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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 7 - Dec 2013
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Oct 2013
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Aug 2013
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Jun 2013
Volume 33, Issue 3 - May 2013
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Exploring the Characteristics of Science Gifted Students' Task Commitment
Jang, Jyungeun ; Chung, Yoonsook ; Choi, Yanghee ; Kim, Sung-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~16
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.001
In this research, we tried to discover the characteristics of gifted students by analyzing their experience in showing task commitment. In order to do this, we asked science gifted students to specifically describe their experiences while deeply experimenting on a scientific cause or theory. From their responses, we inductively explored the characteristics of science gifted students by extracting and analyzing the characteristics that show task commitment. Consequentially, the characteristics of the gifted students are divided into nine categories, which are confidence, setting a challenging goal, challenging approach for solving problems, sense of potential control, loss of self-consciousness, time distortion, submission to difficult task, initiative, and endurance, all of which appear repeatedly among the gifted students. With consensus among three experts who have experience in research on gifted education, these nine characteristics can be categorized into 3 characteristics; challenge, flow, and willingness. The three characteristics such as challenge, flow, and willingness well represent a definition of task commitment. These characteristics can explain the level of task commitment exhibited by science gifted students. It is possible to develop the tool and framework for judging the task commitment of gifted students on the basis of their characteristics.
An Analysis of Students' Interest in High School 'Science' in View of the 2009 Revised Curriculum
Kim, Hong-Jeong ; Lee, Jin-Woo ; Im, Sungmin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 17~29
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.017
High school 'science' in the 2009 revised curriculum in Korea was developed for the purpose of enhancing students' scientific literacy needed for citizenship in a democratic society. For this analysis, 'science' includes a variety of scientific topics from the origin of the universe to the birth of life, and the relationship between technology and modern society. It aims to make students understand the process of scientific inquiry and foster interest and curiosity about science. On the other hand, interest has been studied as a psychological construct to affect academic achievement and career selection of students. In this study, the authors investigated students' interest in high school 'science' in view of the 2009 revised curriculum. To carry this out, a survey tool was developed according to previous research, with 997 high school students' responses analyzed with descriptive statistics and factor analysis. The result showed that the students' interest in high school 'science' in view of the 2009 revised curriculum can be interpreted into three dimensions such as motivation, activity, and topic, which has several sub-dimensions. Students' interest in motivation dimension was higher than in activity or topic dimension, while the average value was slightly higher than the middle value. They showed different distribution of interest by gender and job orientation, especially in activity and topic dimensions. From this study, the authors can infer the multi-dimensional property of students' interest in high school 'Science' and the different distribution of interest by dimensions.
Suggestion for Science Education through the Analysis of Archimedes' Creative Problem Solving Process
Lee, Sang Hui ; Paik, Seoung Hey ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 30~45
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.030
In this study, we developed a model for analyzing scientists' creative thinking processes, and analyzed Archimedes' thinking process in solving the golden crown problem. As results show, scientists' complex problem solving processes could be represented as a repeating circular model, and the fusion of processes of diverse thinking required for scientists' creativity could be analyzed from the case. Also in this study, we represented the role of experiments in scientists' creative discovery, and investigated the reasons for the difference between the viewpoints of textbooks and historic facts. We found the importance of abductive reasoning and advance knowledge in creative thinking. Archimedes solved the golden crown problem creatively by crossing the scientific thought of dynamics and the daily thought of baths. In this process, abductive reasoning and advance knowledge played an important role. Besides Archimedes' case, if we would reconstruct the creative discovery processes of diverse scientists' in textbooks, students could raise their creative thinking ability by experiencing these processes as educational steps.
An Analysis of the Properties of Affective Achievement in Science Based on TIMSS and Science Teachers' Perception
Kim, Miyoung ; Cho, Jimin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 46~62
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.046
In this study, nations with high academic achievement but disparate affective achievement in science according to the results of the TIMSS 2007 were selected and students' responses in the main survey for affective properties from those nations were analyzed. In addition, Korean science teachers' perception of affective achievement and the properties of teaching and learning science was explored by an online survey. According to the results of the analysis of students' responses in the main survey, the percentage of those with high levels of confidence in, pleasure in, and value perception of science was large for Hong Kong, Singapore, and England but small for Korea, Taiwan, and Japan. When the properties of teaching and learning in actual science classes were observed in Korea, actual classes focused little on experimentation, research activities, and the context of everyday life. According to the results of surveys conducted on science teachers, students' low confidence in science was due to difficult and uninteresting curricula and the absolute lack of time to study science and their low interest in the subject was due to difficult curricula and the view that science was unrelated to their future academic or professional careers. In addition, according to the teachers, students' low value perception of science curricula was due to the fact that there was no need to excel in science for academic or professional careers and the idea that the subject was of no help to daily life.
A Case Study on the Experience of Science Teacher Participating in Peer Coaching Meetings
Chung, Haengnam ; Choi, Byungsoon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 63~78
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.063
Purposes of this study were to explore the process of experience that science teachers go through when participating in peer coaching meetings to improve teaching ability and to find out factors that affect each process of experience. The data were collected through recording of peer coaching meetings, videotapes of science class, and interviews. All the data were analyzed after transcription. The results of the study showed that even though Teacher K broke the ice and formed consensus among the peers by developing Content Representation (CoRe) at the beginning of the meetings, he became self-defensive rather than receptive of peers' opinions on the recorded class at the discussion session. But as the peer coaching went on, he realized that peer coaching was not about evaluation but rather on improving his teaching ability. In turn, he was able to look at his teaching in a more objective point of view and accepted suggestions from peer coaching discussion. The self-reflection of Teacher K acted as the key factor in the efforts to improve his teaching ability. He sought the concrete alternatives through the class analysis with fellow teachers and showed major changes in his teaching practice from the language habits, pronunciation, and speed of his speech to the interaction with students and class design. However, there was little change in knowledge of curriculum and assessment due to his strong orientation to improve students' grades as an academic high school teacher. Likewise, it was found that while peer coaching exert a strong influence on instructional methods and strategies of Teacher K, his strong orientation to improve students' grades hinders a balanced development of subcomponents of PCK.
Patterns of Middle School Students' Value-Judgement and Decision-Making on Biotechnology-Related Socioscientific Issues
Ju, In-Ae ; Lee, Hyunju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 79~93
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.079
This study examined value-judgement and decision-making process of middle school students on three biotechnology related socioscientific issues (SSI) (i.e. designer baby, amniotic fluid test, and embryonic stem cell research). In particular, it focused on the level of consistency in their value application to the decisions. Twenty 8th grade students participated in the SSI program. The participants were asked to mark their positions on each issue before and after the debates. All classroom and sub-group debates were audio-recorded. The researcher conducted individual interviews with 10 students after the program. The results show three patterns emerging. First, five students applied their personal values in a consistent manner when making decisions on the three consecutive issues. Second, three students demonstrated incremental resoluteness in their value application as the sessions proceeded and had tendency to be oriented towards a specific value, more so towards the end of the program than the beginning. And third, four students gradually showed ambivalence in their decisions as they participate in the program. The results suggest that science teachers addressing SSI need to encourage students to be aware of their own values and to engage in internalized decision-making in light of those values. They also need to be aware of the possible challenges that students might feel in their decision-making process caused by the complexity of SSI.
The Change in Beginning Science Teachers' Reflective Practice in their Teaching Performance through Collaborative Mentoring
Go, Munsuk ; Nam, Jeonghee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 94~113
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.094
The purpose of this study was to examine the change in the classes of beginning science teachers through the collaborative mentoring program that induce reflective thinking practice. Participants in this study were three mentor-teachers, two teachers in doctor's or master's course, one university professor, and three mentee-teachers who have less than four years of teaching experience. We collected data such as video recordings of the mentee-teachers' classroom teaching and transcription, lesson plans, recording of one-on-one mentoring and transcription, mentor and mentee's journals, and RTOP classroom teaching observation reports. RTOP was used for the analysis of classroom teaching and mentee-teachers' recognition and changes in their classes were found out through journals and one-on-one mentoring interview materials. According to mentee-teachers' recognition and changes in their classes during the mentoring program, they themselves recognized their teacher-centered teaching style, misconception, and lack of content knowledge. Furthermore, there were changes in the mentee-teachers' classroom teaching through their reflective practice and improvement. As a result of this study, the interactions with mentor-teachers through collaborative mentoring program stimulated mentee-teacher's reflections on their teaching. Therefore, these reflections led to their reflective practice that showed progressive changes in their teaching behavioral activities. The extent of these changes varied according to the mentee-teachers' individual disposition toward reflection and the issue of whether mentee-teachers' reflective practice was in accordance with priorities in motivational ZDP or not. Also based on the results of this study, the teachers' reflection was not all accompanied by reflective practice even if the beginning science teachers made some partial changes in reflective practice through reflection. It means that it is hard to lead reflective practice for mentee-teachers through mentoring in a short period of time. Therefore, we consider that a systematic and long-term mentoring program is necessary for beginning science teachers.
Development and Application of the Family Activity for Improving Scientific Creativity (FAISC) Program
Jee, Kyoungjun ; Park, Jongwon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 114~131
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.114
In this study, FAISC (Family Activity for Improving Scientific Creativity) program was developed and applied to 12 families. FAISC consists of 12 tasks and 12 evaluation papers. Family participants conducted the task individually and evaluated their performance results through discussion and agreement. From the participants' responses, it was found that FAISC tasks were fun but weakly difficult. Participants responded that Guide 1 (Creative thinking methods) and Guide 2 (Related knowledge) were helpful in their performance, and their scientific creativity was enhanced. From the analysis of interview and video recording of participants' behaviors, various positive aspects were observed. Especially on cognitive aspects, harmonious and pleasant family activities were observed. Negative aspects observed in interview and video gave us a practical guide for more effective performance in further application. Finally, according to comparison of evaluation results by family and professionals, the correlation between them was .901. Therefore, we conclude that evaluation of creative activity by family is highly confidential.
An Analysis of Inquiry Activities in High School Physics Textbooks for the 2009 Revised Science Curriculum
Kang, Nam-Hwa ; Lee, Eun Mi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 132~143
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.132
The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of inquiry activities proposed in high school physics textbooks that were developed based on the 2009 science curriculum in Korea. The inquiry activities were analyzed using the notion of scientific practices introduced in the Science Education Framework (NRC, 2012). The results showed that the inquiry activities in the textbooks emphasized two of eight types of scientific practices including "Analyzing and interpreting data" and "Constructing explanations". In contrast, the activities required students to "ask questions" only once in a total of 291 science inquiry activities. The other types of scientific practices appeared less than 10%. Also found was that the types of scientific practices were not relevant to the way inquiry activities were used for textbook content. Implications for the curriculum and science teacher education were discussed.
The Critical Thinking of Philosophy as a Creative Method of Science: Neurophilosophical Explication
Park, Jeyoun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 144~160
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.144
This study is a proposal, which is the trial to explicate, in neurology, on how critical thinking as a creative method of sciences functions. The creative methods of sciences, even at present, are mostly the hypothetical insistences concerning with the logical processes of researches suggested from the philosophers of science; Popper, Kuhn, Hempel, or Lakatos. These insistences do excavate what process or approach can be scoped out of scientists' creativity. I call the tendency or approach of the researches, "Process Approach of Creativity (PAC)". From my view point, any PAC trial does not concern with how creative theories can actually be invented. On the other hand, this study is focused on the philosophical thinking abilities of scientists who invented new great theories. They mostly had some experiences to study philosophy while studying their science fields, thus had critical thinking abilities on their studies. From my point of view, critical thinking in philosophy raised questions as to their fundamental and basic (old) concepts and principles, and thus gave them new creative theories. I will try to explain this from the point of neurophilosophy. From the perspectives coming from "the state space theory of representation" of Paul & Patricia Churchland, the pioneers of neurophilosphy, the "creative theories" are the networks of topographic maps giving new comprehensive explanations and predictions. From these perspectives, I presuppose that the attitude of critical questioning revises the old networks of maps with back-propagation or feedback, and thus, is the generative power of searching new networks of maps. From the presupposition, I can say, it is important that scientists reflect on the basic premises in their academic branches for issuing out extraordinary creativity. The critical attitude of philosophy can make scientists construct the maps of new conceptual scheme by shaking the maps of the old basic premises. From this context, I am able to propose "Critical Thinking Approach of Creativity (CTAC)".
Present States, Methodological Features, and an Exemplar Study of the Research on Learning Progressions
Maeng, Seungho ; Seong, Yeonseon ; Jang, Shinho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 161~180
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.161
The purpose of this paper is to introduce the current studies and research methods about Learning Progressions disseminated to several countries including the U.S. since 2006. It also provides a methodological base to investigate learning progressions in science by introducing a case study of learning progression conducted in Korea. For this study, we described several features of current studies on learning progressions in the U.S., and reported the common ways and sequences employed in examining learning progressions especially with respect to assessment for learning. Learning progressions are descriptions of developmental pathways of learning a topic, in which science knowledge is used in students' engaging in science practices. Each learning progression consists of upper anchor, lower anchor, and intermediate steps that connect both anchors. In investigating a learning progression, researchers usually utilize Wilson's four building blocks of assessment system based on the assessment triangle. This kind of method was also applied in investigating the learning progression for water cycle in this study. We discussed implication and consideration for the future research on learning progressions in science in Korea.
Exploring Scientific Reasoning in Elementary Science Classroom Discourses
Lee, Sun-Kyung ; Choi, Chui Im ; Lee, Gyuho ; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ; Song, Hojang ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 181~192
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.181
This study aims to explore scientific reasoning that students and their teachers constructed in elementary science classroom discourses in terms of basic reasoning types; deduction, induction, and abduction. For this research, data were collected from 13 classes of 4th grade science activities during a period of three months and analyzed three types of scientific reasoning in elementary school science discourses. We found that deduction (one discourse segment), induction (one discourse segment), and deduction-abduction (two discourse segments) were presented in the discourses. They showed that: first, scientific reasoning proceeded explicitly or implicitly in elementary science discourses; second, the students and their teachers have potentials to increase the quality of reasoning depending on their inter-subjectivity; and last, the students' background knowledge were very important in the development of their reasoning. Implication and remarks on science education and research were presented based on this results as well.
Middle School and Science-gifted Students' Conceptions about Motion of Objects on the Surface of the Earth and the Moon
Song, Young-Wook ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 193~207
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.193
The purpose of this study was to investigate middle school and science-gifted students' conceptions about motion of objects on the surface of the earth and the moon. The subjects were 61 first-, 51 second-, 51 third-year students, for a total of 163 in a middle school and 32 science-gifted students from a university-affiliated sciencegifted education center for secondary school students. The research contents were conceptions about motion of objects by the vertical direction, an inclined plane and horizontal plane on the surface of the earth and the moon. The questions were as follows: If two balls, same size but different mass, were put on, thrown over, by the vertical direction, an inclined plane and a horizontal plane on the surface of the earth and the moon at the same time and speed, which one would arrive faster than the other?; In the same mass in the earth and the moon, how fast could the object reach to which location, the earth or the moon? The results showed that science-gifted students offer meaningful difference on the concept of objects in motion at the vertical direction, an inclined plane and a horizontal plane on the earth and at the vertical direction on the moon than general middle school students. There were meaningful difference on the vertical up direction, an inclined plane and a horizontal plane in the same situation in the earth and the moon. Finally, based on the results of our study, we discuss possible educational implications for teaching the concept of objects in motion.
A Case Study and Consultation on Instructional Design Process for Integrated Science Lesson by Secondary Science Teachers - Focus on the Integrated Science Five-Step Instructional Design for Integrated Science Lesson -
Lee, Eun-Ju ; Son, Yeon-A ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 1, 2013, Pages 208~227
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.1.208
The purpose of this study is to analyze secondary science teachers' planning process for an integrated science lesson. For this study, relevant references were collected from various sources, including literatures, previous studies regarding integrated science education, and individual studies. Two teachers (one from middle school and the other from high school) participated and 'the five-step instructional design' was adopted from former studies in this subject. The teachers were asked to develop an instructional plan based on 'the design' provided. While the consultation provided a framework for an instructional plan, the teachers were asked to take a leading role in terms of selecting the chapter to be taught; analyzing the course structure; and making detailed teaching plans. In the course of consultations, discussions, records, and analysis were organized into a journal. Based on the journal, the aspects of the planning process, including difficulties and problems faced by teachers, were analyzed in-depth. From the study, it could be observed that both high school and middle school teachers face various difficulties in preparing for the integrated science lesson. Among other things, the teachers emphasized the difficulties in the stages of selecting the topic, collecting the relevant information, and restructuring and organizing the lecture contents.