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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Dec 2009
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Oct 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Aug 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Jun 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3 - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Analysis of the Effectiveness of a University Affiliated Science-Gifted Educational Program: The Case of C Gifted Education Center
Han, Ki-Soon ; Yang, Tae-Youn ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2009, Pages 137~155
The purpose of the present study was to analyse the effectiveness of a gifted education program. To analyse the effectiveness of an education program for the gifted affiliated with a university, the study carried out a quasi-experimental design to compare the 153 gifted students who enrolled in an education center for the gifted and the 131 potentially gifted students who were nominated by teachers for their high achievements and interests in science but without any education services for the gifted. These two groups of students were compared in the aspects of problem finding ability in science, motivation, self regulation, science-related attitudes, and science anxiety through the pre- and post-treatment settings. The results indicated that the gifted group showed a significant improvement in originality and elaboration of problem-finding ability, but the potentially gifted group showed significant decrease in most variables of problem finding. Related to motivation and self-regulated learning, gifted students showed an increase in cognitive strategy use and decrease in intrinsic value, but the potentially gifted students showed significant decreases in most variables related to motivation and self-regulation, except intrinsic value. Related to the scientific attitudes and science anxiety, there were no significant changes between pre- and post-tests in the gifted group, but significant decreases in most variables were found in the potentially gifted group. The results of paired t-test and Ancova indicate that significant differences between the gifted and the potentially gifted groups are mainly due to the significantly lowered performance in post tests in the potentially gifted group, rather than a significant increase in gifted group.
The Effects of Dynamic Visual by Students' Field Independence-Dependence on Learning with Multiple Representations: Focused on Connecting Errors and Conceptual Understanding
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Moon, Se-Jeong ; Lee, Jong-Hyun ; Seo, Hyun-Ju ; Kang, Hun-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2009, Pages 156~167
This study investigated the effects of dynamic visual on students' field independence-dependence on connecting errors and conceptual understanding in learning chemistry concepts with multiple representations. Seventh graders (N=123) at a co-ed middle school were assigned to a static visual (SV) group learning with text and static visual, and a dynamic visual (DV) group learning with text and dynamic visual. The students then learned 'Boyle's Law' and 'Charles's Law' for two class periods. Results revealed that the percentages of the DV group were lower than those of the SV group on connecting errors. However, the percentages of the students' connecting errors were still high regardless of their field independence-dependence. There was a little different tendency in the percentages of connecting errors between the two groups by students' field independence-dependence according to the types of connecting errors. The scores of the DV group were significantly higher than those of the SV group in a test on conceptual understanding. However, there was no significant interaction between the instruction and the students' field independence-dependence. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.
Analysis of the Types of Errors in Science Graph Construction Processes of Middle School Students
Kim, You-Jung ; Moon, Se-Jeong ; Kang, Hun-Sik ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2009, Pages 168~178
In this study, we investigated the errors that students committed in the processes of constructing graphs on experimental results by the students' science achievement level. A test of constructing a graph about 'the relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas' was administered to 7th graders (N=145). Results revealed that most students committed errors in the processes of constructing the graph, showing 12 error types in the categories of 'Misinterpreting the variables', 'Mismarking the graphical elements', and 'Misusing the data'. The students in the lower achievement level had more errors than those in the higher achievement level in the two error types, that is 'representing the bar graph' and 'marking the scale in the presented data order', but the results were reversed in the three error types, that is 'marking the independent variable and dependent variable reversely', 'adding the data', and 'neglecting the data'. In the other error types, there were little differences in the frequencies of the errors by students' science achievement level.
The Effect of Small-Scale Chemistry (SSC) Lab Program with Respect to High School Students' Extroversions and Introversions
Yoo, Mi-Hyun ; Kim, Mi-Young ; Hong, Hun-Gi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2009, Pages 179~192
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Small-Scale Chemistry (below SSC) Lab Program with respect to students' extroversions and introversions. For this study, an SSC Lab Program was developed on the basis of analyzing the chemistry part of the high school science textbook in the 7th curriculum. The experimental group received SSC experiment lessons, and the comparison group received traditional experiment lessons based on textbook for 5 class periods. Afterwards, students were grouped into extrovert and introvert according to their personality test scores, the differences between the two groups were investigated using 2-way ANCOVA. Prior to the instructions, three test regarding the scientific attitude and academic self-efficacy were administered. After the instructions, the scientific attitude, academic self-efficacy, and students' perceptions on SSC Lab Program were examined. The scores in mid-term and end-of-term science exams were used as pre-test and post-test science achievement scores, respectively. Two-way ANCOVA results revealed that there were effects in the score of the academic achievement score, but there was no interactive effect between extroversion/introversion and treatment. In addition, a significant interactive effect was found in the scientific attitude, but there was no significant main effect. It was interpreted that extrovert students had many opportunities in SSC experiment classes and were able to experiment with initiative, but introverts would feel the responsibility and the pressure owing to the small group experiment. There were no main and interactive effects in the score of the academic self-efficacy test. Survey of students' perceptions on SSC Lab Program revealed that both over 90% extrovert and introvert students showed very positive perceptions in 'three-membered small group composition,' 'understanding,' and 'convenience' items. It was found to be a very different perception between extrovert and introvert students in 'comparing result with other students' item.
Undergraduates' Response Pattern on the Problem-Solving-Type General Chemistry Laboratory
Lim, Hee-Young ; Kang, Seong-Joo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2009, Pages 193~202
The purpose of this study was to investigate undergraduates' characteristics of problem-solving process through analysis of the response patterns on problem-solving laboratory. For this purpose, 18 freshmen taking a problem-solving-type general chemistry laboratory had been interviewed for the analysis of the characteristics of problem-solving process. According to the results, the students' responses have been classified into five types; trying to solve problems using new factors, trying to solve problems by finding missing factors in manual, recognizing problem-situations but just repeating the given process, not recognizing problem-situations but trying to solve doubts generated during execution, satisfying about results, and taking no further action. These results can be used as materials to suggest the role model of the students' laboratory execution and to look back on each students' execution.
The Development of Rubrics to Assess Scientific Argumentation
Yang, Il-Ho ; Lee, Hyo-Jeong ; Lee, Hyo-Nyong ; Cho, Hyun-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2009, Pages 203~220
The purpose of this study was to develop a rubric for assessing students' scientific argumentation. Through the analysis of relevant literature related to argument in science education for developing rubric, the procedure in development and the category in assessment for rubric were elicited. According to the general procedure in developing rubric, the standard for evaluating the argumentation derived three categories such as a form, contents, and attitude. The form category was further segmented into sub-functions composition, claim, ground, and conclusion in the whole. The category for contents was segmented into sub-functions understanding, credibility, and inference. And the category for attitude was set to sub-functions participatory level and openness. The standard for evaluating sub-functions in each of the categories formed in this way was minutely suggested with five stages. The rubric, which was developed on the basis of literature, was inspected through a regular seminar in one expert in science education and fellow researchers. The rubric, which was developed in the early days, was again modified by being verified on problem and improvement matter after being entrusted to four experts in scientific education. And, the finally-completed rubric indicated to be high with 0.96 in the content validity index by being verified the validity by the four experts in science education. The developed rubric will lead to being able to increase the understanding about demonstration in students, and to being available for being utilized as the criteria for developing the argumentation process program and for evaluating the argumentation activity.
Developing Middle School Students' Understanding of the Nature of Science through History of Science
Choi, Joon-Whan ; Nam, Jeong-Hee ; Ko, Moon-Sook ; Ko, Mi-Re ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2009, Pages 221~239
The purpose of this study was to explore how 9th grade students' understanding of the nature of science developed during a one-year implementation of NOS learning materials. The lessons were a combination of short readings in episodes in the history of science with accompaning response booklets consisting of illustrations and questions. The lessons were designed to be 45 minutes in length and were implemented over ten months of the school term. Data on students' understanding as it developed during the implementation were obtained from test items, questionnaires, and students' journal. Findings indicate that students showed changes in their understanding of the nature of science towards modern views of the nature of science. However, they showed understanding of tentativeness of scientific knowledge, they also showed belief of absoluteness of scientific knowledge.
Usefulness of Web-based Education System as a Method Supporting Constructive Pre-service Teacher Education
Yoon, Ji-Hyun ; Han, Jae-Young ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2009, Pages 240~252
In this study, we applied a web-based education system to the teaching-demonstrations of the pre-service teachers and identified the usefulness of the system as a method supporting constructive education for pre-service teachers. The pre-service teachers performed the web-based activities for the teaching-demonstrations, and we interviewed them after the teaching-demonstrations. On the basis of the results, we found three situations showing the usefulness of the web-based education system. First, the pre-service teachers examined the materials on the constructive teaching-learning theories and constructed the related theoretical knowledge. At this point the web-based discussion board supported the environment where they thought deeply and investigated the theories carefully. Second, they experienced interaction with others and the academic adviser in the processes of preparing the teaching-demonstrations. This interaction was supported by web-based discussion board, and they were able to form the practical knowledge related to the planning and building constructive teaching. Third, they reflected on their own teaching after the teaching-demonstrations. At this point, the web-based discussion board was able to facilitate the interaction for the reflective thinking processes. In this study, we identified that the web-based education system could provide an effective environment where the pre-service teachers could learn constructive teaching-learning methods.
An Analysis of Informal Reasoning in the Context of Socioscientific Decision-Making
Jang, Hae-Ri ; Chung, Young-Lan ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2009, Pages 253~266
This study was focused on analyzing students' informal reasoning patterns and their considerations in decision-making on socioscientific issues. This study involved 20 undergraduate students (10 biology majors and 10 non-biology majors) and showed how the two groups responded on socioscientific issues. Semi-structured interviews were conducted twice respectively based on six scenarios of gene therapy and human cloning. The result showed 93% of the total number of participants' decisions were made by rationalistic reasoning, whereas emotional reasoning was 49%, and intuitive reasoning was 27%. Students usually used two or three informal reasoning patterns together. Most of the students took more consideration on social factors. Some perceived ethical and moral implications of the issues, but they did not consider them seriously. They made their decisions depending on their own values, etc. 65% of the participants got their information on socioscientific issues from the mass media. Biology majors hardly used intuitive reasoning compared to non-biology majors. The Biology major group took into deep considerations on socioscientific issues while the non-biology major group seemed to interpret the given scenarios simply. This implied that the content knowledge was a significant factor of their decision-making. Therefore, it is necessary to develop proper science courses for non-major students to improve their decision-making on socioscientific issues. So, when we develop educational materials or programs, we should consider students' reasoning patterns, their considerations in decision-making, and their content knowledge. And because the mass media has the potential to play a key role for an effective education, we need to make a plan to make a practical application.
Exploration of relations between middle school science teachers' perception of students' learning styles and their teaching styles
Choi, Kyou-Lee ; Choi, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2009, Pages 267~275
The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between middle school science teachers' perception of students' learning styles and their teaching style. Data were collected by in-depth individual interviews with 20 experienced science teachers (14 years of teaching experience in average). Results indicated four categories of the relations: i.e. teachers implemented their teaching style (1) matching students' learning styles, (2) supplementing students' insufficient learning styles, (3) teacher-centered, but matching the diverse students' learning styles, and (4) based on their values and convictions. In general, teaching styles of the teachers did not match with their perceptions of students' learning styles. Instead, their teaching styles seemed to be more affected by their personal values and convictions.