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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 9 - Dec 2007
Volume 27, Issue 8 - Nov 2007
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Oct 2007
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Oct 2007
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Aug 2007
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Apr 2007
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Apr 2007
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Mar 2007
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
The Influence of Hypothetical Deductive Experiment upon Students' Views on the Nature of Science
Kim, Ji-Young ; Kang, Soon-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 169~179
We investigated the effects of hypothetical deductive experiment on students' views about the nature of science (NOS). Participants were 212 eighth graders from a middle school and they were assigned to a control group and an experimental group. Students of the control group did guided experiment in small group and students of the experimental group did hypothetical deductive experiment in small group. The results revealed that both students of the control group and the experimental group possessed similar views about NOS in a pretest. But the experimental group exhibited more sophisticated views about the theory of dependance of observation, scientific reasoning and hypothesis in the posttest. Students who used mainly surface learning strategy within the experimental group exhibited more sophisticated views about hypothesis in the posttest. On the other hand, students who used mainly deep learning strategy within the experimental group exhibited more sophisticated views about the theory of dependance of observation, scientific reasoning and hypothesis in the posttest.
The Influences of Grouping Method on Science Achievement and Self-efficacy in Middle School Science Instruction Using Reciprocal Peer Tutoring Strategy
Kim, Kyung-Sun ; Wang, Hye-Nam ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 180~189
This study investigated the influences of reciprocal peer tutoring (RPT) strategy on middle school students' science achievement, self-efficacy, perception of instruction by grouping method and science achievement level. Eighth graders from a middle school in Seoul were assigned to comparison, homogeneous RPT, and heterogeneous RPT groups. The students were taught about 'separation of mixtures' for 8 class hours. After the instructions, a science achievement test consisting of three subtests (knowledge, understanding, and application), a self-efficacy test, and a questionnaire about the perception of instruction were administered. The analysis of the results revealed that the scores of heterogeneous RPT group, regardless of the students prior science achievement level, were significantly higher than those of the other groups in the knowledge and understanding subtests, and the self-efficacy test. The scores of homogeneous RPT group were significantly higher than those of the comparison group in the knowledge subtest but not in the understanding subtest and the self-efficacy test. The low-level students in heterogeneous RPT group performed better in the science achievement test and the application subtest than those in the other groups. The high-level students in RPT groups performed better in the science achievement test than those in comparison group. However, there was no significant difference for the application subtest scores of the high-level students of the three groups. Most students in RPT groups perceived positively on the instructions. The students in heterogeneous RPT group and low-level students especially showed more positive perception of the instruction than those in homogeneous RPT group and high-level students.
Analysis of the Uses of External Representations in Material Units of 7th Grade Science Textbooks Developed Under the 7th National Curriculum
Kang, Hun-Sik ; Kim, You-Jung ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 190~200
In this study, we analyzed the uses of external representations in material units of 7th grade science textbooks developed under the 7th National Curriculum on the basis of theories and research results on learning with multiple representations. The results revealed that the frequencies of microscopic external representations were higher than those of macroscopic and symbolic external representations. The external representations with drawing and/or writing were presented more frequently than those without drawing and/or writing. Furthermore, the external representations were rarely presented on the basis of the principles (e.g., personalization principle) and/or theories (e.g., dual coding theory, cognitive load theory, and social constructivism theory) for effective uses of the external representations in learning with multiple representations. Educational implications are discussed.
Trends and an International Comparison of Korean Middle School Students' Attitudes Toward Science
Lee, Mee-Kyeong ; Hong, Mee-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 201~211
The purposes of this study were to examine trends in Korean middle school students' attitudes toward science and the differences in boys' and girls' attitudes toward science as well as to analyze Korean middle school students' attitudes toward science compared to those in Singapore, Chinese-Taipei, Hong Kong, and Japan. In order to achieve these purposes, we analyzed students' survey data on self-confidence in science, interests in science, external motivation for science, and career preference for science collected from TIMSS 1995, TIMSS 1999, and TIMSS 2003. Korean students' interests in science and external motivation for science reduced in TIMSS 1999 and increased again in TIMSS 2003. The amount of change was greater in interests in science. On the other hand, self-confidence in science and career preference for science consistently declined from TIMSS 1995 to TIMSS 2003. Self-confidence in science among boys and girls was similar in TIMSS 1995 and 1999. But self-confidence of girls in science declined rapidly from TIMSS 1999 to 2003, while self-confidence of boys in science remained almost the same. Trends of interests in science were similar between boys and girls; they declined in TIMSS 1999 and increased again in TIMSS 2003. External motivation for science of both boys and girls increased, and the increase among girls was greater. The percentage of boys who wanted to have a job using science consistently declined from TIMSS 1999 to TIMSS 2003, while the percentage of girls declined in TIMSS 1999 and increased in TIMSS 2003 again. The results from an international comparison with other Asian countries having similar cultures showed that Korean students' self-confidence in science, career preference for science of middle school students was the lowest.
Gifted Middle School Students' Conceptual Change of an Enzyme by Using Systematic Analogies during the Interpretation of Experimental Results
Lee, Won-Kyung ; Kim, Heui-Baik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 212~224
Metabolism is one of the pivotal biology concepts, but many students have difficulty understanding it. The purposes of this study were (1) to explore 8th graders' conceptual change of an enzyme after classes of experimenting enzyme reaction and interpreting data using systematic analogies, (2) to discover the role of systematic analogies to enhance students' understanding, and (3) to explain students' difficulty understanding concepts as the ontological features. Systematic analogies were designed to encourage students to interpret their lab activities on enzyme reaction rates. Data were collected by using the pre-test and the post-test of open-ended form, students' worksheets, and interviews with students. After classes, the number of students to engender scientific conceptions about the function of enzyme, its structure, and its mechanism has increased. But more students failed to understand the reaction mechanisms having ontological features of equilibration processes than to understand the function of enzyme having ontological features of event-like processes. Even though the concepts of enzymes are hard to grasp owing to their ontological attributes of equilibration processes, a part of students' conceptions successfully progressed from the idea belonging to event-like processes to one belonging to equilibration processes. And systematic analogies were found to contribute in enhancing students' conceptual change of the enzyme reaction.
The Influence of Hypothetico-deductive Teaching Programs on Creative Thinking, Critical Thinking and Scientific Attitude
Park, Eun-Mi ; Kang, Soon-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 225~234
This research was conducted with an intention to develop a teaching program that possesses a goal of elevating higher thinking ability within the science class and to investigate its effect. The hypothetico-deductive teaching model was developed and its' program was designed to be directly put into the practical use, and apply it in class. The application of the hypothetico-deductive teaching program had a positive effect in the improvement of students' creative thinking ability and critical thinking ability. And it had a positive influence on scientific attitudes. After completing the program the opinions of the students who participated in this research by a poll were gathered and analyzed. The students felt uneasy and had a lot of difficulties during the program activity because they had to keep on thinking newly, critically, and scientifically, but they admitted that they gained the ability to think on their own when the program was completed.
Analysis of the Types of Laboratory Instruction in Elementary and Secondary Schools Science
Yang, Il-Ho ; Kim, Seog-Min ; Cho, Hyun-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 235~241
The purpose of this study was to identify the main laboratory instruction types with Classification Scheme of Laboratory Instruction (CSLI) in elementary and secondary schools science. For the purpose, the validity of the instrument CSLI was 4.23 and laboratory instructions were collected in 100 elementary schools and 30 secondary schools. Before analyzing the collected laboratory instructions, the inter-rater reliability about the analysis results was identified as 0.91. The results of this study were found that in elementary school, the main laboratory instruction types were verification type and discovery type and in secondary school were discovery type and verification type. In the category of the procedure, a large part of the procedures of laboratory activity in both elementary and secondary schools was given to students by worksheets or teachers themselves. In the category of approach, inductive approach was the main in elementary and deductive approach in secondary.
The Systemic Functional Linguistics Analysis of Texts in Elementary Science Textbooks by Curriculum Revision
Maeng, Seung-Ho ; Kim, Hye-Ree ; Kim, Chan-Jong ; Lee, Jeong-A ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 242~252
This study analyzed the science texts covering 'air pressure' and 'wind' in common with every curriculum from the syllabus period to the
curriculum in terms of Systemic Functional Linguistics. Important findings revealed in this study were as follows: In the aspect of ideational metafunction, the texts including much scientific information were reduced by curriculum revision. Most forms of information were 'definition' and 'fact' rather than 'principle'. In the aspect of interpersonal metafunction, the gap between students and texts were getting closer and the social position of students were concerned gradually by curriculum revisions. In the aspect of textual metafunction, the ratios of technical terminology and notation were reduced, however the amount of texts in science textbooks were reduced as well. While the subject was presented in the early texts, it was omitted as time went on. The consistency of subject and theme were reduced in the
Pre-service Science Teachers' Understanding of the Nature of Science
Mayer, V.J. ; Choi, Joon-Hwan ; Lim, Jae-Hang ; Nam, Jeong-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 253~262
This study is an investigation regarding the understanding of the nature of science among pre-service science teachers majoring in science education. We interviewed 22 senior students in science education who finished their internship courses. Students were interviewed individually for approximately 20 minutes each. Data from semi-structured interview were audio-recorded and transcribed for the analysis. Findings indicated that participants held more complete understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge than the nature of scientific enterprise. Their understandings of the nature of scientific method was that hypothetical-deductive method is more scientific than descriptive-narrative method and there is a single stepwise scientific method to solve problems. These results showed that they have a narrow view of the nature of science. Thus, teacher education programs need to integrate the understanding of the nature of science throughout.
The Relationships between the Ability of Students' Raising Creative Problems and Academic Achievement, Science Inquiry Skills and Creative Personality of High School Students
Park, Si-Kyung ; Ryu, Jong-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 263~271
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between the ability of students' raising creative problems and academic achievement, science inquiry skills and creative personality of high school students. In order to evaluate the originality of problems, the present study used three methods: evaluation by frequency, teacher, and student. The results in this study turned out to be as follows: First, there was not much difference in the three methods. But familiar problems had the possibility of receiving higher marks. Second, the ability of students' raising creative problems was significantly correlated with academic achievement and creative personality, but there was no correlation with science inquiry skills. The subjects were divided into 2 groups by students' originality score. In the higher score group, the ability of students' raising creative problems was significantly correlated with creative personality, but in the lower score group, it was significantly correlated with academic achievement. Third, as for science inquiry skills and creative personality between two groups, there was no significant difference, whereas as for academic achievement(physics I, chemistry I), there was significant difference.
The Development of Instruments to Assess Attitudes Toward Science of Students and Their Parents
Choi, Sung-Youn ; Kim, Sung-Yeon ; Kim, Sung-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 3, 2007, Pages 272~284
The purpose of this study was to describe the scales of attitudes toward science and the validation of instruments for students and their parents. These instruments include three scales: cognition about value of science, affection toward science & science learning, and conative participation in scientific activities. A sample of middle school students (N=198) and their parents (N=153) was selected. Data analysis indicated that the instruments developed in this study had proper validity and reliability measures (
for student questionnaire,
for parent questionnaire). The results reveal that both students and parents were well aware of the academic/vocational and social value of science, but they had low awareness of the individual value. In spite of that, students have positive feelings regarding enjoyment toward science and science learning, their self-concept and self-efficacy were low. And parents' responses were observed to support their kids in general field but not in science. Especially, female students had low participation in scientific activities and also their parents had low support for scientific activities (p<.0.1). Finally, there were positive correlations between students' attitudes toward science and their parents' affection toward science & science learning and conative participation in science activities.