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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Dec 2003
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Sep 2003
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Aug 2003
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Assessment of Safe Navigation Including the Effect of Ship-Ship Interaction in Restricted Waterways
Lee, Chun-Ki ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 247~252
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.247
This paper is mainly concerned with the assessment of safe navigation between ships moving each other in restricted waterways. The numerical simulation of manoeuvring motion was conducted parametrically to propose an appropriate safe speed and distance, which is required to avoid sea accident under the different conditions, such as ship-velocity ratios, ship-length ratios, separation and stagger between ships. As for the calculation parameters, the ratios of velocity difference between two ships were considered as 0.6, 1.2, 1.5 and the ones of ship-length difference were regarded were regarded as 0.5, 1.0, 1.18. From the inspection of this investigation, it indicates the following result. Firstly, the separation between ships is more needed for the small vessel, compared to the large vessel. Secondly, the lateral distance between ships is necessarily required for the velocity ration of 1.2, compared to the cases of 0.6 and 1.5. The manoeuvring characteristics based on this investigation will be very useful for keeping the safety of navigation from the practical point of ships design and traffic control in confined water.
The Prediction of Hydrodynamic Forces Acting on Ship Hull in Laterally Berthing Maneuver Using CFD
Lee, Yun-Sok ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 253~258
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.253
To evaluate the unsteady motion in laterally berthing maneuver, it is necessary to grasp very clearly the magnitude and properties of the hydrodynamic forces acting on ship hull in shallow water. In this study, numerical calculation was made to investigate quantitatively the hydrodynamic force according to the water depth for Wigley model using the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) technique. Comparing the computational results to the experimental ones, the validity of the CFD method was verified. The numerical solutions evaluated the hydrodynamic force with good accuracy, and then captured the features of the flow field around the ship in detail. The transitional lateral force in a state ranging from rest to uniform motion is modeled by using the concept of the circulation.
Application of Side Scan Sonar to Disposed Material Analysis at the Bottom of Coastal Water and River
Lee, Joong-Woo ; An, Do-Gyoung ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 259~266
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.259
Due to the growth of population and industrial development at the coastal cities, there has been much increase in necessity to effective control of the wastes into the coastal water and river. The amount of disposal at those waters has been increased rapidly ana it is necessary for us to track of it in order to keep the waterway safe and the water clean. The investigation and research in terms of water quality in these regions have been conducted frequently but the systematic survey of the disposed wastes at the bottom was neglected and/or minor. In this study we surveyed the status of disposed waste distribution at the bottom of coastal water and river from the scanned images. The intensity of sound received by the side scan sonar tow fish from the sea floor provides information as to the general distribution and characteristics of the superficial wastes. The port and starboard side scanned images produced from two arrays of transducers borne on a tow fish connected by tow cable to a tug boat have the area with width of 22m~112m and band of 44m~224m. All data are displayed in real-time on a high-resolution color display (
pixels) together with position information by DGPS. From the field measurement and analysis of the recorded images, we could draw the location and distribution of bottom disposals. Furthermore, we could make a database system which might be useful for navigation and fundamental for planning the waste reception and process control system.
Design of Passive-Type Radar Reflector
Yim, Jeong-Bin ; Kim, Woo-Suk ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 267~272
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.267
This paper describes design method of Passive-type Radar Reflector (PRR) which is to provide the requirement of newly revised 2000 SOLAS regulations on the Radar Reflector. The main target of this work is to find the optimum shape of a radar target having large Radar Cross Section (RCS). Through the RCS analysis based on the theoretical approach, two kinds of PRR models, RRR-F model for use in fisheries and PRR-S model for use in small sized ship, are designed and discussed their RCS performance. RCS measurement tests for the various sized samples are carried out in an anechoic chamber. As evaluation results it was clearly shown that the conventional sphere-type shows optimum shape in case of PRR-S, while the cylinder-type which consists of large sized corner clusters or zig-zag flat plats gives best performance in case of PRR-F.
AGV Navigation Using a Space and Time Sensor Fusion of an Active Camera
Jin, Tae-Seok ; Lee, Bong-Ki ; Lee, Jang-Myung ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 273~282
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.273
This paper proposes a sensor-fusion technique where rho data sets for the previous moments are properly transformed and fused into the current data sets to enable accurate measurement, such as, distance to an obstacle and location of the service robot itself. In the conventional fusion schemes, the measurement is dependent only on the current data sets. As the results, more of sensors are required to measure a certain physical promoter or to improve the accuracy of the measurement. However, in this approach, intend of adding more sensors to the system, the temporal sequence of the data sets are stored and utilized for the measurement improvement. Theoretical basis is illustrated by examples md the effectiveness is proved through the simulation. Finally, the new space and time sensor fusion (STSF) scheme is applied to the control of a mobile robot in the indoor environment and the performance was demonstrated by the real experiments.
A Study on Performance Evaluation based on Packet Dropping in ATM Network . New Scheme Proposal
Park, Seung-Seob ; Yuk, Dong-Cheol ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 283~288
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.283
Recently, the growth of applications and services over high-speed Internet increases, ATM networks as wide area back-bone has been a major solution. As the conventional TCP/IP suite is still the standard protocol used to support upper application on current. Internet, the issues regarding whether TCP/IP will operate efficiently on top of an ATM infrastructure and how to control its QoS still remain for studies. TCP uses a window-based protocol for flow control in the transport layer. When TCP uses the UBR service in ATM layer, the control method is only buffer management. If a cell is discarded in ATM layer, one whole packet of TCP will be lost; this fact occur the most TCP performance degradation. Several dropping strategies, such as Tail Drop, EPD, PPD, SPD, FBA, have been proposed to improve the TCP performance over ATM. In this paper, to improve the TCP performance, we propose a packet dropping scheme that is based on comparison with EPD, SPD and FBA. Our proposed scheme is applied to schemes discussed in the previous technology. Our proposed scheme does not need to know each connection`s mean packet size. When the buffer exceeds the given threshold, it is based on comparison between the number of dropped packet and the approved packet. Our results are reported and discussed for comparing these discarding schemes under similar conditions. Although the number of virtual channel (VC) is increased, the simulation results showed that the proposed scheme can allocate more fairly each VC than other scheme.
Analysis of Factors Influencing the Composition of Oil Tanker Fleet of Domestic Refinery Companies
Bek, Gihon ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 289~295
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.289
The international oil majors have been reducing the size of their own oil tanker fleet since early 1980s. Like international oil majors, the Korean refineries are becoming more dependent on tanker chartering rather than tanker ownership for their oil transportation since the 1990s. They also prefer spot charter to time charter and this kind of trend has continued up to now. Consequently, this paper attempted to find the factors influencing changes in tanker fleet composition. To attain the object of the paper, an empirical study is adopted using the ten decision-making factors derived from preceeding studies. The findings are that MARPOL and OPA 90, and transportation costs are the most important factors influencing an oil tanker fleet composition.
A Comparative Study on European Container Terminal Operation System
Han, Chul-Hwan ; Kim, Yong-Wong ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 297~306
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.297
As the competition in the liner shipping industry is becoming fiercer, the shipping company is trying to find the way to keep the best competitive position by reducing the cost level as low as possible and offering the best quality of service to their customer. In order to achieve this goal, the selection of port and terminal that have the best quality of service and cost effective structure is essential for the shipping line, where they can only have a chance to save the money. In this context, the paper compares three European container terminals in order to understand the factors that have to be considered in the decision making process for the selection of terminal. And its advantages and disadvantages of each type of container terminal operation system were analyzed from the liner shipping company`s point of view in terms of cost, time, flexibility, stability, hinterland connection, geographical position and terminal productivity. It is obvious that the cost factors are very important for liner shipping company to select their terminal. However, there might be even more important factors than the cost factors, such as quality of port and terminal service, mutual trust, and possibility of future development.
A Study on the Product Categorization Model for Efficient Search in On-line Chartering
Choi, Hyung-Rim ; Park, Nam-kyu ; Park, Young-Jae ; Park, Yong-Sung ; Kang, Si-Hyeob ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 307~313
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.307
Off-line ship chartering is done nearly through the brokers. Because of the international scale of chartering market, brokers spend too much times and costs on searching the most appropriate product which the consumers want. In this research, we propose the on-line Charter Product Categorization Model to search the products efficiently in the Cyber Chartering System. This Model will make concerned parties of the ship chartering to get unified product information efficiently, and the select the most appropriate product. In this research, we classified the ship chartering products into categories of cargo, ship type, and sea routes, and defined mutual relation of each products, and we verified that this classification is necessary to search the products through the product searching experiment.
A Study on the Classification of Chinese Major Ports based on Competitiveness Level
Lee, Hong-Girl ; Yeo, Ki-Tae ; Ryu, Hyung-Geun ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 315~320
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.315
Since the beginning of open-door policy, China has been making rapid annual growth with an average 10% economic development. And due to this rapid growth, cargo volumes via ports have been also rapidly increased, and accordingly, current China government has intensively invested in port development. Further, this development project is significantly big scale, compared with those project which Korea and Japan have. Thus, China is beginning to threaten Korean ports, especially Busan port which try to be a hub port in Northeast Asia. For this reason, it has been very important issue for Korea and Busan port to investigate or analyze Chinese ports based on empirical data. Especially, although various studies related to Shanghai and Hong Kong have been conducted, the competitiveness of overall Chinese major ports has been little studied. In this paper, we analyzed competitiveness level of eight Chinese ports with capabilities as container terminal, based on reliable sources. From data analysis, eight Chinese ports were classified into four groups according to competitiveness level. Rankings among four clusters based on competitiveness level are cluster(Hone Kong), cluster C(Shanghai), cluster A(Qingdao, Tianjin, and Yantian) and cluster D(Dalian, Shekou, and Xiamen).
The Analysis of MOUs and their Activities Related to Port State Control
Min, Byung-Sun ; Kim, Soon-Kap ; Kong, Gil-Young ; Kim, Chol-Seong ; Lee, Yoon-Sok ; Kim, Jung-Man ; Lee, Chung-Ro ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 321~327
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.321
The Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is the document of intent signed between the Port States Control(PSC) to undertake a uniform as agreed. Though the MOU is not a legally binding, in case where the agreed items are violated without a just cause, the denunciation will follow. International Maritime Organization (IMO) and regional MOUs have been making amendments and reinforcing the relevant requirements, so that port State Authorities can effectively eradicate the substandard vessels. However, the various problems have arisen due to the existence of different requirements of each MOU, the lack of information exchange between each MOU, the lack of uniform PSC implementation within the same MOU and the lack of adequate system due to the short history of MOUs. In this paper, the MOU records for three years (1999∼2001) were analyzed according to each MOU, type of ship, deficiency code, classification society, the number of inspected ships and the number of detained ships to assess the problems (Statistics during 2002 will be published after August 2003). The purpose of this study is to help better understand the PSC activities within each MOU and to establish effective countermeasures by grasping the problems that exist in the PSC at present.
Waterfront Development Project Pattern Analysis of the Coastal Zone Management of the Osaka Bay
Yang, Jae-Joon ; Yhang, Wii-Joo ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 329~333
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.329
Study of the background and state of Osaka`s waterfront space development and analysis of the functions of 22 chosen major facilities of development project reveals the following four types: amenity-oriented development, large-scale synthesis type development, renewal compound area type development, exchange communication promotion type development. Osaka bay area has served primely as the base of harbors, industry and energy, while analysis of the ongoing project has found that the city has been making a functional transition to a type of development to live up to the needs of the times, suggesting that is wise that Korea`s future direction of waterfront development be oriented toward environmental-friendly development by taking advantage of low-density area`s natural resources. Given the plurality and complexity of the law of coastal zone, what is needed is a legal maintenance for coastal zone`s clear-cut coordinating function and for environmental-friendly development with the limitations of seaside and coastal functions in mind.
Extraction of Evaluation Factors on the Conflicts of Interests in Coastal Area
Yeo, Ki-Tae ; Jeong, Hui-Gyun ; Yi, Gi-Chul ; Suh, Sang-Hyun ; Park, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 335~343
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.335
Currently serious conflicts of interests are arisen for the use of coastal area in Korea. However, there no mediation program, mediators` consistent policies and reasonable laws to resolve conflict of interests which may be arisen when developing coastal area. The objective of this study is to lay the evaluation criteria for the formalized objective evaluation among disputants of coastal conflicts for the better understanding and characterizing of coastal conflicts in Korea. In order to do so, this study has adopted for the extraction of the evaluation factors to describe the present conditions of conflicts in the selected study area(Sihwa lake), to analyze the problems, and then to explore alternative approaches for resolving the conflicts. As research methodologies, we have depended upon literature review and field survey methods. As field survey methods, we employed structured questionnaires for the various samples from the experts of research institutes, professors, representatives of NGOs and citizens. Survey results suggested that 5 representative elements comprising 35 detailed elements could be identified. Based on these results, this study was able to identify and classify the evaluation factors and help to resolve coastal conflicts in Korea.
International Tourists `Attitude to Theme Park Development of Busan
Hwang, Young-Woo ; Yhang, Wii-Joo ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 27, issue 3, 2003, Pages 345~349
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2003.27.3.345
A theme park is a tourism destination attracting a lot of tourists. Many local authorities establish theme parks within their own territory. Busan Metropolitan City tries to host an attractive theme park, and to make the city known as the tourism destination for 21st century. The purpose of this paper is to suggest a policy and management strategy of theme park based on questionnaire analysis for international tourists visiting Busan. First, it is needed to supply low land price to reduce construction cost and to attract investors from the public and private sectors. Second, the theme park has to have attractive themes and new events for repeaters. Third, infra structures related to the theme parks should be provided for the easy accessibility. Finally more emphasis should be placed on public relation and service education for employees.