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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 8 - Dec 2008
Volume 28, Issue 7 - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Oct 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Aug 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Jun 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3 - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
The Analysis of Teacher Recommendation on Selection Process for Scientifically Gifted Program: Focus on the Scientific Attitude, Process Skill, Logical Thinking, Creative Problem-Solving Ability and Creativity of students
Park, Min-Jung ; Jeon, Dong-Ryul ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 2, 2008, Pages 111~119
We objectively analysis of teacher recommendation on selection process for scientifically gifted program, by having conducted the test of scientific attitude, process skill, logical thinking, creative problem-solving ability and creativity of the students who were enrolled in science gifted-education programs, students who were recommended by science teachers as talented in science and students of ordinary classes. In result, both gifted program students and teacher-recommended students scored much higher than ordinary class students in all test fields, but there was no meaningful difference between the gifted-program students and teacher-recommended students. This result signifies that teacher recommendation is a valuable tool for selecting students for a science gifted-education program.
Study on Formative Assessment using Cartoon for 'Genetics and Evolution' Unit of Middle School
Lee, Kye-Young ; So, Keum-Hyun ; Yeau, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 2, 2008, Pages 120~129
In this study, 17 formative assessments using cartoon were developed for studying 'genetics and evolution' chapter in textbook of third grade of junior high school. And those were applied to 73 students in experimental group and 78 students in control group. We investigated if there was positive effect on students' perception, attitude about assessment and scholastic achievement. As a result, we could find the formative assessments using cartoon were effective to change students' negative perception and attitude to positive one. Especially, those were effective to make students to understand usefulness of assessment (p<.05), and to decrease a feeling of uneasiness about assessment (p<.01). Also, we could find the developed formative assessments using cartoon had more positive effect on raising scholastic achievement than formative assessment using descriptive passage (p<.05). It was considered that this was because the abstract concepts of 'genetics and evolution' chapter were described in pictures, so contexts of textbook and assessment questions became easier to understand. So, we could conclude that formative assessment using cartoon contributed to increase students' understanding of contexts of textbook and to increase their interests about study. And if this assessment method is applied to class actively, students' feeling of uneasiness about assessment can be easily overcome and it can also give them positive perception about assessment.
The Effect of SWH Application on Problem-Solving Type Inquiry Modules through Student-Student Verbal Interactions
Lee, Eun-Kyeong ; kang, Seong-Joo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 2, 2008, Pages 130~138
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of Science Writing Heuristic(SWH) strategy on problem-solving type inquiry modules through student-student verbal interactions. The modules were applied to 23 students of the 3rd grade in middle school and the SWH strategy was applied to 3 experimental groups. The SWH is the strategy that each student, first of all, has a chance to think and propose ways of problem-solving by individual writing a blue card when problems were emerged, and then students discuss ways of problem-solving with group members by writing a green card. Verbal interactions during small group discussions were audio- and video-taped, transcribed and analyzed to compare the effect of the SWH strategy. As a results, experimental groups tended to force solely on questions and suggestions about problem-solving, but controlled groups executed experiment and discussed about problem-solving simultaneously. The analysis also showed that the experimental students dialogued more on the deep-leveled argumental interactions than the controlled students did; in particular, show more SS3 and SD1 verbal interaction regarding suggestions of problem solving. We argue, therefore, that the SWH strategy is effective to the problem-solving type inquiry modules.
Development of an Instrument to Measure Scientific Problem-Finding Ability for Scientifically-Gifted Student
Ryu, Si-Gyeong ; Park, Jong-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 2, 2008, Pages 139~149
The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable instrument for measuring scientific problem-finding ability for the scientifically-gifted student. On the basis of an operational definition of scientific problem-finding ability, this instrument consists of five sections(appropriateness, flexibility, originality, elaboration, and valuation) which are designed for measuring the ability of the scientifically-gifted. This instrument was checked the validity of content and evaluation criteria by the five experienced specialists in science education, and then was administered to 38 students of science high school. Because the validity of content and evaluation criteria, construct validity, inter-rater reliability, item difficulty, and item discrimination are suitable for the criteria of good test, this developed instrument in this study is considered valid and reliable.
Science Gifted and Talented Students' Views on Science - Technology - Society
Chung, Choog-Duk ; Kang, Kyuung-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 2, 2008, Pages 150~158
The purpose of this study was to investigate the views of STS by science gifted and talented students. A multiple-choice format questionnaire HS-VOSTS was administered to 134 science gifted and talented students. We found that most of students had possessed the tentativeness of scientific knowledge. Science gifted and talented students mainly agreed that government should not control scientists' researches. Science gifted and talented students emphasized that scientists should consider the positive and negative influences of research products. There was no significant difference according to the gender in the view of science gifted and talented students on the definition of science, the external and internal sociology of science, and epistemology. This study would provide implication for the development of gifted students' program and curriculum.
Analysis on the Communication Processes Appeared in Coteaching
Yoon, Ji-Hyun ; Noh, Tae-Hee ; Han, Jae-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 2, 2008, Pages 159~168
The purpose of this study was to apply the coteaching to the teaching practice of the student-teachers and identify the distinctive characteristics of the communication processes appeared in coteaching. We developed the semiotic analyzing-frame and observed 7 classes of middle schools where the student-teachers cotaught one or two units. Then we analyzed the communication processes on the view of semiotics. We found three patterns of the communication processes. First, when there was a discontinuous communication between the student-teacher and the students, the communication was restarted by the other student-teacher leading to the complete meaning making. Second, when an insufficient communication took place by the student-teacher using inadequate interpretant, the other student-teacher modified the communication by selecting another interpretant including sufficient meaning towards the object. With this new interpretant, students could refine the imperfect private meanings and eventually establish the more objective meanings. Third, the communication was pre-planned between coteachers to help students understand the contents through the successful translation of interpretants. Coteaching provided positive implications to improve the communication processes in science lesson.
Development of Teaching Materials for the Nature of Science and Pilot Application to Scientifically Gifted Students
Park, Jong-Won ; Kim, Doo-Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 2, 2008, Pages 169~179
In this study, 46 teaching materials for understanding the nature of science (NOS) were developed based on the 42 statements describing the NOS. Each teaching material involves scientific knowledge and scientific inquiry skills as well as NOS statements. Teaching materials consist of students' learning worksheets and teachers' guides. Among the materials, 11 materials for understanding the nature of scientific thinking (NOST) were applied to 3 scientifically gifted students. As results, the degree of difficulty was appropriate and students showed interests in scientific thinking rather than new concepts or inquiry activities involved in the materials. It was expected that understating the NOST would be helpful for conducting scientific inquiry in more authentic way. And similarly to the Park's (2007) theoretical discussions about the relationship between the NOS and scientific creativity, students actually responded that undertrading the NOST could help their creativity. Therefore, it was expected that teaching the NOST would be plausible elements for teaching scientific creativity.
Preservice Elementary Teachers' Attitudes toward Science and Process Skills
Lim, Choeng-Hwan ; Lee, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 2, 2008, Pages 180~185
The purpose of this study is to inquire the properties and relationship of attitudes toward science and process skills of preservice elementary teachers. Two instruments were used to collect the data, SAS(Science Attitude Scales) for checking up attitude toward science and TIPS II(Test of Integrated Process Skill II) for inspecting science process skills. Three main results were revealed. First, preservice elementary teachers' the attitude toward science and science process skills could not show the significant differences by gender. This result is differ from the results of preceding researches which had set up the students of elementary, middle and high school as objects. Second, the properties of preservice elementary teachers' the attitude toward science and science process skills according to the course in high school were also differ from those of preceding researches having students as objects. The preservice elementary teachers who got the literary courses in high school were more confident in science learning and perform that those who have the academic background of science courses in high school. In addition, although they showed better abilities in two sub-scales of science process skills, the preservice teachers with science course didn't show the better science process skills than those who had taken the literary course in total score of science process skill test. Third, there was a significant relationship between attitude toward science and science process skills of preservice elementary teachers but just one sub-scale was related with science process skills. According to these results, it can be said that the preceding results with students as objects can not be applied to and preservice elementary teachers should be guided by the methods which are considering their special properties.