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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 10 - Dec 2012
Volume 32, Issue 9 - Nov 2012
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Oct 2012
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Oct 2012
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Aug 2012
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Aug 2012
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Role Formation by Interaction Function and Pattern for Group Discussion Activity using the case of Environmental Education Camp for Undergraduate Student
Jung, Won-Young ; Lee, Go-Eun ; Shin, Hyeon-Jeong ; Cha, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Chan-Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 555~569
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.555
Many science education research and practices are recently emphasizing the importance of collaborative learning. This study also understands learning in aspects of socio-cultural context, and regarded the creation of meaning in a same-age group as an important learning process. This is most especially true in the premise that the formation of roles in a collaborative learning is important for successful interactive learning. This study aims to find out how roles form in a group. For this purpose, university students participating in a group discussion activity about energy flow and circulation of material were selected as research participants. Discussions among the nine students in one group consisted of cognitive conversations on the topic and operational conversations for preparing a presentation. Video-clips of the discussions were made and transcribed. For the analysis, we developed a framework that includes four interaction functions (cognitive, organizational, meta-cognitive, operational), four action elements (question, simple answer, providing opinion, response to opinion), and two to four intention elements by each action elements. As a result, a total of nine roles were revealed through the interaction function and element; cognitive questioner, operational questioner, simple answerer, operational suggester, organizational commander, operational commander, cognitive explainer, terminator, reflective thinker. These roles are re-classified into seven utterance patterns by the utterance order and object, and they were categorized into three role groups (facilitating interaction, sustaining interaction, finishing interaction). The result means that role formation and function can have influence on learning and interaction. This study is meaningful to the suggestion to collaborative learning including project-based learning, investigation, club activity, and for the re-illumination of the role in an aspect of the interaction.
Problem-Finding Process and Effect Factor by University Students in an Ill-Structured Problem Situation
Kang, Eu-Gene ; Kim, Ji-Na ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 570~585
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.570
The Korean national curriculum for secondary school emphasizes scientific problem solving. In line with the national curriculum, many educational studies have been conducted in relation to science education. The objects of these studies were well-defined and well-structured problems. The studies were criticized for overlooking ill-defined and ill-structured problems. Some research has dealt with problem finding in ill-structured problems, which is related to creativity. There is a need for a study of scientific problem finding process in an ill-structured problem situation, because this study will help teachers wanting to teach scientific problem-finding in an ill-structured problem situation. The objective of this study was to conduct an empirical study on the scientific problem finding process in an ill-structured problem situation. One task of scientific problem finding in an ill-structured problem situation was assigned to 92 university students; thereafter, 32 of them participated in the research through interviews. Results indicated that the scientific problem finding process depended on initial clues and tentative solutions. Initial clues were affected by students' experiences, such as major classes, films, and novels. Tentative solutions were influenced by background knowledge of the tasks. Students screened information browsed on the Internet. They applied some standards for selection, particularly emphasized reliability standards, which are supposed to be studied in other contexts. All the students used assumptions to make their problems appear probable, which could be a useful tool to articulate.
High School of Arts students' Understanding of the Nature of Science and Nature of Art
Kim, Hee-Jung ; Kim, Sung-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 586~603
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.586
This study is a survey conducted to explore what art high school students specifically see as nature of science. Third-year students of a high school of arts in Gyeonggi-do participated in the survey. The questionnaire was classified into three categories - the formative arts in the fine arts, the sound arts in music, the performing arts in dance, and drama and play. The study analyzed what they think of as similar aspects of science and art respectively according to their majors, with focus on the extracts. As a result, they mentioned 'creative imagination', 'correlation with technology', 'social and cultural relation', 'subjectivity', 'variability', and 'inquiring attitude' as similarities between science and art. The results are almost the same as the elements of the nature of science as agreed on by scientists. From the result, we can assume that students majoring in art, indeed, need an education on the nature of science. Also, while the fine arts students have more tendency to perceive inquiring attitude than others, music students are more likely to perceive variability than others. Therefore, teaching strategy in experimental inquiring context for the former is more helpful in understanding the nature of science, and teaching strategy in the context of scientific history for the latter.
Theoretical Considerations on Analytical Framework Design for the Interactions between Participants in Group Argumentation on Socio-Scientific Issues
Park, Jee-Young ; Kim, Heui-Baik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 604~624
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.604
This study aims to design a framework for analyzing group argumentation in terms of participants' interaction. Regarding the current group argumentation setting as argumentation on socio-scientific issues within participants who have had limited experience on group argumentation, the analytical framework was designed to explain (1) what was each participant's role on group argumentation, (2) how these roles were changed within each time of argumentation, and (3) how the patterns of interaction were changed through seven times of a series of argumentation on socio-scientific issues. Based on the literature review on analytical framework of argumentation in science education including the works on the structure of argumentation, the discourse formation through interaction, and the linguistic approach on participants' interaction, the current research framework was built. Showing the results of applying the designed framework on group argumentation as an example, strength of using the current designed framework was discussed.
Behavioral Characteristics of Second Graders in Science Learning Situations: A Phenomenological Research on a Motivation System about Science Learning
Lim, Sung-Man ; Kang, Won-Mi ; Wee, Soo-Meen ; Yang, Il-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 625~640
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.625
The purpose of this study was to investigate the behavioral characteristics of elementary second graders depending on SL-BIS/BAS (Behavioral Inhibition/Activation System about Science Learning) in science learning situation. For this study, 20 second grade students participated. This study followed a phenomenological research method, a form of qualitative research. As the results show, students who have a sensitive motivation system to SL-BIS directly expressed their disappointment of the result and easily get distracted in class when they failed in science learning activity. They participated in group work passively, for example, they interacted less in the group or avoided answering questions. Even though the students have a lot of questions that were usually simple, empty or repetitive words. They have within themselves the good will of challenging difficult experiment that was their only expression of passive will. The students have a tendency to be dependent on their friends in an experiment, making it unlikely that they preferred group work from the beginning. Otherwise, students who have sensitive motivation system to SL-BAS endured science learning activity to the end regardless of the negative result. In particular, they were enthusiastically working on home-school materials. When the students succeeded in the experiment, they responded to the cheers and openly expressed their feeling. They were satisfied with their achievement. The students have more desire for in-depth activity. Their questions were more progressive, specific and expanded. They showed a strong desire to challenge difficult experiment and preferred to interact with their group members to help each other. Based on the results, they were limited but we could find that the behavioral characteristics of second grade students in science learning situations can be predicted with a score of SL-BIS/BAS t.
The Effects of Coteaching Science Instruction in Elementary Science-Gifted Education upon Students' Concept Application Ability and Perception of the Instruction
Im, Ah-Reum ; Kang, Hun-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 641~654
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.641
In this study, we investigated the effects of coteaching science instruction in elementary science-gifted education upon students' concept application ability and their perception of the instruction. Fifth graders (N=37) from two science-gifted classes in two elementary schools were selected and assigned to control (n=19) and coteaching instruction (CI, n=18) groups. Two teachers prepared, executed, and evaluated together the instructions for science-gifted elementary students during twelve classes in the CI group, and so did one teacher with the same programs in the control group. After the instructions, the students in the two groups were administered with a test of concept application ability. All students in the CI group were also administered with a questionnaire on the perception of the instruction and were deeply interviewed. The results revealed that the scores of those in the CI group were significantly higher than those in the control group in the test on concept application ability. Many students in the CI group perceived the coteaching science instruction positively upon verbal interaction, class management, and cognitive/affective aspects. However, some of them also pointed a few disadvantages of the instruction. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.
A Case Study on the Changes of Beginning Science-Gifted Education Teachers' Teaching Professionalism through Coteaching
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Yang, Chan-Ho ; Kim, Young-Hoon ; Kang, Hun-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 655~670
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.655
As a case study on the changes of beginning science-gifted education teachers' teaching professionalism through coteaching, this study deeply investigated the change processes in the aspects of pedagogical content knowledge. We selected two beginning teachers whose teaching careers in secondary science-gifted education were less than five years. The teachers planned, performed, and reflected together their science instructions for secondary science-gifted students during nine class hours over three times. We observed coteaching of science instructions of the teachers, and analyzed the taped videos, the materials, the transcripts for discussions between them and in-depth interviews with them, their reflective journals, and researcher's field notes by using the constant comparative method. This study revealed that the coteaching positively changed the two teachers' practical knowledge about the curriculum for science-gifted education, the instructional strategies for science-gifted education, the assessment in science-gifted education, the science-gifted students, and the science contents although there were some limitations. The results suggest that the coteaching will be useful in improving beginning teachers' teaching professionalism, and provide practical implications in finding the ways to use it effectively in science-gifted education.
An Analysis of Verbal Interaction among Science-Gifted Students in Inquiry Learning Based on Analogical Experimental Design Strategy Emphasizing Understanding and Checking Stages
You, Ji-Yeon ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 671~685
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.671
In this study, we developed an analogical experimental design strategy emphasizing understanding and checking stages and applied it to four groups consisting of 7th grade science-gifted students. We classified the patterns of experimental design processes and analyzed the verbal interactions among the science-gifted students at the levels of turn and interaction unit. The analyses of the results reveled that three groups were relevant to reinitiated motion and the other to backward-divergent motion. In the analyses of turn and interaction unit, the frequencies of the statements related to the task were high, especially 'making suggestion' and 'elaborated symmetrical interaction'. The analyses for each stage of strategy indicated that the frequencies of 'explain', 'question', and 'cumulative interaction' at understanding stage were high. At designing stage, the frequencies of 'making suggestion', 'cumulative interaction', and 'disputative interaction' were found to be high. At checking stage, 'making suggestion', 'receiving opinion', and 'disputative interaction' were high. In the comparison of the patterns, the qualitative differences among interaction unit were found at all the stages, whereas there were differences only between designing and checking stages in the turn cases. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.
The Impact of Grouping Methods on Free Inquiry Implementation: The Case of Two Middle Schools Adopting Different Grouping Methods
Park, Jae-Yong ; Lee, Ki-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 686~702
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.686
This study investigated the impact of grouping methods on free inquiry implementation through the use of mixed research methods. Some 113 7th graders and 2 science teachers in two middle schools participated in this study. The 113 students who participated in this study were grouped by homogeneity and heterogeneity according to scientific inquiry skills and personality types respectively, and performed free inquiry activities on the same subject for three weeks. Data were collected by means of a test on science inquiry skills and from focus group interviews with 36 students and in-depth interviews with 2 teachers. The quantitative results of this study showed that homogeneous grouping was more effective than heterogeneous grouping in improvement of scientific inquiry skills. Meanwhile, the qualitative results revealed both the students and teachers perceived that it was effective to compose a small group according to their affective quality than their cognitive quality. Particularly, most of the students preferred the method of small group from the personality types. Some students and both teachers proposed that it is necessary to collect enough information on students and to use them in mixture with the method of small group according to the affective quality.
Analysis of Pre-service Elementary Teachers' Reflection on Their Science Teaching in Terms of Productive Reflection
Yoon, Hye-Gyoung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 703~716
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.703
Frequently, pre-service elementary teachers are asked to write reflective journals on their teaching during teacher education program. However, writing reflective journals can not guarantee pre-service teachers to learn from their experience. In this study, 44 reflective journals of pre-service elementary teachers on their science teaching were analyzed in terms of 'productive reflection', a concept suggested by Davis (2006). Productive reflection may help teachers' effective learning by considering interrelationships among aspects of teaching including learners and learning, subject matter knowledge, assessment, and instruction. The result showed what aspects of teaching were included, emphasized, and integrated in the pre-service elementary teachers' reflective journals. Implications for teacher education would be discussed.
An Analysis of the Type of Rebuttal in Argumentation among Science-Gifted Student
Han, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Tae-Hoon ; Ko, Hyun-Ji ; Lee, Sun-Kyung ; Kim, Eun-Sook ; Choe, Seung-Urn ; Kim, Chan-Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 717~728
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.717
The purpose of this study is to analyze the argumentation of gifted students in the perspective of rebuttal. Rebuttal is a significant indicator of argumentation quality; it is also an essential component for science learning through interaction. However, most previous research point out insufficient use of rebuttal in student's argumentation. The argumentation of 37 8th grade students, enrolled in institutes for the scientifically gifted in Seoul, are observed and recorded for 4 hours. The argumentation topic is about how to measure the brightness of the sun. Based on Verheij's (2005) five types of rebuttal patterns, the features of rebuttal are analyzed. It is found that students' argumentation include all of the five rebuttal types: rebuttal of the data, the claim, the warrant, warrant's applicability, and connection between data and claim. It is also found that these five types can be categorized in two groups. The first group consists of first three types and is characterized by the disagreement with the validity of what has been said. The second group consists of the last two types and is characterized by the suggestion or additional information for missing links in argumentation.
Developmental Study of Science Education Content Standards
Park, Hyun-Ju ; Kim, Young-Min ; Noh, Suk-Goo ; Jeong, Jin-Su ; Lee, Eun-Ah ; Yu, Eun-Jeong ; Lee, Dong-Wook ; Park, Jong-Won ; Baek, Yoon-Su ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 729~750
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.729
The purpose of this study was to develop science education content standards, to guide in developing k-12 national science curriculum, and to provide guidance for local districts and schools to effectively apply the national science curriculum to their school curriculum. We suggest ideas for science education content standards, describing how science education content standards would look through reviews of literature for background research, surveys, and interviews to set the frame, developing standards for each sub-component, and examining and revising. The science education content standards consist of situation, components, and performance. Situation refers to when, where, and how science was needed. Components refers to what kind of knowledge and what kind of process and understanding should be taught in school science, like Nature of Science, Scientific Creativity, Scientific Inquiry, & Disciplinary Core Ideas. Performance refers to what we would like to achieve through science education.
The Perception of Scientifically Gifted Students of a University-Affiliated Gifted Education Center toward Its Educational Programs
Kang, Kyung-Hee ; Chung, Choong-Duk ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 751~759
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.751
This study examined the perception of secondary gifted students of a university-affiliated science-gifted education center toward its educational programs. This study surveyed 184 students who are enrolled in the secondary gifted educational programs of a university-affiliated science-gifted education center. The results showed that the students are generally satisfied with the gifted educational programs. The students also said that the programs have provided more knowledge to them and improved their creativity. It is significant to examine how students currently participating in gifted educational programs perceive the programs and how they are influenced by the programs. Therefore, improvements required for the development and operation of future gifted educational programs should be drawn based on the collection of the results of perception surveys from each gifted education center.
Analysis of Linguistic Interaction within a Group According to Leader's Leadership in Scientific Inquiry Activity in Elementary School
Park, Mung-Hee ; Shin, Young-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 760~774
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.760
The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristic of the linguistic interaction according to leadership type of the leader in the scientific inquiry activity groups and examine how leadership factors affect the linguistic interaction within a group. In this investigation, leaders among 12 elementary school students were chosen by considering results of the leadership diagnosis that tested 3 leadership factors: vision and promotion, assignment responsibility, and decision-making. The members of the groups were organized according to scientific inquiry ability and academic achievement; the groups were assigned to perform scientific inquiry activities. The linguistic interaction was largely divided into the cognitive domain and the affective domain for analysis. According to the results, the frequency of linguistic interaction within a group sorted by leadership type is more influenced by the cognitive domain than the affective domain. The highest frequency of linguistic interaction appeared within the group that had vision and promotion type leader. Assumedly, the vision and confidence of the vision and promotion type leader produced such an outcome. While solving the assignments, linguistic interaction in all three groups had more cognitive domain than affected domain. Linguistic interaction in cognitive domain displayed only low level of linguistic interaction in relation to the experiment itself: high level of linguistic interaction barely occurred. In the case of affected domain, active participation appeared more frequently than maintaining the mood: Interactions related to restricting the group members actions to solve the assignment appeared more frequently than those for maintaining the mood.
Comparison of Perception Differences About Nuclear Energy in 4 East Asian Country Students: Aiming at
Grade Students who Participated in Scientific Camps, from Four East Asian Countries: Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Singapore
Lee, Hyeong-Jae ; Park, Sang-Tae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2012, Pages 775~788
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2012.32.4.775
This study was done at a scientific camp sponsored by Nara Women's University Secondary School, Japan. In this school,
grade students from 4 East Asian countries: Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Singapore, participated. We made a research on students' perceptions about nuclear energy. Sample populations include 77 students in total, with 12 Korean, 46 Japanese, 9 Taiwanese and 10 Singaporean students. Overall perceptions comparison about nuclear energy shows average values from the order of highest Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, and to lowest, Japan. We implemented a T-test to identify perception differences about nuclear energy, with one group that include 3 countries (Korea, Taiwan and Singapore) and another group that includes all the Japanese students. T-test results of perceptions about nuclear energy shows students from the 3 countries of Korea, Taiwan and Singapore having higher average than Japanese students. (p<.05). Korean average scores regarding overall perceptions about nuclear energy show as the highest in all 4 East Asian countries and also highest in all subcategories. On the contrary in Japan, they have lower and negative perceptions of nuclear energy. In spite of these facts, perceptions of Japanese students about nuclear energy seem lowest and negative mainly because of the recent Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster, caused by the tsunami and its subsequent damages and fears of radiation leaks, etc. This shows that negative information about future disasters and its resulting damages like the Chernobyl nuclear accident could influence more on people's risk perception than general information like nuclear energy-related technologies or the news that the plant is operating normally, etc. Even if the possibility of this kind of accident is very low, just one accident could bring abnormal risks to technology itself. This strong signal makes negative image and strengthens its perceptions to the people. This could bring a stigma about nuclear energy. This study shows that Government's policy about the highest priority for nuclear energy safety is most important. As long as such perception and decision are fixed, we found that it might not be easy to get changed again because they were already fortified and maintained.