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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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Journal DOI :
Korean Geotechical Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Dec 2004
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Oct 2004
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Sep 2004
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Aug 2004
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Jul 2004
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Jun 2004
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Apr 2004
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Mar 2004
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
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Compressibility and Strength Characteristics of Light-weighted Foam Soil
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 4, 2004, Pages 5~13
Strength and compressibility characteristics of Light-Weighted Foam Soil (LWFS) are experimentally investigated in the paper. LWFS is composed of the dredged soils, cement and air foam to reduce unit-weight and to increase compressive strength. For these purposes, both unconfined compression tests and triaxial compression tests are carried out fer artficially prepared specimens of LWFS with various initial water contents, cement contents, mixing ratio of silty dredged soils and different confining stresses. The experimental results of LWFS indicate that the stress-strain relationship and the compressive strength are strongly influenced by cement contents rather than intial water contents of the edged soils. In this paper, the normalizing scheme considering the ratio of initial water contents, cement contents, and air foam contents has been proposed to evaluate the relationship between compressive strength of LWFS and a normalized factor.
Evaluation of Skin Friction to Large Size Pneumatic Caissons
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 4, 2004, Pages 15~27
In this study, skin friction evaluation methods developed f3r deep foundation system were investigated and a method that can properly evaluate the skin friction of large size pneumatic caisson was proposed. Especially, based on Hong Won-Pyo's method, new technique (Kn parameter method) was suggested for estimation of the skin friction. The
method used widely to pile foundation was also investigated fur the applicability of estimation of the skin friction of large size pneumatic caisson. To do this, the data measured from the pneumatic caissons installed as a substructure of main tower in the suspension bridge part of Youngjong Grand Bridge were utilized. The data show that the skin friction is proportional to the rate of sinking, and the skin friction distribution with depth is similar to parabolic type rather straight line, which is a type generally observed in pile foundation. The skin frictions predicted by the Kn and
methods were plotted with the measured data for comparisons. It is cleary shown that the skin frictions estimated by the proposed Kn parameter method are well matched with the measured data. That is, for the large size pneumatic caisson having wide base, the new technique developed from Hong Won-Pyo's method is more suitable for estimation of the skin friction rather than the
Stability Analysis of Waste Landfill Using Multi-interface Element Numerical Method
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 4, 2004, Pages 29~38
A finite element nonlinear stress-deformation model with multi-interface element is applied to the stability analysis of waste landfill slope. Strength parameters of waste and geosynthetic materials are obtained from the triaxial test of waste and the direct shear test of geosynthetics, respectively. The landfill models used for the numerical models are fit to regulations of the Korean waste management law. The results of the strength tests showed linear behavior for the waste and nonlinear behavior for the eosynthectic materials. The stability analysis with multi-interface element for the geosynthetic materials in the liner system showed large shear stress and slippage at the boundary of the foundation and the slope of the waste fill. This analysis verified the necessity of multi-interface analysis for waste landfills with composite liners.
Experimental Study on Bearing Capacity of Ground Treated by Sand Compaction Piles
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 4, 2004, Pages 39~47
The SCP(sand compaction pile) method which is a vertical reinforcing technique for soft ground using a sand compaction pile has received increasing popularity in Korea. Currently, there are different methods to evaluate the bearing capacity of the reinforced ground by the SCP method. However, a method that can consider the effect of the replacement ratio on the bearing capacity is not yet available. This study investigated the effect of the replacement ratio on the bearing capacity of the reinforced ground by the SCP method. The study involved laboratory experiments which were conducted on a centrifuge facility. Test conditions included various ranges of replacement ratios (20, 30, and 40%), centrifuged consolidation, and loading. From the results of the study, a method which can evaluate the bearing capacity of the reinforced ground was proposed and verified using the weighted average of the replacement ratio.
Investigation of Leachate Leakage in Waste Landfill by Tracer Test
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 4, 2004, Pages 49~56
Tracer tests were conducted to investigate leachate outflow through damaged parts on HDPE liner subject to puncture loads in a closed landfill. Natural gradient tracer test was used with two different types of tracers, iodide and Rhodamine WT. Tracers were selected under careful consideration of chemical components of leachate. Five injection wells with fourteen detection points were installed and operated throughout the test site. In this study, it is found that Iodide and Rhodamine WT are applicable and effective for leachate leakage investigation on waste landfills. Also, it is concluded that considerable amount of leachate was leaked through the rain water drain box and side wall of drain box.
The Effect of Confining Pressure on Modulus of Soils at Low Confining Pressures
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 4, 2004, Pages 57~63
The range of stresses experienced in subgrade soils and subbase materials in pavement under working stress conditions is below about 150㎪. Therefore, the deformational characteristics of soils at low confining pressures are important properties in the analysis and design of pavement system. Subgrade soils and subbase materials were collected from the actual pavement projects for testing. To evaluate the effect of confining pressure on modulus of those materials at low confining pressures, RC and FFRC tests were performed. Interestingly, the relationship between modulus of soils and confining pressure is more appropriate in linear space than in logarithm space at low confining pressure. Based on those results, new model fur evaluating the effects of confining pressure on modulus at low confining pressures was proposed.
The Behavior of Sheet Piling Walls supported by Anchors in Soft Ground
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 4, 2004, Pages 65~74
Based on the field measuring data obtained from seven excavation sections in Inchon International Airport Project, the horizontal displacement of sheet piling walls supported by anchors and the lateral earth pressure acting on sheet piling walls was investigated in soft ground. The proposed diagram of lateral earth pressure is a rectangular form, and the maximum earth pressure corresponds to
. The maximum earth pressure is similar to the empirical earth pressure proposed by NAVFAC(1982). The quantitative safe criterion of sheet piling walls with struts is established from the relationships between increasing velocity of maximum horizontal displacement and stability number in excavated ground. If the velocity of maximum horizontal displacement shows lower than 1mm per day, the sheet piling walls exist under stable state. When the velocity of maximum horizontal displacement becomes more than 1mm and less than 2mm per day, excavation works should be observed with caution. Also, when the velocity of maximum horizontal displacement becomes more than 2mm per day, appropriate remediations and reinforcements are applied to sheet piling walls.
Earth Pressure Acting on the Cylindrical Retaining Wall of a Shaft in Cohesionless Soils : Study on the Application by Model Test
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 4, 2004, Pages 75~88
It is known that the earth pressure acting on the cylindrical retaining wall in cohesionless soils is small than that acting on the retaining wall in plane strain condition due to three dimensional arching effect. In this study, the earth pressure equation considering the earth pressure decrease by horizontal and vertical arching effects, overburden, wall friction, and failure surface slope is proposed. For the purpose of verifying the applicability of proposed equation, model test is performed with apparatuses that can control wall displacement, wall friction, and wall shape ratio. Influence of each factor on the active earth pressure acting on the cylindrical retaining wall is analyzed according to the model test in constant wall displacement condition. The comparison of calculated results with measured values shows that the proposed equations satisfactorily predict the earth pressure distribution on the cylindrical retaining wall.
Probabilistic Analysis of Blasting Loads and Blast-Induced Rock Mass Responses in Tunnel Excavation
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 4, 2004, Pages 89~102
The generated blasting pressure wave initiated under decoupled-charge condition is a function of peak blasting pressure, rise time, and wave-shape function. The peak blasting pressure and the rise time are also the function of explosive and rock properties. The probabilistic distributions of explosive and rock properties are derived from the results of their property tests. Since the probabilistic distributions of explosive and rock properties displayed a normal distribution, the peak blasting pressure and the rise time can also be regarded as a normal distribution. Parameter analysis and uncertainty analysis were performed to identify the most influential parameter that affects the peak blasting pressure and the rise time. Even though the explosive properties were found to be the most influential parameters on the peak blasting pressure and the rise time from the parameter analyses, the result of uncertainty analysis showed that rock properties constituted major uncertainties in estimating the peak blasting pressure and the rise time rather than explosive properties. Damage and overbreak of the remaining rock around the excavation line induced by blasting were evaluated by dynamic numerical analysis. A user-subroutine to estimate the rock damage was coded based on the continuum damage mechanics. This subroutine was linked to a commercial program called 'ABAQUS/Explicit'. The results of dynamic numerical analysis showed that the rock damages generated by the initiation of stopping hole were larger than those from the initiation of contour hole. Several methods to minimize those damages were proposed such as relocation of stopping hole, detailed subdivision of rock classification, and so on. It was found that fracture probability criteria and fractured zones could be distinctively identified by applying fuzzy-random probability.
Influencing Factors for the Estimation of Undrained Shear Strength by Flat DMT
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 4, 2004, Pages 103~113
The flat dilatometer test(DMT) is a useful geotechnical tool for estimating in-situ properties of various types of ground materials and the application of flat DMT is increasing. The existing relationships which are used to estimate the design parameters of soft deposit depend on the regional geotechnical characteristics and then it is necessary to investigate the applicability of the flat dilatometer in Korea. In this paper, the flat DMT has been conducted in soft marine deposits. The results estimated by existing relationships and those obtained from laboratory tests were compared. Based on the results, some factors influencing the relationships were examined and adjustment of empirical expression was performed.