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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 39, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on Theoretical Consideration to the Holding Power and Holding Power Coefficient of War Ship Anchor
Lim, Bong-Taek ; Ko, Jae-Woo ; Kim, Byoung-Suk ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.1
In this study, with the awareness of the limitations set in the currently operated calculations of holding power and the holding power coefficient of anchors of naval ships due to its simple application of a specific value, various factors that impact the holding power and its coefficient were verified based on existing data analysis of literature research and numerous experiment results from anchor manufacturers, research institutes and academic community in order to overcome the aforementioned limitations. In addition, holding power and holding power coefficient were compared and analyzed by the shape of anchors. As a result, we came to know that the holding power of AC-14 type anchor is stronger than that of ASS type anchor or U.S. Navy Standard type anchor which makes it possible to reduce the weight of the anchor and therefore ease the process of naval shipbuilding. Furthermore, we confirmed the fact that U.S. Navy Standard type anchor does not react sensitively to the weight change of the anchor. Lastly, we found out that Danforth type anchor's holding power coefficient is in inverse proportion to the weight. Moreover, instructions for managing anchor are arranged easily for your information. The results of this study is expected to provide anchor - operating naval crew with a reliable theoretical basis pertaining to an anchor's holding power and its coefficient and contribute much for the safety of their act of anchoring.
A Study on Analysis of Multipath Signal Detection using GPS Signal Strength Information
Kim, Dusik ; Park, Kwan-Dong ; Kim, Hye-In ; Tae, Hyunu ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 7~13
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.7
The number of mobile terminals equipped with a GPS module is steadily increasing today. However, because they using code pseudorange measurements in positioning, the positioning accuracy of mobile terminals is lower than that of those receivers using carrier phases. Especially, the multipath signal causes more significant errors in code pseudoranges. Therefore, the techniques of multipath detection and elimination is necessary. In this study, as an initial analysis of multipath detection and elimination technique development, we tested the feasibility of multipath signal detection using GPS signal strength information. We found that the GPS signal strength increases as the elevation angle gets higher in the open-sky environment. Also, we found that the signal strength decreases when there were some signal reflectors nearby. We checked the repeatability of the signal strength variation characteristics by reflecting repeat time of GPS satellites. As a result, this characteristics repeats almost perfectly when GPS satellites pass the same orbit. Therefore, we found that it is not a temporary phenomenon and the multipath signal detection should be possible by using GPS signal strength information.
A Comparative Analysis of Performance of Ambiguity Validation Methods
Ko, Jae-Young ; Shin, Mi-Young ; Han, Young-Hoon ; Cho, Deuk-Jae ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 15~21
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.15
In high precision positioning systems based on GNSS, ambiguity resolution is an important procedure. Correct ambiguity leads to positioning results which have high precision between millimeters and centimeters. However, when the ambiguity is determined incorrectly, ensuring accuracy and precision of the positioning result is impossible. An ambiguity validation test is required to obtain correct ambiguity when ambiguity resolution is performed based on the ILS (Integer Least Squares), which shows the best performance in point of theory and experiment when compared with other methods such as IR (Integer Rounding) and IB (Integer Bootstrapping). Comparison between the candidates of the validation test is needed to judge ambiguity correctly, because ILS searches for candidates of integer ambiguity, unlike other methods which calculate only one integer ambiguity. We analyzed the experimental performance of ambiguity validation tests. R-ratio, F-ratio and W-ratio were adopted for analysis. The performance of validation tests was evaluated by classifying normal operation, detection, missed detection and false alarm. As a result, strengths and weaknesses of validation tests was showed to experimental. we concluded that validation tests must be selected according to environment.
Analysis of Marine Pollution Management Cause using System Dynamics
Moon, Jung-Hwan ; Ha, Min-Jae ; Yun, Jong-Hwui ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 23~28
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.23
This paper is to identify the dynamic phenomenon of the marine pollution management that is connected directly or indirectly by using system dynamics analysis. The method used herein is based on system dynamics analysis that analyzed the sub-systems for marine pollution management. Furthermore designed feedback loop between system elements. And made total casual map of marine pollution management. The main results of the paper are the following : 1. It's necessary to equipments and technology development and law revision for feedback loop slump of initial measures delay in oil spill. 2. It should be come up with partnerships and new business for community corrosion non-proliferation caused by social conflicts. 3. Marine pollution management should be an obligation that must be minimized to include social conflicts in the community and national levels besides oil spill response on-site. This model confirmed the hidden cause of delay by existing response plans, manuals and programs. And oil spill response in broader sense is more important from now on. The result can be useful in the guidance of marine pollution and management.
Basic Experimental Study on the Characteristics of Way Selection for the Development of Evacuation Simulation Model on board a Ship
Hwang, Kwang-Il ; Sim, Young-Hoon ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 29~35
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.29
As the numbers of users of domestic passenger ships increased up to 14.5 millions at 2012, the numbers of ships accidents also increased as 2 times than ever. It will be very important to develop technologies related with safety design for onboard passengers and disclose the potential problems. This study performed consciousness survey on ordinary peoples' way finding who have not got any regular anti-disaster training, to develop evacuation models for evacuation feasibility studies. Followings are the results answered by 83 participants for 33 way finding questions. Respondents selected right ways more than 6~18% for 2 ways like T type, U type, Y type passages. But when there are some walkers and/or runners, respondents preferred to select the way where walkers or runners are. And more over the ratio of the ways that runners are on is comparatively higher than walkers. On 'ㅏ'type, 'ㅓ'type and 3 way type passages, even though the walkers and/or runners are affected to answerers, straight way were most preferred. And it is clear that peoples like bright passages. On the other hands, peoples responded as they like right, downward and near stairs more than left, upward and far stairs, respectively. and very few selected escalator and elevator for as evacuation stairs.
A Study on the Responsibility for a Barge's Safety Management in a Marine Construction
Jang, Yeong-Jun ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 37~43
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.37
At marine construction sites, there are problems with regard to dispute on the responsibility of safety management of chartered barge and its legal issues. In general, demise charter with crew is used for barge charterparty which is committed to the marine construction. Although Chapter 5 of the Korean Commercial Act enact provisions regulating a Time Chargerparty and a Bareboat Charterparty, it is difficult to clarify where the responsibility lies with regard to the safety control of the chartered barge. For this reason, disputes on accountability arise when accident occurs in effect. As a result, parties of the charterparty shift the responsibility on each other and there is increased risk for occurrence of similar accidents. There is no legally required qualification for a head of barge workers who is in charge of barge management. It is not possible to demand the head of barge workers to take charge of tasks which requires professional judgment as a marine technician considering his daily work scope. Furthermore, the barge committed to the marine construction as a form of bareboat charter or equipment charterage is an object which should be managed by safety supervisor of the charterer's marine construction. The charterer bears a duty to manage the safety of the barge. Therefore, the charterer is generally liable for the damage incurred in the course of using the chartered barge.
A Study on the Effect of On-Dock System in Container Terminals - Focusing on GwangYang Port -
Cha, Sang-Hyun ; Noh, Chang-Kyun ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 45~53
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.45
These days Container Terminals are focusing on increasing the quantity of containers and shipping lines choose Terminals by referring to the key elements of a terminal to perform the overall operation the fastest such as the location of the terminal, discharging ability, keeping environment, and other elements related to shipping in general. Container terminal is able to offer On-Dock service has become an important factor for shipping lines to choose that terminal. In this paper, we propose an algorithm for On-Dock system work algorithm, the algorithm Empty container exports, Full Container algorithm and The aim of our study focus on both container's gate out time and search for the effective terminal operation which is using the general On-Dock system through several algorithm like container batch priority, gate in and out job priority and empty container yard equipment allocation rule based on the automatic allocation method and manual allocation scheme for container. Gathering these information, it gives the priority and yard location of gate-out containers to control. That is, by selecting an optimum algorithm container, container terminals Empty reduces the container taken out time, it is possible to minimize unnecessary re-handling of the yard container can be enhanced with respect to the efficiency of the equipment. Operations and operating results of the Non On-Dock and On-Dock system is operated by the out work operations (scenarios) forms that are operating in the real Gwangyang Container Terminal derived results. Gwangyang Container terminal and apply the On-Dock system, Non On-Dock can be taken out this time, about 5 minutes more quickly when applying the system. when managing export orders for berths where On-Dock service is needed, ball containers are allocated and for import cargoes, D/O is managed and after carryout, return management, container damage, cleaning, fixing and controlling services are supported hence the berth service can be strengthened and container terminal business can grow.
A Comparative Analysis of Terminal Efficiency in Northeast Asia Container Ports
Li, Duo ; Kwak, Kyu-Seok ; Nam, Ki-Chan ; An, Young-Mo ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 55~60
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.55
The purpose of this study is to suggest a major strategy to become effective for each port in Northeast Asia by analyzing the relative efficiency of each port to determine the current level of efficiency, efficient harbors plan. Individual port of the major 16 ports in Northeast Asia was analysed targeting efficiency and relative efficiency. In this study, DEA technique was used. Of the DEA model, CCR (constant returns to scale) models and BCC (variable return to scale) model was applied to analyze the efficiency and effectiveness of the port. Then the efficiency measured through CCR model is again compared with the efficiency measured by the BCC model. In this way, the empirical analysis includes the input factors of the operating ports such as the number of berths, wharf, depth, total area of the pier, C / C numbers and output elements includes the container throughput. The results of the study show that most of the ports in China is efficient whereas those in Korea and Japan are relatively inefficient. There are some pairs of ports which has the similar input factors, like Busan port and Shanghai port, Lianyungang port and Incheon port, Dalian port and Gwangyang port, but the container throughput of them has a huge difference.
Development of Freight Transport Route Model by Considering Logistics Center
Jo, Min-Ji ; Kim, Hwan-Seong ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 61~67
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.61
Inland transport becomes more and more important in connecting ports with inland. Therefore, studying on cargo flow from ports to regions has been active in progress by many researchers. However current statistical data of freight flow from origin locations to destination locations does not reflect the exact characteristics of freight flow. Also, they also do not reflect the characteristics of multimodal transport system in which cargos go through intermediate locations such as logistics center or inland container depot. In growing up the emergent need of rebuilding statistical data for freight flow from origin locations to destination locations, this paper will propose a freight flow model with logistics center and it will be verified by genetic algorithm through the simulation scenarios.
An Empirical Study on the Estimation of Adequate Debt ration in Korean Shipping Industry: Focused on Water Transport
Pai, Hoo-Seok ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 69~75
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.69
The concrete purpose of this study is to suggest actually a debt ratio to optimize the capital structure providing a kind of approach to estimate the proper debt ratio with an analytical model and empirical data in Korean shipping industry. The mathematical and analytical model is started from the first equation about ROE, return of net operating income on equity, with an independent variable, debt ratio. It is constructed with several parameters, ROS(return of operating income on sales), TAT(total assets turnover), and NFCL(net finance cost to liabilities). There could not be a certain relationship between debt ratio and ROS or TAT, while some correlation or causality between debt ratio and NFCL. In other words, most of firms with high debt ratio is likely to burden higher finance cost than others with low one. In this case, there is a linearity relationship between debt ratio and NFCL, so then the second equation considering this relation could be included within the analytical approach of this paper. To be short, if the criteria of adequate debt ratio has to be defined as some level of debt ratio to optimize ROE, the ROE could be illustrated as a quadratic equation to debt ratio from two equations. Next, this research estimated those parameters' numbers through the single regression method with data over 12 years of Korean shipping industry, and identified empirically the fact that optimal debt ratio would be approximately 400%. To conclude, if that industry's sales and operating incomes are stable, the debt ratio could be accepted until twice of 200% had forced in order to guarantee its financial safety in past time.
An Experimental Study on the Slamming impact around Wedged type structure in accordance with the Weight and Height of the change
Oh, Seung-Jin ; Jo, Dae-Hawn ;
Journal of Navigation and Port Research, volume 39, issue 1, 2015, Pages 77~82
DOI : 10.5394/KINPR.2015.39.1.77
Slamming means that the hull hits the waves and receives impact pressure. This slamming effect may cause harm to people and when you put the hull at risk. so it is very harmful for cargo safety. Therefor slamming impact pressure should be fully considered in ship designing. In this study the model of wedged type structure are produced aimed to simulate a free fall that the experiments were carried out on different weight and free fall height. The flow field has been obtained by 2-frame grey level cross correlation PIV(Particle Image Velocimetry) method and experiment was divided into water entry and water exit. The impact pressure of free fall structure by a pressure acquisition system apply to dewetron system. The angles between a model and the water surface are adapted
respectively. The weight change of models was given as 1.5, 1.8 and 2.0kg. To study slamming phenomenon for free fall height the experiments were carried out by the free fall height of 100, 200 and 300mm. The experimental value of the impact pressure according to the changes in weight was increase impact pressure in proportion to the increase in weight and higher free falling height has also influenced the increase in impact pressures.