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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oceanography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Nov 2015
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Aug 2015
Volume 20, Issue 2 - May 2015
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Seasonal Variation of Heat Content in the Neighbouring Seas of Korea
Gang, Yong-Gyun ;
The Sea, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 1~1
Seasonal variations of heat content in the neighbouring seas of Korea are estimated from the bimonthly normals of seawater temperature in the upper 300m for 15 years (1961~1975) at 192 stations. The heat is seasonally stored mainly in the upper 100m layer in the East Sea and in the whole water column in the West and South Seas of Korea. The annual range of heat content changes in the West Sea is almost the same as that in the East Sea. The annual phase of heat content variation lags behind that of sea surface temperature variation by one to three months. Due to the seasonal advections of heat by currents and winds, the annual amplitude of heat storage rate in the neighbouring seas of Korea is much larger than that of incoming radiation.
Structure of Upwelling off the Southease Coast of Korea
Lee, Jae-Chul ; Na, Jung-Yul ;
The Sea, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 6~6
Hydrographic data and daily time series of longshore wind, sea level and sea surface temperature were used in order to explain why the upwelling effect in SST is especially prominent near Ulgi-Gampo although the sea level records along the whole southeast coast show a nearly uniform upwelling-downwelling response to wind. Regional difference in intensity of the wind-induced upwelling represented by the SST decrease is attributed to the combined influence of two factors; one is the baroclinic tilting of isotherms due to the East Korea Warm Current (EKWC) near the Ulgi-Gampo coast, the other is the topographic effects around the southeast coast. Baroclinic tilting effect of EKWC which is generally strongest near the coast of Ulgi to Gampo results in both of the shoaling of cold water and the westward trapping of the coldest bottom water over the shallower shelf rather than the deepest troough region off that coast regardless of the season. Therefore, becacse of the cold water ready for upwelling at the subsurface layer, SST responds very rapidly to the upwelling-favorable winds of summer only off the Ulgi-Gampo coast. Spreading isobaths from Pusan to Gempo can reinforce the upwelling of the cold bottom water and its westward trapping.
Sedimentology and Geochemical Properties of Intertidal Surface Sediments of the Banweol Area in the Southern Part of Kyeonggi Bay, Korea
Lee, Chang-Bok ; Park, Yong-Ahn ; Koh, Chul-Hwan ;
The Sea, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 20~20
Sediment transport by tidal currents as well as the distribution and properties of intertial surface sediments are investigated using the data obtained from an anchor station on the main tidal channel and 56 tidal flat surface samples. Sedimentation in the intertidal zone appears to occur mainly during the spring tide period in this environment. The tidal flat can be classified into three depositional facies. The tidal flat deposits are ubiquitously bioturbated by various bottom dwelling organisms among which the crabs and polychaetes predominate. Average trace metal contents of the intertidal surface sediments are: 74.8 ppm co, 67.8 ppm Ni, 32.6 ppm Cu and 30.7 ppm Pb. Compared with the northen Kyeonggi Bay bottom sediments, these contents are significantly high, except for Pb.
Characteristics of the Yellowish-Green-Colored Water-Zone in the Nakdong Estuary
Park, Young-Kwan ; Oh, Youn-Keun ; Park, Chung-Kil ;
The Sea, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 30~30
Water quality of seawater samples from ten stations was measured and analyzed to study the causes and the characteristics of the yellowish-green-colored zone in the Nakdong Estuary in February, May, August and October, 1984. The color of the yellowish-green-colored zone was equivalent to the grade 7 according to the Forel water-color meter and was observable throughout the year. The characteristics of the zone were low in transparency and high in the concentration of suspended solids, and about 52% of the suspended solids consisted of volatile substances. The chlorophyll a contents ranged from 0.4mg/
and dissolved oxygen was in a state of supersaturation within the yellowish-green-colored zone. Nutrient concentrations were higher within the colored zone than the outside. Positive correlation was observed between tne concentrations of nutrients and chlorophyll a. Our results showed that the signficant portion of suspended solids sampled from the yellowish-green-colored zone consisted of phytoplanktons of which bloom was possibly induced by inflow of the nutrient-rich Nakdong River water.
Studies on the Plankton in the southwestern Waters of the East Sea (Sea of Japan) (II) Phytoplankton -Standing crop, nanofraction, and primary production-
Shim, Jae-Hyung ; Lee, Won-Ho ; Park, Sang-Yun ;
The Sea, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 37~37
A description of the "phytohydrography" in the southwestern waters of the East Sea is given from concurrent measurement of temperature, chlorophyll-a, nutrients, and phytoplankton and also from the calculated primary production during the two cruises in May and October, 1984. Past history of water mass is relatively well reflected in the distribution of phytoplankton species, but such a reflection is rarely shown in the distribution of physical and chemical parameters in general. Upper layer of the waters around Ul-gi and Gampo is typically characterized by the high chlorophyll-a, high primary production, and low nanofraction ratio due to the continuing supply of nutrients from the nutrient-rich cold water underneath. Water of Tsushima current shows poor standing crop in terms of cell numbers and chlorophyll-a concentrations, extremely high nanofraction ratio, and very low primary production. The overwhelming importance of the nanofraction is confirmed in phytoplankton cell numbers, chlorophyll-a concentration, and possibly enough in primary production. This emphasizes the exceptionally strong inflow of warm water into the study area from south among all the waters around the whole Korean peninsula.
Late Quaternary Sedimentation on the Continental Shelf off the South-East Coast of Korea -A Further Evidence of Relict Sediments-
Park, Yong-Ahn ;
The Sea, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 55~55
Two hundred suspended-matter samples were collected from the continental shelf off the southeast coast of Korea during September, 1981, March, 1982 and April 1983. Superficial bottom sediments on the shelf were also taken. Based on the alalyses of TSM distribution and concentration patterns, it is considered that finegrained suspended matters are restricted to nearshore-inner shelf showing a band or zone paralleling with coastal morphology. This fact suggests a limitation of "modern" fine grained sediments to a nearshore and inner shelf band. The sand deposits with the lower value of mud content (<5%) adjacent to the shelf break and on the outer shelf would probably be "relict" sediments (old beach sediments) deposited in response to a lower stand of sea level during the Pleistocene ice age. The transgression did little to alter the distribution of sand on the outer shelf in this particular study area. The progress of shore line was so rapid that a given locality was in the beach zone and subject to rapid longshore drift and extensive reworking only for a few years. Probably the most pronounced effect of the transgression was sorting of the sand, and at least partial winnowing out of the finer fractions.
Distribution of saprophytic bacteria and correlation-coefficient analysis in the seawater of Chungmu bay, Korea.
Hong, Soon-Woo ; Hah, Yung-Chil ; Ahn, Tae-Young ;
The Sea, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 62~62
Comparision of the classical taxonomy and the numerical taxonomy was carried out on 108 strains isolated from Chung-mu bay and it was confirmed that correlation coefficient measured between strains represented similarities. Gram stain is the most important test in the classical taxonomy, while Gram positive and Gram negative strains were distributed evenly over the whole cluster and coccus and rod were separated in the numerical taxonomy. Both the numerical taxonomy and the classical taxonomy showed high similarity in the classification between the genera. The strains collected in bottom layer marked lower taxonomic similarity between strains than those in upper and middle strains. The distance between the inside (Group I) and the outside (Group II) strains of the bay was larger than that between the strains collected in high and low tide.