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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
A Literature Review of Studies on Decision-making in Socio-scientific Issues
Jho, Hunkoog ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 791~804
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0791
This study aims to investigate the definition of and factors in decision on socio-scientific issues and to analyze the standards for the quality of decision-making, based on the review of studies in socio-scientific issues. This study analyzed 147 articles published in journals of the social science citation index, and the research method was followed by taxonomy analysis and analytic induction. The results showed that many of the studies did not explicitly articulate the decision-making and only dealt with a specific element of the process, not as a whole. Decision-making was categorized into the steps of identification, option, criteria, information, survey, choice, and review. In terms of the factors, the literature tackled diverse things: science knowledge, nature of science, type of issue, discussion type, belief & values, and culture. This study examined the relationship between the factors and each element of decision-making. Among the relationships, only six kinds were shown as relevant and most of factors were connected to survey. With regard to the standards, the literature relied upon balance, justification and multiplicity since many of the studies made use of Toulmin-based argumentation. This study gives some implications for standards for decision-making regarding the nature of risk and uncertainty.
International Comparison Study on the Articulation of the Science Curriculum: Focus on the Concept of Photosynthesis
Lee, Hyonyong ; Yeo, Chaeyeong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 805~815
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0805
The Korean education curriculum is making efforts to improve education to foster competencies that the future society demands through the 2007 and 2009 revised curriculum. The revised curricula focus on enhanced articulation for the quality curriculum. In this study, the curriculum is analyzed for vertical and horizontal articulation. In addition, the study found a problem in Korea's curriculum through international comparison and sought improvement. Furthermore, the study compared internationally articulation of the concept of photosynthesis, of which the results are as follows. First, our science curriculum focuses on vertical articulation and has relatively neglected the problem of horizontal articulation. To compensate for this problem, curriculum design should introduce aspects of 'nature' and 'environment' and should consider the interests and concerns of students, as countries with high horizontal articulation do. Second, the actual education field has a problem with the a lack of continuity and sequence because of concentration of concept in a specific grade or simply repeating the concept across multiple grades. These results have led to alternative proposals that should arrange basis of concept configuration such as 'Big Idea' and should establish the adoption of 'systems' frequently appearing in the other curricula. Finally, there may be mentioned a lack of research on students' learning progression, which can be a common standard of horizontal and vertical articulation. Research on learning progression has been a trend overseas, but there exists no study to fit Korea's situation, so education fields need to conduct the appropriate research on learning progression as part of the commitment to high-quality curriculum.
Comparing Characteristics and Perceptions of Science Imaginary Drawings of Scientifically-Gifted and General Elementary Students
Lee, Ji Young ; Kang, Hunsik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 817~827
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0817
This study compared the characteristics and perceptions of science imaginary drawings done by scientifically-gifted and general elementary students. To do this, sixth graders (n=60) at three gifted science education institutes and sixth graders (n=51) at two elementary schools in Gyeonggi province were selected and administered the questionnaires. The analyses of the results indicated that the pictures of scientifically-gifted students included and integrated more academic fields and places than those of general students. The pictures of scientifically-gifted students were also more elaborate, but less painted. In addition, scientifically-gifted students perceived more positively the educational benefits of science imaginary drawing upon cognitive and affective aspects. However, there were no significant differences between scientifically-gifted students and general students in the understanding of science imaginary drawing, distribution of the pictures by times, perceptions on educational benefits of science imaginary drawing upon aesthetic aspects, and perceptions on difficulties in the processes of scientific imaginary drawing. A few scientifically-gifted students answered that science imaginary drawing was not more useful to them than to general students. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.
Investigation of Teaching Practices using Smart Technologies and Science Teachers' Opinion on Their Application in Science Education
Yang, Chanho ; Jo, Minjin ; Noh, Taehee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 829~840
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0829
In this study, we analyzed the teaching practices of science teachers using smart technologies and investigated their difficulties in implementing smart education and their educational needs. We also studied their opinions on the application of smart technologies in science education. The participants were seven science teachers who participated in the smart education study group of a science teacher association in Seoul. We elaborated on the characteristics of smart education in science education during comprehensive analyses of instructional materials used in science classes and the initial interviews. We then analyzed the second interviews by categorizing their responses inductively. All the science teachers used the 'instant access as needed', but their interactions, simply answering students' questions, were found to be at a low level. They did not effectively use the 'collaborative interaction with SNS or wiki-based service' for the support for interactive learning. While most collected learning results of their students and provided feedback in the aspect of 'individualization according to leaner level', they were not aware of 'context, situation, and location of learners' in smart education. While all the teachers extended learning opportunities by using learning resources widely in smart education, most were not aware of 'support for self-directed learning'. Most teachers believed that smart education should be developed to help students learn interactively and in a self-directed manner. They also provided many opinions on teacher training programs and environmental support for smart education. Based on the results, some considerations for implementing smart education in science instructions effectively are discussed.
The Change of the Relationship between Korean 4
Graders' Career Aspirations in Science and Science Identities
Kang, Eunhee ; Kim, Chan-Jong ; Choe, Seung-Urn ; Noh, Taehee ; Yoo, Junehee ; Kim, Heui-Baik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 841~856
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0841
This study sought to explore longitudinal changes in Korean fourth graders' career aspirations in science. The sample included those who had high interest, but low career aspirations in science, and the analysis focused on the concept of science identity. To achieve this study's objectives, we selected 14 participants and then conducted two in-depth interviews with them. Compared with the first interviews (4th grade), changes were observed in eight students' career aspirations in science in the second round (5th grade). While six students maintained "negative" career aspiration, six revealed "medium" and two revealed "positive" career aspiration in science. To explore the relationship between science identities and career aspirations in science, three students were selected from the sample for further study. According to the results, the aspects of science identity that students valued regarding potential careers varied individually. Depending on these aspects, each student showed different patterns in the interactions between different aspects of science identity, and between aspects of science identity and science-related career aspirations. Over time, participants' experiences and interactions with people around them produced changes in their science identity, which led to changes in their career aspirations resulting from the interactions between aspects of their science identity. Their career aspirations in science were also significantly influenced by each participant's perceptions of relationships with peers (i.e., recognition by peers and of peers) and of science-related careers. Therefore, the results suggest that students need to be provided with appropriate learning environments and guidance relating to science careers.
Analysis on Knowledge State of Inquiry Abilities of Elementary School Students on Electric Circuits
Lee, Hyong-Jae ; Park, Sang-Tae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 857~870
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0857
Concerning elementary school science subject electric circuit units, which are regarded as difficult by teachers and students, this study aims to use the knowledge state analysis method along with interviews to analyze the knowledge state and hierarchy of inquiry abilities. Before and after applying the electric circuit inquiry abilities module, the question items aimed at assessing the basic inquiry abilities and integrative inquiry abilities for electric circuits were presented to students, and their knowledge state was analyzed along with interviews. Through analysis of the knowledge structure and hierarchy of inquiry abilities about electric circuits, the way of thinking of teachers who taught inquiry abilities, and the way of thinking of students were found to be visually different from each other, and this is an important factor that should not be neglected in the process of teaching and learning about inquiry abilities and should be considered. In addition, the presentation of the knowledge state of and hierarchical relations between inquiry abilities factors can offer implications for guidance on students' learning about inquiry abilities.
Elementary Preservice Teachers' Understanding of the Image Observed in a Diverging Lens
Kwon, Gyeong-Pil ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 871~876
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0871
The purpose of this research was to investigation of elementary preservice teachers' understanding of the image observed in a diverging lens. To achieve the research purpose, Scientific inquiry activity of 'Observing Objects through a Diverging Lens' in the 2009 Revised Science Curriculum was carried out by 29 junior elementary preservice teachers, and preservice teachers' difficulties were analyzed during scientific inquiry activity. The results were as follows. First, preservice teachers had difficulties in comparing the size of the images. Second, preservice teachers couldn't correctly explain the reason about the changing of the image size according to distance from the lens to the object. Third, preservice teachers couldn't correctly explain the changing of the image size according to distance from the lens to the eyes. Fourth, preservice teachers were classified into five levels according to their conceptions of the image formation by the diverging lens, and most of them stayed in the first level. The result of this research suggests that reformations in text and preservice teachers' education.
The Analysis of Learner's Motivation and Satisfaction with 3D Printing in Science Classroom
Byun, Moon-Kyoung ; Jo, Jun-Ho ; Cho, Moon-Heum ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 877~884
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0877
Technology is an important means to enhance students' understanding about scientific concepts. In particular, newly introduced 3D printing technology has great potential to help students learn scientific concepts better. 3D printing is a process for a creating physical object with a three dimensional model. In this study, we explored two types of learners' (students vs. adults) motivation and satisfaction with 3D printing technology. With regard to motivation, student learners showed higher task value, self-efficacy for learning, and satisfaction than adult learners. The result implied that 3D printing technology is more effective to student learners than adult learners. In addition, for adult learner group, negative relationship between technology and satisfaction was found. Therefore, support for reducing the technology anxiety for adult learners is necessary. Further discussions are provided for the research and application of 3D printing technology in science classroom.
International Comparative Study of the Use of ICT by Middle School Teachers
Lee, Jaebong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 885~893
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0885
In this study, we compared the use of information and communications technology (ICT) by middle school teachers in Korea and other countries utilizing the teacher survey data of the IEA International Computer and Information Literacy Study (ICILS) 2013. The ICILS target population consisted of all students in the eighth grade. We compared Korea with Australia, the Czech Republic, Norway, and Poland, which are nations showing the highest achievements in computer and information literacy. We selected nine questions from the teacher questionnaire and divided them into the categories of computer use, use of ICT for teaching and learning, and the ICT support environment in school. In comparison to their counterparts in other countries, Korean middle school science teachers used computers frequently and also had high ICT self-efficacy. They were confident in their ability to use computers for general tasks, but not in their ability to use computers for teaching and learning. The Korean teachers also had a high percentage of utilization of presentation and graphics software. Also, the proportion of activities concerning the information provided and teacher-led tasks was high, but the proportion of activities for student collaboration or peer interaction was low. In Korea, middle school science teachers had more negative than positive views of using ICT in teaching and learning. The teachers thought that computer-related resource support and digital learning materials were insufficient and that the computer model was outdated in schools. Therefore, we propose to build an ICT infrastructure and to develop and disseminate ICT teaching and learning methods for student activities.
Transfer of Students' Understanding of NOS through SSI Instruction
Chung, Yoonsook ; Kim, Sung-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 895~905
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0895
Citizens should be sensitive to the complex and controversial SSIs (Socioscientific Issues), be able to make a responsible decision with evidence and empathy, and furthermore take political action for the larger welfare. The premise of this research is that understanding the nature of science (NOS) takes an important role when students and adults participate in the discourse on SSIs because SSI reasoning requires individuals to examine information and counter-information with skepticism. We therefore designed SSI programs that were incorporated with NOS by adapting a contextualized-reflective approach. The leading research question was to what extent SSI contexts contributed to promoting students' understanding of NOS. A total of 71 11th grade students participated in this program. The school was located in an urban city near the capital city of Seoul, South Korea. We designed SSI programs to cover the issues of genetically modified organisms, climate change, and nuclear energy. Each issue required four to six class periods to complete. We conducted pre- and post-program tests using the revised VNOS-C, recorded group discussions or debates and collected student worksheets to observe the increase of student NOS understanding. As a result of this program, students showed moderate improvement in their understanding of NOS.
Effects on Individually Tailored Teaching According to Types of Under-achievement in Science
Kim, Sang-Yun ; Lee, Kyoeng-Ran ; Back, Nam-Gwon ; Park, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 907~917
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0907
Response to Intervention (RTI), which is focused on the gap between pre-interventions and post-interventions, provides an effective intervention program. This study takes under-achievement factors into consideration to determine the overall characteristics of underachievers. The under-achievement factors include cognitive learning factors, affective factors, and environmental factors. This study conducted curriculum-based assessments, achievement tests, and assessments on attitudes toward science and science learning motivation to verify the effects of individually tailored teaching according to the types of under-achievement in science. The experimental group was composed of six students in fourth grade, and the comparison group had 23 students. The findings of the study were as follows. First, the performance and progress of underachievers in the first-stage showed little progress and did not reach grade-level performance. Second, the underachievers in the second-stage greatly improved. In particular, the average of eight sessions in the second-step demonstrated performance beyond that of the regular child. Third, individually tailored teaching according to the types of under-achievement in science positively affected attitudes toward science and science learning motivation. This study will contribute to the improvement of the underachiever by applying individually tailored teaching according to the types of under-achievement in science.
Analysis on the Argumentation Pattern and Level of Students' Mental Models in Modeling-based Learning about Geologic Structures
Park, Su-Kyeong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 35, issue 5, 2015, Pages 919~929
DOI : 10.14697/jkase.2015.35.5.0919
This study aims to develop a modeling-based learning program about geologic structures and to reveal the relationship between the argumentation patterns and levels of students' mental models. Participants included 126 second grade high school students in four sessions of modeling-based learning regarding continental drift, oceanic ridges, transform faults, and characteristics of faults. A modeling-based learning program was implemented in two classes of the experimental group, and teacher-centered traditional classes were carried out for the other students in the comparison group. Science achievement scores and the distribution of students' mental models in experimental and comparison groups were quantitatively compared. The video-taped transcripts of five teams' argumentation were qualitatively analyzed based on the analytic framework developed in the study. The analytic framework for coding students' argumentation in the modeling-based learning was composed of five components of TAP and the corresponding components containing alternative concepts. The results suggest that the frequencies of causal two-dimensional model and cubic model were high in the experimental group, while the frequencies of simple two-dimensional model and simple cross sectional model were high in the comparison group. The higher the frequency of claims, an argumentation pattern was proven successful, and the level of mental model was higher. After the rebuttal was suggested, students observed the model again and claimed again according to new data. Therefore, the model could be confirmed as having a positive impact on students' argumentation process.