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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 8 - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 7 - Nov 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3 - May 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Effects on Scientific Inquiry, Scientific Attitudes, and Scientific Achievements of Experimental Classes for Kinetics Unit using Self-Regulated Learning Strategy
Jeong, Si-Hwa ; Kim, Bong-Gon ; Koo, In-Sun ; Park, Jong-Keun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 681~692
The purpose of this study is to analyze the teaching-learning effect of using self-regulated learning strategy on experimental classes for the 'kinetics' unit of 10th grade science textbook. Six classes were chosen and classified into two groups: the first group, the control group, was taught with the regular laboratory activity and the other group, the experimental group, was taught with the teaching-learning method using self-regulated learning program. After the laboratory activity for the unit using self-regulated learning program, the mean values of the scientific inquiry, scientific attitudes, and performance assessment of the experimental group were larger than those of the control group. There were significant differences between the two groups in the post-test. With the results of the post-test for the experimental group, the self-regulated learning program has significant relationships on scientific inquiry, scientific attitudes, and scientific achievements.
An Exploration of the Influencing Factors and Development of Effective Models of Science Teacher Efficiency
Choi, Sung-Youn ; Kim, Sung-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 693~718
This study investigated secondary school science teachers' experiences to explore the influencing factors in science teachers efficiency (STE). The participants, thirty three secondary school science teachers who have more than four years of teaching experience, were interviewed about describing each teacher's experience throughout one's years of teaching. The grounded theory introduced by Strauss and Corbin (1998) was used to analyze the data in this study. The results of paradigm analysis revealed that STE is influenced by 125 concepts, 38 sub-categories, and 16 categories. In a paradigm model, the central phenomenon was 'constructing STE', and the causal condition was 'want to be a teacher' as career choice motivation. The contextual conditions that have an affect on the central phenomenon were 'self awareness of the teacher' and 'social awareness of the teacher.' The mediate conditions, which facilitated or restrained the action/interaction strategies, were 'societal tendency', 'school climate', and 'personal context.' The action/interaction strategies to control the phenomenon were 'following the line,' 'identifying effective teaching strategies,' 'taking teacher education programs,' and 'contributing to school improvement.' The consequences were 'teacher's self awareness', 'challenge,' and 'stagnating in teaching.' The overall conclusion drawn from this research is that, the definition of STE is beliefs in science teachers' capabilities to set up objects in some school teaching context and, organize and execute the course of action required to attain these. Additionally, STE has three dimensions of teacher's behaviors: science instructional efficiency, efficiency in engaging students, and efficiency in managing school conditions. This study offers insight into the nature of STE and theoretical framework. These findings may give science teachers and teacher educators the practical knowledge necessary to build effective training programs and interventions that would help increase STE and facilitate effective teaching.
An Analysis of Middle School Science Teachers' Orientations toward Teaching Science (OTS) and Factors affecting OTS
Bang, Eun-Jung ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 719~738
The purpose of this study was to examine 'orientations toward teaching science (OTS)' of science teachers and to analyze the factors affecting OTS found in middle school science classes. For this purpose, we selected three female teachers as participants named Kim, Ryu, and Park who had various teaching experiences. Semi-structured interviews and classroom observations were gathered for data. After analysis of the characteristics of the teachers' orientations toward teaching science from the data, the factors affecting the orientation were investigated. As results, three types of orientation toward science teaching were observed: inquiry, activity driven, and didactic. These types of orientation toward science teaching were affected by internal factors rather than external factors. The internal factors found out were experience as a student, understanding of the nature of science, curiosity, and reflective thinking.
Analysis of Argumentation in the Inquiry Discourse among Pre-service Science Teachers
Lee, Bong-Woo ; Lim, Myung-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 739~751
The research reported in this study focused on an analysis of argumentation in the inquiry discourse among pre-service science teachers. For about 3 months, 7 groups of 24 pre-service science teachers participated in an open-ended inquiry and performed 10 inquiry discourses. All discourses were collected by video-recording and transcribed. To analyze features of argumentation discourse, analytic tools derived from Toulmin's argument pattern and cognitive argumentation scheme were applied to discussion transcripts. The results were as follows: First, the order of frequency in the analysis of 'meaning unit' was 'claim-warrant-data-rebuttal-backing.' Second, the order of frequency in the analysis of 'dialogue unit' was 'CW-CD-CDW-CWR-CR'. Third, more rebuttals were found than other discussions. Fourth, the second argumentative discussion showed a higher level than the first.
A Microgenetic Study on Scientific Question Generating Ability
Oh, Chang-Ho ; Kim, Min-Kyeong ; Yang, Il-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 752~769
The purpose of this study was to apply the microgenetic analysis method for development of information on an individual's change in a certain area during a consistent time period to seek change in scientific questions that elementary school students create. The study subjects were six 6th graders in I elementary school located in Kyunggido with the students conducting 6 sessions of two observational tasks about dry grapes contained in soda pop and candlelight. Information were collected through students' scientific question development paper, record of field observation and interviews. The results of this study are as follows: first, the number of scientific questions that the elementary school students developed showed a tendency for reduction; second, the changes in type of scientific questions bring different results, which depend on a particular characteristic of the tasks; third, By observing pattern changes in scientific questions of each individual, it was found that different results show for each time for the same task, which in other words means that there exists variability within an individual. Also, variability between individuals were shown by confirming that the change pattern for each person were diverse. Thus, the result of this study shows the following implications on education of scientific question development. For students, scientific question development mean more opportunities to increase the process of developing and acquiring knowledge. Therefore, it is important to create situations where one can come up with scientific questions. In addition, analysis in tasks' nature when selecting tasks would be necessary to develop diverse scientific questions.
Characteristics of Scientifically Gifted Students' Performance Processes in the Creative Tasks
Park, Jong-Won ; Jee, Kyoung-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 770~784
In this study, we investigated students' behavioral characteristics in the process of and their responses to scientific creativity activities developed based on the three steps of learning model (Park, Park, & Lee, 2008) and scientific creativity model (Park, 2004). Students' responses were obtained by questionnaire, effectiveness of learning materials was explored by comparing students activities before and after the second step, 'Guide', and various characteristic behaviors were obtained through video-recording of their activities. As results, students answered that even though the activities were a little difficult, the activities were nonetheless interesting to them, and they wanted to do the activities more completely, and wanted them in future courses. It was also found that the second step activity was helpful in improving students' divergent thinking. Finally, from the findings about various students' behavioral characteristics, some practical recommendations for more effective teaching of scientific creativity were suggested.
Science Teachers' Perceptions and Needs for Courses in Science Education Subjects for Science Teacher Preparation Program in Korea
Kim, Young-Min ; Park, Jong-Won ; Park, Jong-Seok ; Lee, Hyo-Nyong ; Kim, Young-Shin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 785~798
The purposes of this study are to investigate Korean science teachers' perception of the current science teacher preparation courses in Korea, especially focused on subjects of science education, and to induce implications for improvement of in-service program for science teachers. To do this, a questionnaire was developed by the authors and administered to the 215 science teachers sampled nationwide. The study concluded that science teachers perceived that the two compulsory subjects, 'science education theories' and 'science teaching-learning materials and teaching methods' were not enough for a professional science teacher. Particularly, they consisently insisted that more practices under the relationship with teaching science in schools were necessary when learning subjects of science education. Based on science teachers' response, we recommended that the following 4 subjects should be added in the course of pre-service program for science teachers: 'Development of experiment/demonstration devices', 'Teaching creativity and education for the gifted in science', 'Development of science teaching materials', and 'Science inquiry learning and teaching'.
Development of Question Cards for Fossil Exhibition and Comparison of Communication Depending on Whether to Use the Cards in a Fossil Gallery
Park, Eun-Ji ; Lee, Sun-Kyung ; Kim, Chan-Jong ; Kim, Ki-Sang ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 799~814
This study aimed at developing a set of question cards for fostering deep understanding and encouraging reasoning about fossils and analyze the characteristics of visitors' communication depending on whether to use the question cards in a fossil gallery. Through several steps, a card set consisted of nine generic questions about fossil exhibitions and guidance for using question cards were developed. Data related to visitors' communications were collected from 18 peer groups (from 5th to 9th grade) visiting the fossil gallery of Gwacheon National Science Museum. Visiting groups' interactions were videotape recorded and transcribed. 'Holding time,' the types of 'actions,' and the types of 'conversation' were analysed. Visitors' actions were divided into three categories: ‘look’, 'speech', and 'motion.' Furthermore, visitors' conversations categorized as 'speech' were subdivided into four patterns: 'enumerative,' 'consensual,' 'responsive,' and 'argumentative.' Using the question cards contributes to increase holding time and most of the visiting actions. Most of the conversation patterns also increased except the responsive pattern. In conclusion, using question cards in a fossil gallery could facilitate concentrated and meaningful visits by enhancing active verbal and non-verbal communications between exhibit and visitor or among visitors, encouraging visitors' reasoning about exhibits, and guiding visitors what and how to focus on exhibits.
A Case Study on the Discourse Characteristics of Docents Who Mediate Visitor's Learning in the Natural History Museum
Lee, Joo-Youn ; Lee, Jeong-A ; Kim, Chan-Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 815~835
This study aimed at understanding the characteristics of interactive discourses between docents and visitors in natural history museums. Two docents participated in this study. One worked in Seodaemoon Natural History Museum and the other in Gwacheon National Science Museum. To analyze the characteristics of interactive discourses, especially understanding the mediation of visitors' learning, Pedagogic Discourse Analysis method was adopted. The results show two contrasting types of interactive discourses, Encouraging Visitors' Meaningful Participation (EVMP) and Encouraging Visitors' Simple Participation (EVSP). In the EVMP discourse, structural cohesion is strong in thematic flow and information flow. Docent and visitors share the role of information provider and "Themes" are developed through the interactions between the docent and the visitors. On the contrary, in the EVSP discourse, structural cohesions are weak. Even though the visitors participate in the discourse, their discourse scarcely contribute to develop "Themes" in the discourse. Most of the information is developed and expanded by the docent. These results helped us to suggest that docents have to understand and use visitors' prior knowledge as a discourse "Theme." It is also suggested that docents need to have not only the competent content knowledge about exhibitions but also the capability to lead discourses that allow the visitors to participate meaningfully during the education processes.
A Study on the Improvement of Teaching Competence of Pre-service Science Teachers based on the Teaching Evaluation and Reflective Journal Writings on Science Class
Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Hong, Hun-Gi ; Jeon, Hwa-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 836~849
The purpose of this study is to analyze changes of competency observed in teaching of pre-service science teachers through the teaching evaluation and reflective journal writings on science class during the period of student-teaching at high school. To do this, we videotaped all the science classes of six pre-service teachers participating in this study, evaluated their class teachings, and collected moving video clips recorded in their classes, reflective journals, interviews, instructional materials, and teaching evaluation they have provided. From the "Standards for teaching evaluation of science instruction" developed by Korea Education Curriculum and Assessment, sixteen evaluation elements were selected and used for the analysis. According to our results, all preservice teachers show improvement of teaching performance in most of the class evaluation elements as the number of science classes increases. They presented the lowest improvement in the 'to design meaningful learning program,' which was one of the sixteen elements. However, there are substantial individual differences in the pre-service teachers' teaching competence on each evaluation element. Although they thought that 'understanding of scientific concepts' is the most important part of a science class in the beginning of student-teaching training, they showed changes in recognition that 'interaction and respect' and 'managing student behaviors' are also important in the end. They have recognized that writing a reflective journal, based on the video clips recorded in class and teaching evaluation, helps improve their teaching competency. In addition, improvement in teaching competency has influence upon career-orientation towards the school teacher in the future.
Perception Survey on Characteristics of Scientific Literacy for Global Science-Technology-Society for Secondary School Students
Ryu, Hyo-Suk ; Choi, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 850~869
This study investigated middle and high school students' perceptions of scientific literacy in the
century through the survey. Subjects were 952 students from 13 participating schools. 482 middle school students and 470 high school students, 471 male students and 481 female were involved. The survey questionnaire asked which elements they thought would be important to be scientifically literate in the
century and why they chose the elements. The results showed that most of the students tended to focus on orientation, content knowledge, and mindset. A large portion of female students showed orientation was the most important element. On the other hand, male students showed that scientific knowledge as well as orientation was important.
A Case Study on the Development of Science Teachers PCK through development of Content Representation (CoRe) -Focusing on "Molecular Motion" for 7th grade class-
Jang, Hyo-Soon ; Choi, Byung-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 30, issue 6, 2010, Pages 870~885
The purposes of this study are to examine what the participants experienced when developing Content Representation (CoRe) of "molecular motion" for the 7th grade in collaboration with experienced chemistry-trained teacher and non-chemistry-trained teacher and to investigate how the participants' PCK changed in their classes after developing CoRe. The participants were one experienced chemistry-trained teacher, two physics-trained teachers, and one researcher. The participants were selected by purposeful sampling. For this study, the discussions on developing CoRe was recorded and two physics-trained participants' classes were video-taped, and constructed/semiconstructed interviews were conducted. All data were transcribed for analysis. The participants experienced reflective thinking of their knowledge and previous classes, corrected their own misconception and clarified those conception, recognized the contents and the goals of "molecular motion" class, enhanced understanding of students' preconception during the development of CoRe. Especially, the two physics-trained teacher-participants confessed that they recognized clearly the contents and the goals of "molecular motion" class and identified their deficiency in 'particle viewpoint' in their previous classes. Their recognition was realized in the course of interaction with experienced chemistry-trained teacher. Among the components of PCK, knowledge of science curriculum was most influent on two physics-trained teacher-participants' classes, and they emphasized 'particle viewpoint' and 'molecular motion' in their classes. In addition, they introduced new teaching strategies that were discussed in the course of developing CoRe. The influence on the participants' PCK was different according to their reflective thinking on their own knowledge and previous classes and their affective characteristic. The implication of this study is that, the course of developing CoRe can promote reflective thinking that is essential for increasing teachers' professionalism and significantly influence on PCK. Especially, developing CoRe in collaboration with experienced chemistry-trained teacher and non-chemistry-trained teacher can identify deficiency in their classes and thereby, improve their classes. And, it takes time and effort to internalize the participant's recognition in their teaching practice.