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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 8 - Dec 2014
Volume 34, Issue 7 - Oct 2014
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Sep 2014
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Aug 2014
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Jun 2014
Volume 34, Issue 3 - May 2014
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Exploring Korean 4
Graders' Career Aspirations in Science with a Focus on Science Identity
Kang, Eunhee ; Kim, Chan-Jong ; Choe, Seung-Urn ; Noh, Taehee ; Yoo, Junehee ; Shim, Soo-Yean ; Kim, Heui-Baik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 7, 2014, Pages 613~624
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.7.0613
The aim of this study is to explore why Korean 4th graders' interest in science was not connected to career aspirations in science using the perspective of science identity. Forty-five students with a high interest in science but with low science-related aspirations have been chosen from 488 elementary school students who have completed a questionnaire exploring students' interest and career aspirations in science. Among them, 19 who have received parental permission participated in in-depth interviews examining students' science identities (interest, competence, and recognition by others in science) and their experiences and perceptions of science-related activities. The results showed that most students have limited or situational interest in science, a gap between the perception of their competence in science and their competence for a science-related career, and negative recognition by others in science. Also, participants' science identities and low aspirations for a science-related career constrained their attention and participation in science-related activities. Students' negative science identities and low aspirations for science-related careers were based on the high standards of science-related careers. It seems that these erroneous perceptions and expectations led them to differentiate themselves from students pursuing science-related careers, as well as to perceive that their interest, competence, and recognition by others in science were not enough to pursue a science-related career. This study has implications for understanding the current condition of young students with low aspirations for science careers and exploring desirable objectives and strategies to promote activities to raise their aspirations for science-related careers.
The Analysis of the Factors of the Effectiveness of Science Teacher as Perceived by Students through the Perspective of Teacher Knowledge
Lee, Kiyoung ; Park, Jaeyong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 7, 2014, Pages 625~634
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.7.0625
This study has investigated the factors that make a science teacher effective by analyzing students' perception of teacher knowledge required in enhancing their science learning. The basic components of teacher knowledge identified by previous researchers have been confirmed through Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). Based on the findings of the EFA, the questionnaire has been further analyzed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) by means of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). In addition, the differences in students' perception on the identified factors of effectiveness have also been analyzed in terms of gender and achievement level. The findings of the EFA showed that five factors of science teacher effectiveness were identified; namely, substantive knowledge, syntactic knowledge, knowledge of students' understandings, knowledge of instructional strategies, and knowledge of assessment. These five components have been divided into two categories of teacher knowledge, SMK and PCK. What we found from the CFA was the respective high correlation between substantive and syntactic knowledge, knowledge of students' understanding and instructional strategies and the low correlation between substantive knowledge and knowledge of instructional strategies. Students perceived substantive knowledge as the most effective factor, knowledge of assessment as the least effective factor. Also, there have been considerable differences in students' perception by gender and achievement level. We proposed, based on the findings, that SMK and PCK need to be integrated into a coherent manner for the effective science teaching practice. This study provides some implications for science teacher professional development and the improvement of science teacher preparation program.
Elementary Teachers' Perception, Practice, and Background Factors in Using Students' Everyday Experience in Teaching Science
Na, Jiyeon ; Song, Jinwoong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 7, 2014, Pages 635~645
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.7.0635
The purpose of this study is to identify elementary school teachers' perceptions, practices, and background factors related to introducing students' everyday experience in science teaching process. The participants of this study were four elementary school teachers who have different features such as major, teaching period, gender, growth area, and age. The data was collected through semi-constructed and in-depth interviews. The results of the research are as follows: Teachers mostly used students' everyday experience during the introduction phase of science lessons for the purpose of motivation. They hold a positive view of using students' everyday experience during science lessons and thought that science teaching needs to actively use more of students' everyday experience, while in actual practice they disregarded or only passively introduced students' everyday experience. The various background factors found to affect teachers' practice are as follows: positive memory on their science class; educational experience of their own children; their own childhood environment; their learning style; their insufficient knowledge or enthusiasm; perceived educational value of everyday life in science education; teacher's duties; importance of students' achievement; difficulty in guiding experiment; reaction of students on introducing everyday experience; characteristics of science textbook and teacher's guidebook; lack of lesson time; realization of national common basic education; characteristics of their students; demands from parents or students; effect of introducing everyday experience. In addition, we found that the teachers behave not in accordance with what they thought due to external factors related to their profession and that, for a more active use of students' everyday experience in their teaching, teachers need support from textbooks and teachers' guidebooks.
Analysis of Relationships of Scientific Communication Skills, Science Process Skills, Logical Thinking Skills, and Academic Achievement Level of Elementary School Students
Jeon, Seongsoo ; Park, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 7, 2014, Pages 647~655
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.7.0647
The purpose of this study is to acquire teaching insights for improving scientific literacy by analyzing the effects of scientific communication skills, science process skills, and logical thinking skills of elementary school students on academic achievement level. The participants are 64, sixth grade elementary school students. Survey materials include the results of Scientific Communication Skill Test (SCST), Test of Science Process Skills (TSPS), Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT), multiple choice test & short answer test, descriptive answer test on science, and academic achievement level test on all subjects. Based on these data, the study analyzed the relationships of science process skills, logical thinking skills, and scientific communication skills, and each category's effect on academic achievement level. Furthermore, under the assumption that scientific communication skills are affected by science process skills and logical thinking skills and directly influence the academic level, the research discovered three types of correlations as a structural model. The results show that there are considerable correlations in scientific communication skills, science process skills, and logical thinking skills. Also, these three abilities have meaningful correlations with learner's writing and descriptive question level on science curriculum and overall academic achievement level; the level of correlation differ a bit by subcategory factors. In conclusion, setting the model, science process skills and logical thinking skills influence scientific communication skill, and the skill directly influences the learner's academic level. Further analysis of the results show that scientific communication skill influences the academic achievement level of all subjects the most.
Developing the Rubric for Measurement in Levels by Areas for the Characteristics of Task Commitment Shown in the Science Gifted
Jang, Jyungeun ; Kim, Sung-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 7, 2014, Pages 657~666
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.7.0657
To identify the gifted, it is essential to perform overall evaluation on cognitive and affective aspects considering all the characteristics of the science gifted. Nowadays, not only cognitive factors but also affective factors are being emphasized. Among the affective factors of the gifted, the task commitment is an important factor to describe the gifted and their outstanding achievements. From this research, by measuring the characteristics of task commitment shown in the science gifted, this can offer good implications regarding the selection of the gifted and the education. We developed the rubric of the gifted students by analyzing the students' experience of showing task commitment. By applying the rubric, we measured the levels by areas of the characteristics of task commitment shown in the experiences which the science gifted had by deeply exploring the cause or the principle. To better understand the characteristics of the science gifted students' task commitment, each and every students' characteristics were specifically described. The students' task commitment can be measured objectively and effectively by using the measuring tool in the form of rubric based on the characteristics of the task commitment. Specifically describing the students' characteristics on the basis of their performance criteria is the grounds for the level judgment and enhances the understanding of the characteristics of students' task commitment.
Relationship of Using Science Terminology between Science Curriculum and Middle School Science Textbooks in the 2009 National Curriculum
Yun, Eunjeong ; Park, Yunebae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 7, 2014, Pages 667~675
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.7.0667
It is important to know science terminology when learning science. In terms of linguistic and psychological perspectives, the context of encountering a terminology for the first time is critical. If a student has not learned the terminology properly the first time, it might cause misconceptions or be a barrier in following learning. This study aims to identify how careful science terminology are used in science textbooks, and the relationship of using science terminology between science curriculum and middle school science textbooks in the 2009 National Curriculum. In addition, the educational need, the importance of science learning, proper time for teaching, & difficulty of the terminologies have been surveyed among teachers and students. As results of study show, only 25% of terminologies in science textbooks have appeared in the curriculum, and about 10% have been used in middle school science textbooks prior to science curriculum. The survey results suggested that many of those terminologies could cause problems in teaching and learning situation. The solution for them have been divided into the following: avoiding usage in textbook prior to curriculum, using earlier in textbooks, using earlier in curriculum, and reflecting curriculum precisely in the textbook. In general, the curriculum needs to state performing objectives concretely. And it is needed to examine science terminology advertently when writing textbooks.
What Do Scientists Think about the Nature of Science? - Exploring Views of the Nature of Science of Korean Scientists Related with Life Science Area
Lee, Young Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 7, 2014, Pages 677~691
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.7.0677
Understanding of the nature of science (NOS) has been a consistent topic as one of the most important goals in science education for the past several decades. Even though there is a variety of research related with the NOS conducted in science education, few researches has been conducted for the conception of scientists regards to the nature of science (Bayir et al., 2014; Taylor et al., 2008; Wong & Hudson, 2008). Recently, researchers in science education turned their attention to identifying views of scientists about the nature of science since they recognized the importance of participation of scientists in science education (Southerland et al., 2003; Taylor et al., 2008). This study was conducted to examine the Korean scientists' views of the nature of science. Through the use of semi-structured questionnaire and in-depth interview the views of 35 scientists who belong to the Korean-American Scientists and Engineers Association (KSEA) regards to the nature of science were explored. Findings show that while the scientists have more informed views with respect to the tentativeness of scientific knowledge, cultural and social influence embedded in science, the limitation of science, and the collaboration of science with others, the scientists have more na
ve views about the distinction between laws and theories, the existence of a universal scientific method, and the importance of imagination and creativity. As such, it can be assumed that the scientists cannot conceptualize their notion in a philosophical sense even though they are engaged in scientific work in reality (Bayir et al., 2014).
Development and Application of High School Students' Physics Self-Efficacy
Mun, Kongju ; Mun, Jiyeong ; Shin, Seunghee ; Kim, Sung-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 34, issue 7, 2014, Pages 693~701
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2014.34.7.0693
Based on social cognitive theory, self-efficacy in the context of learning has been steadily emphasized as an indicator of students' motivation and performance. The premise for developing such an instrument was that a specific measure of Physics self-efficacy was deemed to be an important predictor of the change processes necessary to improve students' physics understanding. In this study we described the process of developing and validating an instrument to measure students' beliefs in their abilities to perform essential tasks in physics and then investigated high school students' self-efficacy about physics learning and performance. Validity and reliability of PSEI were tested using various statistical techniques including the Cronbach alpha coefficient, exploratory factor analysis. The result of factor analysis supported the contention that the Physics Self-Efficacy Inventory (PSEI) was a multidimensional construct consisting of at least four dimensions: understanding and application of Physics concepts, achievement motivation, confidence for physics laboratory, confidence for Mathematics. The result showed that Kroean high schools students have low Physics self-efficacy for the all four dimensions. Therefore, researchers should focus on development of students' Physics self-efficacy. In addition, the instrument may lead to further understanding of student behavior, which in turn can facilitate the development of strategies that may increase students' aspiration to understand and study Physics. More specifically, by using the PSEI as a pre- and post-test indicator, instructors can gain insight into whether students' confidence levels increase as they engage in learning Physics, and, in addition, what type of teaching strategies are most effective in building deeper understanding of Physics concepts.where they freely exchanged opinions and feedback for constructing better collective ideas.