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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 9 - Dec 2007
Volume 27, Issue 8 - Nov 2007
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Oct 2007
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Oct 2007
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Aug 2007
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Apr 2007
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Apr 2007
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Mar 2007
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Assessing Students' Molecular-Level Representations of Solution Chemistry
Lee, Soo-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 8, 2007, Pages 677~692
In this study, university students were provided with repeated opportunities to represent their ideas graphically, and to examined via their drawings the extent to which they could visualize macroscopic phenomena microscopically. These drawings provided insight into the students' basic understanding of solution chemistry, revealing three conceptual models: the Undifferentiated Symbolic Model, the Particulate Model, and the Symbolic Ionic Model. Generally speaking, students who had poor conceptual understanding tended to exhibit the Undifferentiated Symbolic Model, whereas students with deeper understanding tended to employ the Symbolic Ionic Model. Students' conceptual comprehension was predictable from their graphical representations, which better elucidated what they actually comprehended about the phenomena, as opposed to their ambiguous verbal descriptions alone. The results of this study demonstrated a lack of development in university students' conceptions of solutions. Their weakness in understanding at the molecular-level became more obvious when they were asked to represent their ideas in drawings. Few students exhibited expert knowledge, and several common misconceptions were found, which indicated typical difficulties students have perceiving common phenomena at the molecular level. The findings of this study illustrate how eliciting graphical representations can be used to assess students' conceptual understandings.
An Investigation into the QuaIifications Necessary for Science Hands-on Exhibit Guides from the Producer's Point of View
Kim, Eun-Sook ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 8, 2007, Pages 693~698
Science hands-on exhibits are increasingly popular, especially during vacation time. These exhibits hire guides to help visitors to understand the contents. In this study, the qualifications of the guides are investigated through interviews with the producers who run the exhibit. There were two main questions the researcher was interested in during the interviews. One was the importance of the science background of the guides. The second was the characteristics of guides that the producers consider important for successful exhibits. The results show that a science background is not an important qualification in the view of most of the producers. Many factors other than science, such as accountability or social skills, were considered to be of greater importance than a background in science.
Literature Review: Pedagogical Content Knowledge as Specialized Knowledge for Teaching
Lee, Eun-Mi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 8, 2007, Pages 699~710
During the last two decades, many researchers have attempted to understand pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). Now it is time to think about how to apply the theoretical aspects of PCK to practice. In an attempt to address this issue, it is indispensable to review the existing literature on teachers' knowledge bases and PCK. Therefore, the purposes of this paper are to look at how the concept of PCK has been developed and extended over the past two decades as well as to provide a shared understanding of PCK for the practical use of this concept in teacher education programs. The paper begins with a discussion of various models of teachers' knowledge as conceptualized by several renowned researchers, moves on to a review of existing research focusing on the knowledge of science teachers, then examines the literature on PCK as a critical part of teachers' professional knowledge, and finally concludes with an integrated operational definition of PCK that can be employed into designing teacher education programs.
Rethinking K-6 Scientific literacy: A Case Study of Using Science Books as Tool to Cultivate a Fundamental Sense of Scientific Literacy
Kim, Mi-Jung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 8, 2007, Pages 711~723
As the discourse of scientific literacy has broadly summed up the goals of science education in the current decade, this study attempts to question how we contextualize appropriate interpretations and feasible approaches to scientific literacy in K-6 science education. With respect to the complex praxis of scientific knowledge and practice, this study emphasizes the participatory framework of scientific literacy which interweaves children's everyday experiences and science learning. This study also concerns children's abilities to understand and enact scientific enterprises (i.e., children's fundamental sense of scientific literacy). As a way of developing K-6 scientific literacy, this study investigates how using science books can broaden the scope of children's understandings of science in life connections and promote a fundamental sense of scientific literacy through talking, reading, and writing skills in Grade two science classrooms in Canada. Second graders were engaged in learning "sound" for five weeks. During science lessons, children's talks were recorded and their writings were collected for data interpretation. This research finds that using science books can encourage children to become engaged in communicative activities such as talking, reading, and writing in science; furthermore, using science books develops children's inquiry skills. These findings open a further discussion on scientific literacy at the K-6 levels.
Development of the Scientific Inquiry Process Model Based on Scientists' Practical Work
Yang, II-Ho ; On, Chang-Ho ; Cho, Hyun-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 8, 2007, Pages 724~742
The purpose of this study was to develop a scientific inquiry model that makes scientific inquiry accessible to science teachers as well as students. To develop a scientific inquiry model, we investigated the research process demonstrated by ten scientists who were working at academic research institutions or industrial research institutions. We collected data through scientists' journal articles, lab meetings and seminars, and observation of their inquiry process. After we analyzed the scientists' inquiry strategies and processes of inquiry, we finally developed the Scientist's Methodology of Investigation Process model named SMIP. The SMIP model consists of four domains, 15 stages, and link questions, such as "if, why", and "how". The SMIP model stressed that inquiry process is a selective process rather than a linear or a circular process. Overall, these findings can have implication science educators in their attempt to design instruction to improve the scientific inquiry process.
Teacher Efficacy as an Affective Affiliate of Pedagogical Content Knowledge
Park, Soon-Hye ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 8, 2007, Pages 743~754
Whether This paper argues that teacher efficacy is an affective affiliate of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) based on empirical data of a study on the nature and construct of PCK. This study was a collective case study utilizing qualitative research methods. The participants of the study were three high school science teachers in the U.S. Data was collected from multiple sources such as classroom observation, interviews, teachers' written reflection, students' work samples, and researchers' field notes. Data was analyzed using the "In-depth Analysis of Explicit PCK" developed by the author. Data analysis indicated that teacher efficacy played a critical role in developing PCK by facilitating the movement from PCK to the enactment of PCK.
Secondary School Science Teachers' Perceptions of the Educational Programs Offered by Science Museums
Chang, Hyun-Sook ; Lee, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 27, issue 8, 2007, Pages 755~764
This study examines secondary school science teachers' use of science museums in their teaching and their perception/evaluation/utilization of the educational programs in Korean science museums. We found that teachers do not use science museums in close connection with their formal education; therefore, the students' experiences usually are minimal or are personal experiences. The main reason for this infrequent use of science museums is not because of their insignificant educational effects, but because of the lack of external and administrative support systems. Science teachers want the museums to have structured/organized programs such as science camps or experiments and a lending program which would provide experimental equipment and exhibits relevant to the school science curriculum. 90% of teachers who answered the survey wanted to participate in developing and managing the educational programs of science museums. The educational programs would be used more effectively in relation to formal science learning if the science teachers, who are science education professionals, participated in managing and planning the educational programs of science museums.