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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oceanography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Nov 2007
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Aug 2007
Volume 12, Issue 2 - May 2007
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Origin and Spatial Distribution of Organic Matter at Gwangyang Bay in the Fall
Lee, Young-Sik ; Kang, Chang-Keun ; Choi, Yong-Kyu ; Lee, Sang-Yong ;
The Sea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~8
Environment factors related to the distribution of organic matter in surface seawater and sediments were investigated to estimate main pollution sources and range of their influence in Gwangyang Bay. The main pollution sources for the factors that affect organic matter distribution could be divided into three main sources: fresh water runoffs from Seomjin and Dong River, Gwangyang-si domestic sewage, and Yosu Industrial Complex. Considering the characteristics in horizontal distributions of the environmental factors in water column, sediment, and water current regime, the influencing range of these main sources was likely to be divided into three areas within the bay as follows: Area I receiving lots of fresh water from Seomjin River, Area II receiving lots of domestic sewage from Gwangyang-si and fresh water of Dong River, Area III receiving lots of materials from Yosu Industrial Complex. Area I seems to be characterized as low salinity, high concentration of
, Area II as low salinity, high concentration of
, and Area III as high water temperature, high concentration of
in water column, high concentration of
in surface sediments.
Assessment of Benthic Environment based on Macrobenthic Community Analysis in Jinhae Bay, Korea
Lim, Kyeong-Hun ; Shin, Hyun-Chool ; Yoon, Seong-Myeong ; Koh, Chul-Hwan ;
The Sea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 9~23
To investigate the degree of pollution using the species composition of benthic community and environments, the present study was conducted in Jinhae Bay, May of 1998. In Jinhae Bay, benthic macrofaunal community was investigated on the base of the samples from 67 stations. The main facies of the surface sediment was silty clay and clay. The total species number and the mean density of macrobenthic animals were 255 species and 984
, respectively. There were 90 species and 773
of polychaetes as the most major faunal group in Jinhae Bay. At the region between the eastern mouth of Jinhae Bay and Gadeok Is., the species number and density were higher, while lower at the western area of Jinhae Bay. The most dominant benthic macrofauna in Jinhae Bay was the polychaetes, Lumbrineris longifolia(16.9%), and followed by polychaetes Tharyx sp.(6.7%), Clone teres(4.7%), Glycinde sp.(4.2%), bivalves Theora fragilis(4.0%), crustaceans Corophium sp.(4.0%) and so on. The most of the predominant species appeared mainly on the region between the eastern mouth of Jinhae Bay and Gadeok Is. Cluster analysis based on the macrobenthic faunal composition showed that Jinhae Bay could be divided into three station groups: The western Jinhae Bay(Station group A), the mouth of Jinhae Bay(Station groupe B), and offshore area between Gadeok Is. and Geoje Is.(Station group C). The mouth of Jinhae Bay had the highest mean species number and the mean density, and its important species was Lumbrineris longifolia. The offshore area between Gadeok Is. and Geoje Is. had medium mean species number and the mean density. The western Jinhae Bay had the lowest mean species number and the mean density. The distribution of BPI and BC values, used to assess benthic pollution, showed similar patterns. According to the classification proposed by Borja et al.(2000), the stations of the western inner-bay were heavily polluted sites, the stations between mouth of the bay and the offshore area were slightly polluted sites, and the stations of the other area were meanly polluted sites. Benthic community healthiness of the western Jinhae Bay was classified to 'Transitional to pollution' by BC values. The degree of pollution in Jinhae Bay may have extended gradually from the western Jinhae Bay to the mouth of the bay.
Global Fate of Persistent Organic Pollutants: Multimedia Environmental Modelling and Model Improvement
Choi, Sung-Deuk ; Chang, Yoon-Seok ;
The Sea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 24~31
Global fates of polychlorinated biphenyl(PCB) were investigated with a fugacity based multimedia transport and fate model, Globe-POP(persistent organic pollutant). The accumulation of PCB was directly affected by the emission patterns of PCB into the atmosphere and surface areas of environmental compartments. Partition coefficients and reaction rates also influenced on the accumulation patterns of PCB. The emission patterns of PCB in 10 climate zones were consistent for the past 70 years, while the contribution of PCB in high-latitude zones to the globe has increased by cold condensation. Considering the amounts of emission and accumulation of PCB, the North temperature zone is regarded as an important source and sink of PCB. Meanwhile, in spite of no significant sources, POPs accumulate in Antarctic environments mainly due to extremely low temperature. Finally we suggested that a global water balance accounting for snow/ice should be incorporated into multimedia environmental models for high-latitude zones and polar regions with the seasonal snow pack and/or permanent ice caps. The modified model will be useful to evaluate the influence of climate change on the fate of POPs.
Thermal Index for the Assessment of the Impacted Area by the Thermal Discharge from Nuclear Power Plant in Korea
Ro, Young-Jae ;
The Sea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 35~42
Thermal discharges from the nuclear power plants into neighboring Korean coastal waters have raised serious disputable arguments from the two parties of local fishermen and scientists involved since late 1970's. To meet the social demands and provide scientific and reasonable solutions, new set of standards have been established which will guide through measuring and processing the various variables and parameters in environmental and fishery impact assessment procedures for the thermal discharge from the nuclear power plants. These are made possible for the first time by the combined efforts by Korean Oceanography Society and Fishery Society. In this paper, Thermal Disharge Impact Index(TI) is proposed by the probability of the local temperatures exceeding critically to local fishery multiplied by the weighted sum of diverse environmental and ecological factors. The TI is essentially conceived to overcome the long-exising bad practices based on the particular excess temperature such as 1. The proposed TI based on the guideline principle proposed by the UNEP(2002) is expected to be practical, economic and self-adaptive. To prove the usefulness of the TI, it is highly recommended to conduct prototype experiments and exercises in a particular nuclear power plant site in the near future.
A Standard Guide to Physical Oceanographic Survey of the Effect of Thermal Discharge from a Nuclear Power Plant
Lee, Jae-Hak ; Ro, Young-Jae ; Cho, Yang-Ki ;
The Sea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 43~49
The methods of physical oceanographic surveys to examine the effect of thermal discharge from nuclear power plants in Korea have been reviewed and a standard guide to the survey is proposed. It is desirable that in situ observation and numerical thermal diffusion modeling are conducted simultaneously to describe the variation in temperature distribution affected by thermal discharge from a power plant because any observation or numerical modeling alone has limits to do so quantitatively. It is suggested that the field observation must be based on the concept of heat budget modeling considering all artificial and natural heat sources/sinks around the power plant. Any results from numerical modeling must reach to a certain statistical significance level to use for a standard temperature distribution. In addition, the development of standard numerical codes is proposed to improve the problems shown in the past numerical circulation and diffusion modelling.
A Study on Seawater Quality Criteria and Assessment of Thermal Discharge from Nuclear Power Plant
Park, Yong-Chul ; Kim, Sung-Jun ; Kim, Eun-Soo ; Lee, Hee-Jun ; Lee, Hyo-Jin ; Kim, Dong-Hwa ;
The Sea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 50~56
Impact of thermal discharge of nuclear power plant on marine environment is naturally reflected in biogeochemical changes of seawater. Until now, many investigation activities and reports of impact analysis of marine environment were occasionally inadequate to provide sufficient justification in resolving controversial conflict of interests related with thermal discharge of nuclear power plant. From the scrutinized examination of recent 17 reports published in Korea between 2002 and 2004, the most apparent issue was inadequacy of sampling design and absence of significance of many measured parameters. In many cases, lack of statistical interpretation of raw data incurred subjective or ambiguous assessment results, which failed in deducing mutual concurrence between the parties of interest. In overall all, the main reasons for impairing integrity of previous reports seem to be inconsistency of environmental investigation procedures between research institutions, inadequate sampling design at the discretion of institutions and lack of objectivity of impact assessment based on statistical interpretation. Therefore, the primary goal of this study is to (1) discuss the blown issues on previous routine practice of seawater quality assessment procedures, and to (2) provide improved investigation procedures and rational standard criteria strictly based on statistical analysis for the better seawater quality assessment, which could be supported by scientific community, public agency, investigation institution and the other parties of interest.