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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geotechical Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Dec 2004
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Oct 2004
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Sep 2004
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Aug 2004
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Jul 2004
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Jun 2004
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Apr 2004
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Mar 2004
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Shear Tests Under Constant Normal Stiffness for Granite-concrete Interface
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 5~12
The purpose of this paper is to make an understanding of fundamental mechanism of shear behaviour between rock and concrete interfaces in the pile socketed into granite. The interface of pile socketed in rock can be modeled in laboratory tests by resolving the axi-symmetric pile situation into the two dimensional situation under CNS(constant normal stiffness) direct shear condition. In this paper, the granite core samples were used to simulate the interface condition of piles socketed in granite in our country. The samples were prepared in the laboratory to simulate field condition, roughness(angle and height), stress boundary condition, and then tested by CNS direct shear tests. This paper describes shearing behaviour of socket piles into domestic granite through the analysis of CNS test results. It was found out that the peak shear strength increases with the angle of asperity and CNS value, and also the dilation increases with the angle of asperity but decreases with the CNS value.
An Experimental Study of Class Fiber Sheet-reinforced Asphalt Pavement
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 13~19
The major distress types in the domestic asphalt pavement are fatigue cracking, reflection cracking, thermal cracking, and rutting. To decrease the pavement distress by reinforcing asphalt pavement with reinforcement interlayer in geosynthetics to the traditional pavement systems can improve these problems. This study conducted laboratory test with asphalt pavement reinforced by glass fiber sheet to fix systematically geosynthetic asphalt pavement system. Laboratory tests like wheel tracking test and crack resistance test are conducted to analyze the controlling effect of glass fiber sheet on cracking and rutting of asphalt pavement.
Application of the
Analysis for Dredged and Reclaimed Ground
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 21~27
In this test, there was two-dimensional model loading test implemented for analysis with respect to the problem of evaluating bearing capacity and the application range on the dredged and reclaimed ground, so it was possible to get the following result by comparing a result of loading test and an equation proposed previously. When the difference between average undrained shea. strength by (equation omitted)B of loading board width and the strength under. (equation omitted)B is mere than
, the applicability of Nc(coefficient of bearing capacity where
analysis is considered in the single layer) was declined. As well, using Nc=5.7, 5.14(coeffcient of bearing capacity where
analysis is applicable to saturated clay without special limit) for evaluating bearing capacity on the dredged and reclaimed ground causes poor applicability, therefore that seem to be applicable when water content is less than about 75% which makes the unconfined compression test possible.
Feasibility Study on Reactive Material in Permeable Reactive Barriers Against Contaminated Groundwater with Ammonium from Unsanitary Landfill
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 29~36
Batch and column tests were performed to develop the design factors for permeable reactive barriers(PRBs) against the contaminated groundwater with ammonium from unsanitary landfill. Clinoptilolite, one of natural zeolites having excellent cation exchange capacity(CEC), was chosen as the reactive material. In batch test, the reactivity of clinoptilolite to ammonium was examined by varying the initial concentration of ammonium and the particle size of clinoptilolites. One gram of clinoptilolite showed removal efficiency about 80% against the ammonium except in very high initial concentration of 80 ppm, but the effect of particle size of clinoptilolite was not noticeable. Permeability test was performed for the specimens made of clinoptilolite and Jumunjin sand with 20 : 80 weight ratio. Flexible wall permeameter was employed far permeability test. The specimen containing the washed 0.42-0.85mm clinoptilolite showed the highest permeability of about
/s. In column test, the reactivity of mixed materials against ammonium in flowing condition was examined with the landfill leachate. With the test results, clinoptilolite was found to be a suitable material for PRBs against the contaminated groundwater with ammonium.
Load Transfer Analysis of Drilled Shafts Reinforced by Soil Nails
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 37~47
In this study the load distribution and settlement of soil nailed-drilled shafts subjected to axial loads were evaluated by a load-transfer approach. Special attention was given to the reinforcing effects of soil nails placed from the shafts to surrounding weathered- and soft-rocks based on an analytical study and a numerical analysis. An analytical method that takes into account the number, the positions on the shaft, the grade, and the inclination angle at which the soil nails are placed was developed using a load transfer curve methods. Through the comparative study, it is found that the prediction by present approach simulates well the general trends observed by the in-situ measurements and numerical results SHAFT 4.0. It is also found that the reinforcing effects of soil nails increases in the order of hard-, soft- and weathered-rock since the ultimate shaft resistance far large bored piles in weathered rocks is fully mobilized after small displacements of the shaft, compared to the soft- and hard-rocks and subsequently the side resistance is transferred down to the soil nails.
Development and Implementation of A GIS-based Tunnelling Risk Management System
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 49~59
A GIS-based tunnelling risk management system(GIS-TURIMS) was developed as a product of this study, The developed system uses ArcView 8.1 as a basic platform and the built-in interface(VBA) has been used to perform first-order simplified analyses for the prediction of tunnelling-induced ground movements and building damage assessment. The main emphasis of this study was to develop a working framework that can be used in the perspective of tunnelling risk management. The developed system is capable of carrying out cornputationally intensive analyses for ground movement prediction as well as buildings/utilities damage assessment taking full advantage of the GIS technologies. This paper describes the concept and details of the GIS-TURIMS development and implementation.
The Phase-velocity Dispersion Characteristics of Love Wave and Rayleigh Wave in the Half Space and Multi-layered System
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 61~73
Rayleigh wave and Love wave are the major elastic waves belonging to the category of the surface wave. The fact that Love wave is not contaminated by P-wave makes Love wave superior to Rayleish wave and other body waves. Therefore, the information that Love wave carries is more distinct and clearer than the information of Rayleigh wave. In this study, for the purpose of employing Love wave in the SASW method, the dispersion characteristics of the Love wave were extensively investigated by the theoretical, numerical and experimental approaches. The 2-D and 3-D finite element analyses for the half space and two-layer systems were performed to determine the phase velocities from Love wave as well as from both the vertical and the horizontal components of Rayleigh wave. Also, the SASW measurements were performed at the geotechnical sites to verify the results obtained by the numerical analysis. The results of the numerical analysis and the field testing indicated that the dispersion characteristics of Love wave can be an extended information to make better evaluation of the subsurface stiffness structure by SASW method.
Experimental Investigation of Seepage Properties on Weathered Residual Soils
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 75~82
To evaluate the characteristics of permeability in weathered residual soil, flexible wall permeameter tests are performed using undisturbed samples. The Influence of hydraulic gradient and confining pressure on the permeability of weathered residual soil is analyzed. To compare the characteristics of permeability between weathered soil and sand, similar tests are performed using Jumoonjin sand. Also, piping model tests are performed to investigate the piping resistance of weathered residual soil. As a result, weathered residual soil shows very dependable permeability on hydraulic gradient and very large resisting ability against piping compared with sand.
An Experimental Study on Characteristics of Earth Pressure Distribution for Segmental Reinforced Earth Wall
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 83~90
Retaining walls with reinforced earth have been constructed around the world. The use of reinforced earth is a recent development in the design and construction of earth-retaining structure. It is believed that reinforced retaining wall has some advantages which make construction quite simple basically. It wilt take short construction time relatively, comparing, fur example with reinforced-concrete retaining wall. In addition, low price and easy construction will be good attractive points in practical point of view. In this study, five field-tests monitoring data for lateral pressures on geogrid-reinforced retaining wall have been compiled and evaluated. Based on field-tests it is found that horizontal displacements of the facing was measured to be about 0.19∼0.76% and that the maximum tensile strains of reinforcement was evaluated to be about 0.66∼1.98%. The maximum tensile strains, measured from each site, do not reach 5% of the practical allowable strain of the geogrid. And also it is found that the lateral pressure distributions of reinforced-earth retaining wall are close to a trapezoid shape like a flexible retaining wall system, instead of a theoretical triangular shape.
Research of Load Reduction on Corrugated Steel Pipe Using EPS Block
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 91~99
Researches on the induced trench method using compressible materials such as clay, mud, straw have been performed to reduce the load acting on buried conduits under a high fill in USA and Canada. And in-situ tests on load reductionmethod using EPS block as a compressible inclusion have been performed in Japan and Norway. Using a EPS block as a compressible materials can have various benefits such as cost-effective design, enlargement of safety and easy construction of structure under high fills. This paper analyzes the arching material function of EPS which can result in reduction of earth pressure by arching effect in Corrugated Steel Pipe. A series of tests were conducted to evaluate the reduction of earth pressure on conduits using EPS. Based on field test it is found that the magnitude of vertical earth pressure on conduits was reduced to about 35∼40% compared with conventional flexible conduit systems.
Research on the Load Reduction Effect Using EPS
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 101~108
For the last 30 years, the use of EPS as a lightweight filling material has grown significantly throughout the world. The fields of applying EPS block have also increased. The most representative example in geotechnical applications is using EPS block as a compressible inclusion that causes the reduction of static earth pressure on earth-retaining wall, bridge abutment and pipes. EPS blocks have a good workability by its lightweight characteristic and a uniform engineering property with the change of its density. Also EPS blocks have best material property as a compressible inclusion. This paper analyzes that the compressible inclusion function of EPS causes the reduction of static earth pressure on retaining wall and concrete box culvert. A series of in-situ tests were conducted to evaluate the reduction of static earth pressure using EPS inclusion. Based on in-situ test, it is found that the magnitude of static earth pressure was reduced to about 20% for the retaining wall and about 45∼53% for the box culvert compared with theoretical active earth pressure.
Prediction of Soil-water Characteristic Curve and Unsaturated Permeability Coefficient of Reclaimed Ground
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 109~120
There has been outstanding research on the soil-water characteristic curves of unsaturated soils over the past several decades. Unfortunately, unsaturated soil mechanics has not been considered as an important factor in Korea. In this paper, laboratory test and numerical analysis(SoilVision Professional ver 3.04) were performed to investigate the prediction method of soil-water characteristic curve and unsaturated permeability coefficient in reclaimed ground. The pressure cell, desiccator, and tensiometor tests were conducted on three types of reclaimed soils(dredged soil, sand, weathered granite soil). Numerical analysis was executed to compare the results with the laboratory test results and also compared with the results of each prediction method. Based on the laboratory test, three different types of soils have shown different soil-water characteristic curves. The hysteresis fir these soils is clearly defined. As a result of numerical analysis, Fredlund & Xing's method and Fredlund & Wilson's model proved to worke out well for reclaimed ground soils in Korea. Also, predicting method based on the soil-water characteristic curves from the particle-size distributions is flirty reliable for estimating unsaturated permeability coefficient.
Proposal of a Mechanically Rigorous Slope Stability Chart
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 121~129
In this study, a slope stability chart for assessing stability of homogeneous simple soil slopes is proposed. Most existing slope stability charts are based on limit equilibrium method, which is not rigorous in mechanical standpoint. Meanwhile, limit analysis based on the principle of virtual work and the bound theorems of plasticity is suitable for evaluating the stability of geotechnical structures such as slope due to its simplicity in computation and mechanical rigor. Numerical limit analysis taking advantage of finite elements and linear programming can consider various slope conditions and, in addition, find the optimum stability solution with effeciency. In this study, a numerical limit analysis program in terms of effective stress is developed and a mechanically rigorous slope stability chart is proposed by performing stability analyses for various slope conditions. Pore pressure ratio, commonly used in stability charts, is applied to consider the effects of pore pressure for effective stress analysis. As a result of comparison between proposed stability chart and Spencer's stability chart, it was found that Spencer's chart solutions are biased to lower bound which means conservative in design.
A Research for Computation of Bearing Capacity and Settlement of Foundation Considering Scale Effect in Weathered-granite Layer
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 1, 2004, Pages 131~139
When calculating bearing capacity and settlement of actual foundation from plate test result fur design and construction of shallow foundation, scale effect should be considered. But, adequate guide and test result of scale effect were not prepared yet in Korea. So, to analyze the relations of bearing capacity and settlement as the difference of loading plate sizes, model test and field loading test were performed with different loading plate on weathered-granite layer. Model tests were conducted with water content, compaction number, saturated unit weight and plate size(Dl5, 25cm) in soil-box
formed soil layer. Field loading tests were carried out with diameters of loading plate
on the same soil condition. Finally, we presented the prediction formula of bearing and settlement for computating scale offset in design of shallow foundation through result analysis of load test and numerical simulation on weathered soil and rock.