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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 8 - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 7 - Nov 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3 - May 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Mentoring on Beginning Chemistry Teacher's Teaching Practice
Park, Hyun-Ju ; Seong, Suk-Kyoung ; Jeong, Dae-Hong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1055~1076
In this study, we investigated the changes in beginning chemistry teachers' teaching practice without mentoring program and after the implementation of mentoring program. Participants in our study included two chemistry teachers who have less than one year of teaching experience and three mentor teachers. We collected data such as video recordings of teacher's classes, interview, and recordings of mentoring after each class. The results show there were slight changes in teaching contents, teaching procedure, and explanation method without mentoring. On the other hand, there were a lot of significant improvement in classroom environment, teaching contents and teaching procedure, teaching-learning techniques, questioning and feedback, and explanation method after mentoring has been implemented. However, there were no easy changes in the teaching style, understanding of students, and ways of interaction with students in connection with teaching purposes. Based on the results of this study, we explored the possibilities of instructional improvement through mentoring on beginning chemistry teacher's teaching practice. Therefore, we consider that more systematic and long-term mentoring is necessary to improve professionalism in teaching beginning teachers. In particular, we propose mentoring programs reflecting the individual needs of beginning teachers.
The Effects of Argumentation-based General Chemistry Laboratory on Preservice Science Teachers' Understanding of Chemistry Concepts and Writing
Nam, Jeong-Hee ; Koh, Mi-Rye ; Bak, Deok-Chan ; Lim, Jai-Hang ; Lee, Dong-Won ; Choi, Ae-Ran ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1077~1091
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of argumentation-based general chemistry laboratory on preservice science teachers' chemistry concepts understanding and writing. Five topics about argumentation-based general chemistry laboratory activities were developed using Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) approach. Summary Writing Test, and Chemistry Concepts Test were developed as tools to examine the effects of this approach. Both Argumentation-based general chemistry laboratory activities and traditional general chemistry laboratory activities were implemented for the experimental group (23 students), and traditional general chemistry laboratory activities were implemented for the comparative group (16 students). Results of this study indicated that there were significant differences in both groups' chemistry concepts understanding and summary writing. The experimental group showed significantly higher mean score than comparative group in chemistry concepts understanding and summary writing. In the analysis of the sub-component of Summary Writing, there were no significant difference between both groups in 'Big Idea.' However, the experimental group gained significantly higher mean score in 'argumentation,' 'understanding of science concepts,' and 'rhetoric structure.' The results showed that argumentation-based general chemistry laboratory programs were effective in achieving chemistry concepts understanding and writing in general chemistry laboratory.
Effects of Instructional Supervision Emphasizing Reflective Thinking on Teaching Science of Elementary Teacher
Kim, Young-Soon ; Kim, Hyo-Nam ; Sin, Ae-Kyoung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1092~1109
The purpose of this study was to analyze of the effects of instructional supervision emphasizing reflective thinking on science teaching of elementary teachers. The participants in this study were two teachers. This study was divided in former, middle, and later periods, and consisted of monitoring their own teaching, interviewing, journal writing, discussion with peer teachers and teacher training. Data included descriptions of nine science classes, nine interviews, seven journals and the journals of the researcher. Data analysis tools were the frameworks of the questions, feedback, teaching methods, elements of teaching behavior, and reflection levels. This study employed qualitative research, analysis of the frequency of data, and quoting of descriptions related to the result. The results of this study were as follows: First, teachers showed mainly technical reflection, but changed to show more practical reflection, and critical reflection in the later period of instructional supervision. Second, instructional supervision emphasizing reflective thinking on science teaching for elementary teachers meaningfully changed the question, feedback, teaching methods and teaching elements of teachers. From the results of this study, instructional supervision emphasizing reflective thinking on science teaching for elementary teachers can be considered an effective method in improving teaching elementary science, and instructional supervision used in this study made possible the higher level of reflection and appropriate teaching behavior.
Study on Gifted Teachers' Perceptions of Gender Differences in Mathematics and Science Learning Ability
Chae, Yoo-Jung ; Ryu, Ji-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1110~1120
The purpose of this study was to investigate teachers' perceptions of gender differences in students' mathematics and science learning ability. The sample included 289 elementary and secondary school gifted teachers. The teachers filled out the survey, asking their perceptions of gender differences in mathematics and science learning ability, as well as of the reasons of the differences. The results were as follows: 1) 65% of the teachers responded that gender differences existed in students' mathematics and science learning ability, 2) 63% of the teachers perceived that the differences began around higher elementary or middle school ages, 3) 57% of the teachers thought that gender differences existed in the high-achieving student group. Teachers perceived the reasons of differences were 1) differences in inborn ability, 2) the different expectation, and 3) the different ways of parental cares. Since teachers' perceptions of students' ability would impact teachers' attitudes on students, implications and suggestions were included in this article to provide teachers insights that promote students' better learning.
Difficulties and Coping Methods Encountered by Authors of 5th and 6th Grade Science Textbooks: Based on Grounded Theory
Chae, Dong-Hyun ; Yang, Il-Ho ; Jung, Sung-An ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1121~1144
This research is an investigation of difficulties encountered by authors of 5th and 6th grade science textbooks. The aim is to assist authors in creating more easily understandable textbooks in the future. In-depth interviews were conducted with 6 teachers who have previously taken part in the development of 5th and 6th grade texts. The responses given during these interviews were analyzed using open, axial, and selective coding as suggested by Strauss and Corbin (1998). The results are as follows: In open coding, related concepts were extracted and classified into 15 main categories and 46 sub-categories. In axial coding, the main categories were arranged into causal conditions, main phenomenon, context, intervening conditions, action and interactional strategies, and consequences wherein they were consistently related to each other based on Grounded theory. Finally, in selective coding, core categories were instilled whereby the texts being developed were categorized into conservative, progressive, and innovative to allow for easier interpretation. This was done to improve the overall quality of Science textbooks.
Case Analysis of Verbal Interaction of Science-Gifted Elementary Students in Their Science Classes
Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Kim, Hyo-Nam ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1145~1157
The purpose of this study was to analyze and extract the features of verbal interactions between teacher and science-gifted students in their classes. For the purpose of this study, authors observed 27 elementary science classes for the science gifted of three elementary teachers. To analyze the verbal interactions in the classes, the authors have adopted the theoretical background, which was based on Sinclair & Coulthard's Initiative-Response-Feedback pattern. Verbal interactions in the classes were analyzed by Kim's framework, which modified Jeong's framework. IRF patterns were derived from the verbal interactions of science classes for the science gifted. As a result, authors obtained some important features in IRF pattern. The most commonly used IRF pattern was the teacher's managerial question-student's short answer pattern, which was due to the regional policy for the science gifted. The teacher's delayed feedback as well as the teacher's question was meaningful for student's thinking ability. If elementary teachers consider the pattern, the strategy should be applied, which is depending on student levels and levels of contents. But three teachers did not show the characteristic verbal interaction regarded as a pattern strategy. In the future, inservice programs about verbal interaction are needed for the science gifted classes.
The Compositions and the Characteristics of the Chinese National Test for University Admissions, and the Analysis on Items Concerning Chemistry
Kim, Hyun-Kyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1158~1174
In this study, we examined the compositions, basic principles, and the area of the National Higher Education Entrance Examination (GaoKao) in 2009, we also analyzed the categories and characteristics of items. Also, the GaoKao was analyzed in terms of test specifications, the number of items, item patterns, difficulty levels, and implications of the College Scholastic Ability Test(CSAT) were explored. Results show Natural Science section of the National Test 1, 2 are 300 points per 150 min, and Natural Science, and Chemistry of Shanghai is 150 points each per 120 min. Also, the GaoKao contained multiple choice and fill in the blanks questions, and the description items are composed of experiments of various types. The GaoKao Natural Science section is composed of physics, chemistry, biology but not earth science, which is different from the CSAT. GaoKao requires basic understanding or the observation ability to reasoning, the complex thinking ability, especially emphasized on the experiment ability. The range of possible questions is in the examination outline, not the curriculum, and the ratio of questions from the University level is high. In the analysis of the behavioral domain, the ratios of the understanding and application items is higher than the CSAT, and inquiry items is lower, but the inquiry items are deeper. In case of the ratio of the expected correct answer, National Test 1 and National Test 2 is similar, but the difficult items or about 20~39% of the test is 4~5 times to that of the CSAT, making the GaoKao very difficult. The peculiar characteristics of GaoKao is the emphasis on the experiment, and even though the practical items is of lower ratio, they are very useful in life.
Investigation of Scientific Terms in Physics Units of Middle School Science Textbooks
Yun, Eun-Jeong ; Park, Yune-Bae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1175~1185
Language skills in science education seem to have a great impact on student achievement. Most of the language skills affecting students' science learning can be accounted for an understanding of scientific terms. The ultimate goal of this study is selecting and grading the scientific terms for science education. As a basic research, we investigated scientific terms contained in science textbooks, because they are the most basic and selected terminologies. As a result of investigation of scientific terms in physics units of middle school science textbooks, we made a list of 556 scientific terms by grade level. This includes 249 words for grade 7, 170 words for grade 8, and 137 words for grade 9.
Pre-service Biology Teachers' Understanding of the Real-World Application of Evolutionary Theory
Ha, Min-Su ; Lee, Jun-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1186~1198
The understanding of real-world application of scientific knowledge such as the evolutionary theory has been emphasized in science curriculum. Despite this, many students and biology educators misunderstand the use and practical application of the evolution theory. The purpose of this study is to explore variables related to the understanding of practical application of evolution. Methodologically, we employed large-scale survey that examined three independent variables (major, academic year, and religion) and five dependent variables (understanding of practical application of evolution, knowledge of, interest in, and acceptance of evolution, and religiosity). Two hundred and thirty three biology pre-service teachers and 405 non-biology pre-service teachers participated in the survey. The results demonstrate that the biology teacher education program does not help in increasing the understanding of the practical application of evolution. Rather, the understanding of practical application of evolution was associated with their religion. In addition, the understanding of the practical application of evolution was associated with the acceptance of and interest in evolution. The results of this study inform the development of new biology teacher education programs to improve their understanding of practical application of the evolution theory. We also suggest further areas of research for other scientific concepts that could be used to gauge teachers' understanding of the practical application of scientific knowledge.
Investigation on the Difficulties During Middle School Students' Finding Inquiry Topics on Open-Inquiry Activities
Jung, Woo-Kyung ; Lee, Jun-Ki ; Oh, Sang-Wook ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1199~1213
The purpose of this study was to investigate the difficulties in engaging in open-inquiry activities - especially finding inquiry topics for student themselves. Data were collected from in-depth interviews with 11 middle school students and their open-inquiry worksheets from 4 months of activities. The investigation tools were composed of three domains for topic choice: selecting subjects, making 10 questions, and choosing a topic with the 10 questions. The study revealed that middle school students have difficulties in the domain of 'object selection' and 'finding inquiry topic.' Under the object selection domain, they showed burden of selection of unlimited subject, lack of knowledge on the science object, and lack of interest in object. Under the domain of finding inquiry topic, they have difficulties from their selected topics that were non-scientific, focus only on interest, lack of background information or those that could be resolved by short answers. Each student has difficulty in doing open-inquiry with relatively different seriousness. The findings suggested that an open inquiry program should be provided along with a systematic guide program on finding inquiry topic for open-inquiry activities to be a successful and continual performance gauge.
A Case Study on Beginning Teachers' Teaching Professionalism Based on Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Science-Gifted Education
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Kim, Young-Hoon ; Yang, Chan-Ho ; Kang, Hun-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 31, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1214~1228
As a case study on beginning teachers' teaching professionalism in science-gifted education, we analyzed their teaching professionalism based on pedagogical content knowledge. To do this, we selected 3 elementary and 3 secondary beginning teachers from science-gifted education institutes in the metropolitan area. After their science instructions for science-gifted students were observed, in-depth interviews were conducted. Analyses were conducted with taped videos, researcher's field notes, and transcripts for in-depth interviews. This study revealed that most of the teachers had relatively desirable belief about science-gifted education. However, they tended to have a little deficient practical knowledge about science-gifted students, the curriculum for science-gifted education, science contents, the instructional strategies for science-gifted education, and the assessment in science-gifted education. These results imply that many teachers are likely to have a little deficiency in teaching professionalism for science-gifted students in various aspects, and need to find the ways of improving their teaching professionalism.