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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 8 - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 7 - Nov 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3 - May 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Research on the Effectiveness of the Mentoring System to Support Beginning Science Teachers
Kwak, Young-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this research is to investigate ways to introduce mentoring system to support beginning and experienced teachers for their professional development. As an alternative to existing teacher training programs, we planned and implemented a mentoring system to examine its effects in developing professionalism among teachers-in-need, and those who have not met the teacher's evaluation standards. Mentoring is defined as being concerned with promoting the 'development of an individual to his/her full potential,' both professionally and personally. It is linked with professional and career development, and is somewhat characterized by an 'expert-novice' relationship. The mentoring system in science features group mentoring, where 3 prot
-mentor teams gathered together for instructional consulting using their videotaped classroom teaching. Through video-based discussions, teachers could share reflective experiences through collaborative investigations based on evidences revealed in classroom teaching videos. Using open-ended interviews with the teachers and video-based discussions, we extracted needs and goals of mentoring, the need of mentoring system to support beginning teachers, and the requirement of mentor quality in light of mentor's expected roles. Conclusions and recommendations related to teachers' mentoring and for the government's development of mentoring system are discussed.
Exploring Pre-service Science Teachers' Motivation for Career Choice and Their Self-Image as a Science Teacher
Chang, Hyun-Sook ; Lee, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 14~31
This study investigated pre-service science teachers' motivation for career choice and their self-image as a science teacher. Although their motivations for becoming science teachers were very personal, three major characteristics emerged. First, during the process of their growth, their interest in education and science existed separately, and later the two interest were naturally focused on the job of a science teacher. When they find out that teaching science is right for them, they developed their inner motivation. Second, teaching opportunities to teach science subjects, including classroom observations, TA, tutor, and teacher-aid, played an essential role for them in finding their aptitude for science teaching. Third, their teaching-related experiences were very effective in building up their self-image as a science teacher and in preparing for the job. It also reinforced their inner motivation, which was important in finding their direction in life as a science teacher. Fourth, there were two categories for the self-image as a science teacher. One was teaching-oriented and the other was science subject-oriented. These images for the science teacher were closely connected with their inner motivation for science teaching.
The Analysis of the Ability to Control Variables and the Types of Controlling Variables by Junior High School Students
Lee, Yoon-Ha ; Kang, Soon-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 32~47
The purpose of this study was to analyze the ability to control variables and the ways by which variables are controlled. First, the assessment criteria for evaluating the students' ability to control variables were developed for 8th grade students. Second, the ways variables are controlled were classified from student activity reports. These students' answers were categorized into six types (type A~ type F). Type A is defined as the group that excelled in recognizing the importance of controlling variables, eliminating unnecessary variables and identifying manipulated, dependent and controlled variables. Third, the scores of ability to control variables (CV score) and the classroom test of scientific reasoning (Lawson SRT) scores were measured. The results indicated that the CV score was highly correlated with Lawson SRT scores (r=.67, p<.01). Therefore, the assessment criteria developed in this study was used to evaluate the ability to control variables (CV score) and to measure the students' scientific reasoning.
Career Development of Korean Science-Gifted Students from Elementary Through High School Years
Lee, Ki-Soon ; Choi, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 48~60
The study aimed to thoroughly observe the process of science-gifted students' career development from elementary to high school in Korea. Eighteen science high school students participated in this study. Data source was retrospective interviews with individuals. Results indicated that the inner factors influencing their career development included 'interest in science' and 'desire for deep understanding of science,' and 'ambition for taking a lead in society by means of science.' The outer factors included 'dissatisfaction with regular schooling,' 'social atmosphere to prefer special purpose high schools,' and 'in-depth educational programs beyond high school levels with brilliant peers.' These inner and outer factors have reacted upon each other in their career development. The implications for proper career development were discussed on the basis of the results.
Science Teachers' Perceptions of Science Practices
Park, Hyun-Ju ; Jeong, Dae-Hong ; Choi, Won-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 61~77
This study investigates science teachers' perceptions of science practices for science assessment. Science practices have information about students' ability to understand scientific knowledge and to perform scientific inquiry. For this study, seven science teachers, who have served for more than five years in secondary schools in Seoul, were chosen. A structured questionnaire consisting of twenty-seven items were used in National Assessment of Educational Achievement. And then, in-depth interviews followed. Co-workers analyzed and discussed the questionnaire and interviews. As results show, science teachers tend to determine science practices based on materials and way to present materials included in questions. Science teachers tend to recognize science practice as different, depending on information and thinking process, which is expected in solving them. In addition, they have a variety of the level of definition and understanding about science practices.
An Analysis of Elementary School Students' Interpretation of Data Characteristics by Cognitive Style
Lim, Sung-Man ; Son, Hee-Jung ; Yang, Il-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 78~98
The purpose of this study was to analyze elementary school students' interpretation of data characteristics by cognitive style. Participants were elementary students in sixth grade who can use integrated inquiry process skills. The students were divided into two groups, analytic cognitive style and wholistic cognitive style according to their response to Cognitive Style Analysis. They performed scientific interpretation of data activity. To collect data for this study, participants recorded the result on scientific interpretation of data activity paper and researcher recorded the situation on videotape and interviewed with participants after the end of interpretation of data to get additional data. And the findings of this study were as follows: First, the study analyzed interpretation of data characteristics by the operator regarding different situations of interpreting data according to cognitive style. For example, in the intermediate state, analytic-cognitive style students showed high achievement in identifying variables, and wholistic-cognitive style students were active in using prior knowledge to interpret data. Second, the result of analysis on the direction of interpreting data and preference for data types in interpreting data activities according to cognitive style are as follows: Wholistic-cognitive style students showed relatively high perception of information through the top-down approach. On the other hand, analytic-cognitive style students usually used the bottom-up approach gradually expanding detailed information to the scientific question-related answer and showed a preference data of the table type. Through the result, this study aimed to help establish a data interpretation strategy for learners to solve problems based on understanding of interpretation of data characteristics according to learners' cognitive style, and purposed the instruction design suggesting the data requiring various data interpretation strategies to develop learners' data interpretation ability.
The Components of Pedagogical Content Knowledge Considered by Secondary Science Pre-service Teachers in Planning and Implementing Teaching Demonstrations
Kim, Kyung-Sun ; Yoon, Ji-Hyun ; Park, Ji-Ae ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 99~114
Developing pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) has been emphasized as one of the requirements for science teacher's professionalism, and it should be done from systematic teacher training courses. In this study, we investigated the components considered in planning instruction and the difficulties encountered in implementing it in PCK held by secondary pre-service teachers. Twenty-seven juniors at a college of education in Seoul were asked to perform teaching demonstrations using scientific instruction models. They were also requested to write reflective journals and interview. Analyses of the results revealed that teaching strategies and learners' cognitive affective aspects were considered by most secondary pre-service teachers, whereas curriculum and assessment were regarded by few of them. For examples, choosing instruction models and organizing instructions were concerned in teaching strategies. They also considered learners' cognitive affective aspects for selecting experiments as main activities. Only few considered learners' prior-knowledge. Most difficulties encountered in planning instruction and implementing it appeared in teaching strategies. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.
Development and Implementation of the Analysis Frame for Measurement Activity in Undergraduate Physics Laboratory
Shin, Kwang-Moon ; Kang, Young-Chang ; Lee, Sung-Muk ; Lee, Jae-Bong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 115~127
Analysis frame for undergraduate physics laboratory reports in collecting, processing, and analyzing data was developed. Using the frame and questionaries, we analyzed what difficulties students have in the concepts of error and uncertainty in writing laboratory reports. Students considered repetitive measurement for collecting data, but they didn't express it distinctly in their reports. They also had difficulties in measuring data around the extreme value or the large slope. Especially, most students have had difficulties with error and uncertainty. They can't apply the basic formulation to propagation of error and uncertainty. They also had the difficulties in analyzing data with concepts of error and uncertainty. While most students responded that error and uncertainty is important, there were few students who analyzed the influence of the cause of error on the results quantitatively. The result of the study showed that students have difficulties in writing the laboratory reports because they didn't have the correct concept of the error and uncertainty. So, it is needed to not only teach the physics concept about experiment but to teach basic concept of data collecting, processing, and analyzing specially about error and uncertainty for students as well.
A Study on the Processes of Elaborating Hypotheses in Abductive Inquiry of Preservice Elementary School Teachers
Oh, Phil-Seok ; Oh, Sung-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 128~142
The goal of this study was to investigate how hypotheses were elaborated after their initial appearances in the context of scientific problem solving. Data were collected from a class in which preservice elementary school teachers in groups carried out abductive inquiry of earth science. The analysis revealed two major processes of hypothesis elaboration: theory-driven and evidence-driven. The theory-driven process was in turn distinguished into two kinds of subprocesses: one is in pursuit of internal coherence and the other external coherence. The evidencedriven elaboration also had two subprocesses, which were triggered by direct evidence and indirect or analogical evidence, respectively. In addition, hypotheses were more often than not modified by a wrong theory or evidence whether it was driven by a theory or evidence. Implications for science education and related research were discussed.