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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oceanography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 15, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Determining Spatial and Temporal Variations of Surface Particulate Organic Carbon (POC) using in situ Measurements and Remote Sensing Data in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico during El
Son, Young-Baek ; Gardner, Wilford D. ;
The Sea, volume 15, issue 2, 2010, Pages 51~61
Surface particulate organic carbon (POC) concentration was measured in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico on 9 cruises from November 1997 to August 2000 to investigate the seasonal and spatial variability related to synchronous remote sensing data (Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS), sea surface temperature (SST), sea surface height anomaly (SSHA), and sea surface wind (SSW)) and recorded river discharge data. Surface POC concentrations have higher values (>100
) on the inner shelf and near the Mississippi Delta, and decrease across the shelf and slope. The inter-annual variations of surface POC concentrations are relatively higher during 1997 and 1998 (El Nino) than during 1999 and 2000 (La Nina) in the study area. This phenomenon is directly related to the output of Mississippi River and other major rivers, which associated with global climate change such as ENSO events. Although highest river runoff into the northern Gulf of Mexico Coast occurs in early spring and lowest flow in late summer and fall, wide-range POC plumes are observed during the summer cruises and lower concentrations and narrow dispersion of POC during the spring and fall cruises. During the summer seasons, the river discharge remarkably decreases compared to the spring, but increasing temperature causes strong stratification of the water column and increasing buoyancy in near-surface waters. Low-density plumes containing higher POC concentrations extend out over the shelf and slope with spatial patterns and controlled by the Loop Current and eddies, which dominate offshore circulation. Although river discharge is normal or abnormal during the spring and fall seasons, increasing wind stress and decreasing temperature cause vertical mixing, with higher surface POC concentrations confined to the inner shelf.
Hindcasting Analysis of Swells Occurred in the East Coast in February 2008
Kim, Tae-Rim ; Lee, Kang-Ho ;
The Sea, volume 15, issue 2, 2010, Pages 62~67
Swells occurred on the coast of the East Sea on February 24, 2008 caused a loss of three lives and also damaged several west coasts of Japan. The recent increase of swell intensity with number of accidents demands more accurate forecasting of swells in terms of time and location. The swells occurred in February 2008 are hindcasted using SWAN model to examine the accuracy of the model for future forecasting. The model results are compared with ReWW3 data as well as measurement wave data and specially, wave spectrum is analysed by comparing with observed spectrum at two wave stations located in the east coast of Korea. The SWAN model shows similar results with observation data in terms of significant wave heights and swell arrival time but the shapes of wave spectrum are different between model and in-situ measurement data. For further improvement of swell forecasting, more comparison and analysis with observed wave spectrum is necessary and wave directional spectrum data are required to study on the characteristics of swells in the East Sea.
The Macrozoobenthic Community at the Expected Sand Excavation Area in the Southern Continental Shelf of Korea
Seo, Jin-Young ; Choi, Jin-Woo ;
The Sea, volume 15, issue 2, 2010, Pages 68~71
This study was performed in order to obtain basic data of macrobenthic community in continental shelf exclusive economic zone (EEZ), before sand excavation. The species number of macrozoobenthos was 157, mean density was 2,529 ind./
and mean biomass was 231.8
in November, 2000. The species number of macrozoobenthos was 179, mean density was 3,773 ind./
and mean biomass was 391.2
in February, 2001. Dominant species were Ampelisca sp. and Photis sp. in amphipods, Ophiactis branchygenys in ophiuroids and Nothria sp. and Eunice sp. in polychaetes. In the proportion of feeding types of macrobenthos, surface deposit feeders were most dominant feeding group, and followed by carnivores, subsurface deposit feeders, and filter feeders. Species diversity index (H') was high ranging from 2.5 to 3.5 at most sites.
Seasonal Variation in Species Composition of Estuarine Fauna Collected by a Stow Net in the Han River Estuary on the mid-western coast of Korea
Hwang, Sun-Do ; Rhow, Jin-Goo ;
The Sea, volume 15, issue 2, 2010, Pages 72~85
Seasonal variation in species composition of estuarine fauna in the Han River estuary was determined using monthly samples collected near Ganghwa Island by a bag net from February to December 2009. Total number of species was 86: 54 species of fishes, 16 species of shrimps of crustacean, 12 species of other crustacean such as craps and so on, 3 species of cephalopods and 1 species of jellyfish. Of a total of 86 species, Palaeman carinicauda (32.6%), Acetes japonicus (15.9%), Palaemon gravieri (9.9%), Portunus trituberculatus (7.7%) and Acetes chinensis (6.9%) were predominated in abundance. These 5 crustacean accounted for 73% of total. Abundance, biomass and diversity of Han River estuarine fauna were high in spring and autumn, indicating typical pattern of temperate area. Out of dominant species, the brackish residence species such as Coilia nasus, Chelon haematocheilus, Mugil cephalus, Synechogobius hasta, Lophiogobius ocellicauda, Tridentiger barbatus, Palaeman carinicauda, Palaemon gravieri were collected almost year-round and predominated in abundance. Coastal migratory fauna species such as Coilia mystus, Thryssa hamiltonii, Thryssa adelae, Sardinella zunasi, Engraulis japonicus, Portunus trituberculatus, Acetes japonicus, Collichthys lucidus, Pampus argenteus were most plentiful from spring through autumn. Their adult coastal migratory entered the estuary in spring and large numbers of their juveniles were grew in summer and autumn until moving out to deeper waters for over-wintering, indicating they use estuary as nursing ground. Diadromous fish such as Anguila japonica adults were collected in autumn during their downstream migration. Brackish fauna and crustacean, especially shrimps were predominant, and few contaminant indicator species collected in the Han River estuary, indicating this area maintains the characteristics of natural estuary ecosystem.
Estimates of Basin-Specific Oxygen Utilization Rates (OURs) in the East Sea (Sea of Japan)
Kim, Il-Nam ; Min, Dong-Ha ; Lee, Tong-Sup ;
The Sea, volume 15, issue 2, 2010, Pages 86~96
The oxygen utilization rate (OUR) is one of the crucial parameters for ocean carbon cycling and climate models. However, parameterization of OUR in the East Sea (Sea of Japan) is yet to be established. We estimated the basin-specific OURs in the East Sea and fitted them with exponential functions with depth by using pCFC- 12 age and apparent oxygen utilization (AOU) measured in summer 1999. The estimated OURs are higher in the upper water column and decrease with depth, in general. The vertical distributions of the estimated OURs in the Western and Eastern Japan Basins (WJB & EJB) are very similar. The OURs in the Ulleung Basin (UB) varied greatly depending on whether the surface layer (0~200 m) data are included in the OUR estimate or not. Apparently, weaker oxygen consumption occurs in the deep layer of Yamato Basin (YB). The ranges of the OURs between 200 m and 2000 m at WJB, EJB, UB, and YB are 8.15~0.83, 8.11~0.68, 5.29~0.73, and 7.31~0.06
, respectively. Consideration of the wintertime surface water oxygen disequilibrium condition in estimating the OUR will be necessary in the future study.