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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oceanography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Nov 2005
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Aug 2005
Volume 10, Issue 2 - May 2005
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Long-Term Monitoring Data From the Geum River Estuary
JEONG YONC HOOW ; KIM YEONC TAE ; CHAE YOUN ZOO ; RHEE CHOONC WOON ; KO KYUNC RAN ; KIM SOH YOUNG ; JEONG JU YOUNG ; YANG JAE SAM ;
The Sea, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 139~144
To investigate the long-term variation of water qualities, we have daily monitored physio-chemical characteristics of surface water in the Geum River estuary from June 1996 to April 2004. We found that the water qualities were determined by three dominant factors : 1. fluvial input from Geum River (
), 2. chemical processes such as nitrification and phosphate addition originated from sediment resuspension and domestic sew- age input (
), 3. biological processes such as nutrient consumption by primary producers (
). The factor 1 (fluvial input) effectively affected the water quality of the estuary particularly during the normal or low river discharge. The factor 2 (chemical processes) and the factor 3 (biological processes) showed distinct seasonal differences due to their relative strengths of biological activities. The factor 3 was a governing parameter during the period of spring algal bloom in 2004. For the spring period, an empirical equation derived from the multi-regression analyses showed that the in-situ chlorophyll-a distributions in the estuarine water were successfully simulated by the phosphate concentrations and N/P ratios. Therefore we suggest that phosphate functions as a limiting factor for the primary productivity in the Geum River estuary for the dry season, especially during spring.
Significance of Dissimilatory Fe(III) Reduction in Organic Matter Oxidation and Bioremediation of Environmental Contaminants in Anoxic Marine Environments
Hyun Junc-Ho ;
The Sea, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 145~153
I reviewed an ecological and environmental significance of microbial carbon respiration coupled to dis-similatory reduction of fe(III) to Fe(II) which is one of the major processes controlling mineralization of organic matter and behavior of metals and nutrients in various anaerobic environments. Relative significance of Fe(III) reduction in the mineralization of organic matter in diverse marine environments appeared to be extremely variable, ranging from negligible up to
. Cenerally, Fe(III) reduction dominated anaerobic car-bon mineralization when concentrations of reactive Fe(III) were higher, indicating that availability of reactive Fe(III) was a major factor determining the relative significance of Fe(III) reduction in anaerobic carbon mineralization. In anaerobic coastal sediments where
supply is limited, tidal flushing, bioturbation and vegetation were most likely responsible for regulating the availability of Fe(III) for Fe(III) reducing bacteria (FeRB). Capabilities of FeRB in mineralization of organic matter and conversion of metals implied that FeRB may function as a useful eco-technological tool for the bioremediation of anoxic coastal environments contaminated by toxic organic and metal pollutants.
Semiweekly variation of Spring Phytoplankton Community in Relation to the Freshwater Discharges from Keum River Estuarine Weir, Korea
Yih, Won-Ho ; Myung, Geum-Og ; Yoo, Yeong-Du ; Kim, Young-Geel ; Jeong, Hae-Jm ;
The Sea, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 154~163
Irregular discharges of freshwater through the water gates of the Keum River Estuarine Weir, Korea, whose construction had been completed in 1998 with its water gates being operated as late as August 1994, drastically modified the estuarine environment. Sharp decrease of salinity along with the altered concentrations of inorganic nutrients are accompanied with the irregular discharges of freshwater into the estuary under the influence of regular semi-diurnal tidal effect. Field sampling was carried out on the time of high tide at 2 fixed stations(St.1 near the Estuarine Weir and St.2 off Kunsan Ferry Station) every other day for 4 months from mid-February 2004 to investigate into the semi-weekly variation of spring phytoplankton community in relation to the freshwater discharges from Keum River Estuarine Weir. CV(coefficient of variation) of salinity measurements was roughly 2 times greater in St.1 than that in St.2, reflecting extreme salinity variation in St.1 Among inorganic nutrients, concentrations of N-nutrients(
) were clearly higher in St.1, to imply the more drastic changes of the nutrient concentrations in St.1. than St.2 following the freshwater discharges. As a component of phytoplankton community, diatoms were among the top dominants in terms of species richness as well as biomass. Solitary centric diatom, Cyclotella meneghiniana, and chain-forming centric diatom, Skeletonema costatum, dominated over the phytoplankton community in order for S-6 weeks each (Succession Interval I and II), and the latter succeeded to the former from the time of <
of water temperature. Cyanobacterial species, Aphanizomenon Posaquae and Phormidium sp., which might be transported into the estuary along with the discharged freshwater, occupied high portion of total biomass during Succession Interval III(mid-April to late-May). During this period, freshwater species exclusively dominated over the phytoplankton community except the low concentrations of the co-occurring 2 estuarine diatoms, Cyclotella meneghiniana and Skeletonema costatum. During the 4th Succession Interval when the water temperature was over
, the diatom, Guinardia delicatula, was predominant for a week with the highest dominance of
in discrete samples. To summarize, during all the Succession Intervals other than Succession Interval III characterized by the extreme variation of salinity under cooler water temperature than
, the diatoms were the most important dominants for species succession in spring. If the scale and frequency of the freshwater discharge could have been adjusted properly even during the Succession Interval III, the dominant species would quite possibly be replaced by other estuarine diatom species rather than the two freshwater cyanobacteria, Aphanizomenon flosaquae and Phormidium sp.. The scheme of field sampling every other day for the present study was concluded to be the minimal requirement in order to adequately explore the phytoplankton succession in such estuarine environment as in Keum River Estuary: which is stressed by the unpredictable and unavoidable discharges of freshwater under the regular semi-diurnal tide.
Changes in Environmental Factors and Primary Productivity in the Seomjin River Estuary
YANG SUNG RYULL ; SONG HWAN SEOK ; KIM KWAN-CHUN ; PARK CHUL ; MOON CHANGHO ;
The Sea, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 164~170
To investigate the aquatic environmental factors and processes controlling primary production in the Seomjin River estuary, chlorophyll a, nutrients, pH, SS, DO, temperature, salinity and primary productivity were measured in February, April, August and October, 2001. Primary productivity values ranged between 50.7 and 14,120.3 mg C
during the sampling period. In contrast to other estuaries, light condition did not seem to be the important limiting factor far primary production due to high water-column transparency during most of the time. The autumn bloom occurred in regions where salinity values ranged between 10 and 20 psu. This phenomenon appeared to develop every year and deserves further investigation. The behavior of nutrients, which is one of the major factors controlling the primary productivity, appeared to be governed by salinity regimes. The main source of nitrogenous nutrients seemed to be the freshwater runoff from the Seomjin River. However, that of phosphorus seemed to be from the industrial wastewater in Gwangyang area. The primary pro-duction of phytoplankton in the study area varied with space and time, showing a close correlation with water column transparency, and exhibited higher values compared to those of adjacent coastal regions in Gwangyang Bay.
Report on the Field Excursion, 'Tsunami impact on the coastal zone of Thailand'
CHANG SE WON ; LEE HEE-IL ; PARK YOUNG SOO ;
The Sea, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 171~180
Related to the tsunami impact caused by the 2004 Sumatra earthquake, field excursion of the title 'Tsunami impact on the coastal zone of Thailand' was carried out along the damaged coasts of Thailand fur three days. The damaged coastal zones along the Andaman Sea coasts of Thailand are classified into the severely damaged, the moderately damaged, and the slightly damaged coastal zone by the degree of damage. Channels of the river- mouths were widen, and the beach sands were eroded, transported, and then redeposited in the near shore or in the back beach area. Field excursion stops were 12 in the representative areas like Phang Nga province, the severely damaged coastal zone and Phuket Island, the slightly damaged coastal zone. In this report, the geo-logical effects on the coastal zone of Thailand by tsunami will be mainly illustrated by the satellite data before and after tsunami and the photographs taken during the field excursion.