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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 9 - Dec 2007
Volume 27, Issue 8 - Nov 2007
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Oct 2007
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Oct 2007
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Aug 2007
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Apr 2007
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Apr 2007
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Mar 2007
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Graph Types and Characteristics Used in Earth Science Textbooks
Lee, Jin-Bong ; Lee, Ki-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 4, 2007, Pages 285~296
Graph is a major aspect of science textbooks. In this study, we investigated graph types and characteristics used in high school earth science subject by comparative analysis of science textbooks. The results of the analysis revealed that line graph and contour map was the most widely used graph types in earth science. Among line graphs, multiple line graph and YX graph was dominant. Comparing earth science graphs with other science graphs, earth science graphs exhibited superior in the number and variety. In earth science graphs, the portion of line graph was small, but the portion of contour map and scatter graph was larger than that of other science graphs. YX graph was the most specific graph type in earth science textbooks. The results of our study have implications for reform in function and structure of graph. We suggest that future studies be focused on students' ability of earth science graph interpretation.
Cases of Science Classroom Discourse Analyzed from the Perspective of Knowledge-Sharing
Oh, Phil-Seok ; Lee, Sun-Kyung ; Kim, Chan-Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 4, 2007, Pages 297~308
Inspired by the idea that classroom instruction proceeds through knowledge-sharing, this study examined different modes of knowledge-sharing that were realized in discursive practices in Korean secondary science classrooms. Data came from 9 science teachers. An interpretative strategy was employed to analyze the video-recording of the teachers' own science classrooms and transcriptions. The results showed four different modes of knowledge-sharing, including 'retrieving subject matter knowledge', 'reformulating subject matter knowledge', 'expansion and elaboration of understanding', and 'negotiation of meaning'. It was also revealed that there was a tie between an active mode of knowledge-sharing and scaffolding: the former allowed students to take active roles in discourses and the latter was one of the desired patterns of classroom interaction. It was suggested that further studies should be conducted to understand science instruction from more varied perspectives and to examine and utilize the detailed features of desired classroom practices like scaffolding.
Development of Active Problem Solving Model(SPPE) and Middle School Students' Recognition in Problem Solving Activities
Song, Young-Wook ; Kim, Beom-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 4, 2007, Pages 309~317
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of problem solving models and middle school students' recognition inproblem solving activities and to get implications of problem solving activities in science education. We took the position of problem solving as consisting of four sequential stages: search of problems, performance of the plan, presentation of results, and evaluation of the presentation. Taking into account thechosen activity factors for each stage of problem solving, we developed detailed activity tools that are supposed to guide the stage. Recognition of problem solving activities in 7th grade middle school students were positive. Students felt that problem solvingactivities made them engage more and interested in science classes, and that they were helpful in solving problems in everyday life. Even though they found real problems in everyday life, they preferred problem solving activities to deal with real problems rather than simple minded ones.
The Effects of Small-Scale Chemistry Laboratoty Programs in High School Chemistry II Class
Hong, Ji-Hye ; Park, Jong-Yoon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 4, 2007, Pages 318~327
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of small-scale chemistry(SSC) laboratory activities implemented in high school chemistry II classes on the students' inquiry process skills and science-related attitudes. For this study, 112 students in the 12th grade were chosen and divided into an experimental and a control group. Seven SSC lab programs that can replace the traditional experiments in chemistry II textbooks were selected and administered to the experimental group while the traditional textbook experiments were administered to the control group. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the enhancement of inquiry process skills between the two groups while no significant difference was found in science-related attitudes. Further analysis showed that the difference in the inquiry process skills came from the basic inquiry process skills. The experimental group students thought that the SSC experiments have many advantages compared to the traditional experiments, e.g., individual work, learning lab and theory in parallel, short experiment time, safety, environmental aspects, etc. These results suggest that the SSC lab programs are valuable in high school chemistry classes and developing and distributing various SSC lab programs is needed to replace the traditional experiments in the current textbooks.
Research on Ways to Improve the 7th National Earth Science I, II Curriculum
Lee, Yang-Rak ; Kim, Dong-Young ; Kwak, Young-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 4, 2007, Pages 328~336
In this research we conducted a survey on the actual status of the 7th National Earth Science I & II curriculum to explore ways of revising the next Earth Science curriculum for better education. Of the 180 Earth Science teachers, 60% responded to the survey. The domains of the survey consist of (1) the necessity of Earth Science I & II curriculum revision, (2) educational goals, (3) content coverage, (4) level of difficulty and students' interest for Earth Science content, and (5) ways to overcome the crisis of Earth Science education. Majority of the respondents demanded the revision of Earth Science I, II curriculum because of overlapping and repetition of contents among 10th grade science and Earth Science I and overcrowded Earth Science II contents. Based on the survey results, recommendations on how to improve Earth Science I, II curriculum and how to adjust Earth Science contents are suggested. In addition to curriculum improvement, systematic supports are required for Earth science not to be excluded and turned down by the student and the scholastic aptitude test for university admission.
Type Analysis of Secondary School Students' and Science Teachers' Criteria for Classifying the States of Matter
Kim, Sun-Kyoung ; Kim, Young-Mi ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 4, 2007, Pages 337~345
The purposes of this study are to investigate and compare the characteristics of classification criteria of secondary school students and science teachers in relation to the three statesof matter. For this research, 76 middle school students in the7th grade who studied microscopic viewpoints about classifying the state of matter for the first time, 69 high school students in the 12th grade who studied Chemistry I and IIcourses successfully, and 130 secondary school science teachers, through a questionnaire. As a result, while having learned the three states of matter in the microscopic viewpoints, the majority of middle school students showed a high percentage of classification in the macroscopic viewpoints. For high school students, their percentage of classification included highmicroscopic viewpoints about solid and gas, the percentage of classification included macroscopic viewpoints about liquid state as alsohigh. The secondary school teachers gave answers in the macroscopic viewpoints and microscopic viewpoints equally, but their answers were just representation of the viewpoints list without the meaningful connection of the two type of viewpoints. To solve these problems, It is necessary to form connective change from the macroscopic viewpoints to the microscopic viewpoints about the criteria for classifying the States of Matter and various educational efforts.
Analysis for Practical use as a Learning Diagnostic Assessment Instruments through the Knowledge State Analysis Method
Park, Sang-Tae ; Lee, Hee-Bok ; Jeong, Kee-Ju ; Kim, Seok-Cheon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 4, 2007, Pages 346~353
In order to be efficient in teaching, a teacher should understand the current learner's level through diagnostic evaluation. This study has examined the major issues arising from the noble diagnostic assessment tool based on the theory of knowledge space. The knowledge state analysis method is actualizing the theory of knowledge space for practical use. The knowledge state analysis method is very advantageous when a certain group or individual student's knowledge structure is analyzed especially for strong hierarchical subjects such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, etc. Students' knowledge state helps design an efficient teaching plan by referring their hierarchical knowledge structure. The knowledge state analysis method can be enhanced by computer due to fast data processing. In addition, each student's knowledge can be improved effectively through individualistic feedback depending on individualized knowledge structure. In this study, we have developed a diagnostic assessment test for measuring student's learning outcome which is unattainable from the conventional examination. The diagnostic assessment test was administered to middle school students and analyzed by the knowledge state analysis method. The analyzed results show that students' knowledge structure after learning found to be more structured and well-defined than the knowledge structure before the learning.
Undergraduate Students' Response Characteristics by Cognitive Conflict Levels and Result Predictions on Action-Reaction and Electric Cireuits Learning Tasks
Hong, Jeon-Gin ; Kim, Yeoun-Soo ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 4, 2007, Pages 354~365
The purpose of this study was to understand the undergraduate students' response characteristics by their cognitive conflict levels and result predictions when they were confronted with the learning tasks of action & reaction and electric circuits. The 147 engineering college students who were enrolled at the introductory physics classes were selected as the subjects for this study. The students were grouped by cognitive levels and result predictions. First, in action and reaction task, the trend of suspecting experimental results and finding the reasons was dominant; however, in electric circuits, the trend of accepting the results was dominant. Second, the reasons for the responses on the subcategories of cognitive conflict were different by the level of cognitive conflict. The responses were influenced by students' preexisting knowledge, former experiences, learning habits, learning motivation, and epistemological beliefs, etc. The high conflict group recognized what they do not consider and was positive to reappraise their preconceptions, while the low conflict group showed the tendency of accepting the situation without doubt and low interest on learning physics. In conclusion, students responses showed differences in cognitive conflict levels, result predictions and presented conflict tasks. The research results, especially the response characteristics, suggest that more research on effective cognitive conflict strategies appropriate for different tasks and students' conflicts are necessary for effective physics teaching.