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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 7 - Dec 2013
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Oct 2013
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Aug 2013
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Jun 2013
Volume 33, Issue 3 - May 2013
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on Science Gifted Students' Perceived Parental Behavior, Self-Esteem, and Emotional Intelligence
Chae, Yoojung ; Lee, Young Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 695~707
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.695
The purpose of this study is to investigate relationships among gifted students' perceived parental behavior of their parents, self-esteem, and emotional intelligence. The sample includes 91 6th-11th grade gifted students enrolled at a gifted program in a University. The surveys, administered in March, 2012, assess self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and the parental behavior of the parents of gifted students. Data were collected and analyzed by the researchers, using SPSS 18.0. The results are as follows: 1) Each of the 10 item's mean score is over 4.0, and the total mean scores on self-esteem is 4.36 out of 5 (SD=.546), showing positive responses. 2) The mean scores of two aspects of emotional intelligence were close to 4, showing positive perception. 3) The mean scores on perception of a father's and a mother's behavior are at 3.89 and 4.10, respectively; the three factors of perception among fathers (care, trust, and respect) are close to 4.0, while care (3.57) was somewhat low; the perception among mothers is at 4.31 (care), 4.20 (lesson), 4.01 (respect), and 3.96 (trust), showing statistical differences between fathers and mothers. 4) The correlation existed between self-esteem and emotional intelligence, between self-esteem and the four aspects of parental behavior, and between emotional intelligence and parental behavior. 5) Regression analyses showed that respect (
=.422, p<.001) among fathers, and trust (
=.450, p<.001) among mothers affected students' self-esteem; lessons (
=.414, p<.001) and trust (
=.280, p<.01) among fathers and lessons (
=.450, p<.001) and respect (
=.331, p<.01) among mothers affected students' emotional intelligence. The implication of this study, limitation, and future study ideas are suggested at the end of this paper.
An Analysis on STEAM Education Teaching and Learning Program on Technology and Engineering
Ahn, Jaehong ; Kwon, Nanjoo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 708~717
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.708
The new paradigm of the 21st Century science education explores a wide range of possibilities that can foster students' interest toward science and creative convergence thinking. In this study, through the analysis of programs that were developed in 'STEAM leader school' and 'STEAM teacher association for research' supported by the 'Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology,' we analyzed the linking frequency with each of STEAM education's fields and teachers' perception for the convergence strategy of technology and engineering. The results of this study show that linking frequency of technology and engineering is lower than the field of arts and mathematics in elementary school, but higher in middle and high school. 'Introduction technology contents in lives' in technology and 'crafts activity' in engineering are the most used teaching and learning strategy in STEAM education. But, although 'crafts activity' is engineering's major way of learning, many teachers understand and use it as a technological teaching learning strategy. It is important to understand that each of STEAM education's field has a unique nature and educational implications, for the effective settlement of STEAM education, we need to consider teaching and learning strategy in various way.
Korean High School Students' Perception and Understanding of Highly Metaphorical Science Terminologies
Kim, Youngmin ; Hong, Sung-Hee ; Kim, Jae-Kwon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 718~734
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.718
The purpose of the study is to investigate high school students' perception and understanding of old metaphorical science terminologies and new metaphorical science terminologies (highly metaphorical science terminologies). For the study, three old metaphorical terminologies and three new metaphorical terminologies have been chosen from the old and new Korean science curricula respectively, and 176 high school students who learned physics based on 7th science curriculum developed in 1997 and 175 highschool students who learned physics based on the science curriculum revised in 2009 were sampled from two high schools in a big city in Korea. The research results are as follows: First, for the old metaphorical terminologies, there are more students who give explanations using scientific terms than those who use the meaning of the metaphors that terminologies had. Second, for the new metaphorical terminologies, there are much less students who give explanations using scientific terms than those who explained using the meaning of the metaphors that the terminologies had. Therefore, it should be emphasized that, for the new metaphorical terminologies, the metaphorical meaning of the terminologies do not mean the concepts themselves in teaching science.
Analysis of Physics Terminology in Science Textbooks for Teaching Science Words
Yun, Eunjeong ; Park, Yunebae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 735~750
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.735
The purpose of this study is to relieve the difficulties caused by science terminology in science learning and increasing the efficiency of science education. The reason why students experience difficulties in science terminology is because science words are used without being filtered by a criteria and students have not had the opportunity to be educated properly in science terminology. As a way to solve this problem, we propose establishing a criteria about the science words used in science education and to teach the science words systematically to the students under the criteria. In this study, we used the method of empirical linguistics that investigate the science terminologies actually used in science education to establish a criteria for science words. As a basic research for this, we analyzed all words contained in the physics section of science textbooks for elementary and secondary schools. And then, we collected all words used in the physics section of science textbook, and selected the science words for teaching, and rated them by grade. As a result, a total of 930 physics terms were selected as the science words for grade 3 to 10. The numbers of physics terms per grade were as follows: 66 words for the 3rd grade, 38 words for the 4th grade, 35 words for the 5th grade, 28 words for the 6th grade, 203 words for the 7th grade, 135 words for the 8th grade, 123 words for the 9th grade, and 302 words for the 10th grade.
The Development of the Science Writing Program : Cultivating Middle School Students' Scientific Creativity
Hwang, Shin-Young ; Chung, Young-Lan ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 751~762
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.751
The purpose of the study is to develop a science writing program for middle school students and to analyze the effects of this program. The program consists of twenty-one 10-minute long sessions in 2 chapters (stimulus and response; the structure and function of plants) from the
year middle school textbooks. The team selected themes in science writing that can cultivate multiple facets of creativity in students: flexibility, originality and elaboration. The format of the science writing was diverse. The program was conducted through worksheets, and there was separate section within the worksheet for teacher to give feedback to students. The science writing program with teacher's feedback improved students' scientific creativity(p<.01). It seems like teacher's feedback is critical in checking students' concept and boosting students' creativity. The program is statistically effective in improving students' flexibility(p<.01), however it is not the case for improving on their originality and ability to elaborate(p>.05). We assumed that the relatively extensive portion of the writing was not suitable to improve students' ability to elaborate their ideas further as well as fostering originality. In order to improve the students' creativity and ability to elaborate, there is a need to adjust the amount of science writing, content, time.
The Cases of Integrated Science Education Practices in Schools -What are the ways to facilitate integrated science education?-
Ahn, Jungyong ; Na, Jiyeon ; Song, Jinwoong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 763~777
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.763
This is a case study on two schools practising integrated science education (hereafter ISE). The purposes of this study are to investigate the types and features of ISE in the schools actively practising ISE, to identify the contextual factors of the schools, and to give implications for implementing ISE in schools. This study investigated the contextual factors in practicing ISE with a focus on the two schools, a middle school in Gyeonggi-do and a high school in Busan. They were breaking down the boundaries among teaching subjects and providing student-oriented instruction with problems in the real world. The data were collected by observing classes, by interviewing teachers, and by reviewing school documents and students' reports. The research findings are as follows: first, the two schools took part in ISE actively. They teach science to students providing integrated experiences mainly by using interdisciplinary knowledge and/or by solving the problems pertaining to the real world. While the former integrated subjects centering on topics, the latter focused on a project-based learning driven by students. They have differences in regard to the role of teachers and students, the level of integration and the type of integration. Second, the contextual factors that enabled ISE to be implemented there were found. The previous studies revealed six contextual factors in practising ISE: small and stable learning environment, leadership, team activities, in-school planning time, flexible timetable and community links. This study also found similar factors. However, the cases of this study provided ISE on a large scale and in a short period of time, instead of a small and stable learning environment. Teachers viewed the process of ISE not only as a tool to overcome the conservative culture of teachers but also as a pursuit of innovation.
An Analysis of Eye Movement in Observation According to University Students' Cognitive Style
Lim, Sung-Man ; Choi, Hyun-Dong ; Yang, Il-Ho ; Jeong, Mi-Yeon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 778~793
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.778
The purpose of this study is to analyze observation characteristics through eye movement according to cognitive styles. To do this, we developed observation tasks that show the differences between wholistic cognitive style group and analytic cognitive style group, measured eye movement of university students with different cognitive styles after being given an observation task. The difference between two cognitive style groups is confirmed by analysing gathered statistics and visualization data. The findings of this study are as follows: First, to compare fixation time and frequency, we compared the average value of total time used in the observation task by the wholistic cognitive style group and analytic cognitive style group. The numbers of Fixation (total) and number of Fixations (30s), is based on the fact that the wholistic cognitive style group has more numbers of fixation (Total) and number of fixations (30s) means the wholistic cognitive style group can observe more points or overall features than the analytic cognitive style group, in contrast, the analytic cognitive style group tend to focus on a particular detail, and observe less numbers of points. Second, to compare observation object and area by cognitive style, the outcome of analysing visualization data shows that wholistic cognitive style group observes the surrounding environment of spider and web on a wider area, on the other hand, the analytic cognitive style group observes by focusing on the spider itself. Through the result of this study, there are differences in observation time, frequency, object, area, and ratio from the two cognitive styles. It also shows the reason why each student has varied outcome, from the difference of information following their cognitive styles, and the result of this study helps to figure out and give direction as to what observation fulfillment is more suitable for each student.
Analyses of Science Education Theories in the Question Items of the Examination for Appointing Secondary School Science Teachers
Lee, Bongwoo ; Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ; Kim, Jonghee ; Choi, Jaehyeok ; Park, Eunmi ; Yoon, Jihyun ; Kwon, Yongju ; Kim, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 794~806
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.794
The purpose of this study is to analyze what kinds of science education theories are targeted in the "Examination for Appointing Secondary School Science Teachers (EASST)." For the analyses, we extracted the contents related to the science education theories in the question items of the EASST of 2008 through 2012, and categorized those theories into science curriculum, history of science and philosophy of science, scientific inquiry, theory of teaching and learning, model of teaching and learning, and assessment. The results of this study indicated that the theory of teaching and learning appeared most frequently and there were high proportions of question items related to the following topics: contents in science curriculum, scientific method, contemporary philosophy of science, process of inquiry, Ausubel's theory, learning cycle model by Lawson, cooperative learning, criteria of performance assessment, and etc. While we, as science educators, believed that the other categories such as 'history of science' provides important topics for pre-service science teachers, questions items dealing with those were rarely found in the past EASSTs. As EASST has strong influences on the professional developments of pre-service science teachers, more research should be pursued on how much and what domains of science education theories would be appropriate for the test.
The Contents of Practical Knowledge Realized in Two Science Teachers' Classes on Social Construction of Scientific Models
Kim, So-Jung ; Maeng, Seungho ; Cha, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Chan-Jong ; Choe, Seung-Urn ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 807~825
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.807
This study investigated two science teachers' practical knowledge shaped during their science classes which intend to realize social construction of scientific models. The teachers' practical knowledge was qualitatively examined in terms of five content categories defined by Elbaz through the reflection-in-action based on video data of their teaching as well as the reflection-on-action based on their narratives and interview data obtained after their classes. The results shows: 1) two science teachers implemented their practical knowledge on appropriate subject matter knowledge when they provided students with scaffoldings to support building scientific models during the classes. 2) The teachers' knowledge about science curriculum played important roles to change the purposes of the classes from the transmission of difficult science concepts to the construction of scientific model appropriate to learning goals. 3) The teachers' implementation of pedagogical knowledge changed toward supporting students' group activities and model generations aligned to the intention of social construction of scientific models. 4) The teachers' practical knowledge about their 'selves' showed that a teacher's perception and implementation of his/her roles of helper, guide, or facilitator are important for students to construct scientific models through group activities. 5) The two teachers' practical knowledge the milieu of schooling is realized by their modes of interactions with student groups during their classes. Two teachers acted like a co-player with his students or like a coach to students near a playground. We discussed domain-specific characteristics about scientific model construction.
Relationship between Science Education Researchers' Views on Science Educational Theories for Pre-service Science Teachers and the Examination for Appointing Secondary School Science Teachers
Lee, Bongwoo ; Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ; Kim, Jonghee ; Choi, Jaehyeok ; Park, Eunmi ; Yoon, Jihyun ; Kwon, Yongju ; Kim, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 826~839
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.826
The purpose of this study is to examine science education researchers' views on what and how much science educational theories would be needed for pre-service science teachers, and to investigate the relationship between their views and the Examination for Appointing Secondary School Science Teachers(EASST). For this study, the views of science education professors on science education theories have been analyzed in terms of their priorities for contributing to the improvement of science teacher competency and literacy. Their views have been compared with proportions of questions related to science education theories of the EASST in terms of what kinds of science education theories have been used for solving each item. As results of this study show, they have perceived that more essential things are needed for the improvement of science teacher competency and literacy including science inquiry process, methods of experimental equipments and tools, laboratory safety, misconception of students, discussion, writing, evaluation of scientific knowledges, and evaluation of scientific inquiry ability other than science philosophy, changes of science curricula, science curricula of foreign countries, Bruner's instructional theory, Karplus's Learning Cycle model, generative learning model, discovery learning model, and Klopfer's taxonomy of educational objectives. There is a higher proportion of questions related to science curriculum and Ausubel's learning theory in the EASST. They are hardly correlated with science education professors' selections of science educational theories for EASST questions. This study advocates the needs of exploring a new method of narrowing down the gap between science educators' opinions and questions of ESSAT in terms of science educaiton theories.
Methodological Review of the Research on Argumentative Discourse Focused on Analyzing Collaborative Construction and Epistemic Enactments of Argumentation
Maeng, Seungho ; Park, Young-Shin ; Kim, Chan-Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 840~862
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.840
This study undertook a methodological investigation on previous research that had proposed alternative methods for analyzing argumentative discourse in science classes in terms of collaborative construction and epistemic enactments of argumentation. The study also proposed a new way of analyzing argumentation discourse based on the achievements and limitations of previous research. The new method was applied to actual argumentation discourse episodes to examine its feasibility. For these purposes, we chose the studies employing Toulmin's argument layout, seeking for a method to analyze comprehensively the structure, content, and justification of arguments, or emphasizing evidence-based reasoning processes of argumentation discourse. In addition, we contrived an alternative method of analyzing argumentative discourse, Discourse Register on the Evidence-Explanation Continuum (DREEC), and applied DREEC to an argumentative discourse episode that occurred in an actual science classroom. The advanced methods of analyzing argumentative discourse used in previous research usually examined argument structure by the presence and absence of the elements of Toulmin's argument layout or its extension. Those methods, however, had some problems in describing and comparing the quality of argumentation based on the justification and epistemic enactments of the arguments, while they could analyze and compare argumentative discourse quantitatively. Also, those methods had limitations on showing participants' collaborative construction during the argumentative discourse. In contrast, DREEC could describe collaborative construction through the relationships between THEMEs and RHEMEs and the links of data, evidence, pattern, and explanation in the discourse, as well as the justification of arguments based on the flow of epistemic enactments of the argumentative discourse.
Analysis of Task Commitment Types of Science Learning in High School Students' Biology Classification
Kim, Won-Jung ; Byeon, Jung-Ho ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 863~879
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2013.33.4.863
The purpose of this study was to analyze task commitment types of science learning in high school students' biology classification. Thirty students were selected as the representatives of five task commitment types according to task commitment type inventory scores. They participated in think-aloud biology classification task. To analyze the procedural characteristics of task commitment, a coding scheme and think-aloud task were developed. Characteristics of respective task commitment types were identified from the result of the think-aloud protocol coding analysis. They are TGC(task goal commitment) type, LGC(low goal commitment) type, CC(conditional commitment) type, SC(suspended commitment) type, and DC(delayed commitment) type. Findings gained from this study are expected to serve as the foundation of task commitment enhancement strategies and as the information on the characteristics of each task commitment type. Also, future studies are required to investigate the commitment-related properties not only in biology classification but also in other science learning situations.