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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 8 - Dec 2014
Volume 34, Issue 7 - Oct 2014
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Sep 2014
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Aug 2014
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Jun 2014
Volume 34, Issue 3 - May 2014
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of Pre-Service Science Teachers' Argument Structures, the Factors Affecting the Practice of State Change Experiment in 7
Grade and Cognition of Pre-Service Education
Paik, Seoung Hye ; Son, Su Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 197~206
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0197
The purpose of this study is to research pre-service chemistry teachers' inquiry ability and perception on inquiry by analyzing their argument structure. Nine graduating senior students have participated in this study. They have experimented with mass change during state change, which is included in 7th grade science textbook. We have analyzed pre-service teachers' experimental reports using Toulmin's argument model. Also, we have researched their views on science and experiments through questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. As results show, various factors have affected pre-services' argument structures; lack of science knowledge and inquiry ability, belief about error, and additive data. This study shows that pre-service teachers' inquiry abilities is insufficient, and it is necessary to review rearrangement of pre-service science teacher curriculum in order to offer inquiry experiments in teacher education program.
Comparative Analysis of the Presentation of the Nature of Science (NOS) in Korea and US Elementary Science Textbooks
Lee, Young Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 207~212
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0207
The national reform document, Science for All Americans (AAAS, 1990), and the Next Generation Science Standards (NRC, 2012) emphasize the importance of the nature of science in guiding science educators in accurately portraying science to students. Therefore, it is important that textbook materials convey an accurate conception of the nature of science. This study employs content analysis to examine the content of textbooks in US and Korea elementary science textbooks with regard to the four aspects of the nature of science: (a) nature of scientific knowledge; (b) nature of scientific inquiry; (c) nature of scientific thinking; and (d) nature of interactions among science, technology, and society (Chiappetta, Fillman, & Sethna, 2004). Intercoder reliability was determined by calculating Cohen's kappa (Cohen, 1960). Findings show that while US elementary science textbooks are not balanced in presenting the four aspects of the nature of science regardless of the publishing companies, the presentation of the nature of science in Korean elementary science textbooks have better balanced treatment of the four themes across the grade levels. On the other hand, both US and Korean elementary science textbooks are attempting to convey an idea of what science is by emphasizing scientific knowledge and investigation.
An Application Effect of Family Activity for Improving Scientific Creativity (FAISC)
Jee, Kyoungjun ; Park, Jongwon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 213~220
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0213
In the previous study (Jee & Park, 2013), family activities, which can be utilized to improve scientific creativity at home have been developed and used. In that study, 12 families fell into two groups, received 6 programs for scientific creativity respectively, and conducted the program for six weeks. As consequences, various positive responses from participants have been received. This survey has been conducted to test whether scientific creativity could be improved quantitatively through family activity at home, and to examine parents' recognition of the feasibility of teaching creativity as well. To answer this, a scientific creativity test consisting of three items in the pre- and post-test respectively have been developed and carried out. The test includes various elements of scientific creativity defined by Park (2011). For obtaining parents' responses, a questionnaire has been developed and applied. The results reveal that parents have changed their thought to 'everyone can conduct scientific creativity activity at home if effective programs are provided and they learn the basic skills to do it.' And, through the scientific creativity test, the experimental group has indicated an improvement in scientific creativity with statistical significance and a large effect size. Therefore, we suggest that family activity for scientific creativity can be applied to family activity in various situations such as camp, leasure or science museum.
A Comparison of Verbal Interaction Patterns in Science Cooperative Learning Based on Grouping by Middle School Students' Collectivism
Joo, Young ; Kim, Kyungsun ; Noh, Taehee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 221~233
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0221
In this study, we analyzed verbal interactions among 32 students in 7th graders' science cooperative learning at the levels of turns, interaction units, and conflict behavior units, and compared their verbal interaction patterns between the heterogeneous and homogeneous groups by students' collectivism. The relationships of verbal interactions with the achievement test scores and the increase of the achievement test scores were also investigated. In the analyses of turns, the distributions of the subcategories of the statements related to the task were found to be similar in both groups, and the frequency of 'explain' was highest. The frequencies of interaction units were higher in the homogeneous groups than the heterogeneous groups, and the frequency of 'symmetric interaction' was highest. In the heterogeneous groups, the frequencies of turns and interaction units for the students of high collectivism were higher than those of low collectivism. The frequencies of conflict behavior units were generally low, but the rates were similar in both groups. In the case of the homogeneous groups, the frequencies of 'avoiding' and 'competing' for the students of low collectivism were high, and the frequency of 'cooperating' for the students of high collectivism was high. In addition, the qualitative differences between the two groups were found in the interaction units and conflict behavior units. The achievement test scores and the increase of the achievement test scores were positively related with the sum of the frequencies of the statements related to the task.
The Study of Causal Model on Science Teachers' Adoption of 'Science' Focusing on the Fusion in the 2009 Revised Curriculum
Ha, Minsu ; Shin, Sein ; Lee, Jun-Ki ; Park, HyunJu ; Chung, Duk-Ho ; Lim, Jae-Keun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 235~246
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0235
This study aims to explore how in-service science teachers adopt newly developed 'Science' focusing on the fusion of science based on 'the diffusion of innovation' model. For this study, we have explored five variables (i.e., perception of need, perception of support, innovativeness, perceived usefulness, self-efficacy of teaching, and intention to adopt) based on literature review and developed survey items to measure the level of five variables that in-service science teachers perceive. In addition, the path model of six variables explaining how in-service science teachers adopt an innovation was hypothesized by the literature review. A total of 349 in-service science teachers have participated in this survey study. First of all, results have illustrated that the levels of six variables have not significantly associated with in-service science teachers' teaching experiences, participation in professional development programs on 'Science' curriculum, and majors. In addition, the statistically acceptable model fit indices have illustrated that path model has been statistically valid to explain how in-service science teachers adopt newly developed 'Science' focusing on the fusion of science. The results have also illustrated that 'perception of support', 'perceived usefulness', and 'self-efficacy of teaching' exhibited strong mediating effects between other variables. For the successful establishment of newly developed curricula, textbook, or policies in science education in school, the level of teachers' intention to adopt innovations should be enhanced. This study will be useful for the development of new science teacher professional development programs to promote the level of teachers' intention to adopt innovations.
An Analysis on the Roles and Strategies of Imagistic Simulation Observed in Mental Simulation about Problematic Situations of Prediction
Ko, Min-Seok ; Yang, Il-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 247~260
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0247
Purpose of this study is to analyze the roles and strategies of imagistic simulation observed in mental simulation about problematic situation of prediction, and thereby identify the process of generating prediction, explanation and sophistication. For this study, a framework for mental simulation process and strategy based on literary research was developed and content was validated from four experts of science education. This study was participated by 10 preliminary elementary school teachers, and a total of 20 cases were gathered for two thought experiment tasks based on the think-aloud method. The results were as follows: First, mental simulation process described based on the seven elements of 'perception,' 'interpretation,' 'statement of initial representation,' 'running imagistic simulation,' 'identifying result of simulation,' 'identifying alignment' and 'restatement structured representation.' The study confirmed that initial representation by interpreting related concepts and running imagistic simulation a number of times to develop explanation and prediction. Second, the study identified the use of strategies to enhance simulation such as 'zoom in,' 'partition,' 'dimensional enhancement,' 'dimensional reduction,' 'remove,' 'replace' and 'extreme case.' Running spatial transformation that uses strategy to enhance simulation contributed to discovering mechanism elements in problematic situations.
Developing and Applying In-Service Program for Spreading the Practical On-site Cooperation Model (POCoM)
Jeong, Jin-Su ; Park, Jongwon ; Park, Jongseok ; Kim, Youngmin ; Park, Young-Shin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 261~272
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0261
In this study, to disseminate the Practical On-site Cooperation Model (POCoM) for practical improvement of science teaching and learning through cooperation between researcher and teacher, an in-service program has been developed, applied and evaluated. The in-service program emphasizes the following three aspects; (1) video-recording of actual science teaching has been used as a primary resource, (2) communication between teacher and researcher and among teachers have been emphasized, (3) activities have been mainly included. The in-service program has been implemented for nine hours, and 17 science teachers have been recruited as volunteers. The result shows that, by checking the agreements between raters, we found that teachers' expertise in analyzing the science class using the Korean Teaching Observation Protocol (KTOP) has improved, and we have confirmed that teachers are able to judge whether the science class has improved or not. Through the questionnaire, various highly positive responses could be obtained from teachers. And through the observation of teachers' activities during the in-service program, teachers' questions, their difficulties in doing activities, and their comments for improving the program has also been analyzed. Finally, based on the results, a list of recommendations for a more effective in-service program have been suggested. It is expected that this list can be utilized for more effective and meaningful design and implementation of in-service course.
Practical Use of the Classroom Response System (CRS) for Diagnostic and Formative Assessments in a High School Life Science Class
Kang, Jeong-Min ; Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Dong, Hyo-Kwan ; Gim, Wn Hwa ; Son, Jeongwoo ; Kwack, Dae-Oh ; Oh, Kyung-Hwan ; Kim, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 273~283
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0273
The purpose of this study was to examine the potential of the use of the Classroom Response System (CRS), a kind of new ICT medium, in a quiz problem-solving oriented high school life science class. To find the usefulness of CRS as a teaching and learning strategy, the CRS group (n=34) sent prompt individual answers to the teachers' questions using the CRS terminal (Clicker), and the teacher then asked additional reasons of the individuals and gave personalized feedback. In the control group (n=35), the CRS was not used while the teacher asked overall questions and gave feedback in an undifferentiated way. As a result, the CRS increased students' interest and concentration during class, but there were no significant differences in study achievement between the two groups. However, there were significant differences between the medium-level groups when the two groups were divided into smaller ones based on their pre-scores. We suggest that, for effective use of the CRS for diagnostic and formative assessment, teachers should develop a teaching and learning strategy that can produce appropriate questions of various levels in advance, investigate the exact reasons for students' answers, and give customized feedback by individual as much as possible.
The Effects of Formative Assessment Using Mobile Applications on Interest and Self-Directedness in Science Instruction
Kwak, Hyoungsuk ; Shin, Youngjoon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 285~294
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0285
This study investigates the effects of formative assessment utilizing mobile applications on interest and self-directedness in science instruction. The study subjects are two 6th grade classes from H elementary school located in Incheon, and the experimental group and the comparative group are composed of 21 students, respectively. The students from the experimental group have been taught with mobile devices while the comparative group has been taught in methods consistent with the current teaching standards. For the sake of research, the results of the method applied to the mobile device focus group have been edited using Google Drive Forms, entered as QR codes and stored in order for them to later be utilized for teaching and learning process. In the process, the teacher has provided the students with feedback based on their answers. The students of comparative group are to solve the same formative assessment in paper. As a result, the teacher of the mobile device focus group has been able to go through twenty-nine questions on formative assessment in the teaching and learning process, confirm the correct answers five times and provide feedback twenty-five times for additional explanation. In the inquiry about interest, the mobile device group scored 4.64 points and the standard one scored just 1.99 points (p<0.01). Fifteen students answered in the interview that and the major reason why they scored high has been because it was fun to study with mobile devices. When it comes to self-directedness over the process of teaching and learning, the mobile device focus group has answered positively but the standard group has scored relatively low (p<0.01).
An Analysis of Difficulties of Teachers and Students in Class on Weight
Park, Joonhyeong ; Jhun, Youngseok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 295~301
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0295
The purpose of this study is to investigate the difficulties of teachers and students on the unit about 'measuring weight.' In this research, we have acquired data about teachers through survey, interview, and self-reflection journals, at the same time we have collected information on the students through survey, assessment test, and interview. We have extracted the difficulties from analysis with constant comparison method. In addition, we have analysed the curriculum of science and mathematics to know the leaning sequence. The analysis had been checked up by experts in science education. The result of the study is as follows: The difficulties of teachers are from the lack of teachers' descriptive knowledge, disorder of conceptual hierarchy in the curriculum, poor experimental instruments, and low psychomotor skill of students. The difficulties of students are from common misconceptions, opaque concepts, lack of manipulation skill, insufficiency of mathematical ability, difficulty of application of principles to the real situation, and lack of problem-solving ability. In addition, teachers have recognized that students face more difficulties in experiment class, while students think that they face more difficulties in conceptual understanding class.
Theoretical Investigation on Implications of 'Community of Inquiry' for Science Education: Toward 'Community of Inquiry in Science Classroom'
Joung, Yong Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 303~319
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0303
The purpose of this study is to investigate theoretically the meaning and features of the Community of Inquiry (CoI) based on the views of Peirce and Dewey, and to explore the implications of CoI in science education. The meaning and features of CoI are: (a) inquiry in CoI is initiated with faithful doubt; (b) inquiry in CoI finishes with faithful belief; (c) inquiry in CoI attempts to find out the best explanation and solution regarding the practical effects of objects; (d) as an ideal community, CoI is required to be one that inquires continuously without definite limits; (e) as an actual community, CoI requires its members' open communication to find the best explanation and solution. Based on these features of CoI, the Community of Inquiry in Science Classroom (CoI-SC), "the classroom community for the purpose of transforming the state of faithful doubt into the state of faithful belief, in relation to natural phenomena or objects, and where the members share objectives as participants continuously attempt to find out the best explanation and solution by open communication, considering fallibility and the practical effects of objects", was suggested. The condition for implementation of the CoI-SC, "'interest', 'openness', 'rigor', 'fallibilism', 'participation', 'inquiry without definite limits'", were also suggested. Finally, several suggestions for the science curriculum were given.
Research on Ways to Improve Science Curriculum Focused on Key Competencies and Creative Fusion Education
Kwak, Youngsun ; Son, Jeongwoo ; Kim, Mi-Young ; Ku, Jaok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 321~330
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.3.0321
Changes are expected in the future, and the future society will expect changes in education. Science curriculum needs to reflect such demands for changes in the future of education. Hence, this study explored ways to reflect the changes demanded by the future society in science education. In this study, we investigated the major issues and directions for improvements based on the findings from questionnaires given to 447 primary and secondary school science teachers as well as in-depth interviews with 12 experts. We explored the problems of the 2009 revised national science curriculum including organization of science elective courses, fusion 'science' as an elective course, intensive course-taking of science, career-focused science curriculum, variation of completion units in science elective courses, and fairness of science elective course selection in college entrance. In addition, we proposed ways to organize science curriculum around core competencies and STEAM education suggested by science teachers. According to the results, we need to add such key competencies as basic learning abilities, self-identity, and moral competencies to science curriculum in addition to existing key competencies including problem solving and communication. Regarding the fusion science, experts contended that convergence of science courses should come before that of science and other subjects, and that STEAM with science as the axis was the desired form of convergence. We also need to establish a curriculum development center that exclusively focuses on science curriculum research and development.