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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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Journal DOI :
Korean Geotechical Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Dec 2004
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Oct 2004
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Sep 2004
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Aug 2004
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Jul 2004
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Jun 2004
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Apr 2004
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Mar 2004
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
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Lateral Stress and Pore Pressure During One-dimensional Consolidation of Clay
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 5~10
The earth pressure coefficient at rest for clayey soils in the one-dimensional state,
obtained from the triaxial test is not correct in principle because the seepage flow is radial and the displacement of soil elements is three-dimensional. Measurements of the earth pressure and the pore water pressure during one-dimension consolidation in the consolidometer ring are presented. The earth pressure and pore water pressure are measured directly by a circular part of the consolidometer ring of a floating type at its mid height. A plastic clay showed
=0.5 irrespective of pressure in the consolidometer ring.
Resistant Effects of Geosynthetics Against Puncture Loads as a Protective of HDPE
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 11~17
This study focused on the protection effects of geosynthetics installed on HDPE to resist against puncture loads. The study was conducted by a model test with various types of puncture loads created by different shapes of tools. The puncture resistance of geosynthetics installed as a protective material on HDPE is varied depending on the sizes of geosynthetics and types of puncture loads. In this study, it was found that the protection effect far all kinds of geosynthetics when a truncated cylindrical shape of puncture tool is used is lower than others. Also, geocomposite has the most excellent protection effect against all types of puncture loads.
The Effects of Nail Inclination in Soil Nailing by Finite Element Analysis
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 19~27
Since the first construction of soil nailing in France in 1972, the application of soil nailing has increased. However, there is currently no design method which is universally accepted or agreed upon far soil nailed wall, because each of the design methods has different assumptions and, therefore, different approaches, moreover, since the suggested optimal inclination angles of nails are different by researchers. Therefore, the effect of nail inclination with soil nailing is analyzed by FEM. In this study, Finite element program SOILSTRUCT was applied for the effect analysis of nail inclination in soil nailed wall. For this finite element analysis, CEBTP No. 1 project data were used. The analyzed nail inclination ranged from 0
intervals. The result of finite element analysis showed that the most optimal inclination was 20
Also, the tension farce in the nails increased as the nail inclination increased. However, the effect of nail inclination on the wall deformation was very little. Therefore, constructability seems to be more important than nail inclination. Also, the tension force in the nails increases as the nail depth below the top of the wall increases, except f3r the lowest nail. Therefore, appropriate nail diameter should be used to prevent breakage of nails with considering nail strength-deformation interaction.
Applicability Evaluation of IGM시s Theory Using the Results of Load Transfer Tests of Drilled Shafts
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 29~40
The bearing capacity of drilled shaft is affected by several factors, such as shaft length, shape, surface roughness, young's modulus of geomaterials and shaft, soil strength, confining stress and so on. However, there has been no design method of drilled shaft considering all factors mentioned above. Moreover, since geomaterials are simply classified as sand, clay and rock, there was no design criterion for IGM (Intermediate Geomaterials). Therefore, the rigorous design approach of drilled shaft was not possible by classical design method. However, since these characteristics were not considered in classical theories, bearing capacity was generally different ken practical value. In this study, the bearing capacity of drilled shaft with the IGM's theory was compared with those of classical theories. The results showed that classical method showed smaller values of bearing capacity than those of field load transfer data. Moreover, the evaluated value of bearing capacity with IGM theory corresponded fairly well with those of field data.
Influence of Materials and Embedded Depth of Isolation Barrier on Ground Vibration - With Point Loaded Centrifugal Tests -
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 41~49
In general, open trenches or in-filled trenches have been used to isolate transmitting of vibration. Recently alternative methods, in which various materials are used for wall barriers have been proposed and performed in several sites. Although the effects of these methods are verified, resonable and qualitative evaluation methods have not yet been conducted. It may be because many factors, such as the characteristics of vibration sources, ground condition, and parameters of wall barrier are coupled complicatedly. In this study, a series of centrifugal modelings were conducted in order to examine the evaluation method of a vibration wall barrier when point load transmits to the surface. The experiments were performed with different stiffness of wall barriers and different depths of installations. Using the results obtained from tests, effects of those variables on the efficiency of vibration barrier were analyzed. Through this investigation we observed vibration transmission of under ground, and verified the applicability of ball dropping system which was developed in this study.
Field Application of New Seismic Site Characterization Using HWAW(Harmonic Wavelet Analysis of Wave) Method
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 51~59
The evaluation of shear modulus is very important in various fields of civil engineering. In this paper, the site characterization method using HWAW method is applied to determine shear wave velocity profile of two test sites in order to verify the field applicability of HWAW method. Shear wave velocity profiles by HWAW method are compared with shear wave velocity profiles by SASW test and PS-Suspension Logging test. Through field applications, it is shown that HWAW method can minimize the effect of noise and lateral non-homogeneity of the site and determine detailed local shear wave velocity profile of site.
Effect of the Non-linear Permeability of Clays on the Behavior of Soils in Embankment Construction
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 61~73
The coefficient of permeability of natural clay shows a nonlinear property which is related to various stress level of soils, and this nonlinear property has effect on the period of consolidation and the property of deformation in clay soils under loading. Thus, in this paper the numerical analysis was conducted by FEM-using coupled theory which incorporated Biot's consolidation theory into modified Cam-clay model- to consider the effects of nonlinear permeability on the behavior of clay soils under loading. The result of this paper showed that nonlinear permeability had different effects on the deformation and excess pore water pressure in clay soils according to the change of ratios of coefficients of permeability which was presented a degree of nonlinear property, and average coefficients of permeability of soils. Therefore, it was concluded that nonlinear permeability should be considered according to both the change of ratios of coefficients of permeability and average coefficients of permeability to conduct more simultaneous analyses to field conditions.
An Anisotropic Hardening Constitutive Model for Dilatancy of Cohesionless Soils : I. Formulation
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 75~83
This study is focused on the constitutive model in order to represent brittleness and dilatancy of cohesionless soils. The constitutive model was proposed on the basis of an anisotropic hardening rule with generalized isotropic hardening rule. The shape of yield surface is a simple cylinder type in stress space and it makes the model practically useful. Flow rule was approximated by a concrete function on dilatancy. A peak stress ratio was defined to model brittle stress-strain relationships. The proposed model was formulated and implemented to calculate the stress-strain relationship from triaxial tests. In the companion paper the proposed model will be verified by comparison with the triaxial test results.
An Anisotropic Hardening Constitutive Model for Dilatancy of Cohesionless Soils : II. Verification
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 85~94
In the companion paper, a constitutive model was proposed in order to represent brittleness and dilatancy for cohesionless soils. An optimized design methodology was proposed on the basis of real-coded genetic algorithm in order to determine parameters fir the proposed model systematically. The material parameters were then determined by that algorithm. In order to verify the proposed model, triaxial tests were peformed under
conditions for weathered soils. In addition, the results of istropic compressed triaxial tests for granular materials verified the proposed model. For those results the brittle stress-strain relationship and the dilatancy could be modeled reasonably by the proposed model. As a result it was found that the proposed model can appropriately represent the behavior on weathered soil and granular soil.
Face Stability Assessment of Slurry-shield Tunnels - Concentrating on Slurry Clogging Effect -
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 95~107
In this paper, the rheological characteristics of slurry used fur slurry-shield tunnels were studied with emphasis on penetration characteristics. The slurry penetration was modeled by soil-filter clogging theory. The coefficient of particle deposition was suggested as an indicator of sin clogging during tunnel construction and calculated through model tests. The measured slurry weight, clogged in the base soil, was compared with the value obtained from clogging theory. Based on the testing results, a stability analysis of a tunnel face was performed to pinpoint the most influential factor affecting stability of slurry-shield tunnels. It was found that the stability of tunnel face is dependent on the ratio of infiltration velocity to the coefficient of particle deposition, and the penetration distance of slurry increases with the ratio of infiltration velocity to the coefficient of particle deposition. Since the stability of tunnel face decreases with the slurry penetration distance, it was necessary to add some additives in order to reduce the slurry penetration distance. It was found that the ground condition needs additives when the soil has the effective particle diameter
larger than 0.75mm. It was also found that the tunnel face stability due to slurry penetration is significantly affected by the tunnel advance rate.
Consolidation Characteristics of Clays Considering the Aging Effect
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 109~118
The consolidation of clay occurs with time lag, and this kind of lag can be separated into plastic lag and hydraulic lag. In this study, CRS tests were performed to research the effect of original secondary consolidation of the clay with respect to the characteristics of consolidation. Test results showed that plastic time lag was one of the key factors to get the preconsolidation pressure, and suggested the formula of the Quasi-preconsolidation pressure obtained from the relationship between consolidation time lag and consolidation pressures. In addition though the characteristics of coefficient of consolidation show a wide range of values, after passing the double preconsolidation point, it showed the tendency to converge into the constant value. The coefficient of permeability in normally consolidated state is related to its void ratio, and the permeability variables, n and
were determined by the test results using the equation suggested by Samarasinghe. et. al. And then the equation was compared with the Kozeny-Carman's equation. Because of delayed compression caused by consolidation time lag, aging effect could be also found in the relationship between coefficient of permeability and void ratio.
Analysis of Soil Nailed Wall Behaviour Based on Field Measurements
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 119~126
Behaviour of soil nailed walls in Korea has been analysed based on a number of field measurements. The investigation has included interface shear strength development at the nail-soil interface from pull-out tests, lateral ground displacements, tensile force distributions along soil nails and mobilised interface shear stress distributions. Insights into the soil nailed wall behaviour based on the shear transfer mechanism at the soil-nail interface and partial mobilisations of the interface shear strength, governed by relative shear displacement, are reported and discussed. It is expected that results from the current research can provide relevant parameters required for preliminary design of soil nailed walls in Korea.
Arching Effects on Stability of Translating Rigid Retaining Walls
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 127~136
The soil arching in the backfill, which affects the magnitude and distribution of active earth pressure on a retaining wall, has also an effect on the stability and cross-sectional area of the retaining wall. In this study, results obtained from Paik's equation that includes arching effect on active earth pressure are compared with those from Coulomb theory to investigate the influence of the soil arching on active earth pressure, overturning moment, stability and cross-sectional area of translating rigid retaining walls. The comparisons show that the active forces including arching effects are always higher than those from Coulomb theory, irrespective of
values. The overturning moments, shear force and moment on the rigid wall are also higher when considering arching effects than when not considering arching effects. The deviation of shear forces and moments by including and excluding arching effects becomes maximum at the height of 0.02-0.08 times wall height from the base of the wall. Therefore, if a translating rigid retaining walls is designed based on Coulomb theory, the wall may reach sliding and overturning failures due to arching effect in the backfill and the cross-sectional area of the wall, especially at lower part of the wall, may not be sufficient to resist to shear force and moment.
Characteristics of Undrained Static Shear Behavior for Sand Due to Aging Effect
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 20, issue 6, 2004, Pages 137~150
Aging effect of sands showed insignificant result in comparison with that of clay, so that it has not been studied so far. But, as penetration resistance increase has been observed with the lapse of time after deposition and disturbance, aging effect of sands has been actively investigated by field tests, and recently many researchers are performing not oかy field tests but also laboratory tests on sands, so aging effects of sands have been also examined by laboratory tests. In this study, to observe the aging effect of undrained static shear behavior for Nak-Dong River sand, undrained static triaxial tests were performed with changing relative density
, consolidation stress ratio
, and consolidation time. These tests showed that modulus within elastic section increased as consolidation time increased, and in addition, phase transformation point strength
and critical stress ratio point strength
also increased. But pore water pressure ratio
decreased as consolidation time increased, so with this various result, aging effect of static shear for sands can be observed as well.