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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oceanography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Nov 2004
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Aug 2004
Volume 9, Issue 2 - May 2004
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Seasonal Variations of Sedimentary Processes on Mesotidal Beach in Imjado, Southwestern Coast of Korea
The Sea, volume 9, issue 3, 2004, Pages 83~92
A continuous monitoring of textural characteristics of surface sediments, sedimentation rates and beach profile was carried out to investigate the seasonal variations of sedimentary processes in the Imjado beach, southwestern coast of Korea for two years. The beach profiles consist of steep beach face and relatively flat middle and low tide beaches. The slope of the beach face increases in summer and decreases in winter, in good accordance with the standard beach cycle. Ridge and runnel systems are well developed in the middle and low tide beaches during the summer, but these structures are replaced by mega-ripples during the winter. The sediments are fining southward as well as landward. The mean grain-size tends to be increasingly coarser during seasons of autumn and winter on the north beach and during seasons of winter and spring on the south one. In addition, the sediments are eroded on the north beach and accumulated on the south one as a whole. These are probably due to southward transportation of the sediments as long-shore current (NE-SW) runs around the coastal line of the beach. However, the seasonal variations in accumulation rates are very complex and irregular. It is considered that the Imjado beach represents in non-equilibrium state, as a result of coastal and submarine topographic changes by artificial agents and sea-level uprising associated with global warming.
The Community Ecology of Benthic Macrofauna on the Cheokjeon Tidal Flat, Incheon, Korea 2. Spatio-temporal distribution patterns of the major dominant species
The Sea, volume 9, issue 3, 2004, Pages 93~105
Spatio-temporal distribution patterns of the major dominant species were assessed from bimonthly monitoring of macrotidal flat in Cheokjeon, Incheon, Korea between September 1990 and July 1992. Overall, macrofauna comprised a total of 111 species, 25,491 inds.136 ㎡. The result of Le Bris index, dominance ranking of the lead-ing species showed that the top 15 species accounting for 74.8% (19,072 inds.) of total density. In Cheokjeon tidal flat, some species were especially habitat-restricted such as genus Nephtys (Annelids; Polychaetes) and Mac-rophthalmus (Crustaceans; Decapods). Based on the density data, the five dominant species were the polychaetes Het-eromastus filiformis, the bivalves Mactra veneriformis and Solen strictus, the brachyurans Macrophthalmus japonicus, the holothuriodeans Protankyra bidentata. The results of one-way ANOVA, mean value of H. filiformis and M. ven-eriformis did not show significant changes with tidal elevation and sediment composition (p>0.05). But, other species (S. strictus, M. japonicus and P. bidentata) showed significant variations (p<0.001). In conclusion, these indicate significant spatial fluctuation with tidal elevation and sediment characteristics in some species.
Distributions and Cellular Characteristics of Cochlodinium polykrikoides in the Eastern South Sea of Korea in Early Summer
The Sea, volume 9, issue 3, 2004, Pages 106~109
In-situ observational works had been done for the investigation of Cochlodinium polykrikoides cell distributions and abundances off the coast of Busan, Jinhae Bay, and Namhae to Tongyong area in the early June, 2004. The surface water of 11 was concentrated by passing through
mesh and cellular morphological characteristics of the species in the sample was observed under light microscope equipped with digital camera on the vessel. C. polykrikoides cells showed highest cell numbers ranging from 60 to 660 cells/1 at Jinhae Bay. Cell counts at offshore area of Busan ranged from 45 to 330 cells/1. However, no cell was found in the water between Namhae and Tongyong. C. polykrikoides found during the cruise had a large bright red and round cellular materials in one cell and two-celled chain of C. polykrikoides. The red material decreased as C. polykrikoides formed long chains through cell divisions.
Observations on the Coastal Ocean Response to Typhoon Maemi at the East Sea Real-time Ocean Buoy
The Sea, volume 9, issue 3, 2004, Pages 111~118
An ocean buoy was deployed 10 km off Donghae city, Korea at a depth of 130 m to measure meteorological (air pressure, air temperature, wind speed, wind gust, wind direction, relative humidity) and oceanographic data (water properties and currents in the whole column) in real-time. The buoy recorded a maximum wind gust of 25 m/s (10 minutes' average speed of 20 m/s) and a minimum air pressure of 980 hPa when the eye of typhoon Maemi passed by near the Uljin city, Korea at 03:00 on 13 September 2003. The wave height reached maximum of 9 m with the significant wave height of 4 m at 04:00 (1 hour after the passage of Maemi). The currents measured near the surface reached up to about 100 cm/s at 13:00 (10 hours after the passage of Maemi). The mixed layer (high temperature and low salinity) thickness, which was accompanied by strong southward current, gradually increased from 20 m to 40 m during the 10 hours. A simple two layer model for the response to an impulsive alongshore wind over an uniformly sloping bottom developed by Csanady (1984) showed reasonable estimates of alongshore and offshore currents and interface displacement for the condition of typhoon Maemi at the buoy position (x=8.15 km) during the 10 hours.
Storm Surge Caused by the Typhoon “Maemi” in Kwangyang Bay in 2003
The Sea, volume 9, issue 3, 2004, Pages 119~129
The surges caused by the typhoon “Maemi” which struck the southern coast of Korea are analysed in Kwangyang Bay on September 12, 2003. The deviations of the high water level were 93∼108 cm and the maximum deviations of the water level (maximum surges) were 176∼196 cm in Kwangyang Bay during the typhoon “Maemi”. The major parameters of the maximum deviations of the water level are as follows: Analysis shows that the pressure drop increased the sea level by 59 cm, the flood of the Sumjin River by 4-5 cm and the external surge propagation and wind setup by 113∼132 cm. During the typhoon “Maemi”, the highest high water recorded in Kwangyang Port (PT3) is 460 cm, which is higher by 5 cm than the highest high water (455 cm) with return period of 100 years estimated in planning the Kwangyang steelworks (POSCO) grounds and higher by 15 cm than the observed highest high water (445 cm) recorded during the typhoon “Thelma” on 1987. Thus, the highest high water caused by the typhoon “Maemi” is higher than the extreme highest high water for the last 20 years in Kwangyang Bay.
Performance of Minimet Wind Drifters in Hurricane Fabian
Peter, Miiler ; Scuba, William ; Lee, Dong-Kyu ;
The Sea, volume 9, issue 3, 2004, Pages 130~136
In September 2003 wind-measuring drifters were air-deployed in front of the projected path of Hurricane Fabian from an altitude between 300 m and 400 m. Eight drifters transmitted wind, air pressure and SST data through ARGOS and three drifters were within 35 km of the hurricane center. Measurements of the air pressure in the eye of the hurricane by dropsondes, suggested the air pressure at the eye was between 939 hPa and 944 hPa. The lowest pressure measured by a Minimet was 943 hPa at 33 km from the hurricane center. Fabian cooled the SST at its center from
. After the passage of Fabian, SST warmed to between
in 7 days.
Climatological Boundary and Characteristics of Coastal Zone over the Southwestern Korean peninsula
The Sea, volume 9, issue 3, 2004, Pages 137~152
The climatological characteristics of coastal zone over the southwestern coast of Korea peninsula were investigated using the data observed by AWS (automatic weather system) and 4 buoy points. Coastal zone is climatologically defined as the region bounded by the distinct contrast of temperature gradient and wind speed across coastline. In the southwest of peninsula four cross-lines consisted of AWS aligned with each buoy were selected as Geojedo buoy line, Geomundo buoy line, Chilbaldo buoy line and Dukjukdo buoy line. Analysis on the diurnal cycle and intra-month variation, monthly mean and maximum value, the temperature gradient with distance between buoy and each station and the accumulative frequency of wind speed were applied to find out the characteristics and the range of coast zone. The maximum ranges of coastal zone vary from offshore to Sanglim (about 34 km distance from coastline) for Geojedo buoy line, to Sunchun (about 52 km) for Geo-mundo buoy line, to Jaeundo (about 27 km) for chilbaldo buoy line and to Yongin (about 65 km) for Dukjukdo buoy line. The modification of coastal zone according to synoptic flow was investigated for the onshore, off-shore and calm cases. The ranges of coastal zone are significantly changed with the distance between 65∼90 km for the case of onshore. In addition, we tried to find out the variation of the wind and temperature and the wind ratio of wind speed at ocean to land stations along Geojedo buoy line during 12∼13 Sep. 2003 affected by typhoon (MAEMI).