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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Navigation and Port Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research
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Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 38, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
The STCW Manila Amendments and its Challenges to the Far East
Chae, Chong-Ju ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 193~202
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.193
The comprehensive review of the STCW 1978, as amended in 1995 and associated Code was carried out from 2006 to 2010. These amendments will have a certain degree of impact on Maritime Education and Training(MET) institutes in terms of education and training of seafarer worldwide. Particularly, the Far East region countries are effected more than other regions since they covered about 30% of officers and 37% ratings in the world. In view of these facts this dissertation conceived to analyze the problems in the Far East main seafarer supply countries faced the implementation of "STCW Manila Amendments" To analyze these problems, this dissertation carried out questionnaire research to 7 targeted main MET of major Far East seafarer supply countries. After research this dissertation suggests the possible solutions such as, Joint On-Board Training Center; Joint Asia Maritime E-learning Systems; methods to reducing work-load, ship inspection burden and determine mandatory minimum safety manning standards in a safe way; technical cooperation fund to installation of training equipment; and clarify vague terminology of STCW Manila Amendments, to solve problems identified through the questionnaires.
Development of Safety Index for Evaluation of Ship Navigation
Hwang, Soo-Jin ; Kobayashi, Eiichi ; Wakabayashi, Nobujazu ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 203~209
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.203
As a sense of practical field, most researchers emphasize the importance of safety management to prevent marine accidents. The purpose of this paper is to develope a new safety evaluation method using Safety Index (SI) which is to measure the emotional feeling of navigation officer by traffic situations. In this study, the questionnaires with SI are used to investigate the degree of sensing levels of navigation officers according to the navigation situations. In addition, the traffic data obtained from AIS (Automatic Identification System) data are used to give actual situations in the questionnaire investigation. As results of questionaries investigations based upon the AIS data, it is shown that the Safety Index can be used as a criterion to determine the safety levels of ship navigating in a coastal areas.
A Study on FTN Decoding Method for High Throughput Satellite Communication
Kwon, Hae-Chan ; Jung, Ji-Won ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 211~216
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.211
In this paper, high throughput method is studied to provide floating objects with broadband service as ship by using satellite. In recent, satellite broadcastings standard is based on DVB-S3 for communication service using wireless device on navigation communication by satellite. LDPC codes are iterative coding algorithm proposed in DVB-S3. In this paper, FTN technique is applied to LDPC codes with 8-PSK modulation and then present the method to alleviate performance degradation due to FTN through BICM-ID. BICM-ID is the method to improve performance by calculating a new LLR from hard-decision value of decoder output. DVB-S2 system with 8-PSK modulation and FTN technique based on iterative decoding had a better performance than DVB-S2 with 8-PSK modulation and FTN technique over Gaussian channels.
A Study on the Introduction of Effective Route Exchange System in the VTS Area
Pak, Chae-Hong ; Jung, Chang-Hyun ; Park, Sung-Hyeon ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 217~225
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.217
The system that covers gathering, integrating, exchanging, presenting and analyzing of information within ships and shores for the safety and security in Marine Environment is known as e-Navigation Policy. Northern Europe has been conducting research and development. It came up into a concept that deals with ship's route information between vessels as well as vessels to shores which is better known as route exchange system. The research showed substantial advantages on navigational safety by exchanging the route information between vessels in vicinity and vessels to shores. Therefore, upon the adaptation of route exchange System as a major function in integrated navigational system, the existing procedures in VTS could be changed for betterment. In this study, it was verified the effectiveness of route exchange system by the adaptation of a recent collision accident occurred in Korean coast and suggested that route exchange system which would be carried out by the discretion of VTS center in VTS area. Finally, it proposed the new functions for outstanding services and procedures of integrating traffic organization services on coastal VTS for an effective route exchange system in Korean coastal area.
dLoran Measurement in Yeongil Bay using the Pohang Loran-C (9930M)
Lee, Chang Bok ; Lee, Jong Koo ; Lee, Young Kyu ; Hwang, Sang-Wook ; Lee, Sang Jeong ; Yang, Sung-Hoon ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 227~232
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.227
There are three essential components of eLoran: dLoran, data map of ASF, and the Loran data channel. Particularly, dLoran improves navigation accuracy, which is the core technology of eLoran systems. The requirement of HEA's absolute accuracy, less than 20 meters, can be satisfied via dLoran measurements and their corrections. In this study, dLoran measurements using the Pohang Loran-C (9930M) station signal were conducted at Yeongil Bay. We established a dLoran reference station at Homigot Management Office for navigation aids within the Bay. We estimated the effectiveness of the dLoran between the reference site (Homigot Management Office) and a test site (Heunghwan beach) by measuring TOAs. We verified that the TOA data measured at these two regions were highly correlated. The temporal differences in the data between the dLoran reference station and test site were about 10~30 ns per day, which is equivalent to a ranging error of 3~9 m. This result shows that eLoran can meet the requirement of 8~20 meters position accuracy for maritime HEA by correcting the ASF at the user's receiver.
A Comparative Study on Evacuation Behavior Characteristics of Trainees according to Experience Level on board a Training Ship
Hwang, Kwang-Il ; Lee, Yun-Sok ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 233~238
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.233
With the increasing needs on various leisure activities, the users of passenger ships and cruisers have been increased year by year. Although over 15 accidents per year betide on domestic passenger ships for last decade, the researches on the safety of crews and guests on boards are difficult to find. This study performed the comparative analysis by experiments on the evacuation characteristics between experience levels on board a training ship. The followings are the results. From the seniors' experiments, it is found that more various evacuation scenarios have to develope and drill as a part of education contents. And from the freshmen's trials, the importances of the evacuation education and the roles of existing crews on evacuation guides are pointed out as to increase the safety of new crews and/or guests who are not accustomed to onboard a ship. On the other, it is explained that the communications between evacuees are worthy and useful, and also save more evacuation times. And on the viewpoint of evacuation methodology, it is clear that captain and evacuation-related crews have to control all the evacuation passages and evacuees of each passages to save more lives.
Study on the elution of biostimulant for in-situ bioremediation of contaminated coastal sediment
Woo, Jung-Hui ; Song, Young-Chae ; Senthilkumar, Palaninaicker ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 239~246
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.239
A study on the elution characteristics of biostimulating agents (sulfate and nitrate) from biostimulants which are used for in-situ bioremediation for the coastal sediment contaminated with organic matter was performed. The biostimulating agents were mixed with the coastal sediment, and then massed the mixture into ball. Two kinds of ball type biostimulant were prepared by coating the ball surface with two different polymers, cellulose acetate and polysulfone. A granular type biostimulant (GTB) was also prepared by impregnating a granular activated carbon in the biostimulating agent solution. The image of scanning electron microscopy for the biostimulant coated with cellulose acetate (CAB) showed that the inner side of the coating layer consisted of irregular and bigger size of pores, and the surface layer had tight structure like beehive. For the biostimulant coated with polyfulfone (PSB), the whole coating layer had a fine structure without pore. The elution rate of the biostimulating agents for the CAB was higher than that for the PSB, and the elution rate for the GTB was considerably higher than that for the PSB in distilled water as well as in sea water. The elution rate of the biostimulating agents in turbulent water flow was about 3 times higher than that in standing water, and the elution rate of nitrate was higher than that of sulfate from the stimulating agents.
A Study on the Development of a Preventive Index Based on the Statistical Data of Ship Accidents
Bae, Jun-Ki ; Lee, Eun-Bang ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 247~252
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.247
Despite the facts that navigation technology and educational programs were developed, and that maritime law has been enforced strictly, the number of maritime accidents has not dropped significantly. Accident prevention is emphasized because of the extreme life, property, and environmental losses that accompany maritime accidents. Even though there are a variety of preventive activities, their performance is not satisfactory. In order to promote preventive activities and to organize safety management, a Preventive Index of Ship Accident(PISA) and a Preventive Level of Ship Accident(PLSA) which are abstracted from the statistical data of ship accidents (2009~2013) are proposed. The survey module by which these variables can be calculated is composed of preventive domains such as education, engineering, enforcement and information, and is applied for the preventive indexes measurement of cargo, passenger, tanker, tugboat and fishery ships. We compared and analyzed measured result with statistical accident rates and cases to confirm the index utilities. It was found that there is some correlation between the index value and the ship accident rate. It is expected that this index will become useful to evaluate a preventive status for the prevention of ship accidents and for the maritime safety culture.
Assessment on Navigational Stress and Fairway' Width according to Traffic Flow
Seong, Yu-Chang ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 253~259
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.253
Traffic risks in fairway and harbour area increase lately according to be a sharpe change of ship's size and speed. It becomes hot issue to design a fairway, which's width is important to lower traffic risk and ensure navigational safety. The current design making a fairway and width do not focus on maneuvering motion of a large ship, but traffic risks are clear on reflecting the design of fairway, specially on width. To contact with these problems, this research proposes how to determine fairway' width in consideration of traffic volume. it suggests several situations of marine traffic congestion as like narrow channel and harbour area. here uses 162 simulations in MTS Ver.1 developed. Acquired simulation's results, environmental stress dates, figure in a model that relates with required fairway' width and allowable traffic volume. In added, suggested model compares current design with an width.
Importance of Service Factors for Car-Ferry Shipping Companies between Korea and China Routes using Fuzzy Method
Jung, Hyun-Jae ; Yeo, Gi-Tae ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 261~268
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.261
The route of Korea and China situates stable shipping market by the agreement on maritime transport between two countries. Epecially, the Car-ferry shipping market between Korea and China is growing up the world's largest markets in this situation. But, the rapid growth of markets have the possibility of imbalance between supply and demand. In addition that heavy competition can be arisen. The aim of this study is to analyze the ways to reinforce competitiveness of Car-ferry shipping companies(CFSCs) between Korea and China routes through suggesting importance weights of service factors. Firstly, evaluating service factors of CFSCs between Korea and China routes are selected by reviewing literatures and Delphi method. Secondly, importance weights of service factors are calculated using Fuzzy method. As a result, Shipper and CFSCs between Korea and China routes select 'agility of loading and unloading', 'agility of customs', and 'punctuality of transportation' as the most important factors. On the other hand, the two groups are shown the perception gaps on the factors such as 'reasonable shipping cost', 'voyage speed', 'multimodal transportation', and 'professionality of manpower'. The implication of this study is that Government of Korea and China Have to cooperate agreement for mutual drive towed trailer and customs to speedy transportation.
Stabilization of mixed heavy metals in contaminated marine sediment using steel slag
Shin, Woo-Seok ; Kim, Young-Kee ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 269~275
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.269
In this study, the adsorption efficiency of mixed heavy metals in aqueous solution was investigated using steel slag. Moreover, heavy-metal stabilization treatment of contaminated marine sediment was achieved using steel slag as stabilizing agents. Heavy metal adsorption was characterized using Freundlich and Langmuir equations. The equilibrium adsorption data were fitted well to the Langmuir model in steel slag. The adsorption uptake of heavy metals were higher in the order of
. The steel slage was applied for a wet-curing duration of 150 days. From the sequential extraction results, the exchangeable, carbonate, and oxides fractions of Ni, Zn, Cu, Pb, and Cd in sediment decreased by 13.0%, 6.0%, 1.3%, 17.0%, and 50.0%, respectively.
A Study on Guidelines of Tourism Development in Korea and Japan
Jung, Won-Jo ; Lee, Han-Seok ; Lee, Myung-Kwon ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 277~289
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.277
Fishing village is becoming the central base of fishing industry and it plays a major role. However, there is a decrement of marine resources and some difficulties with the deterioration of fishing industry management. In order to solve these problems, there should be some developments(e.g. fishing village toursim development) on various undergoing government and the private organization programs. Nevertheless, there are not guidelines for fishing village tourism development to utilize for practical business. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the current status and guidelines regarding the development of fishing village for coastal planner. The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of fishing village development works in Korea and Japan. The second purpose is to identifie success factors after analyzing individual success cases. Based on evidence from the literature and a dialogue with village leader, a literature review on extracting success cases for guidelines were selected according to criteria such as the degree of contribution to an increase in income of the fishing village, the degree of contribution to an increase in consumption of marine products using local natural resources, the number of tourists that visits the village. Finally we propose guidelines for future fishing village development projects. The guidelines based on the successful cases, as well as the major factors about the objectives and direction of fishing village tourism development, suggested as follows. 1)Plans for land use, 2)Development of tourist resources, 3)Plans for views, 4)Plans for resource protection, 5)Plans for operation and marketing.
Waterfront Development and Cultural Policy in Yokohama City, Japan
Kim, Na-Young ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 291~298
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.291
This article aims to understand the meanings of urban regeneration utilizing culture and art focusing on a case of the waterfront development in Yokohama, and consider the role of culture and art playing in the cultural city strategy within the revitalization of regional cultures as a main intention by means of interrogation into the cultural policy and its practice in the waterfront development of a sea-port city. Yokohama has proceeded successfully the waterfront development through the creation of culture and art space by using the characterful and attractive urban scape and regional sources around the waterfront. In the cultural policy of 'the Creative City, Yokohama' as a part of 'Culture and Art Creatvie City' strategy of Japan, 'National Art Park plan' as a space planning policy realizes the regeneration of the waterfront through the creation of culture and art space. The examination on the basic intention of this venture and its practice helps comprehend a role of culture and art playing in the waterfront development of a sea-port city and shows the direction that the cultural policy would take in the waterfront regeneration.
Transporter Scheduling with Transporter Combination in Shipbuilding
Shin, Jae-Young ; Bak, Na-Hyun ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 299~305
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.299
In a ship-building, a transporter is the moving equipment to transport ship blocks from a workshop to another in a shipyard. The efficient scheduling of transporters has an important role for the operation of a building ship to be completed on schedule. There are the previous studies on the transporter scheduling for moving blocks in a shipyard. These studies have no consideration for the transporter combination to increase the productivity of moving blocks. This paper presents an efficient transporter scheduling model considering transporter combination explicitly. The objective of this model is to minimize the operational cost and maintain the workload balance among transporters. we also present three heuristics algorithms based on tabu search for finding the solution of the model. The efficiency of the proposed heuristics are verified with several computational tests.
Knowledge Acquisition in the Global Strategic Alliance Network
Lee, Eon-Seong ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 307~315
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.307
This paper aims to empirically examine how shipping companies can effectively acquire knowledge from their strategic alliance partners. This paper adopts cooperative network embeddedness mechanism, such as network density and tie closeness, as a channel through which to acquire more knowledge for shipping participants within a strategic alliance network. This study also examines the moderating role of competition between alliance partners in reinforcing the effectiveness of the cooperative relationships on the knowledge acquisition. Based on the literature, hypotheses to predict the aforementioned associations between cooperative network embeddedness and knowledge acquisition and the moderating role of competition in facilitating that association are established. A quantitative research method using survey data conducted in the Korean shipping industry was employed in order to empirically test the presented hypotheses. The results show that if players in a shipping alliance network are embedded in a dense network and have close relationships with their alliance partners, this helps to facilitate a greater degree of knowledge acquisition from the partners; and the impact of network density on the knowledge acquisition would be intensified with the higher level of competition between shipping companies.
An Empirical Investigation on the Effect of Logistics Security in Import and Export Risk Management
Yi, Hong-Won ; Kim, Jae-Bong ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 38, issue 3, 2014, Pages 317~325
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2014.38.3.317
The government of South Korea has introduced various security measures in the supply chain, such as CSI (including a 24-hour rule) and AEO (Authorized Economic Operator), in compliance with global security trends and the war on terror. However, many participants in the import and export process are still unfamiliar with the purposes and functions of CSI, the 24-hour rule, and AEO. As such, considering these risks as obstacles or as factors that interfere with the import and export process, this study suggests proper management schemes, which can identify, measure and evaluate these risks.