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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 10 - Dec 2012
Volume 32, Issue 9 - Nov 2012
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Oct 2012
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Oct 2012
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Aug 2012
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Aug 2012
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Preferences and Reality for Teacher-Student Interaction in Secondary School Science Classroom
Seo, Kyoung-Hee ; Lim, Soo-Min ; Park, Min-Jung ; Sonn, Jong Kyung ; Kim, Youngshin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 9, 2012, Pages 1391~1404
This study was conducted for the purpose of analyzing the teachers' and students' preferences and reality with regard to their interaction in secondary school science classes. The subjects of this study were 180 teachers and 1,389 students. The contents of the questionnaire for the teachers included the quality of the personal relationships between the teachers and students as well as the teachers' recognition of teaching activities, and the questionnaire for the students dealt with the quality of the personal relationships between the teachers and students as well as the students' perceptions of their classes. The questionnaire responses were divided into preferences and reality for the research. The results are as follows. First, the levels of the teachers' and students' perceptions of their interaction were significantly lower (p<0.05) compared to their preferences with regard to such. Second, the female teachers showed higher levels of preferences and reality compared to the male teachers in the case of the teacher variables, and the middle school teachers showed higher levels of preferences and reality compared to the high school teachers. Third, the male students showed a higher perception level compared to the female students, and both the preferences and reality levels of the middle school students were significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of the high school students. In addition, the level of interaction was lower in big cities than in small cities. Fourth, there was a significant difference between the levels of the teachers' and students' preferences and reality with regard to their interaction.
A Narrative Inquiry into Pre-Service Science Teachers' Reflective Thinking as Presented in Microteaching Lessons
Chung, Choong-Duk ; Kang, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 9, 2012, Pages 1405~1416
This study aims to analyze how pre-service science teachers' reflective thinking is presented during the microteaching process. The subjects of this study were 13 students who attended a lecture course on science teaching methods offered by the Department of Science Education of the College of Education at a national university. The simulated lessons that were performed during the microteaching process went through peer assessment and self-assessment. Then, the next set of lessons was conducted based on the assessment results. After the first set of simulated lessons, the pre-service teachers' reflection at the routine and technical levels was most remarkable in the focus dimension. In the inquiry and change dimensions, technical reflection stood out. Dialogic or transformative reflection was rarely presented. In addition, most of the pre-service teachers displayed mingling patterns of reflection levels in all of the three dimensions. The results of this study, in particular, prove that microteaching has a high level of applicability in terms of reflective thinking and instructional technology. Accordingly, there is a need for subsequent studies to create a new model that can encourage pre-service teachers' reflective thinking by structuralizing peer and self-assessment during the process of microteaching.
Analysis of Elementary School Students' Understanding for Human Body Through Drawing of the Human Organism
Jeong, Jae-Hoon ; Kim, Youngshin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 9, 2012, Pages 1417~1426
The purpose of this study was to analyze elementary school students' understanding of the human body by drawing the human organism. Data was gathered by open questionnaires of drawing for human body. The open questionnaire was taken with 530 elementary school students from 3rd to 6th grade. The results were as following: First, elementary school students show the highest understanding of the skeletal system, the digestive systems, the respiratory systems, the circulating system and the muscular system respectively. Second, elementary school students' understanding of the human body improved as the grade goes up. Third, it seems that elementary school students have had their own knowledge about the human body through environmental surroundings before learning about the human body.
Preservice Biology Teachers' Learning to Teach Science through Science Methods Courses
Kim, Sun Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 9, 2012, Pages 1427~1442
This study tracked the changes of preservice biology teachers' pedagogical knowledge along with science teaching efficacy throughout sequentially developed science methods course I and II over two consecutive semesters. Two courses, science methods course I and II, aimed these preservice teachers to discuss the notion of science teaching with teaching and learning theories, to learn science instructional models, to design lessons utilizing science instructional models, and to eventually implement microteaching. The preservice teachers were mainly engaged in cooperative instructional planning activities through science methods course I, and engaged in cooperative microteaching activities through the science methods course II. This study revealed that preservice teachers successfully developed pedagogical knowledge and science teaching efficacy after two science methods courses. The science methods course I where cooperative instructional planning activities occurred helped the preservice teachers to improve pedagogical knowledge but not science teaching efficacy. Based on their pedagogical knowledge development, then, these preservice teachers increased science teaching efficacy belief after completion of the science methods course II.
Gaze Differences between Expert and Novice Teachers in Science Classes
Kim, Won-Jung ; Byeon, Jung-Ho ; Lee, Il-Sun ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 9, 2012, Pages 1443~1451
This study aims to investigate the gaze patterns of two expert and two novice teachers in one hour of lecture type class. Teachers recruited from the same middle school conducted the class each, wearing an eye-tracker. Gaze rate and gaze movement pattern were analyzed. The scene where teachers faced in the classroom was categorized into three zones; student zone, material zone, and non-teaching zone. Student zone was divided into nine areas of interest to see the gaze distribution within the student zone. Expert teachers showed focused gaze on student zone while novice teachers' gaze rate was significantly higher at the non-teaching zone, compared to expert teachers' one. Within student zone, expert teachers' gaze spread to the rear areas, but novice teachers' one was narrowly resided in the middle areas of the student zone. This difference in gaze caused different eye movement pattern: experts' T pattern and novices' I pattern. On the other hand, both teacher groups showed the least gaze rate onto the left and right front areas. Which change is required to teachers' gaze behavior and what must be considered in order to make effective teacher gaze in the classroom setting were discussed.
Using Facets of Effective Science Learning Environments to Examine Preservice Elementary Teachers' Observations of Their Clinical Experiences in Korea and the U.S.
Morey, Marilyn ; Park, Do-Yong ; Lee, Myon U ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 9, 2012, Pages 1452~1469
This study examined the science learning environments experienced by Korean and U.S. preservice elementary science teachers during their 3-week clinical experience. Observational experiences of 97 Korean and 112 U.S preservice teachers were surveyed with an instrument that we developed for the study. Follow-up interviews provided a clearer picture of what preservice teachers observed and experienced in science classrooms during their clinical experiences. Korean preservice teachers experienced a variety of science teaching environments, whereas the U.S. preservice teachers reported limited opportunities to observe science teaching and learning in terms of 6 identified facets that we posed. Along with our interpretation of the contrast in findings, some of the challenges are discussed in providing preservice teachers with opportunities to observe, experience, and teach in effective science learning environments during the clinical experience.
Using the Writing Template provided by the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) approach for Quality Arguments
Choi, Aeran ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 32, issue 9, 2012, Pages 1470~1488
This study examined changes in the quality of written arguments produced by freshman students in general chemistry laboratory classes using the SWH approach over a semester; difference in the quality of written argument between the original writing template (year I) and the extended writing template (year II); and any difference between Total Argument and Holistic Argument scores. 140 writing samples from 14 students on the year I and 228 samples from 19 students on the year II were collected. Results indicated that despite fluctuations, the students were producing stronger argument by the end of semester compared to the beginning of the semester. Original SWH template group received significantly higher argument scores than extended SWH template group. For the most of year I laboratory investigations, there was no significant difference in the quality of argument between Total Argument and Holistic Argument scores. An implication of this study would be to provide opportunities for students to practice constructing arguments using the original SWH writing template including questions, claims, evidence, and reflection.