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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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Korean Geotechical Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
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Reinforcing Effect of Geocell on Soft Soil Subgrade for High-speed Railroad
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 5~12
This paper presents the results of plate load test and dynamic load test performed to evaluate the performance of geocell which is used to reinforce soft subgrade for high-speed railroad. Efficiency of geocell was observed in the increase in bearing capacity of subgrade and in the reduction of thickness of reinforced sub-ballast. One layer of geocell underlying a 10 cm thick cover soil led to an increase in bearing capacity three to four times larger than that of a crushed stone layer of the same thickness substituted for the geocell and cover soil layer Given the test conditions, the thickness of reinforced sub-ballast can be reduced by approximately 35 cm with the presence of geocell.
5-SRICOS Method : Prediction of Scour Depth Around Bridge Piers in Cohesive Soils
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 13~21
A new method called S-SRICOS is proposed to predict the local scour depth around bridge piers. The S-SRICOS method is a simplified version of the SRICOS method which was developed to predict the scour depth versus time curve around bridge piers. The SRICOS method which considers the time effect based on the soil properties and the hydraulic parameters can handle a multi-flood hydrograph and multi-layer soil systems with the SRICOS program. An attempt was made to simplify the method to the point where only hand calculations would be required. The concept of the equivalent time was developed leer this purpose. The S-SROICOS method requires only 4 parameters such as pier width, design bridge life, design velocity corresponding to the design bridge life, and initial scour rate of the soil. The S-SRICOS method was verified against 55 cases of the scour depth results using the SRICOS method.
Slope Failure Index System Based on the Behavior Characteristics : SFi-system
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 23~37
Failure of the cut slope is triggered by combination of internal and extemal failure factors. Internal failure factors are related to geological and geometrical conditions of slope itself, and natural and/or artificial loadings on slope can be the external failure factors. Influences of these failure factors show different intensity according to the ground condition and are controlled by behavior characters of the slope. In this study, the soil depth ratio(SR), block size ratio(BR) and rock strength are used as the criteria to divide ground condition based on behavior characteristics. Ground condition of the slope is divided into discontinuous jointed rock mass and continuos soil-like mass, highly fractured rock mass and massive rock mass by the criteria(SR and BR). The SFi-system is a rating system to determine the slope failure index(SFi) by analyzing internal and external factors based on classification of the ground condition. The results of the SFi-system application to the real cut slopes show close relationship between the SFi value and potential or dimension of the failure. Therefore, the SFi-system can be used as a useful tool to predict and analyze the characteristic of the slope failure.
Earthquake-resistance Analysis of Piles Using Dynamic Winkler Foundation Model
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 39~49
This paper describes a numerical method for pile foundation subjected to earthquake loading using dynamic Winkler foundation model. To verify the numerical method, shaking table tests were carried out. In shaking table tests, accelerations and pile bending moments were measured for single pile and pile groups with a spacing-to-diameter ratio of 2.5 under fixed input base acceleration. In numerical analysis, the input base and free field accelerations measured from shaking table tests were used as input base motions. Based on the results obtained, free field acceleration was magnified relative to input base acceleration, whereas pile head accelerations reduced relatively to free field acceleration for soil-pile interaction. Measured and predicted bending moments for both cases have maximum value within the distance 10cm(4d) from the pile top. However, there are some differences between the results of numerical analysis and shake table test below 10cm(4d) from the pile top.
Total Management System for Earth Retaining Structures Using Observational Method
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 51~64
Observational results of ground movement during the construction were very different from those predicted during the analysis of design step because of the uncertainty of the numerical analysis modelling, the soil parameter, and the condition of a construction field, etc., however accurately numerical analysis method was applied for prediction of ground movement per the excavation step. Therefore, the management system through the construction field measurement should be achieved for grasping the situation during the excavation. Until now, the measurement system restricted by 'Absolute Value Management system'analyzing only the stability of present step has been executed. So, it was difficult to expect the prediction of ground movement fur the next excavation step. In this situation, this study developed 'The Management system TOMAS-EXCAV'consisted of 'Absolute value management system'analyzing the stability of present step and 'Prediction management system'expecting the ground movement of next excavation step and analyzing the stability of next excavation step by 'Back Analysis'. TOMAS-EXCAV could be applied to all the uncertainty of earth retaining structures analysis by connecting 'Forward analysis program'and 'Back analysis program'and optimizing the main design variables using SQP-MMFD optimization method through measurement results. The applicability of TOMAS-EXCAV was confirmed by back analysis selecting two earth retains construction fields.
Three Dimensional In-situ Stress Distribution in the Southern Korean Peninsula and Its Application in Tunnel Analysis
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 65~74
The measurement of in-situ stress is essential to estimate the ground displacement and the stress distribution of a tunnel and an underground structure. In this study, the in-situ stress distribution of the Southern Korean peninsula was re-evaluated by the new 380 in-situ data which were determined by overcoring and hydrofracturing methods, and the three-din erosional numerical analysis of tunnelling was performed. The results of in-situ stress distribution show that the distribution of horizontal stress tends to be more irregular in metamorphosed(gneiss) and granite areas than in sedimentary and volcanic areas. The ratio of horizontal to vertical stresses(K-value) in volcanic area is less than 1 below the depth of 150m. The direction and magnitude of three dimensional in-situ stresses were shown simultaneously in a figure for the first time in Korea. The three-dimensional numerical analysis of tunnelling indicates that the orientation and magnitude of displacement around a tunnel are controlled mainly by the difference between the maximum and minimum horizontal stresses.
Sedimentation and Consolidation Characteristics of Dredged Soils Mixed with Sand Materials
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 75~86
This paper presents sedimentation and consolidation characteristics of dredged soils mixed with sand materials through the self-weight consolidation tests adopting stepwise filling method. After completely throwing away dredged soils daily by flour kinds of S-C, which is the quantity of sand contained, results fi:om laboratory tests are compared with those from a new method using hyperbolic, which considers stage settling and consolidating characteristics, and those from the existing analyzing method. Liquid limit up to 65% had a large effect on consistency properties. Assuming that the settlement occurred only by clay content of dredged soils, it is shown that the clay void ratio is less than 2 and 4 respectively in case S-C is 0% and 50%. In the applied hyperbolic method, reinitialized curve has a linear behavior of a coefficient of correlation of almost 1, and the coefficient of slope and intercept except fur the specimen with the height of 10cm and 20cm had a tendency to fellow exponent function and a shape of zone settling and dispersing settling. The results computed by the applied hyperbolic method rather than the existing analyzing method coincide with those of laboratory tests. It is shown that the former is more suitable than the latter for the area considering the influence, of sand materials.
Determination of Consolidation Characteristics of Clayey Soils from the Self-boring Pressuremeter Test
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 87~96
The strain holding test(SHT) or the sell-boring pressuremeter test(SBPT) has been effectively utilized to determine the horizontal coefficient of consolidation
of clayey soils. However, a commonly used procedure proposed by Clarke et al.(1979) can lead to an erroneous estimation of
because of its simplified assumptions. This paper deals with numerical analyses based on realistic test conditions of the generally accepted testing procedure, and .using the most commonly used type of pressuremeter. The effects of pressuremeter geometry, partial drainage during cavity expansion, and the cavity strain level for the holding test are investigated with the radial distributions of the initial excess pore pressure and their dissipation rate. Based on the results of the numerical analyses, the curve of the time factor for the 50% degree of consolidation(
) needed to estimate
is proposed. Comparisons are made between
values estimated from the SHT or the SBPT and those obtained from other in situ and laboratory tests performed at two sites in Korea. These results suggest the improved capability of the
curve proposed herein.
Evaluation of Planar Failure Probability for Rock Slope Based on Random Properties of Discontinuities
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 97~105
Random properties of discontinuities were attributed to the limitation of test methods and lack of obtained data. Therefore, the uncertainties are pervasive and inevitable in rock slope engineering as well as other geotechnical engineering fields. The probabilistic analysis has been proposed to deal properly with the uncertainty. However, previous probabilistic approaches do not take account of the condition of kinematic instability but consider only kinetic instability. In this study, in order to overcome the limitation of the previous studies, the geometric characteristics as well as the shear strength characteristics in discontinuities are taken account into the probabilistic analysis. Then, the new approach to evaluate the probability of failure is suggested. The results of the deterministic analysis which was carried out to compare with the result of the probabilistic analysis, are somewhat different from those of the probabilistic approach. This is because the selected and used data in the deterministic approach do not take account of the random properties of discontinuities.
Prediction of Long-term Settlement in the Big Reclamation Site Using GIS
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 107~121
In this study, GIS(Geographic Information System), a new approaching method, is proposed to effectively manage long-term settlements in the big reclamation sites. To verify an applicability of the proposed method, the prediction of long-term settlements which may occur in the overall soft deposits of the Incheon International Airport is carried out. During the process of the prediction of long-term settlements, measured settlement data obtained from an early stage of preloading are analyzed in detail. For purposes of the analysis, an estimation of the recompression index is also made based on the Nagaraj's research results. The coefficient of the secondary consolidation is further determined based on the relationship presented by the Mesri & Godlewski, which defines a ratio between the coefficient of the secondary consolidation and the recompression index.
A Study of Stability Analysis on Unsaturated Weathered Slopes Based on Rainfall-induced Wetting
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 123~136
The infiltration of prolonged rainfall causes shallow slope failures on surficial slopes. Experiments performed on soil-water characteristic curves in weathered soils of three different types(SW, SP, SM) were used to construct a general equation for the soil-water characteristic curve. Based on this, the saturated depth by Green & Ampt model was compared with the results of numerical analyses and the range of application of Green & Ampt model was evaluated. It was found that the saturated depth occurred by infiltration on the surface of slopes has an inf1uence on the surficial stability of slopes md, the stability analysis of unsaturated soils calculated by using the soil-water characteristic curve of weathered soils was found to be a proper analysis for shallow slope failures due to rainfall.
Experimental Study on Consolidation Characteristics of Soft Marine Deposit by Piezocone Dissipation Test
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 137~146
Field piezocone dissipation tests are performed, and the results are compared to the Rowe cell consolidation tests results to investigate the consolidation characteristics of soft marine deposit at the same location in Korea. From these results, statistical formula fur the relation between the coefficients of horizontal consolidation
from Rowe cell consolidation tests and
from pore pressure dissipation tests by Piezocone is suggested through the regression analysis. The results are also compared to the existing theoretical formula. It is also shown that suggested formula is similar to Torstensson's(1977) formula based on cylindrical cavity expansion theory and Houlsby and Teh's(1988) formula based on strain path method.
Strength Parameters and Shear Behaviors of North-Cheju Basalt Rubble Using Large-scale Triaxial Test
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 147~160
According to the Korean Design Code for port and harbor facilities, bearing capacity of rubble mound under eccentric and inclined load is calculated by the simplified Bishop method, and strength parameters are recommended to be c=0.2kg/
fur standard rubble if the compressive strength of parent rock is greater than 300kg/
, according to research results by Junichi Mizukami(1991). But this facts have never been verified in Korea because there was no large-scale triaxial test apparatus until 2000 in Korea. For the first time in Korea, the large-scale triaxial test(sample diameter 30cm ; height 60cm) on the rubble originated from porous basalt rock in North-Cheju was accomplished. Then strength parameters for basalt rubble produced in North-Cheju are recommended to be c:0.3kg/
if the compressive strength of parent rock is greater than 400kg/
. And the shear behavior characteristics of rubble, represented as particle breakage and dilatancy, are investigated.
An Ambient Pore Pressure and Rigidity Index from Early Part of Piezocone Dissipation Test
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 18, issue 2, 2002, Pages 161~170
This paper describes a systematic way of simultaneously identifying the ambient pore pressure and the rigidity index
of soil by applying an optimization technique to the early part of piezocone dissipation test result. An analytical solution developed by Randolph & Wroth(1979) was implemented in normalized from to express the build-up and dissipation of excess pore pressures around a piezocone as a function of the rigidity index. An ambient pore pressure and optimal rigidity index were determined by minimizing the differences between theoretical and measured excess pore pressure curves using optimization technique. The effectiveness of the proposed back-analysis method was examined against the well-documented performance of piezocone dissipation tests(Tanaka & Sakagami, 1989), from the viewpoints of proper determination of selected target parameters and saving of test duration. It is shown that the proposed back-analysis method can evaluate properly the ambient pore pressure and the rigidity index by using only the early phase of the dissipation test data. Also, it is shown that the proposed back-analysis method permits the horizontal coefficient of consolidation to be identified rationally. Consideration for strain level of back-analyzed rigidity index shows that it corresponds to at least intermediate to large strain level.