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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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Journal DOI :
Korean Geotechical Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
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Ground Behavior Behind Soil Nailed Wall by Feed Back Analysis
Jeon, Seong-Kon ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 5~13
The soil nailing is one of the useful support-system in urban excavation because of the presence of other structures in the vicinity Since the soil nailing system was introduced, model experiments and theoretical studies have been performed to investigate behavior of soil nailed wall. However, there are few data in the case of multi-layered soil strata just like Seoul Metropolitan area in Korea. The feed back analyses are carried out using the measured wall displacement data for soil nailing construction sites with multi-layered strata in order to analyze the distance and the coefficients of extension zone of ground behind soil nailed wall. As a result, the distance of extension zone increased with increasing of the final excavation depth and the ratio of the distance to the final excavation depth was shown to be about 94% of the final excavation depth. Also, the coefficients of extension zone increased with enlargement of soil layer thickness and converged into constant value of 1.05. On the other hand, the maximum vertical displacements by the feed back analysis and Caspe's method were shown to be approximately 80%, 150~280% of the maximum horizontal displacement respectively.
Strain Rate-dependent Model for Anisotropic Cohesive Soils
Kim, Dae-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 15~22
The appropriate description of the stress-anisotropy and time-dependent behavior of cohesive soils is very important in representing the real soil behavior. In this study, two constitutive relations have been incorporated based on the generalized viscous theory: one is the plastic constitutive relation adopted to capture the stress-anisotropy with a few model parameters; the other is the rate-dependent constitutive relation adopted to describe the strain rate-dependent behavior, an important time-dependent behavior in cohesive soils. The incorporated and proposed constitutive model has relatively a few model parameters and their values need not to be re-evaluated at different strain rates. The proposed model has been verified and investigated with the anisotropic triaxial test results obtained by using the artificial homogeneous specimens.
A Pilot Study of In-hole Seismic Method
Mok, Young-Jin ; Kim, Jung-Han ; Kang, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 23~31
Over the past half century, borehole seismic surveys have been diversified into the three techniques such as crosshole, downhole, and suspension logging according to their devices and testing configurations. These field techniques have been improved, in terms of equipment and testing procedures, and are very valuable in the evaluation of ground characteristics for geotechnical and earthquake engineering problems. Yet, despite the importance and significance of the techniques as engineering tools, the techniques are not much used as standard penetration test (SPT) by practicing engineers. The possible explanations are cost and operational difficulties of the surveys as well as sophistication and complexity of the devices. An in-hole seismic method has been developed to meet the requirement of economical testing cost and practicality in engineering practice to measure dynamic soil properties. The prototype in-hole probe developed herein is small and light enough to be fit in three-inch boreholes and to be handled with bare hands. The performance of the source has been evaluated through extensive crosshole tests at various sites. The in-hole seismic method was adopted at three test sites and verified by comparing with crosshole results.
Consolidation Settlement of Capped Sediment (I): Centrifuge Simulation by Modeling of Models Technique
Kim, Tae-Hyung ; Hong, Won-Pyo ; Moo-Young, Horace-K ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 33~38
Marine sediment capping is a technique where clean sand is placed over contaminated sediment to reduce the migration of contaminants to the environment. The design of in-situ caps placed over marine sediment must take into consideration the self-weight consolidation of the cap and the consolidation of the sediment as a result of adding the cap layer. Centrifuge tests were adopted to simulate the effects of consolidation settlement of capped marine sediment caused by the placement of a clean sand layer. The modeling of models technique was utilized to verify the correct modeling procedures used in this study. Two centrifuge tests were conducted with the same boundary conditions at different gravitational accelerations of 100 g and 50 g. There was good agreement between these tests. It can be concluded that the centrifuge experiment is able to model consolidation settlement of capped marine sediment.
Consolidation Settlement of Capped Sediment (II): Advective Transport of Pore Water and Analytical Prediction of Settlement
Kim, Tae-Hyung ; Hong, Won-Pyo ; Moo-Young, Horace-K ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 39~44
Centrifuge test was conducted to simulate the effects of consolidation settlement of capped contaminated marine sediment. A fluorescent dye was used to monitor the movement of pore water through the cap layer. Dye tracer study clearly showed the consolidation induced advective transport of contaminants. Thus, the capping layer must be appropriately designed to reduce the effects of consolidation induced advective transport. The results from the centrifuge test were compared to predictions made by the Primary consolidation, Secondary compression, and Desiccation of Dredged Fill (PSDDF) computer program, which can qualitatively estimate the consolidation settlement of capped marine sediment. Although PSDDF approximated closely the secondary compression in the centrifuge test (i.e., compare data points from 18 to 25 prototype years), the maximum deviation between centrifuge test result and PSDDF prediction was 20 % about prototype time 6 years. Thus, designers should utilize PSDDF consolidation settlement results with caution.
Behaviors of Soil-cement Piles in Soft Ground
Kim, Young-Uk ; Kim, Byoung-Il ; Xiaohong Bai ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 45~51
This study was undertaken to investigate behavior characteristics of soil-cement piles in composite foundations through computer analysis. The soil-cement piles with cushion subjected to the vertical central loading only were analyzed using the program - “ABAQUS”. The investigation was conducted for various conditions including soil property, pile dimension, replacement ratio, pile/soil modular ratio, and load intensity. The results of analysis provided not only the load transfer and settlement behaviors but also the effective pile length and load distribution between a pile and soil. It was concluded that in the design of composite foundations, the modular ratio and replacement ratio are two design parameters.
Behaviors of Pile Croup Installed Near Inclined Ground
Chae, Kwang-Seok ; Ugai, Keizo ; Yoon, Gil-Lim ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 53~64
Many transmission towers, high-rise buildings and bridges are constructed near steep slopes and are supported by large-diameter piles. These structures may be subjected to large lateral loads, such as violent winds and earthquakes. Widely used types of foundations for these structures are pier foundations, which have large-diameters with high stiffness. The behavior of a pier foundation subjected to lateral loads is similar to that of a short rigid pile because both elements seem to fail by rotation developing passive resistance on opposite faces above and below the rotation point, unlike the behavior of a long flexible pile. This paper describes the results of several numerical studies performed with a three-dimensional finite element method (FEM) of model tests of a laterally loaded short pile located near slopes, respectively. In this paper, the results of model tests of single piles and pile groups subjected to lateral loading, in homogeneous sand with 30
slopes and horizontal ground were analyzed by the 3-D FE analyses. The pile was assumed to be linearly elastic. The sand was assumed to have non-associative characteristics, following the MC-DP model. The failure criterion is governed by the Mohr-Coulomb equation and the plastic potential is given by the Drucker-Prager equation. The main purpose of this paper is the validation of the 3-D elasto-plastic FEM by comparisons with the experimental data.
Slip Effect at the Pile-soil Interface on Dragload
Jeong, Sang-Seom ; Lee, Cheol-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 65~74
The dragload on pile groups in consolidating ground was investigated based on a numerical analysis. The case of a single pile and subsequently the response of groups were analyzed by 2D and 3D finite element studies. Conventional continuum elements and special slip elements were used in the analyses for comparison. Based on a limited parametric study, it is shown that dragload for a single pile and group effect are normally overestimated by continuum analyses, compared with the predictions by the slip analyses. The group effect was examined from the slip analysis by considering various factors such as pile configurations, surface loading, interface friction coefficient, and axial loading on piles. An examplary analysis and one previous experimental observation of dragload and group effects were back-analysed. The case histories demonstrated that the slip analysis might predict a better estimate of dragload and group effect compared to the no-slip continuum analysis.
A Simple Approach of Estimating the Shear Strength Parameters for Unsaturated Soil-Aggregate Systems
Park, Seong-Wan ; Kim, Yong-Rak ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 75~82
This paper presents the results of a study that was performed to evaluate fronds of shear strength parameters in stabilization of unbound soil-aggregate systems based on the theory of unsaturated soil mechanics. Two important shear strength parameters, effective cohesion and effective angle of internal friction were estimated by the proposed approach using the results from suction measurements and unconfined compressive strength test. In addition, the effect of different addition rates of stabilizing agent was compared. Due to the stabilization process, an increase in suction potential on engineering properties of geomaterials was observed by using dielectric constant measurements. In conclusion, the results from this study show that the proposed approach can be simply used for predicting shear strength parameters of the stabilized geomaterials.
Removal of Heavy Metal and Organic Substance in Contaminated Soils by Electrokinetic and Ultrasonic Remediation
Chung, Ha-Ik ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 83~91
The electrokinetic technique has been applied to remove mainly the heavy metal and the ultrasonic technique to remove mainly organic substance in contaminated soil. In this study, the combined electrokinetic and ultrasonic remediation technique was studied far the removal of heavy metal and organic substance in contaminated soils. This study emphasized the coupled effects of electrokinetic and ultrasonic techniques on migration as well as remediation of contaminants in soils. The laboratory soil flushing tests combining electrokinetic and ultrasonic technique were conducted using specially designed and fabricated devices to determine the effect of both of these techniques. A series of laboratory experiments involving the simple, electrokinetic, ultrasonic, and electrokinetic & ultrasonic flushing test were carried out. A soil admixed with sand and kaolin was used as a test specimen, and Pb and ethylene glycol were used as contaminants of heavy metal and organic substance. An increase in out flow, permeability and contaminant removal rate was observed in electrokinetic and ultrasonic flushing tests. Some practical implications of these results are discussed in terms of technical feasibility of in situ implementation of electrokinetic ultrasonic remediation technique.
Implementation of DSC Model for Clay-pile Interface Under Dynamic Load
Park, Inn-Joon ; Yoo, Ji-Hyeung ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 19, issue 3, 2003, Pages 93~104
The Disturbed State Concept (DSC) model, with simplified unloading/reloading formulation, is implemented in a nonlinear dynamic finite element program fur porous media named DSC_DYN2D. In this research, the DSC constitutive model is utilized using the HiSS model for relative intact (RI) part and the critical state model for the fully adjusted (FA) part in the material. The general formulation for implementation is developed. The cyclic loading tests from the field load test data on a pile segment were numerically simulated using the finite element program DSC_DYN2D and compared with field measurements and those from the previous analysis with the HiSS model. The DSC predictions show improved agreement with the field behavior of the pile compared to those from the HiSS model. Overall, the computer procedure with the DSC model allows improved and realistic simulation of the complex dynamic soil-structure interaction problems.