypothesis with little evidence. They have had a little interest in evolution and conceptualized it through informal educational sources. This study mentions that to teach evolution more effectively, teachers should make 'use and disuse explanation' adhere strongly to students' cognitive structure.
The Pre-Service Teachers' Concept of Uncertainty Revealed in Physics Inquiry Activity
Lee, Jae-Bong ; Lee, Sung-Muk ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 7, 2006, Pages 826~834
The purpose of this study is to examine the pre-service teachers' concept of measurement uncertainty. The subject of this study were 27 pre-service middle-school teachers in Seoul. They carried out open-ended inquiry tasks and surveyed two kinds of open questionnaires, and interviewed several persons. We analysed their behavior and responses. Through the analysis, we summarize pre-service teachers' concept about measurement uncertainty with representation data, precision and accuracy, error analysis, propagation of uncertainty. The results show that the teachers' concept is different from scientists' concept. They make a mistake in using term of precision and accuracy and pay no attention to measure precisely. Also they only point out sources of error but don't consider how the error affects the results of experiment. The results of study will give! 1 some implications for the curriculum and teaching material developers in order that pre-service teacher and student gain scientific concept.
Kepler's Scientific Problem Finding and the Abductive Reasoning in his Discovery of the Retinal Image Formation
Kim, Young-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 7, 2006, Pages 835~842
The aims of this study are to investigate how Kepler found a scientific problem for the retinal image theory and how abductive reasoning was used in his theory development, and to find implications for teaching creativity in science class from his thinking processes in the scientific discovery. Through the analysis of the related literatures, it was found that Kepler's problem finding in his retinal image theory came from the critical analysis of contemporary theories of vision, based on his relevant knowledge of optics, as he formulated his own hypothesis to build a new theory in eye vision employing optical phenomenon in spherical lens, which is a kind of abductive reasoning. From the results, three suggestions are proposed, that: (a) in the development of creativity teaching material, the situations like Kepler's problem finding need to be included in the programs; (b) it should be taught that relevant scientific knowledge is important for problem finding and hypothesis formulating; and (c) the experience of successful problem solving by themselves could help them find new scientific problem(s).
Students' Characteristics of the Reflective Inquiry Dispositions According to the Modes of Interaction of Small Group in High School Earth Science Inquiry Class
Park, Mi-Ra ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ; Cheong, Cheol ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 7, 2006, Pages 843~855
The purpose of this study was to understand the substance of the reflective inquiry of students and obtain educational suggestion to the inquiry class for the promotion of the reflective inquiry, by checking out which characteristics the reflective inquiry showed according to the modes of interaction of small group in highschool earth science inquiry class. The result of study is shown as follows. At the stage of developmentand conclusion, the reflective inquiry relating the task context to data context was often appeared on the group of the modes of comfort interaction, but it was very rare on the group of modes of confrontation interaction. And the reflective inquiry scale value of the latter was two times lower than the former, The comfort group showed much more reflective inquiry statements quantitatively and performed much more meaningful reflective inquiry relating the task context to the data context. The heterogeneous group in the inquiry ability and the cognitive style showed confrontation interaction modes in the affective domain, having the most negative influence on the reflective inquiry. The homogeneous group both in the cognitive style and the inquiry ability showed the comfort interaction mode, having positive int1uence on the reflective inquiry.
J. J. Schwab's life and His Ideas of Science Education
Song, Jin-Woong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 26, issue 7, 2006, Pages 856~869
J. J. Schwab is usually considered as the founder of the concept of scientific enquiry, perhaps the most important key word of science education of the 20th century. Mainly through the method of literature review, this study reappraises Schwab's life as a science educator as well as a curriculum scholar, and his ideas concerning several important issues about science and science education. Like other eminent science educators, before the 1950s, who were originally talented scientists but later became engaged in educational activities, Schwab were trained and known as a genetic scientist, but later he concentrated on university reform, curriculum studies and science education. His academic interest was very diverse across different disciplines, from biology and science in general to history, philosophy and education. The essence of his theory of scientific enquiry was 'to teach science as science', and the best way to do it was 'to teach science as enquiry'. With enquiry, however, he tried to deliver some important but differentiated meanings, for example by distinguishing 'science as enquiry' and 'teaching as enquiry', and 'static enquiry' and 'fluid enquiry'. Scientific enquiry was the core concept upon which many of his ideas concerning science education and education in general were based, such as the diversity of science, textbooks, curriculum and roles of teachers. In summary, Schwab can be characterized as a rational reformist of science education, who tried to identify the very nature and goals of the discipline and to bring its substantial changes with concrete and practical guidelines. Nevertheless, some of his ideas, like the diversity of science and conceptual invention, have been handed down by his followers frequently with considerable distortion.