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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1985
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 1985
Selecting the target year
중.고등학생들의 논리적 사고력 형성에 관한 연구 I
Choe, Yeong-Jun ; Lee, Won-Sik ; Choe, Byeong-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 1~9
It is apparent to anyone who has taught science in secondary. schools that a substantial percentage of students find the subject difficult: What is the cause of difficulty? There is season to believe that part of this difficulty is associated with students' intellectual development as deserifed by Piaget. To investigate the difficulty students face with learning science in the light of Piagetian developmental theory, the stages of the intellectual development of the secondary school student s were assessed in this study using the instrument called Group Assessment of Logical Think ing (GALT). The results of this study showed that more than 60% of 7th and 8th grade students were Classified as concrete operational level. It was also found that only 20% of the students from 9th through 11th grade were formal operational stage, while about 40% of them were still at concrete operational stage. This study showed that. there was a significant main effect on the intellectual development of the students by grade. However, it showed that at 0.5 level of significance there was no main effect by sex although mean scores of male on the assessment were higher than those of female.
Identification and Determination of Basic Concepts Necessary for High School Biology Curriculum
Cho, Hee-Hyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 11~17
This study had its objective to indentify the basic biological concepts as recommended by scholars in biology and by high school biology teachers for inclussion in the high school biology curriculum and to determine the importance levels of the concepts. The scholars for this study were selected to insure that their majors are evenly distributed across the biological areas. The final concept list contains 137 biological concepts along with their importance level judged by the scholars and high school biology teachers. The biological concepts are categorized into 12 biological areas. This study suggests that the concepts in the final list can not refect the conceptual hierarchy or inclusiveness, goals or objectives of biology education in the high school, and difficulty levels of the concepts. This study also claims that the concept list like the one produced by this study should be successively' checked and revised due to the continuous development of biological knowledge system and the constant change in the meanings of the knowledge system.
The Effectiveness of Using Student Leaders in Teaching Scientific Process Skills
Yang, Sang-Kyu ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 19~34
Teaching inquiry process is one of the most important objectives in science education. To promote students scientific process skills, a science teacher should encourage the students do something by themselves. One method for that purpose which has been used in many schools would be group experiment. The researcher has been experienced a lot of difficulties in controlling or guiding every group to finish the assigned experiment within the given class hour. Therefore, the researcher decided to select several leaders from students and trained them in advance of the given class hour. This leaders are expected to guide the remaining students in the class. As the result of this study, the classroom with and without student leaders showed very significant difference(P>0.001) in their achievement of scientific process skills. The experimental group also showed more positive attitude toward science. The researcher concluded that the use of student leaders is very effective in promoting scientific process skills. This method is also regarded very effective in a large class sized like Korean Schools.
Research on the Causes of Sex Difference in Science Achievements by High School Students
Lee, Moon-Won ; Cho, Hee-Hyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 35~47
It is well known that high school girls' mean achievement levels in science tests are lower than high school boys' and that fewer women than men are employed as scientists and engineers pursue scientific careers. Many research attributed the sex difference in achievement level in science and the lack of women in science among others, to the experiential differences in scientific activities and the differences in attitudes toward science and scientists. Therefore, the study had its object to examine the sex difference by high school students in scientific experience and attitudes toward science and scientists. The differences in science experiences were identified at eight schools over rural and urban areas in Kangwon province. Science activities surveyed included use of experimental materials and instruments, observation of scientific phenomena, and extracurricular scientific activities. Attitude scale contained the nature of science, scientific research methods and philosophical views held by scientists. The study found sex differences in scientific experiences and attitudes. i. e.: fewer high school girls than boys had experience with scientific activities, especially with extracurricular activities; however, girls had more positive attitude toward science and more active desire to participate in science. Consequently, the study implies that, in order to narrow the gaps between achievement levels for boys and girls, science education should take consideration of the sex difference in experiences with and attitudes toward science.
Comparative Analysis of the New and Old Secondary School Science Textbooks
Kim, Seong-Jin ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 49~61
In this study, I compared and analyzed the new and old secondary school science textbooks to find the charateristics of them and the differences between them. The results of the study are the following. Major concepts in the new textbook are almost similar to those in the old one. The-new textbook reinforces the functions of the introudction and checking the result of learning, and presents more and diverse learning materials and reduces the degree of learning difficulty by omitting the several abstract knowledges and mathematical formulas which can be understood through formal operational thinking. The results show that the new textbook is more effective in arousing student's interest and curiosity there fore it increases the efficiency of learning. But the new textbook is less suitable for inquiry because it is mainly composed of explanation and fact rather than experiment and observation. I think that this is the result from the actual approach to the real conditions of school when the curriculum was reformed and the new textbook was written.
A Survey Study on the Science Education Evaluation and Objectives -attached perception and actual state of middle school science teachers in pusan-
Woo, Jong-Ok ; Lee, Kyung-Hoon ; Son, Eun-Joo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 63~79
The purpose of our survey study was to investigate the status on perception and actual state toward science educational evaluation and objectives of middle school science teachers in Pusan. The perception and actual state were surveyed by the questionaire which was developed by Jong-Ok Woo et. al. We developed two kinds of questionaire. One is designed to use Likert type scale and is composed of two main category(SE; Science educational evaluation, SO; Science educational objectives) which contains 21 question items, and the other has 16 question items From 313 science teacger's responses of 75 middle schools in pusan, the tendency. of total(SE+SO) and each sub category, and the contrast with their background and actual state were analized by SPSS program of KAIST. Some results of our survey study can be summarized as follows; 1. Total tendency of science educational evaluation(SE) and objectives(SO) of middle school science teachers in pusan shows a positive and right tendency of conception in general(m-85.8/100). 2. Tendency of SE(m-87.8/100) are slightly higher than SO(m-81.7/100). At the level of 5% significance, there are correlated but shows low correlation (r=0.12(4). 3. In each correlation toward total tendency(SE+SO), SE is highly correlated(r-0.8486) but SO is moderately correlated(r=0.6297) at the level of 0.1% significance. 4. Tendencies of 5sub category (PE, PC, PD, PO, PB) shows considerably right tendencies (m=
), there are moderately correlated foward total tendency(SE+SO) at the level of 0.1% significance (r=
). 5. At the level of 5%significance, total means are no differences which their background(Sex, Final alma mate, Major, Difference of training), but there is differences to teaching career at the level of 5% significance.