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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Dec 1989
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jun 1989
Selecting the target year
Survey and Improvement Model of the Program for Secondary Science Teacher Preparation
Lee, Hack-Dong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 1~17
From the investigation perfomed by this writer in 1986, it was recognized that many science teachers are in difficulty in teaching the intergrated science in secondary schools and then the present teacher preparation programs need improvement to advance the quality of science teachers. To set up the improvement model, the preservice programs in the departments of science education in Korea were intensively analyzed and compared with that in the department of science education in Hiroshima university. The results of analysises on the programs showed the needs for improvement. A improvement model of the program for secondary science teacher preparation was set up as follows; 1. The improvement program is set up to emphasize the basic science course such as, general physics, chemistry, etc. 2. More emphasis is put upon the intergrated science course. 3. The improvement program is a practical one which is suitable to apply directly as a program in the department of science education.
A Study on Scientific Thinking of Korean High School Students-With Reference to Logical Thinking and Reasoning Power-
Hwang, Keung-Yeon ; Park, In-Keun ; Kim, Tai-Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 19~37
The purpose of this study was to investigate the development of logical thinking and scientific reasoning pattern of Korean high school students. To carry out this study subjects were selected about 2,000 Junior high school students, and about 4,100 senior high school students throughout the nation. They were identified as concrete, transitional or formal operational stage with the use of TOLT(the Test of Logical Thinking) by Tobin and Capie(1980), and TOSR(the Test of Scientific Reasoning) by W.A Farmer(1986). This study turned out that more than 76% of Junior high school students were classified as the concrete operational stage and about 44% of senior high school students were classified as the formal operational stage, while about 26% of them were still in the concrete operational level. This study showed that the main factor of the intellectual development of students is learning by the gradual advancement of their grades and especially entrance into the senior high school rather than by the physical growth. This study also showed that there are the take-off stage of the development of logical thinking between fourteen and fifteen years of their ages. Less than 25% of junior high school students were in the formal operational stages which are capable of control of variables, probabilistic, correlation and combinational logic in problem-solving situation, while 33-54% of senior high school students were in the formal operational levels. 38% of junior high school students were in the formal operational stage which is capable of proportional logic, while about 55% of senior high school students were in the formal operational stage. Less than 20% of senior high school students were classified as group of highly capable of scientific reasoning, while more than 23% of them were classified as group of poor capability. It also turned out that there are differences or no differences between male and female students of each school in problem-solving situation regarding each logic approach. These differences were proved to be fluctuating depending on the situations and their grades. The other results of this study is similar to those of other researches such as Tomlinson-Keasey 1972, Coleman 1973, Lawson 1973, Lawson and Renner 1974, Neimark 1975, Han 1982, and Kim 1989.
A Study on the Improvement of Curriculum for the Biology Teacher Education Based on Status Survey
Kim, Young-Soo ; Kim, Do-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 39~52
The purpose of this study is to propose a direction for the improvement of biology teacher education based on the status survey of the biology teacher preparation curriculum and its implementation. The following Improvements in the biolgy teacher training are suggested from this study 1. Biology education courses should be established as a major in the biology teacher preparation program. 2. Biology teacher educators with major in biology education should be employed in all the departments of biology education. 3. The manpower for biology education should be cultivated. 4. The research and development for biology education should be promoted and supported. 5. The biology educators at the biology teacher education program should implement its curriculum with correct and clear understanding of the program purposes in mind.
DEVELOPMENT OF GENERAL PHYSICS CAI PROGRAM FOR UNIVERSITY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING STUDENT
Kim, Chang-Sik ; Yoon, Sung-Ro ; Cho, Young-Suk ; Kim, Chul-Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 53~67
General Physics CAI Program was developed for university science and engineering student. The program was restricted in the field of mechanics and was mainly aimed for individual tutorial. This project was supported by Government. Department of Education, physics attending their general physics classes in university. The program was written in BASIC and constructed by frame, 4 professors and 6 graduate students were involved in the project. Summary of this study is as follows. 1. The theory of CAI was illuminated from a new point of view to enhance usefullness of CAI. Also the structure of frame type CAI was studied. 2. The program was developed as follows 1) The program consisted of main program, pretest routine, tutorial routine, final test routine, and several other routines for program control. Whole program was written in BASIC. 2) 20 problems for pretest, 90 problems and subsequent hints and solutions for tutorial, 20 problems for final test were developed. 3) According to student's pretest result, tutorial course was routed through several different courses which contain different number of problems 4) The expected rate of achievment for final test was set to 75%. 5) Data of students response to problems including number of tries and time used were recorded for the purpose of achievment analisys 3. 22 students went through whole course and the results were as follows. 1) Pretest marks were widly distributed from 20 points to 100. It means that achievement of high school physics course were not enough. 2) Throughout tutorial course, students who had got higher mark in pretest answered correctly in the first trial at a higher rate of 78 %. Overall rate of correct answer in the second trial was distributed appropriatly. 3) Average mark of final test was 78.8 points, rather a higher rate of achievement than expected. This means that the program was constructed well.
Research Trends on Biological Education An analysis of Journal of Biological Education of England Using a Com puter Program
Ahn, Tea-In ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 69~74
For the advancement of research in biological education in Korea, research trends shown in Journal of Biological Education(JBE)of England were analyzed by using a PC program(REFMENU). Papers Published in JBE between 1977 and 1987 were registered on the program with classifying keys of biological education and biology including names of authors, year, title, volume pages, and key words. Those input-date were analyzed by sorting depend-ing on either the classifying keys or the key words. Among the 361 papers 28.8% was dealing with the theory of science education. The rest dealt with biology and biological education, together. Of the six categories of biological education, the research on biological curriculum was 41 % of total and was the most. The major trends in this category was in developing the content of the curriculum. In the research of biological instruction, 37 papers dealt with the instruction theory and the rest 60 papers dealt with the tactics of Instruction. Of the 60 papers on materials in biological education, the research in developing the biological material was the most. Thus, the general research trend was far more practical aspect than the theoretical aspect of biological education. In the analysis of the papers depending on the biological categories, the one dealt with ecology was the most(26.8%). The rest papers showed almost even distribution in the 13 categories of biology. The results of this analysis was discussed by comparing with the research trends in Korea to suggest the possible future studies.
A study on the Program for Substantial Science Education in Secondary Schools Laboratory Experiment-Bared Science Teaching
Cho, Hee-Hyung ; Lee, Moon-Won ; Cho, Young-Sin ; Han, In-Sook ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 75~89
Secondary schools in Korea have been faced with several critical problems with regard to science education. Among them one of the most fundamental problems is associated with laboratory-based science education. There fore as a part of research project for the improvement of science education in secondary schools, this study had its abjectives to inquire into the following areas related to laboratory experiment.
Survey and analysis of theoretical backgrounds for science teaching focused on laboratory experiments.
Status survey of experiment-based science teaching in high schools.
Development of model for improving experiment-based science teaching. In order to fulfill these objectives this study used methods of eiterature review, survey, and interviews. The major finding are as follows :
Some topic for laboratory experiments as oppeared in the textbooks are not appropriate in the light of sience curricular operations in high schools.
In some schools equipments and facilities of school laboratories are for from sufficiency.
Laboratory experiments are not financially supportel for ideal science teach in both middle schools and high schools. These are not on exhaustive list of findings from this study More finding and teaching model for improvement of science education are also described in this paper.
A Comparative Analysis of Science Education Achievemeris of Korea and Japanese Students
Chae, Kwang-Pyo ; Kim, Yong-Sook ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 91~99
This stdudy intended to analysis the achievements of science education in primary, secondary and high school in Korea and Japan based on the IEA(the Internationl Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement) data. Advancing in school level. Korean students were inferior to Jatopanese in Science achievements, especially much more in comprehension, application than knowledge aspect. This results were roughhly discussed in relation to the environments of science edecation and the evlation systems.
An Investigation of Fifth and Eighth Grade Korean Students' Misconceptions of Photosynthesis
Cho, Jung-Il ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 101~111