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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geotechical Society
Editor in Chief :
Seong Wan Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Dec 2004
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Oct 2004
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Sep 2004
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Aug 2004
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Jul 2004
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Jun 2004
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Apr 2004
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Mar 2004
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
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Settlement Characteristics of the Reinforced Railroad Roadbed with Crushed Stones Under a Simulated Train Loading
Hwang, Seon-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 5~13
Conventional railroad roadbeds constructed with soils can easily deteriorate with time due to the increase of repeated traffic loading, increase of train speed, built-up of ground water on the roadbed and decrease of permeability in the roadbed layer, etc. In this study, performance of reinforced railroad roadbeds with the crushed stones was investigated through the real scale roadbed tests and numerical analysis. It was found that the reinforced roadbed with crushed stone had less elastic and plastic vertical displacement(settlement) than general soil roadbed regardless of the number of loading cycles. It was also found through the actual testing that for the roadbed with the same thickness, the displacement of reinforced roadbed decreases with the increase of subgrade reaction modulus. The settlement of reinforced roadbed with the same subgrade reaction modulus also decreases with the increase of thickness of the reinforced roadbed. However, the subgrade reaction modulus is a more important factor to the total plastic displacement of the track than the thickness of the crushed stone roadbed.
An Estimating Method for Post-cyclic Strength and Stiffness of Eine-grained Soils in Direct Simple Shear Tests
Song, Byung-Woong ; Yasuhara, KaBuya ; Murakami, Satoshi ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 15~26
Based on an estimating method for post-cyclic strength and stiffness with cyclic triaxial tests proposed by one of the authors, cyclic Direct Simple Shear (DSS) tests were carried out to confirm whether the method can be adapted to DSS test on fine-grained soils: silty clay, plastic silt, and non-plastic silt. Results from cyclic and post-cyclic DSS tests were interpreted by a modified method as adopted for cyclic and post-cyclic triaxial tests. In particular, influence of plasticity index for fine-grained soils and initial static shear stress (ISSS) was emphasised. Findings obtained from the present study are: (i) liquefaction strength ratio of fine-grained soils decreases with decreasing plasticity index and increasing ISSS; (ii) plasticity index and ISSS did not markedly influence relation between equivalent cyclic stiffness and shear strain relations; (iii) the higher the plasticity index of fine-grained soils is, the less the strength ratio decreases with increment of a normalcies excess pore water pressure (NEPWP); (iv) stiffness ratio of plastic silt has large activity decrease rapidly with increasing excess pore water pressure; and (v) post-cyclic strength and stiffness results from DSS tests agree well with those predicted by the method modified from a procedure used for triaxial test results.
Evaluation of Corrosion Effects on Permanent Ground Anchors
Park, Hee-Mun ; Park, Seong-Wan ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 27~36
The corrosion rate measurement procedure for the permanent ground anchors using polarization resistance measurements and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is presented in this paper. The polarization resistance measurements were used to determine the correlation between corrosion rate in the steel and soil characteristics. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was used to predict the time dependent corrosion reaction and evaluate the different type of coating systems and the effect of cement grouting on the corrosion attack under various conditions. The results indicate that a low pH soil is a good indicator of a corrosive soil. The low pH soil condition (<5) in both clay and sand has a significant effect on the corrosion reaction of steel members in permanent found anchors. In the case of neutral and alkaline conditions beyond pH 6 in clay and sand, no consistent acceleration of corrosion was measured and the corrosion rate was constant regardless of variations of soil pH levels. Laboratory test data for porcelain clay indicate that the change of soil pH level has a small influence on the corrosion reaction in the steel member. The use of cement footing in the bonded length is sufficient to decrease the corrosion rate to a level close to 0.003∼0.01mm/y at the end of the given period. With epoxy and fusion bonded epoxy coating, the steel specimens remained unaffected and retained the original condition. It is suggested that epoxy and fusion bonded epoxy coating can provide effective protection against corrosion for a long time even in aggressive environment.
Numerical Analysis of Confining Effect Due to Geosynthetics Wrapping Compacted Soil Specimen
Kim, Eun-Ra ; Kang, Ho-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 37~46
This paper presents the modeling of geosynthetic-reinforced soils and discusses the reinforcement effect arising from confining the dilatancy deformation of the soil by geosynthetics. A series of compressive shear tests for compacted sandy soil specimens wrapped by geosynthetics are carried out by quantitatively examining the geosynthetic-reinforcement effect, and it occurred from the confinement of the dilative deformation of compacted soils during shearing. In the test, the initial degree of compaction is changed for each series of sandy soil specimens so that each series has different degree of dilatancy characteristics. Herein, the axial forces working to the geosynthetics so as to prevent dilative deformation of compacted soils during shearing are measured. Furthermore, the elasto-plastic modeling of compacted soils and a rational determination procedure of input parameters needed in the elasto-plastic modeling are presented. In this paper, the subloading yielding surface(Hashiguchi(1989)) is introduced to the elasto-plastic modeling which could describe the irreversible deformation characteristics of compacted soils during shearing. Finally, the elasto-plastic finite element simulation is carried out and the geosynthetic-reinforcement effect is discussed.
Loss Estimation of Steel Pipeline Damage in Los Angeles Using GIS
Jeon, Sang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 47~58
Steel Pipelines were located in hillside and mountain areas where landslides occurred during the Northridge earthquake. This paper describes the investigations that were performed to identify and locate the different types of steel pipeline construction in the system using GIS (Geographical Information System). The paper explores the damage correlations of steel pipelines with PGV (peak ground velocity) and investigates the areas subjected to the landslide effects during the Northridge earthquake. One noticeable finding is that the repair rates for steel distribution pipelines after the Northridge earthquake are higher than those of CI (cast iron) pipelines. The relatively high susceptibility of steel piping to damage during the Northridge earthquake may be explained in part by utility practices, such as using steel pipe for the highest internal pressures, and increased susceptibility to corrosion also appears to play a role in steel pipeline performance.
Smear Effect on Consolidation Behaviors of SCP-improved Ground
Kim, Yun-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 59~66
Sand compaction pile (SCP)-improved ground is composite soil which consists of the SCP and the surrounding soft soil. When a surcharge load is applied to composite ground, time-dependent behaviors occur in the composite soil due to consolidation according to radial flow toward the SCP. In addition, stress transfer also takes place between the SCP and the soft soil. This paper presents the numerical results of cylindrical composite ground that was conducted to investigate smear effect on consolidation behaviors of SCP-improved ground. The results showed that the smeared zone of soft clay had a significant effect on effective stress-pore water pressure response, stress transfer mechanism and stress concentration ratio of composite ground. Amount of stress transfer between the clay and the SCP was maximum in depth of z/H=0.25, and decreased with depth. Stress concentration ratio of composite ground was not constant, but depended on consolidation process. It was also found that the value of stress concentration ratio in soft clay with smeared zone was larger than that in soft clay without smeared zone.
Fast Consolidation of Soft Clay due to Ultrasonic Energy
Kim, Young-Uk ; Song, Young-Karb ; Kim, Boyung-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 67~73
Various researches have been undertaken to develope a method of enhancing consolidation. This study investigated the effect of ultrasonic energy on consolidation through a series of laboratory experiments. The tests were conducted using a specially designed and fabricated equipment which can apply ultrasonic energy on a soil sample directly during a consolidometer test. Clay specimens were prepared from slurry using a centrifuge facility, and test conditions were varied depending on ultrasonic power and treatment time. The results of the study show that the effect of ultrasonic energy on consolidation is significant. The degree of significance varies with the test conditions. It could be concluded that the study showed potential application of ultrasound to reduce consolidation time.
The Influence of Moisture on the Interface Shear Strength Between Geosynthetics
Seo, Min-Woo ; Park, In-Joon ; Park, Jun-Boum ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 75~85
Various geosynthetics are widely installed as a liner or a protective layer of waste landfills. The interface shear strength between the layers of geosynthetics in waste landfills is an important parameter to ensure the safety of bottom and cover system design. In this study, estimations of interface shear strength between geomembrane and geotextile or Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCL) are performed by large direct shear tests. Especially, this research is focused on the effect of moisture within the interface shear strength between geosynthetics, because most interfaces are vulnerable to rain, leachate and groundwater beneath the liners.
An Experimental Study on Behavior Characteristics of the Pretension Soil Nailing Systems
Choi, Young-Geun ; Shin, Bang-Woong ; Park, Si-Sam ; Kim, Hong-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 87~96
Application of the soil nailing method is continuously extending in maintaining stable excavations and slopes. However, ground anchor support system occasionally may not be used because of space limitations in urban excavation sites nearby the existing structures. In this case, soil nailing system with relatively short length of nails could be efficiently adopted as an alternative method. The general soil nailing support system, however, may result in excessive deformations particularly in an excavation zone of the existing weak subsoils. Pretensioning the soil nails then could play important roles to reduce deformations mainly in an upper part of the nailed-soil excavation system as well as to improve local stability. In this study, a newly modified soil nailing technology named as the PSN (Pretension Soil Nailing) is developed to reduce both facing displacements and ground surface settlements in top-down excavation process as well as to increase the global stability. Up to now, the PSN system has been investigated mainly focusing on an establishment of the design procedure. In the present study, laboratory model tests are carried out to investigate the failure mechanism and behavior characteristics of the PSN system. Various results of model tests are also analyzed to provide a fundamental basis for the efficient design.
A Study on Engineering Characteristics of Geotechnical Material Using By-Product Lime and Pieces of Waste EPS Beads
Bang, Yoon-Kyung ; Park, Min-Yong ; Yoon, Chang-Jin ; Kim, Hong-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 97~105
The purpose of this study is to provide the ways of recycling of by-product limes as lightweight fill, backfill materials, and lightweight blocks by performing experimental study. New lightweight fill materials and blocks were devised by mixing by-product lime, weathered granite soil, small pieces of waste EPS, and Portland cement. Physical, geotechnical, and environmental properties of the lightweight mixed soils and blocks were analysed by laboratory experiments for mixed samples manufactured with various mixing ratios. KMS tests were also performed to evaluate the concentration variation of the chemical components of the light weight blocks leachates. It is expected that this study will contribute to resolving the problem of by-product lime disposal as well as to recycling the by-product limes as fill materials and blocks.
Development of Innovative Prestressed Support Earth Retention System
Kim, Nak-Kyung ; Park, Jong-Sik ; Han, Man-Yop ; Kim, Moon-Young ; Kim, Sung-Bo ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 107~113
A new innovative prestressed support (IPS) earth retention system has been developed and introduced. The IPS is a wale system prestressed by steel wires. The IPS consists of wale, wires, and H-beam support. The IPS provides a high flexural stiffness to resist the bending by earth pressures. The IPS earth retention system provides a larger spacing of support, economical benefit, construction easiness, good performance, and safety control. This paper explains basic principles and mechanism of new IPS system and presents a design method of IPS earth retention system. In order to investigate applicability and safety of new IPS system, field tests were performed in a trench excavation. The new IPS system applied in a trench excavation was performed successfully. The measured performances of IPS system were presented and discussed.
Evaluation of Ultimate Bearing Capacity on Granular Compaction Pile Considering Various Stresses in a Ground
Kang, Yun ; Yun, Ji-Yeon ; Chang, Weon-Ho ; Kim, Hong-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 115~124
Granular compaction pile has the load bearing capacity of the soft ground increase and has the settlement of foundation built on the reinforced soil reduce. The granular compaction group piles also have the consolidation of the soft ground accelerate and prevent the liquefaction caused by earthquake using the granular materials such as sand, gravel, stone etc. However, this method is not widely used in Korea. The granular compaction piles are constructed by grouping them with a raft system. The confining pressure at the center of bulging failure depth is a major variable in estimating the ultimate bearing capacity of the granular compaction piles. Therefore, a share of loading is determined considering the effect of load concentration ratio between the granular compaction piles and surrounding soils, and the variation of the magnitude of the confining pressure. In this study, a method for the determination of the ultimate bearing capacity is proposed to apply a change of the horizontal pressure considering bulging failure depth, surcharge, and loaded area. Also, the ultimate bearing capacity of the granular compaction pile is evaluated on the basis of previous study(Kim et al., 1998) on the estimation of the ultimate bearing capacity and compared with the results obtained from laboratory scale model tests and DEM numerical analysis using the PFC-2D program.
Parameter Evaluation of a Smooth Elasto-plastic Cap Model
Seo, Young-Kyo ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 125~130
In this paper, the method of parameter estimation of a mathematical constitutive model blown as the smooth elasto-plastic cap model is studied. To predict the response of the real soil using this model, the eight parameters describing the constitutive equations have to be determined. First, experimental data are obtained from simple laboratory experiments such as one dimensional confined compression test in a consolidometer and drained triaxial compression test with the Ottawa sand f3r the reference value. Then, the numerical experiments are performed in the cap model with initial guessed parameters. The optimization method is utilized to fit the model response to experimental data by minimizing the error between the laboratory and numerical responses. Special attention is given to the parameter estimation procedure of numerical triaxial test due to the difficulty of the lateral strain measurements.
An Estimation of Long-term Settlements in the Large Reclamation Site and Determination of Additional Sampling Positions Using Geostntistics and GIS
Lee, Hyuk-Jin ; Park, Sa-Won ; Yoo, Si-Dong ; Kim, Hong-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 2, 2004, Pages 131~141
For geotechnical applications, engineers use data obtained from a site investigation to interpret the structure and potential behavior of the subsurface. In most cases, these data consist of samples that represent 1/100,000 or less of the total volume of soil. These samples and associated field and lab testing provide the information used to estimate soil parameter values. The resulting values are estimated ones and there exists some likelihood that actual soil conditions are significantly different from the estimates. This may be the case even if the sampling and interpretation procedures are performed in accordance with standard practice. Although these efforts have been made to characterize the uncertainty associated with geotechnical parameters, there is no commonly accepted method to evaluate quantitatively the quality of an investigation plan as a whole or the relative significance of individual