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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Navigation and Port Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 9 - Dec 2009
Volume 33, Issue 10 - Dec 2009
Volume 33, Issue 8 - Oct 2009
Volume 33, Issue 7 - Sep 2009
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Aug 2009
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Jun 2009
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Jun 2009
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Apr 2009
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Mar 2009
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Analysis on the Pattern of Dragging Anchor in Actual Ship
Jung, Chang-Hyun ; Kong, Gil-Young ; Bae, Byung-Deug ; Lee, Yun-Sok ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 505~511
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.505
Vessels on anchoring are frequently dragged due to the increased area of wind pressure by enlargement of ship`s size and sudden gust of winds in recent years. In the view point of the ship`s navigators, the proper measurements corresponding to the dragging of anchor should be taken into account concerned about the time for the occurring of dragging by the external forces such as wind and wave, the pattern and speed of dragging and the possibility of collisions with any other vessels or obstacles. In this paper, it was examined the actual dragging anchor in T.S. HANBADA due to the wind and waves. From this case, it was found the critical external forces by which she was begun to dragged comparing the force by the wind, frictional resistance, drifting force and ship motion moment with the holding power. Also, through the analysis of the dragging pattern, it was known the alteration range of heading angle, swinging width and dragging speed etc.
A Study on Standardization of Data Exchange between Information Systems related to Marine Transportation
Lee, Shin-Geol ; Choi, Gwang-Young ; Song, Chae-Uk ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 513~518
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.513
To prevent accidents and take immediate actions to minimize the damages caused by such disasters, there have been several information system related to marine transportation in or near harbour areas and coastal waters. However, those systems were operated independently and not able to exchange each others important data necessary for the cooperation of the relevant authorities in case of accidents. Standards of data formats and their exchanges needed to make information systems play efficiently their roles are proposed in this paper, and the proposed method is expected to help manage the marine transportation in the waters of jurisdiction and prevent marine accidents which cause huge amounts of casualties in the shipping industries and the natural environments.
A Fundamental Study on Advanced VTS System through Statistic Analyzing Traffic Accidents in VTS area
Lee, Hyong-Ki ; Chang, Seong-Rok ; Park, Young-Soo ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 519~524
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.519
Although it is expected to provide fundamental data for advanced VTS system by analyzing traffic accidents in VTS area, there is no quantitative analysis to find it.. In this research, it is examined and analyzed marine casualties records(1999-2004), data of Port-MIS and data of each VTS center. The results of this research are as below. 1) It is necessary to reduce traffic accident and to improve VTS operating system. 2) It is discovered for statistical discrepancy between vessels controlled by VTS and vessels not controlled by VTS in accident cause, visibility, perception distance and cause of late perception in collision accidents 3) It is necessary for VTS assistance to be positive and to made in ample time consecutively. 4) As the result of traffic accident prediction model, it is necessary to develop a system improving VTS operators` ability to identify dangerous ships.
A Study on the Improvement of the Role of VTS by Analyzing Causes of Marine Accidents in Busan Port
Kim, Young-Seup ; Song, Chae-Uk ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 525~530
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.525
VTS(Vessel Traffic Service) has been established in navigational waters to improve the safety and efficiency of navigation and to prevent marine accidents which could cause a large amount of damages to the marine environment and shipping industries. There have been several reports on analyzing the causes of marine accidents happened around Korean waters of jurisdiction, and those reports contributed not only to the enlargement of waters where VTS operation was needed and but also the construction of VTS system which was necessary to provide vessels navigating in the service waters with safety-related information. However, the researches for the role of VTS in marine transportation were not still enough to increase the safety of navigation and to decrease the number of accidents. In this paper, in view of the fact that VTS operation is closely connected with the accidents, we analyzed that what parts of VTS operation are involved deeply with the causes of marine accidents in Busan Port, and then proposed a method to improve its performance most effectively.
A Study on the Attitude of Seafarers Education & Training - A Case Study on S Company -
Lee, Won-Geon ; Lee, Gyeong-Gu ; Lee, Myun-Soo ; Nam, Ki-Chan ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 531~537
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.531
As the Port State Control Inspection recognized that almost marine casualties are caused by human faults rather than vessel`s defaults, it has put more emphasis on the qualification of ships` crew and the education required. Accordingly, for shipping companies it is an urgent task to operate effective crew education system that can meet the standards of international agreements and domestic laws. Therefore, this study aims at deriving the attitude of crews of `S` shipping company on the education and some implication for the effective crew education systems. For this questionnaire survey has been carried out and the data analysed by the respondent groups.
The theme and urban development of the Expo Yeosu focusing on the case of the Expo Lisbon
Choi, Eun-Soon ; Jeong, Moon-Soo ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 539~548
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.539
This work aims to highlight the importance and role of the theme and message of BIE exhibitions in the 21th century, and to suggest essential points concerning the preparation of the Expo 2012 Yeosu which would focus on the theme and urban development. After the Expo `98 Lisbon, the theme and message of Expo has been changed from focusing on the progress of technology itself to rethinking of progress itself and focusing on the future of the globe. This change also reflects the need to solve the problems of global environment problem in today`s human society and to pursue the new technology which enable to make sure sustainable development. Because the Expo Yeosu, whose theme is the sea and coast, is compared to case of Expo Lisbon whose theme is ocean, we need to make a benchmarking the case of the Expo Lisbon and to make efforts to differenciate the case of the Expo Lisbon. This article suggests concerning the theme and urban development plan of the Expo Yeosu as follows: First, to propose current and future cutting edge technology to utilize the resources of the ocean and the coast and to propose the Yeosu Project, a capacity-building program designed to address various challenges confronting developing countries. Second, to propose a different urban redevelopment plan of capital Lisbon, ie to propose sea port cities network to link the advent of the Namhaeansidae.
An Analysis on the Characteristics of Wind Distribution in the Coast of Busan Using AWS Data
Seol, Dong-Il ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 549~554
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.549
Wind velocity and wind direction are very important in the viewpoint of ship`s safety and stability of port structure. The characteristics of wind distribution in the coast of Busan are analyzed for 10 years from 1997 to 2006 using AWS(Automatic Weather System) data. The characteristics of wind distribution of Miryang, is not affected by the land and sea breeze are also examined to understand clearly the characteristics of wind distribution in the coast of Busan. The mean wind velocity in the coast of Busan is stronger than that of Miryang. The mean wind velocitie at Youngdo and Gadukdo stations of Busan are stronger about 2.0 times than those at IlGwang, Haeundae and Daeyeon stations. The correlation a states show that the variation tendencies of monthly mean wind velocitie in the coast of Busan are very similar. The maximum monthly mean velocitie in the coast of Busan are recorded in September. This re ult is closely related to the influence of typhoon. The maximum instantaneous wind velocitie are also strong at Youngdo and Gadukdo stations and the peaks of maximum instantaneous wind
are observed mainly from August to September. In the coast of Busan, the SW`ly-NNE`ly wind are prevailing in the winter and the SW`ly and NE`ly wind are predomi snt in the spring. w that the vs of wind direction in the summer and athumn are similar with those in the spring and winter, respectively.
Dual Cycle Plan for Efficient Ship Loading and Unloading in Container Terminals
Chung, Chang-Yun ; Shin, Jae-Young ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 555~562
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.555
At container terminals, a major measurement of productivity can be work-efficiency in quay-side. At the apron, containers are loaded onto the ship and unloaded to apron by Q/C(Quay Crane). For improving the productivity of quay crane, the more efficient Y/T(Yard Tractor) operation method is necessary in container terminals. Between quay-side and yard area, current transferring methods is single-cycling which doesn`t start loading unless it finishes unloading. Dual-cycling is a technique that can be used to improve the productivity of quay-side and utility of yard tractor by ship loading and unloading simultaneously. Using the dual-cycling at terminals only necessitates an operational change without purchasing extra equipment. Exactly, Y/T operation method has to be changed the dedicate system to pooling system. This paper presents an efficient ship loading and unloading plan in container terminals, which use the dual-cycling. We propose genetic and tabu search algorithm for this problem.
The Comparative Analysis on the Scrap Transport Costs of Container and Bulk Ship
Park, Jae-Kwan ; Joung, Eun-Sun ; Shin, Yong-John ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 563~572
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.563
The steel industry, as the national representative strategic industry of our country, has played the motive power for the economic growth of Korea in 1970s as the positive support of the government and the management endeavor of the private were harmonized. However, in case of our country, we have mostly relied on import of the raw materials for the steel industry, and as the weight of the imported raw materials is heavy, the steel industry is the industry whose transport burden is big as it is called `transport industry`. So, the transport rationalization will be the important task of the steel industry. This study has analyzed the economic efficiency per the transport route (container ship vs bulk ship) of the sea transport related to import/export of the steel scrap on the level acquiring the stable supply of the steel scrap. For this, this study firstly researched the status of domestic/foreign steel industry. And analyzed the world crude steel production volume, steel scrap consumption volume and world steel scrap trading structure. Also, in order to compare the transport logistics expenses between two transport devices, namely, container ship and bulk ship, this study calculated the logistics expenses per ton by using the traffic hours and traffic expenses items as the imported/exported scrap freights of `D` company.
Efficiency Measurement of Container Terminals with DEA using an Input Variable of Information Level
Choi, Bong-Hwan ; Shin, Jae-Young ; Yang, Yun-Ok ; Shin, Chang-Hoon ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 573~581
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.573
Today, overall industry has been operated on the basis of information technology and has increased the investment on it. In the logistics industry, the integrated material handling information network has become important more and more and the investment on the informatization has been increased to operate efficiently. In the previous literature, most of the measures for the efficiency of container terminals were the variables such as fixed assets of equipments. There has not been any research effort toward examining the effect of informatization level on the efficiency. This work describes the importance on the efficiency evaluation considering the informatization level to in a container terminal and the relative efficiency level is measured using data envelopment analysis and bootstrap.
An Efficient Heuristic to Solve Vehicle Routing Problem for Container Shuttle Service
Shin, Jae-Young ; Oh, Sung-Inn ; Park, Jong-Won ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 583~588
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.583
Generally, the container road transportation can be divided into three types; short distance, long distance and shuttle transportation. Specially, the shuttle service occurs several amounts of container which is same as O/D pairs. Also container vehicle can be divided into three types according to the chassis types of vehicle; only 20-feet container, only 40-feet container and combined chassis trailer. Combined chassis trailers can load two 20-feet containers or one 40-feet container. This paper deals with Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) for delivering containers considering shuttle service. This problem is similar to the previously studied Shin and Oh (2008), but the characteristics of shuttle service must be considered additionally. We formulate the container shuttle transportation planning problem using combined chassis trailers based on VRP with pick-up and delivery which can visit each node more than one time, and propose an efficient solution procedure.
Suggestion of improving Measures with the Status Analysis of Ship Inspection by Major Oil Companies
Chae, Chong-Ju ; Jung, Yun-Chul ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 589~594
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.589
The Major inspection is a ship inspection which is executed voluntarily for tankers by Major oil companies(hereinafter it is called "Major"). To take the Major`s cargo tanker should pass Major inspection. Thus, even though Major inspection is executed voluntarily, it is more important one than any other inspection for ship`s crews and owner because it is closely related to the business profit of shipping company. In this study, authors suggested the improving measures after checking the problems concerned with Major inspection through status analysis. For the status analysis, authors carried out a questionary survey and interview with the interested parties, such as tanker crews, persons in charge of shipping company and inspectors, as well as studied the related literature and statistics data.
The Differences of Customer Satisfaction before and after Establishment of Busan Port Authority
Kim, Dong-Yol ; Kwak, Bong-Whan ; Yeo, Gi-Tae ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 33, issue 8, 2009, Pages 595~602
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2009.33.8.595
The aim of this study is to identify the difference of the customer satisfaction before and after establishment of Busan Port Authority with focus on container terminals in Busan Port. As a result, the customer satisfaction varies according to customer types, and it has been changed followed by container port environment. Therefore suitable strategies have to establish, i.e. berth number for large shipping company, connectivity for feeder company, and activity of customer attraction for terminal operating company.