Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 8 - Dec 2008
Volume 28, Issue 7 - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Oct 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Aug 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Jun 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3 - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
The Cognition Changes Related to the Teaching Methods of "Light" Chapter for 7th Grade as Experienced by Science Teachers in Abduction Thinking
Kim, Young-Sim ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 507~518
The purpose of this study was to find out the difficulties of teaching the chapter on 'ight', experience of learning, teaching methods, and thinking types of 10 science teachers of the master's course in chemistry education. Discussion course for abduction thinking was carried out during 12 hours after the interview. Data were collected from individual interviews of 4 teachers among the 10 subjects and from the reports of the science teachers after the discussion course. From the data, it was found that most of the science teachers had suffered difficulty in teaching the chapter on light before the discussion course. Most of them had tried to teach drawing the path of light, but there was little teaching effect. Their teaching methods were similar to the method of what they had learned. During the course, the teachers recognized they could not see the path of light directly, and it needed inferring from image. From the abduction thinking, the teachers recognized the meaning of image and gained concrete methods in teaching students.
The Patterns and the Effects of Science Journal Writing of Elementary School Students
Park, Hee-Jin ; Kwon, Nan-Joo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 519~526
This study was planned to investigate the patterns and the effect of science journal writing on the science process skill and the scientific attitude of elementary school students. This study tried to show their perceptions about science journal writing in order to find out the value of science journal writing. For this purpose, one class of 6th graders in an elementary school was tested. The results from this research show as follows: Science journals are classified into 9 types according to content and form. Writings about curiosity are the most frequent. Science concepts are found in observational journal. Science journals are more effective in the development of the science process skills and scientific attitude. Students are revealed to be in positive aspects through the research about science journal. In conclusion, science journal writing should be emphasized in science education for elementary school students.
Development of 4E&E Learning Cycle Model using Learning Motivation for School Science
Ha, Tae-Kyoung ; Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Kim, Hyun-Sup ; Park, Young-Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 527~545
This paper suggested a 4E&E Learning Cycle Model using learning motivation for students in science education. The model has been developed on the basis of motivational and instructional design. The 4E&E Learning Cycle Model has four phases such as engage, explore, explain and expand, and two subsidiary phases such as evaluate, and feedback provided with at each phase. The model has gone a process of instruction with learning effects evaluation and providing feedback in science classroom, which facilitate to increase the effectiveness of learning activities. Especially, the 4E&E Learning Cycle Model using motivational learning strategies makes the learners be attractive to and immersed in instruction. This model has potentials in educating students in science education.
Narrative Inquiry on Student-Teachers' Teaching Experiences with Extra Curricular Science Classes of a High School: Types and Characteristics of the Knowledge Constructed by the Pre-service Science Teachers
Oh, Phil-Seok ; Lee, Sun-Kyung ; Lee, Gyoung-Ho ; Kim, Chan-Jong ; Kim, Heui-Baik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 546~564
The purpose of this study was to examine the types and characteristics of the knowledge constructed by pre-service secondary science teachers. Data included 26 student-teachers' narratives regarding their experiences in teaching high school students who were enrolled in extra-curricular science classes. It was revealed that the pre-service teachers awoke to the importance of subject matter knowledge, and learned it themselves in the situation of their own teaching. Especially their concern about science content knowledge was strongly associated with the matter of didactic transposition of the knowledge. The result also showed that the pre-service teachers constructed knowledge about the relationship with students as well as pedagogical knowledge to help students learn, and that they newly realized the nature of science in the context of teaching science. In addition, the teaching experiences allowed for the student-teachers to develop knowledge of oneself as a teacher and knowledge about science education in schools. It was believed that the knowledge constructed personally by the pre-service teachers from their teaching experiences could be a platform for the development of teacher expertise. Implications of the present study for science teacher education and relevant research were discussed.
Exploring the Factors Influencing the Understanding of the Nature of Science through Authentic Open Inquiries
Kim, Mi-Kyung ; Kim, Heui-Baik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 565~578
The purpose of this study is to search for the factors that influence students' understanding of the nature of science through the experience of the cognitive processes of authentic open inquiries. The freshmen of a science high school practiced authentic open inquiries reflecting epistemological characteristics of authentic science. The case study was conducted with four focus students who were successful or unsuccessful at learning the nature of science during the authentic open inquiry activity. Questions that the focus students asked during the inquiries as well as students' answers to pre- and post-VNOS (C type) were analysed, and then elaborated in the semi-structured interview. The findings suggest that open inquiry activities provide the inquiry contexts that help science high school students to understand the nature of science, and that the characteristics of students' cognition influence the understanding of the nature of science. For instance, designing experiments with their own research questions had an influence on the students' understanding about the scientific methods and the diversity of research types, and drawing conclusions from their own data made students experience scientific reasoning. In addition, the experience of collecting anomalous data helped students to understand the role of inferences in generating scientific knowledge and the creative nature of scientific knowledge. In this inquiry context, the reflective thinking that came from proactive discussion among students, made students think about the validity of the designing experiments and interpreting data, and helped them to understand the uncertain nature of reasoning and the diverse nature of scientific methods. Moreover, divergent thinking linked to analogical thinking helped students to understand the creative nature of science.
The Characteristics of Typically Perceived Situations (TPSs) and Critical Examples: Focusing on Secondary Students' Ideas of Force and Mechanical Energy Conversion
Kang, Tae-Wook ; Joung, Yong-Jae ; Song, Jin-Woong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 579~591
Recently, there have been studies about Typically- Perceived-Situations (TPSs) and about critical examples as a way to understand students' preconceptions with context. TPS is a situation arising immediately in one's mind when he or she thinks about the concept, while a critical example is an example that becomes the most helpful in learning the concept. We might explore how the context is involved in the process of students' conceptual understanding by examining TPSs and critical examples together. This study analyzed, through questionnaires and interviews, the characteristics of TPSs and those of critical examples that secondary students hold about 'force' and 'mechanical energy conversion.' Students' TPSs and critical examples showed different characteristics according to the concept. In a case of force that is related to everyday life, there were various situations as TPSs and critical examples. Unlike force, there were a few situations as TPSs and critical examples such as a falling ball in the case of mechanical energy conversion. Students tended to regard situations that are usually experienced and understood easily as TPSs or critical examples. On the basis of the results of this study, it is concluded that it would be a good strategy to teach science concepts for teachers to start with the TPS of a concept, to introduce the concept, and then to expose the attributes of the concept with critical examples.
Research on Characteristics of Teacher Professionalism by the Type of Science Pedagogical Content Knowledge
Kwak, Young-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 592~602
The purpose of this research is to explore types of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK, hereafter) for effective science teaching. In this research, we explored three science teachers' PCK on light, who were effective in teaching the topic with particular students. The data analysis consisted of identifying the three teachers' unique PCK and ways to improve each teaching episode through the teacher meetings. These analyses, which consisted of verbal exchanges among the participants, were identified on the basis of our understanding. Using grounded theory methods, the types of science PCK drawn from this research are: (1) teaching through curriculum reconstruction, (2) teaching to help students build their own explanation models about surrounding nature, (3) teaching for learning the social language of science, (4) teaching to motivate students' learning needs based on relevance of science to students, (5) teaching through lowering students' learning demand by providing scaffolding, (6) teaching based on the teacher's understanding of students, (7) teaching through inquiry with argumentation, (8) teaching through reification of abstract science concepts, and (9) teaching none marginalized science. Common features of science teachers with quality PCK and their professionalism in teaching are discussed.
Case Studies of the Participation Structures in Secondary Science Classrooms: Exploring the Possibility to Develop the 'Space for Hybrid Meaning Making'
Yu, Eun-Jeong ; Lee, Sun-Kyung ; Oh, Phil-Seok ; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ; Kim, Chan-Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 603~617
Inspired by the socio-cultural perspective on teaching and learning science, we have explored how the teacher and students interact with one another and develop meanings in science classrooms. Data came from four 10th grade science classrooms, and video recordings and verbatim transcripts of the lessons were analyzed. Focus of the analysis was on the participation structures as well as the possibility of developing the space for hybrid meaning making. The participation structures identified were mainly teacher-led, and students rarely took an active stance to initiate an opportunity for generating new meanings. However, some participation structures had the potential to develop a new discursive space in which hybrid meaning can be constructed through negotiation between participants. Implications for future research and more desirable educational practices were discussed based on the result.
Re-conceptualization of Secondary Science Teacher's Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) and Its Application
Cho, Hee-Hyung ; Ko, Young-Ja ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 618~632
Despite the rapidly growing body of research on science teachers' pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), most of the research has mainly focused on the definition of PCK and its components. The main purpose of this research was to explore the operational definition of PCK and to suggest another form by re-conceptualizing PCK, with the newly defined and conceptualized PCK capable of being used as standards and/or criteria in selecting the curricular content of and deciding the subject area of science teacher education. In this research, the science teachers' PCK was defined as the "practical knowledge and skills that are acquired through the curriculum of science education and in the course of teaching experiences, and which are used in their teaching of secondary school science." The science teachers' PCK was further defined as consisting of two integrated and/or combined dimensions: subject matter and pedagogy, each of which comprises several components. In this paper, the PCK is called science education literacy. The paper also presents the ways to apply the operational definition of PCK and re-conceptualized PCK and a few suggestions for the research on science teachers' PCK.
The Analyses of Students' Responses Toward Discrepant Events using Science Laboratory Reports
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Kim, Min-Young ; Choi, Sook-Yeong ; Kang, Suk-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 633~640
In this study, we investigated the possibility of using science laboratory reports in identifying students' ideas about discrepant events. A specially designed science laboratory report was developed in this study, and used to collect the information about students' responses toward discrepant events. A total of 839 laboratory reports on the solubility of gas, combustion, and the electrical conductivity of a solution were analyzed. Students' responses in the laboratory reports were classified into eight types; rejection, reinterpretation, exclusion, uncertainty, peripheral theory change, theory change, maintenance of scientific conception, and regressive theory change. In addition, reinterpretation and theory change were further classified into several subcategories. The characteristics of students' responses in this study were discussed in comparison with those of previous studies.
An Analysis of Pre-service Science Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge through the Student-Teacher Practice
Park, Chul-Yong ; Min, Hee-Jung ; Paik, Sung-Hye ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 641~648
The purpose of this study is to analyze pre-service science teachers' pedagogical content knowledge. For this study, two senior education students were selected. The data of this study were collected through interviews, CoRe questionnaire, and classroom observation recordings during the period of student-teacher practice. Data were analyzed using the constant comparative method. The results indicated that the two pre-service science teachers had low level pedagogical content knowledge. Two pre-service science teachers' knowledges of science curriculum were different from each other. Orientations toward teaching science shifted to undesirable direction after the experience of a student-teacher's practice-teaching. Their subject matter knowledges were imperfect. They also had low levels of knowledge of students' understanding.
Comparison of Hypotheses-Formation Processes between an Earth Scientist and Undergraduate Students: A Case Study about a Typhoon's Anomalous Path
Oh, Phil-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 649~663
The purpose of this study was to compare the processes of making hypotheses concerning the anomalous path of Wukong, a typhoon that came close to Korea recently, between an earth scientist and undergraduate students. Data were obtained through interviews with a practicing earth scientist as well as five undergraduate students. Inquiry reports of the students were also analysed. The result showed that while the earth scientist conducted a case study with already-established models of typhoon, the students were enabled to work on the specific case of Wukong only after they learned general theories on typhoons. Background knowledge played an important role for the scientist and students to formulate scientific hypotheses. Both the earth scientist and undergraduate students generate multiple working hypotheses, and they considered a couple of conditions to select more plausible hypotheses, including theoretical coherence, causative processes, and consistency with empirical data. Despite these similarities, there were differences in the scope and depth of background knowledge between the scientist and students. In addition, it was not likely that the undergraduate students possessed explicit perceptions of the conditions which could make a hypothesis more probable, except for the empirical consistency. Implications for science education and relevant research were discussed.
Effects of the Teaching and Learning Programs for Science Teachers' Scientific Hypothesis Testing-method Invention
Jeong, Jin-Su ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 664~674
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of the teaching and learning programs for science teachers' scientific hypothesis testing-method invention. Subjects were 30 secondary school science teachers. The potato juice task was administered to the subjects before and after instructional treatments. The four-step strategy including the steps of identifying factors, identifying variables, selecting variables and inventing methods, was applied to the development of the teaching and learning programs for the science teachers. The programs were developed by 6 experts through the R&D method. The results of this study revealed that the number and elaborateness of science teachers' scientific hypothesis testing-methods increased after the instructional treatments. The testing ability of testing-methods invented by science teachers in the posttest was stronger than the one of the methods invented in the pretest. This study also discussed the implications of these findings for teaching and learning in science education.
The Effects of the Prescribed Instructional Strategy for Reducing Students' Connecting Errors in Learning Chemistry Concepts with Multiple External Representations
Kang, Hun-Sik ; Kim, You-Jung ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 675~684
This study investigated the effects of the prescribed instructional strategy for reducing students' connecting errors in learning chemistry concepts with multiple external representations by students' field independence-dependence. Seventh graders (N=126) at a coed middle school were assigned to control and treatment groups. The students learned "Boyle's Law" and "Charles's Law" for two class periods. Results revealed that the students in the treatment group scored significantly higher than those in the control group in a conception test. The scores of the treatment group were significantly higher than those of the control group in a motivational learning test, especially in 'attention' of the test. However, there was no significant interaction between the instruction and students' field independence-dependence in the two tests. Most students in the treatment group perceived the instruction positively in cognitive and motivational aspects.
Analysis of Inquiry Unit of Science 10 in Terms of Nature of Science
Cho, Jung-Il ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 28, issue 6, 2008, Pages 685~695
An analysis on the Inquiry unit of Science 10 textbooks was conducted in terms of nature of science (NOS). The subject of the analysis was instructional objectives, activities and sentences in the unit of ten Science 10 textbooks. Contents of the instructional objectives could be grouped into nature of science, nature of scientists, scientific methods, and Science-Technology-Society. The concrete nature of scientific knowledge (SK) and constructing scientific theory or model, however, were not found in the objectives. The total number of activities in the Inquiry unit was 38. Seventeen out of them were presented without any supplemental or introductory materials, and 21 activities were provided with information followed by questions, discussions or investigations. For the most activities, any clear statements about NOS elements and desired/informed views of NOS were not made. The sentences of the Inquiry units were mixed up with constructivist and inductive views on NOS. The definition of science tended to be described based on the inductive view. And the generation of SK tended to be described as discovering regularities in natural phenomena rather than constructing theories. For science teachers who want to teach NOS effectively, stating clear learning objectives and elements of NOS and presenting reading materials with relevant views on nature of science were necessary.